US 866817 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
JOSEPH W. SCHLOSS, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
Specifica/cion of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 24:, 1907.
Application fi1ed Merck 25,190'7. Seria.l N0. 364,482.
T0 all whom it may concem:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH W. SCHLOSS, a citizen of the United States, residing at the City of New York, in the county of New York und State of New York, have invented certain new and usefu1 Improvements in Buttons, of which the following is a full, dem, and exa.ct description.
My invention relates t0 soft or flexible buttons of the sort which are used on ladies c1oaks and garments, und which are made in varying sizes und shapes.
Buttons of the above dass have been made in the past by taking a sma.il ward or ball of cotton or soft substance, 2L1ld crocheting a cover thereabout. This produces a button which is very soft und spongy in its texture, which are the trade requirements in this dass of goods. II; is, however, an operation of consider-able difiiculty 150 make the buttons accurately and expeditiously in this way. The tuft or wzud of cotton which forms the core is lia.ble 130 vary in size, density und shape, since all these factors are determined separately and individually for each button made, und by 110 other guide than the eye 01 judgment of the workman or girl who makes these buttons. It is clear tha.t even if exactly the same amounts of cotton are obtained for two buttons, that the buttons a.re 11013 necessarily therefore alike When completed, because one tuft or wa.d 0f cotton may be compressed more tightly than the other, or drawn into a different shape. It will be further evident that even if the tufts or wads of cotton can be brought into the same conditions of shape, size and density, that it is difiicult to crochet a cover proper1y about an object of Such uncerta.in characteristics and dimensions.
In carrying out the present invention I aim to overcome all of these difiiculties by the use of cores 01 fillers which are of: uniform size, shape, textureweight 21Jld. density, which ha.ve sufficient stability of form to en able the crocheting processes to be readily accomplished but which nevertheless produce a button which is very soft and spongy, and which has all the characteristics required by tiie trade in this dass of goods.
With these objects in view, the invention consists in ehe ieatures of construction a.nd combination hereinafter set forth and claimed.
In the drawings: Figure 1 shows a buttori core or filler embodying the principles of my invention; Fig. 2 shows the completed button; Fig. 3 shows how a composite core is formed; a.nd Fig. 4 shows the completed button of rounded or globular shape produced thereby.
Referring 130 the drawings in which 1ike parts are designated by t he same reference sign, 1 indics.tes a disk of fe1t or other spongy but coherent substance, which is conveniently ma.de by punching out circular portions from 2. fiat sheet of the material of proper thickness. While these disks a.re very soft und flexible and spongy, it is evident that they ha.ve nevertheless a definite shape to which they return after deformation in tl1e manner of felt and analogous coherent spongy substances generally. These characteristics of having great softness and fiexibility, und a.t the s-ume time having a definite shape under normal conditions I regard as the important ones for the button core or filler employed by me. Since the disks are all stamped from sheets of felt of uniform texture and thickness, it is evident that they are exactiy alike in all matters oi form, size, texture, density and Weight, as required. With a. core or filler of this sort it is merely necessary to crochet the cover 2 thereon, which ca.n be readily done in view of the definite shape of the core o1 filler, as above mentioned. The resulting buttons (shown in Fig. 2) are therefore uniform in 2.11 respects, but have all the softness and sponginess which is inherent in fe1t or similar substances which constitutes their core.
In Fig. 3 I have illustrated how lauge or globular buttons can be readily made in accorda.nce with my invention.
3 und 4 denote disks of felt which may be of the same o1 different sizes und which are superposed upon one another. As many of these disks may be used as necessary, and they may vary progressively in size so as to for1n an approximate sphere in some cases. When a cover 5 is crocheted over this composite core, a spherical button is developed, which is very soft and spongy. The buttons produced in this way are absolutely uniform in 2.11 respects, and this uniformity is secured without any especial difficulty for the reasons above described. The covers can be crocheted over the buttons having composite cores o1 fillers as readily as with those in which a single disk is used. While I h2we described the covers of these buttons 21s crocheted in p1ace, it is evident that they may be 0f various fabrics and applied in any desired way.
What I claim, is:
1. A button having a core of spongy but coherent material, and a fabric cover therefor, said cover directly en veloping said core and depending solely thereon for its support and shape.
2. A button having a core 0f spongy but coherent material cut t0 21 predet ermined shape, and a cover crocheted over the same, said cover directly enveloping said core and depending solely thereon for its Support and shape.
3. A button having a core formed of a disk of spongy but coherent substance of uniform thickness, and a cover crocheted over the Same, said cover directly enveloping said core and depending solely thereon f0r its support und shape.
-1. A button comprising a. felt disk having 21 cover erocheted thereon, said cover directly enveloping said disk and depending solely thereon for its support und shape.
5. A button comprising a plurality of disks of spongy see,s17
said cover directly enveloping said core and depending 10 l solely thereon for its Support and shape.
In witness whereof, I subscribe my signature, in the presence of two witnesses.
JOSEPH W. SCHLOSS Witnesses:
WALDO M. CHA?IN, WM. M. STOCKBRIDGE.