US 870433 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED NOV. 5, 1907.
E. c. Honess. DRAINAGE FOR BUILDING FOUNDATIONS.
APPLIOATION FILED MAY 3, 1906.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
EMERYJC. HODGES, OF BLOOMINGTON, ILLINOIS.
DRAINAGE FOR BUILDING-FOUNDATIONS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 5, 1907.
Application filed May 8.1906- Serial No. 315085.
from entering the walls of the structure, thus insuring a dry and healthy condition, and lreep the earth surrounding the structure, in-a comparatively dry condition, and which will carry ofi the water and discharge it in the sewer, and thus vprevent the collection of water adjacent the structure.
With this object in view, my-invention consists of a 7 building foundation embodying novel features of construction substantially as disclosed herein and pointed out in the claims; v
Figure 1, represents a plan view of the system of drainage which I employ in niy building foundation.
.Fig. 2, represents a sectional view of the/complete foundation with the parts in position, one SidG 'f the structure and foundation being shown. Fig. 3-, represents an enlarged sectiorial view of one of the ventilating pipes;'and Fig. 4, represents-a plan view of the drain 7 pipes anti-ventilating pipes.
In the The numeral 1, designates a portion of" one of the wallsof a structure, providing the lower compartment or.,cellar 2, this foundation wall.
. extending-below the 3, as usual, and surrounding the structure, is a trench or ditch 4, in which is placed a fillingof crushed stone 5, which forms a filtering bed and surroundingthe structure, and
- arranged in said "ditch or trench, the pipe 6, composed of a series ofsectionsf fitted together, and, communicating with drain pipe, inclined two witnesses.
discharge pipe 7, which discharges into the trench 8, filled with cinders or like material 9, above which is the layer or filling of earth, 10, and leading from the bed of cinders, is the discharge pipe 12, which leads to the sewer.
The drain which surrounds the house, may be provided with a single branch 13, as/shown in Fig. 4, or this branch may be dispensed with. Communicating with openings 14, in the foundation wall, are the angular pipes or elbows 15, the vertic'al portion of which, projects above the filter bed, to the outer air, and is protected by a hood or cap 16. i The purpose of this series of pipes is to admitair for the purpose of ventila tion, or to carry off any foul air which may accumulate in the basement or cellar.
It will be observed that I provide a foundation which remains dry under all conditions and positively prevents the accumulation of water around the structure, thus insuring a healthy condition, which provides proper ventilating means, and which can be produced at such a price as to make the foundation practical and desirable."
1. The combination with the foundation 0:5 structure, of a filtering bed surrounding the exterior of the structure, drainage pipes embedded in the'filterlng bed, a discharge pipe leading from the drainage pipes, and sewer connections from the discharge pipe;
g '2. The combination with a building foundation or a filtering bed surrounding the ezrterior of the structure, a.
system of drainage pipes embedded in. the filtering bed, a discharge pipe for the-drainage system, a cinder bed for receiving saiddischarge from the drainage sy'stem, and a sewer-discharging pipe leading from the cinder bed.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of Witnesses:
' W. M. Horrnsn,
EMEBY C. HODGES. 1