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Publication numberUS866105 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 17, 1907
Filing dateSep 13, 1905
Priority dateSep 13, 1905
Publication numberUS 866105 A, US 866105A, US-A-866105, US866105 A, US866105A
InventorsGeorge P Whittlesey
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flush receptacle and plug.
US 866105 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 866,105. PATENTED SEPT. 17, 1907. G. P. WHITTLESEY.



i" 23 if" j [0 25/ 2 Witnesses: lm entor':

/% Qeorgfe P. Whit tlesgy.




Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 17, 1907.

Application filed September 13, 1906. Serial No. 278,256.

zen of-the United States, residing at Washington, Disline contacts.

trict of Columbia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Flush Receptacles and Plugs, of which the following is a specification. v

This invention relates to connectors for electric circuits, of the type in which a receptacle containing main-line terminal contacts is let in flush with a wall or floor while the terminal contacts of the branch line are carried on a plug adapted to be thrust into the receptacle in such a position as to bring the twosets unauthorized tampering when the plug is withdrawn.

To this end the invention consists in a wall recep-' tacle containing stationary main-line terminals, a

shutter yieldinglysupported and constructed to be locked and unlocked by a partial rotation, and a plug carrying the branch line terminals and constructed to engage with said shuttertounlock it and. force it inwardly when the plug is to be inserted into the receptacle.

- g The features of novelty are hereinafter set forth, and

are particularly pointed out in the claifiis.

In the accompanying drawing, Figure 1 is a front elevation of my improved wall receptacle; Fig. 2 is a' front elevation with the faceplate and shutter removed; Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section; Fig. 4 is a cross-section on the line 44, Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is a side elevation of the plug; Fig. 6 is a cross-section of the plug on the line 6-6, Fig. 5; and Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the disk shutter. I

The receptacle has a metal face-plate 1 containing a circular opening which is normally closed by the yielding rotatable shutter hereinafter described.- The face-plate is secured to a casing 2 of insulating material, such as porcelain, by means of screws5 which enter tapped holes in small plates of metal 4 fastened to the casing by screws 3. The casing has a circular socket registering with the opening in the face-plate. At the top of the socket-and on opposite'sides are short circumferentialgrooves forming shoulders 6, ad

jacent to one end of which are the longitudinal grooves 7 extending to the bottom of thesocket and communicating with the short circumferential grooves 8 in the walls of the socket at or near the bottom thereof. At opposite points near the other ends of the shoulders 6 are longitudinal grooves 9in which are placed slightly curved flat spring contact-fingers 10,

projecting into the socket and having outwardly-bent portions 10 lying in recesses in the top of the casing. On each portion 10 is laid a piece of insulating material 10 having an upturned end to serve asa stop for the flange on the shutter. The fingers 10 and the pieces 10 are secured by screws 11, and binding screws 12 are inserted in them to clamp the terminals of the main leads which pass in through the holes 13 in the casing.

The shutter is a circular disk 14 of insulating material fitting easily in the opening in the face-plate and having on opposite sides two segmental flanges 15 which rest normally on the shoulders 6 under the overhanging edge of the face-plate, and abut against the stops 10 In the top of the disk, at two opposite points, are recesses 16. At the center of the disk on its under side is a guide pin 17, encircled by a helical spring 18,

which isseated in a pocket 19 concentric with the socket in the casing. The ends of the spring are preferably anchored in the disk and the bottom of the pocket, so that a torsional strain can be put on the spring by rotating the disk. The plug has a cylindrical tubular body 20, and a head 21. In opposite sides of the body are shallow recesses to receive the metallic contact segments 22, which are suitably secured to said plug, preferably by ears 23 turned back into recesses in the plug and fastened by a through bolt 24. The outer surfaces of the segments are flush with the plug, and the branch-line terminals are brought through the tubular body of the plug and are secured to the segments 22 by the heads of the bolts 24. 4

The plug is provided withlugs 25 to engage with the recesses 16 in the shutter. Said lugs are preferably integral with the segments 22, as shown. I The operation is as follows: The plug is placed on the disk shutter, with the lugs engaging the recesses therein. A partial rotation of the plug and diskcar: ries the segmental flanges 15 away from the stops IO and off the shoulders 6 until said flanges come in line with the longitudinal'grooves 7. The plug can then be thrust into the socket, carrying the shutter before it until the flanges 15 come in line with the bottom 7 grooves 8. The plug can then be given a further partial rotation to carry said flanges into said grooves and lock the shutter in its innermost position. This last angular movement of the plug also brings the segments 22 into contact with the fingers 10 and closes the circuit from the main leads to the branch leads.

