|Publication number||US871313 A|
|Publication date||Nov 19, 1907|
|Filing date||Jun 7, 1907|
|Priority date||Jun 7, 1907|
|Publication number||US 871313 A, US 871313A, US-A-871313, US871313 A, US871313A|
|Inventors||William Aug T Willink|
|Original Assignee||Cuba Mfg Company, William Aug T Willink|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
No. 871,313. PATBNTED Nov. 19, 1907. W. A. T. WILLINK. GHARGOALy RETORT.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 7, 1907.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
4No. 871,313. PATENTED NOV. 19, 1907.
` W. A. T. WILLINK.
APPLICATION FILED JUNI: 7. 1007.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
WILLIAM AUG. T. W'ILLINK, CF BROOKLYN, NEV YORK, ASSICNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNMENTS,
UFACTURING COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF CUBA.
OF FOUR-FlFTHS TO CUBA MAN CHARCQAL-RETRT.
Patented Nov. 19, 1907.
Application filed Julie 1907. Serial No. 377.7%.
T all whom it may conceive:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM WILLINK. e citizen of the United S siding et Brooklyn, in the county Ano. T. tetes, re of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements coal-Retorts, specification.
in Cherof which the following is a My invention relzites to charcoal retorts, end has tor its object the production of means for cerbonizing wood or the l ing devices and mechanism of spe struction endpnrticulsr errengen lowering and raising the retort and ing it into and out of the is believed that Vthe ike hevciof conient, for for mow funn lice, whereby it recess is more expeditiously and conveniently conducted and the product thereof tained from any with which l am superior to apparatus for like familier.
that obpurpose I accomplish the stated object by foshion ing and associating the parts es illustra-ted in the accompenying drawings, of whi Fiffure lengtiwise of the furnace and the its horizontal attitude within the 1 represents e vertical section retort in furnace.
Fig.l 2 isle. side View of the retort withdrawn vfrom the furnace upon its suspemlingr track and shows the ports concerned in the nievement of withdrawal. The inclined of the retort which it is caused to i empty 1t, is indicated in broken lin position ssuine to es. llig.
3 is e front View of the closure of the retort and the furnace in part, end, in 'port 'e cross section of the furnace zuid retort therein.
Fig. 4 is o top plu-n View ofv the furnace in part, and, in port, e horizontal sectional -`new of the furnace. Fig. 5 is a. cross-s ection of those parte immediately concerned in closing the lon itudinel slot in. the top'or" nace. fig. 6 is :i fragmentary si the fur'- de View,
Within the furnace. Fig. 7 is s, h'eginentinvfront View of n portion of one of the and shown the operating pulley end the uni- Versel Joint which connects 1t to the weer' that turns one of the pulleys thet trav-el the track which suspends 'the retort.
ceri-ieg Like numbers are einolofcd to desiffnete t J o thevscme parts througlu'iut the de and drawings.
scription --to close the slot, endntlie sheet motel the retort is upheld by the screw The numerel l merits thefurnece wall. The ,furnace has, es ordinarily constructed, the sub-floor srnolte .flue 2 Aprovided with a demper 'The outside vertical freine bars or well-retaining bars src referred to by number 4, and the horizontal cross-beams constituting the top of the freine are designated by number 5. The flanged track Dennis 6 'are secured beneath the cross-beams 5 lengthwise of the furnace. lt is upon the lower flanges of the track beams tlm-t the carriages supporting the retort are movable es hereafter explained.
Through the middle of the top ol' the furnace is s. longitudinal slot 7, liest shown in liigs. 4 and 5, and following the edges of the slot on the outside of the too of the furnace are the channel irons 8, filled with sand 9. Into the sand are inserted the edges of the sides of the grooved cop piece 10 which effectuslly closes the slot against the escape of smoke from the interior the furnace. To more positively close the slot, l provide, in addition to the csp 1piece 10, e sheet metal plug 3.1 which lies the forni in eross-section illustie'wfA in Fig. 5, and extends the length of the ccp piece, to which it may or may not he attached. l imiy use the oep piece alone lug is omitted in Fig. l.. in Fig. 5 it will ie observed that the cross-beams 12 which support the 'top of the furnace stop et the slot 7, end thet their ends nre supported by the iicsins 13 running lengthwise under them.
llie retort lli is supported at the rear by the singleverticnl rod 1.5 pivotelly mirinccted with the heck of the retort. Rod 15 posses upwardly through the slot 7. At the front, rods 16 mid 17, :uid 'those rods do not cuter the furnace hut extend upwardly in front of it :is shown in Fig. l-. 'lhe upper cnil ofrod l :3 is secured between the pair of horizontal hers 18 longitudinally arranged neer the upper part of the freine nml shove the fui-nece. vrllie front and resi' carriages 1) und LU :irc also :itlied. to inc l): s 1S. The wheels 21 and r'fir'iligvs run upon the lower 2 of llnfiges o.' the li'uigilvtidiimlly-eri'zuigred track indicated iu Fig. 3.
begins is hij.
