US 871022 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED NOV. 12, 1907.
M. ANTHONY. RECLINING CHAIR. AlPLIoATIoN 11.31? rEB.21. 1907.
l TTG/UVE ys MARK ANTHONY, OF STREATOR, ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 12, 190.7.
Application filed February 21. 1907, Serial No. 358.676.
To all whom 'it may conc-em:
, better known 'as Morris chairs.
The object of the invention is to provide a chair having a movable .back and seat, said seat constituting a means for holding the back at a desired inclination. i Another object is to provide a chair back and seat which areconstantly connected and which are capable of being folded within the body of the chair so as to enable the device to be conveniently packed for"trans portation or storage.
With lthese and other objects 1n view the invention consists of certain novel features of construction'and combinations of parts which will behereinafte'r more fully described and pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings is shown the preferred form of the invention.
In said drawings: Figurel 1 is a vertical section through the chair the same being shown by dotted lines in folded position; Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse section through the chairyand Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the inner portion of one of the side rails and the adjoining seat portion.
` Referring to the figures by characters of reference, A-
designates the fra-me of the chair, the same being provided with arins 1, side rails 2, and a front or stop rail 3. The side'rails have longitudinal grooves in their inner faces, as indicated at 4 and the lower walls of these grooves arecut away at their front ends, as shown at 5 to permit the insertion into the grooves of trunnions 6 extending from the ends of the rear cross strip 7 of the chair seat B. This seat consists of side strips 8 connected by suitably disposed cross strips 9 and the side strips are `formed with ratchet teeth 10 upon their lower edges any one of which is designed -to engage the upper edgeof the stop strip 3. The end portions of said upper edge are preferably beveled as shown at 11, in Fig. 1.so that the teeth can readily engage therewith. It is of course obvious that when the trunnions 6 are seated Within the grooves 4 and the strips 8 are in engagement with the stop strip 3, the seat B is held securely in a horizontal position.
Connected to the rear strip of the seat by means of hinges 12 or in any other preferred manner is a chair .back 13 having plates 14 secured to the side rails thereof at a point between their ends and constituting bearings for the lower ends of hangers 15. The upper ends of these hangers are joumaled in plates 16 secured to the lower faces of the arms 1.
The parts are so proportioned that when the seat B is pressed backward t0 its greatest extent the trunnions 6 are seated within the rear ends of the grooves 4 and the hangers 15 assume substantially horizontal positions beneatlrthe arms 1. The front teeth of the side strips 8 also engage the stop strip 3 so that when a person is seated within the chair the parts can not become accidentally displaced but are held rigidly in position by the weight of the occupant. When it is desired to adjust the chair it is necessary for the occupant to leave it whereupon the sea't B is raised out of engagement with the stop strip 3 and' drawn forward. This will cause the hangers.' 15Ato swing'dow-nward and the back 13 to assume aninclined position'. When the desired adjustment has been effected the seat B is lowered until the same ,engages the stop strip 3 whereupon a person can againoccupy the` chair without danger of the parts moving' out of adjusted position.
An important feature of the present invention resides in the fact that the chair can be folded for convenience in storing and for transportation without the necessity of detaching any of the parts.' This folding is effected by drawing the .seat B forward until the trunnions 6 assume positions above the cut away portions 5 of the side rails 2. The trunnons can then be pressed downward out of engagement with the side rails and the seat folded against the forward face of the back whereupon both the back and the scat can be swung forward into position shown by dotted lines `in Fig. l. The back will then project very little if at all beyond the frame of the chair. The chair can therefore be very quickly set up without the necessity ofutilizing any tools for assembling the parts thereof.
It will be seen that the chair is very simple, durable and efficient and constitutes an attractive article of furniture. By providing the adjustment which has been shown and described it is possible to move the back downward into a position almost horizontal and when a person occupies the chair after the same has been adjusted in this manner the center of gravity will be disposed above the center of the chair and there' will be no danger of tilting.
What is claimed isz.
1. A chair comprising o. frame, a back, movable connections between the back and frame, a seat hingedl)` connected to the back, and projections thereon slkldably mounted upon the frame, said frame being` reduced at one L. A chair comprising a frame having longitudinally grooved side rails, one wall ot' each groove being cnt away at one end of the groove to form an outlet, a back, hangers connecting the back and frame, u seat movably connected to the back and slidabiy mounted within the frame, means for holding the seat in adjusted position, and projecting devices upon the seat und movnbiy mounted within the grooves, said devices being removable through the outlets of the grooves to permit the seat to be folded upon thel lim-k. said buck and sent when folded being insertible be- 10 tween :md below the side rails,
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto aixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
Witnesses WM. C. ScHnonDnn, v C. W. CAnLsoN.