Since the plugis cylindrical it, could'be pulled out of the socket without releasing the shutter. To prevent this, the plug is provided with one or morepins 26 projecting'laterally from its body and adapted to pass through a notch or notches 27 in the edge of the face-plate opening when the plug is nearly home, so that when the plug is given its final turn, said pin or pins will engage the under side of the face-plate and normaljocked position, in which the flanges 15 abut against the stops 10 and lie between the shoulders 6.

and the face-plate.

j It' will be seen that the'bayonet-joint action of the fiangesand grooves affords a simple but eflicient means for lockin g the shutter. both in its upper and lower positions, and that. sufficient torsion can be given to the spring to hold the shutter closed against all ordinary i meddling In the closedposition of the shutter, its

-fianges lie closeunder the notches 27 and thus prevent 2 the entrance of dust or the insertion of a wire or the like.

What I claim as new and. desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is,

1. In a flush receptacle,v the combination with the casing, of a' face-plate having a circular opening, a circular shutter fitting said opening and yieldingly supported, and bay-' ont-joint locking-means therefor.

2. In a flush receptacle, the combination with a casing having a circular socket provided with shoulders, of a faceplate having a circular Opening, a circular shutter having segmental flanges extending between said shoulders and the faceplate, and means for biasing said shutter outwardly and rotarily,

I 3. Ida flush receptacle, the combination with a casing having segmental flanges adapted toslide in said grooves and rest on said shoulders, and a spring supporting said shutter.

i 4. In a flush receptacle, th'e combination with a casing having a circular socket provided with upper and lower circumferential grooves and longitudinal grooves connecting the same, a face-plate havinga circular opening, a circular rotatable shutter having segmental flanges cooperating wlth said grooves, and a spring supporting said shutter.

5'. In a flush' receptacle, having a socket, of a-face-plnte having a circular opening, a circular rotatable sliutter having a central guide-pin, a spring encircling said pin and connected to the-receptacle and shutter to rotarilybiasthe latter, and bayonetjoint locking means for saidshutter.

6.'-1n a flush receptacle, the combination with a casing,

of a face-plate haging a circular opening, a circular rotatm,

ble spring-supported shutter having recesses, and a circular plug having lugs on its end to engage saidrecesses and rotatc said shutter. v

7. In a flush' receptacle, the combination with a'caslng,

of a faceplate having a circular opening, a cil-cular rotatable spring-supported shhtter having recesses, a circular plug having lugs on its end to engage said recesses and rotate said shutter, and bayonet-joint locking means for said shutter. v

8. Ih-a flush receptacle, the combination with a casing, of a face-plate having a circular opening provided with one or more notches in its edge, a circular rotatable shutter having recesses, a circular plug having lugs to engagesald recesses, and one or more pins on said plug to pass through said notches and engage the under side of said face-plate.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto twelfth dayof September, 1905.




HELEN Onr'onn. I

set my hand this.

the'combination with a casing

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2455582 *Oct 18, 1946Dec 7, 1948Hoessel Carl LSafety electric wall plate
US2509082 *Dec 22, 1945May 23, 1950Bodendieck Henry WHot-wire clamp
US2641627 *Jun 13, 1952Jun 9, 1953Lewis David CSafety cover plate for flush type electric wall receptacles
US2859840 *Jan 27, 1953Nov 11, 1958Fantle Karl SPost and support
US3176257 *Mar 8, 1963Mar 30, 1965Cole Hersee CompanyBracket for holding trailer plugs of tractor-trailer vehicles
US5967815 *Mar 19, 1998Oct 19, 1999Marc A. SchlessingerVariable orientation switching type electrical receptacle
US7871279Nov 18, 2008Jan 18, 2011Cooper Technologies CompanySliding lockout key
WO2010059170A1 *Dec 1, 2008May 27, 2010Cooper Technologies CompanySliding lockout key
Cooperative ClassificationH01R13/4532