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Publication numberUS869302 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 29, 1907
Filing dateJan 26, 1906
Priority dateJan 26, 1906
Publication numberUS 869302 A, US 869302A, US-A-869302, US869302 A, US869302A
InventorsLouise Healy
Original AssigneeLouise Healy
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 869302 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



PATENTED 001 .29, 1907.



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4/414 a x E a N b' S a w I & I

Win as s as 1 fzweuiwess 1m: NORRIS PETERS :0., WASHINGTON. n. c.

PATENTED OUT. 29. 1907.





Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Oct. 29, 1907.

Application filed January 26. 1906- Serial No. 297.936.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, LOUISE HEALY, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York city, Manhattan, county and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Playing-Cards, of which the following is a specification.

The object of the present invention is to provide a pack of playing cards with which various games may be played for both amusement and instruction, the cards being principally designed for educational purposes.

A very important feature of the present invention is that the pips of the cards not only have suit distinguishments, but also have other distinguishments, that is to say, the pips themselves also indicate or distingnish the value of one card of any particular suit with respect to the other cards of the suit, and this distinguishment is embodied in modifications of the form of pips of each suit without materially altering the general form thereof.

In the accompanying drawings, Figures 1 to 20 represent face views of four different suits of the playing cards embodying my invention.

Briefly stated, the pack, which is divided into four foundation suits, consists of pip cards and court cards for each suit. Each suit is also distinguished by a color, which is common to each suit and also by ageometrical figure, which is common to each suit, the geometrical figures of the first and third suits being similar, and the geometrical figures of the second and fourth suits are also similar. The first and second suits are characterized by each being in a single color and the third and fourth suits, characterized by each being in composite color; thus the cards of each suit are related to each other, both by color and symbol, and the different suits are similarly related, as will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood.

l\'laking renewed reference to the drawings, Figs. 1 to 5, represent the cards of the first suit, each card being colored alike, preferably purple, as represented in the drawing and each card containing a solid geometrical figure or portion thereof, the area of the geometrical figure indicating the value of the card; as for instance: the card shown in Fig. 2, has a central triangular figure I), which is supposed to be a solid, and would in this case be a triangular pyramid. Where I make use of the term solid, I mean that the area referred to is a solid color, rather than a blank space bounded by lines. Similar triangular pyramids are shown in opposite corners at l), and also at If, the latter being in composite color. In the card shown in Fig. 3, the central triangular pyramid c is hollow, and similar hollow tri angular pyramids c are shown in opposite corners, while pyramids 0' similar to I2 are shown in the other corners.

In Fig. 4, the card has a central, hollow triangular pyramid d with no bottom and similar illustrations in opposite corners as at d and also solid triangular pyramids similar to b and c are shown in opposite corners at (P.

In Fig. 5, the sides of the hollow triangular pyramid c are lacking and only the base is shown. Similar illustrations appear in opposite corners at a, and solid pyramids of composite color are shown in opposite corners at The court card for this suit is shown in Fig. 1, as having two triangular pyramids cut away from opposite corners, and also panels cut away from each pyramid, thus giving the court card the appearance of greater area of solid material, the card in Fig. 2 showing the next greatest area and the card in Fig. 3 showing the next greatest area, and so on. The area of the solid matter distinguishing the card as to value as will be obvious. I

The second suit, shown in Figs. (3 to 10, inclusive, are also characterized by a solid geometrical figure, in this instance a square, which is common to each card of the suit. The court card, shown in Fig. 6 has two square portions f cut away from opposite corners thereof and also panels f cut away from the base of each square. In Fig. 7, the card has a central solid cube 9, and two cor ner cubes g, and also a row of cubes in different colors at opposite corners as at 9 The card shown in Fig. 8 has a central hollow cube h and also two similar corner illustrations 7/ and two corner illustrations h similar to g of card g, shown in Fig. 7. In the card shown in Fig. 9, the central cube i has two sides broken away, as shown, leaving four sides, two of which are shown in section, and the other two in plan. Similar illustrations 11 appear in two of the corners of the card, and a row of cubes in different colors appear in the other two corners at "F. In the card shown in Fig. 10, four of the sides of the cube j are omitted, thus leaving only two sides, which are represented in section. Similar illustrations appear at two of the corners at j, and a row of cubes j' also appear in the other two corners. Each card of this suit is in the same color, preferably green as shown in the drawing.