At the point where ilily front carriage 19 is attached to the lmrs 1F, there are also secured to tliehlntrs suitable luuigers 23, the purpose ol:` which is to support the parallel,
transverse short beams beams 24- are joined together near their ends by the blocks 25, and the screw rods lo and 17 pass upwardly through the blocks 25 and through the Worin wheels 26, `which are provided with internal threads that engage the threads of the rods. rlhe Worin Wheels rest on the blocks 25, and they mesh with worms 27 on thev transverse shaft 2S. lt is believed to be made apparent that if the shaft 2S be turned by means of a wheel 2E) oper.
.from Which position no part of the operation can displace them. The lowered position ol' the retort is indicated by broken lines in Fig. 2.
ln the construction ef my invention, the irons Which 1 have termed the track beams are extended before the furnace and suitably supported. Thus, the carriages 19 and 20 permit the retorttoy be drawn from the furnace in order to discharge it, and it is convenient but not absolutely necessary to have a pulley 31 o erated by cable or chain 32, to turn the iv ieels 22 ofthe carriage IQ-and cause it to travel either Way upon the track. It will be observed that the Wheels 22 are inclined with respect to the ulley 31, but, as best shown in Fig'. 7, the sliaft of the pulley may be provided With a universal joint and thereby operate the gears 33 arranged for driving the wheel or wheels 22. Any desired contrivance may be substituted for the parts, just described and which constitute no essential part of my invention.
A hinged door 34 closes the front opening or mouth of the retort, and the door is secured to the annular mouth-frame of the retort by the hinged clamp 35. It is also desirable that the retort when introduced into the furnace shall be' effectively held there against displacement, particularly in the direction which would cause it to move out ol' the furnace. To suitably hold retort in the furnace, l provide the turnbutton 36 on the flange 37 of the mouth-frame of the furnace, and the turnbutton engages the llaiigcih of the mouth-frame of the retort. Again considLing Fig. 1, it will be noted that the door 34 which is shown in section has l'oi'ined in its upper portion a curved channel 3), which is connected with a dis- .charge pipe 40,4 and by Way thereof the gases emitted by the charring Wood find veut.
ln the operation of my invention, after the rctortdias been charged in the customary substantially as described.
24. The short manner, it is pushed or propelled into the fur lt \\'ill then take the position shown'v iu Fig. l with the vertical suspension rod l5 near the rear: wall of' the furnace. 'lo reach that position and to again inove l'roni it the rod must clear y pass along the slot 7, and the slot must be closed by the cap piece 1t); and plug 1'1 before the firing begins. 'hen the )recess has been completed, and it is desired to move the ret-ort out of the furnacel to cool, discharge and recharge it, Without at the same time cooling the furnace and losing unich heat, the cap piece must necessarily be removed until the rod passes out of the slot 7, whereupon the cap piece may be replaced and the damperl 3 closed to retain the neat within the furnace for another charring operation. The retort having passed out of the furnace into the position illustrated in Fig. 2, the Worin Wheels 26 :ire rota-ted by turning the shaft 2S by means of the pulleir 29, and the retort is lowered until it takes the attitude indicated by the broken lines. The door 34 being then unfastened and opened, the contents of th retort are discharge Having now described my invention and explained the' mode of its operation, what I claim is-. f
1. In a charcoal retort, the combination With a furnace having a slot lengthwise through its top, of a trackarranged above' and extendinglin front ofthe furnace, carriages adapted to travel upon the track, a retort, su porting rods connected with the retort an with the said carriages, the said rods f riages adapted4 to travel upon the track, airei icing less in diameter than the width of the l tort, a plurality of supporting rods connected With the retort and with the said carriages, part .of the said plurality of rods being threaded, mechanism constructed and arranged to engage the said threads whereby one end. of the retort may be raised and 10W- ered, the said rods being less in diameter than the width of the slot, and means .for
closing the unoccupied portion of the slot,
mechanism constructed and arranged to engage the threads whereby the front of the retort may be raised and lowered, and means through its top forv closing the unoccupied portion of the slot,
substantially asdescrlbed. 4
4.111 a charcoal retort, the combination with a furnace having a slot lengthwise ofa track arranged above and-extending 1n front of the furnace, carmechanism constructed and arranged to en.
gage. the threaded rods whereby the front of the retort may be raised and lowered, and meznrs for closing the,` unoccupied portion of the slot, substantially as described.
5. 1n a charcoal retort, the combination with a furnace having a slot lengthwise vin presence of two witnesses.
' through itstop, of a track arranged above and extending 1n vl'ron't of the `furnace, carriages ada )ted to travelupon the track, a retort having a mouth-frame projecting beyond the front of the furnace, a single supporting rod connected with the rear of the retort and normally within the furnace, the said rod passing through the said slot and being con? neeted with one of the carriages, a pair of threaded rodsconnected with the mouthframe ol the retort normally outslde the fur.-
-nace, mechanism suspended from one of the carriages and constructed to engage the threaded rods whereby the front end of the retort may be raised and lowered, and means for closing the unoccupied portion' of the slot, substantially as described.
1n testimonywhereof I allx'niy signature WILLTAM AUG. T. WILLINK,
Josnur A.' SPRINGER, V. M. Bownn'
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5230777 *||Dec 13, 1991||Jul 27, 1993||James Jarrell||Apparatus for producing fuel and carbon black from rubber tires|
|Cooperative Classification||C10B7/14, C10B53/02, C10B47/46|
|European Classification||C10B53/02, C10B47/46|