I11 the third suit, shown in Figs. 11, 12, 13, 14 and 19 inclusive, the pip cards 11 to 14 are in composite colors, and are also characterized by the triangle, and in this respect it is related to suit number one, shown in Figs. 1 to 5, except that the triangles in the latter are solid or portions of solid pyramids, while in suit number three the triangles have no thickness and are therefore de-- scribed as plane geometrical figures, as distinguished from solid geometrical figures. Thus suit number three is related to suit number one by similarity of symbols and also to its court card by similarity of color, which is purple and which prevails throughout suit number three. In Fig. 11 the triangles are shown elongated and extending diagonally across the card as at it giving the effect of a ray in composite color, the

first triangle being in yellow, the second in purple, the third in red, and the fourth in green. Corner marks is are also illustrated in composite color with ray like extensions at the base. In the card shown in Fig. 12, the base of the triangle is extended into rays which are formed into helices, as at Z. The corner marks I are similar to the corner marks 1; of Fig. 11 with the exception that the depending rays are termed into helices. Card shown in Fig. 13 has a central triangular illustration on in composite color and similar corner marks in. Card shown in Fig. 14 has a triangle in composite color with one of the colors extending diagonally across the card as at n. Similar corner illustrations appear at n. The court card shown in Fig. 19 has a central transverse band of purple and similar corner marks.

The area of the colored portion of the card determines its value. The court card of each suit is supposed to be the highest card of that suit. In this third suit card Fig. 11 is the next highest, card Fig. 12 the next, card Fig. 13 the next and card Fig. 14 the' lowest card in the suit. This arrangement prevails in each suit.

The fourth suit, shown in Figs. 15, 16, 17, 18 and 20 are distinguished from suit three by a different plane geometrical figure, the square, but it is related to suit three by each figure being in composite color. it is related to suit two by having the same geometrical figure illustrated on each card, as is illustrated 011 each card of suit two, except that in suit four the geometric figures have no thickness and in this respect it is related to suit three. The court card of suit four is also related to suit two by color, the same being in green, as shown. In the card shown in Fig. 15, the squares are shown elongated and extend diagonally across the card as at 0, the same being in composite color which prevails throughout the suit; the first square being blue, the second red, the third purple, and the fourth yellow. This arrangement also prevails throughout the suit. Similar corner marks 0 are shown on this card.

Card shown in Fig. 16 has its central illustration 1) formed of a number of squares connected and arranged irregularly on the card, there being four rows each in a different color corresponding to the arrangement of colors shown in Fig 15. It also has similar corner illustrations 1. Card shown in Fig. 17 has a central square in composite color as at q; and similar corner illustrations q and (f, the latter being arranged in a row instead of in a cluster. Card shown in Fig. 18 has a row of squares, each of a different color, one of the end ones extended diagonally across the card. Similar corner illustrations are shown at r. The court card shown in Fig. 20 has a longitudinal central band 15 in geomand similar corner illustrations t.

In addition to the relationship hereiubeiore described, it will be noted that the court cards 0t suits one and two are similar in general arrangements of characters and the pip cards of these suits are also similar in the general arrangement of characters; as for instance, cards Fig. 2 and Fig. 7 of suits one and two, respectively, have solid illustrations. Cards three and eight of the same suits show hollow illustrations, cards four and nine, of the same suits, show hollow illustrations with a part removed and cards five and ten are also similar in this respect. This relationship is also true of suits three and tour, since cards eleven and fifteen have the same general diagonal arrangement of illustrations. Cards Figs. 12 and 10 have the same general diagonal and unconventional arrange ment. Figs. 13- and 17 are analogous in that they both have a centrally arranged figure. Cards, Figs. 14 and 18 are similar in that the figure in one corner has a tail extending diagonally from one end thereof, and the court cards Figs. 19 and 20 are alike, in that they have a plain band.

It will be seen that there is a co-relation between the different suits and the cards of each suit and the cards of the different suits.

Any card or any suit: may be duplicated, triplicated or quadruplicated and numerous games may be played, which may be both amusing and instructive, the colors not only serving to distinguish the suits but also to instruct in the science of color and oi light and the geometrical figuros serve to instruct in geometry, trigonometry and drawing.

It will be noted that the pips of the present deck of cards have geometrical forms, the pips of one suit diiiering from those of the other suits but similar throughout each suit. The values of the cards are expressed by variations in the terms oi pips without departing from the general geometrical shape.

Having thus described my invention, what 1 claim is:

A deck of playing cards divided into four suits distinguished by colors. the cards oi the first and third suits having triangular pips and the cards of the second and Fourth suits having rectangular pips. the value of the cards of each suit: being differentiated by modifications in the form of the pips without. altering the general form thereof.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3010226 *Jan 22, 1958Nov 28, 1961Reinhold KalninsEducational game
US5863040 *Oct 15, 1997Jan 26, 1999Idea Shop, Ltd.Game comprising a pack of cards
US6550417 *May 14, 2001Apr 22, 2003Joe HendershotBookmark
US7354043 *Jul 30, 2004Apr 8, 2008Mcginniss Peter JMosaic playing-cards
US20060022408 *Jul 30, 2004Feb 2, 2006Mcginnis Peter JMosaic playing-cards
US20130199437 *Feb 3, 2012Aug 8, 2013Gary JohnsonBooktag
WO2006023138A2 *Jul 7, 2005Mar 2, 2006Mcginniss Peter JMosaic playing-cards
WO2006023138A3 *Jul 7, 2005Oct 26, 2006Peter J McginnissMosaic playing-cards
Cooperative ClassificationA63F1/02