US 871452 A
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PATENTED NOV. 19, 1907.
J. E. SMITH.
UNITED STATES PATENT ension.
JAMES E. SMITH, or BALTIMORE, MARYLAND.
To all whom it may concern:
' Be it known that I, JAMES E. SMiTH, a citizenio f the United States, residing at Baltimore', State of Maryland, have invented certainnew and useful Improvements in Boxes; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, andexact description of the inpointed out in the claims at the end thereof.
The object of my invention is to produce a box in the nature of a knock down box, to be made of some light substance, such as pasteboard or other sheet material for the pureose of packin shipping and displaying ca (es,
%iscuits and like articles, said box to have a rigid bottom.
In 'order to prevent the sides of the boxfrombecomi'n permeated with grease from contact with t e goods, thereby injuring the box for commerclal purposes, Iprovide the box with an inner casing and arrange the same so that there shall be an air space between the said inner casing and the sides of the :box, by which arrangement the goods are prevented from comin in contact with the sides of the box. I a so construct the casin and box so. that they may be col- 35 lagsne order that my invention may be clearly for shipping to-users. I
understood, I have illustrated the same in the accompanying drawings in which,
Figure 1 is a pers ective view of the box complete and ready or use. Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the same. .Fig. 3 is a horizontal section. Fig. '4 is a perspective view of the inner casing. Fig. 5 is a perspective viewofthepcorner spacer & brace. Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the box folded. Fig. 7
is a similar view of the inner casing folded.
8 is a perspective view of the bottom. imilar letters of reference refer to similar parts throughout.
A represents the sides ofv the box which are preferably made of pasteboard or other sheet material and are flexibly united together at the corners.
A the top of the box and of ordinary Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed December 16. 1906. Serial No. 347.936.
Patented Nov. 19, 1907.
I construction and is hinged to one side of the box in any desired manner, but preferably by a stri of fabric or any flexible material.
A is t e bottom of the box and is preferably made of wood. The bottom is of such dimensions as to fit snugly within the sides of the box, when the latter is set up as shown in Figs 1 and 2 and is secured in place by tacks or other desired means.
It is obvious'that the four sides of the box may be made from a single piece of sheet material bent three times at right angles as at a, b and c, the ends of said material finally being united; 'It is also obvious that the sidesof the box may be folded or collapsed, as shown in Fig. 7.
B represents the inner casing also made of pasteboard or other sheet material, and constructed substantially in the same manner as the sides of the box just described, but of less area when the edges are folded. In constructing the inner casing, however, the sides are originally made somewhat deeper than the depth of the box and the top and bottom edges of the sides of said casing'are then bent over at right angles as shown clearly in Fig. 4, enough material being taken up in the bent portions to make the depth of theinner casing the same as the depth of the box. The bent portions 9 form horizontal flaps a a1 and vertical flaps b b. The flaps a a cover the space between the casing and the box and prevent dirt from entering said space; while the vertical flaps b 1) coming in contact with the inner faces of the sides of the box assist in keeping the casinga-fixed distance apart fromthe sides of said box.
O enings D, Dare provided-in'one side of the ox and in the like side of the inner casing respectively. These openings are opposite each other and are for the purpose of displaying the goods,- in the inner casing, through a transpnarent substance such .as glass, which may e inserted between the ii. ner casing and the side of the box and over the opening D in the inner casing.
In order to strengthen the box and furthel support the inner casing and prevent its displacement, I employ a corner spacer E, shown in Fig. 5. This spacer is also preferably made from a single piece of pasteboard or other sheet material which is bent to fornr a hollow angle bar, the pasteboard material i of the box.
forming two right angular portions parallel with each other, the outer edges of the two being connected by bent portions 7c spacing the parallel portions apart. In order that the angles of these two parts may be maintained at a like distance from each other, I extend one of the edges into contact with an outer side portion as at k at right angles thereto;
In shipping these boxes to the'trade, it'is my practice tofold the inner casing and the sides of the box as shown in Figs. 6 and 7 and to pack them in this shape, together with the corner spacers, bottoms and covers, thus using a minimum amount of space.
In setting up the boxes, as in Fig. 1, the sides are first unfolded, and the bottom A inserted and fastened- The sides of the inner casing are then unfolded and bent at predetermined points (where they have been previouslyscored) at the top and bottom edges as shown in Fig. 4 and placed within the box,
when it is obvious that space will be left between the outer surfaces of the sides of theinner casing and the inner faces of the sides i tents are prevented from escaping through said openings.
then bent as shown, therebycovering the space between the inner casing and the box and at the same time assisting in keeping the inner casing in place.
What I claim and desire to ters Patent is 1. A box having its sides composed of sheet secure by Letmaterial and provided with a bottom, and an inner casing having its sides parallel with the sides of the box and spacing devices located between the box and easing separating the casing from'the box, the upper edges of one of said parts being iprovided with flapsbent toward the other 0 said parts whereby the space between them is closed, substantially as described. I I
2. A box having its sides composed of sheet material and provided with a bottom, and an inner casing having its sides parallel with the sides ofthebox and spacing devices located between the box and easing, se arating the casing from the box, one of sai parts being I provided at its upper edges with flaps extending over the space between the casing and the box, substantially as described.
. 1 from the sides The upper edges of the inner casing are 3. A box having its sides composed of sheet material and provided with a bottom, and an inner'casing having its sides parallel withthe sides of the box, spacing devices I located in the corners of the box, between the box and easing, separating'the box and casing, the upper edges of one of said parts having flaps provided with horizontal portions.
extending'over'the space between the box and casing, and vertically disposed portions engaging the sides of theother of said parts to assist in spacing the casing uniformly in relation to the sides of said box, substantially as described.
4. A box having its sides composed of sheet material and provided with a bottom,
and an inner casing having its sides parallel with the sides of the box, spacing devices located in the corners'of the box between the box and the casing, providing a space between the box and casing, the upper and lower edges of one of said parts h'aving flaps provided with horizontal portions extending over and under the space between the box and casing and vertically disposed portions engaging the sides of the other of said to assist in spacing thecasing uniform y in parts relation to the sides of said box, substantially as described. n
5. A box having its sides com osed orv sheet material, thesides being fl'exib y united at the corners, a rigid bottom, an inner casing for said box the four-sides ofithe same being united in a manner similar to that of the sides of the box, 'and detachable corner spacing devices for spacinggnthe casing when placed inside of the box whereby the walls of-the said casing are held adistanc'e apart of the box, substantially. as described. Q
sheet material, the sides being flexib y united at the corners, a rigid bottom, an inner casing for'said box, the four sides of said casing being united in aman'ner similar to that of the sides of the box and means detachable from the inner casing and the box for spacing the casing when p aced inside of the box whereby the walls of said casing are held a distance apart from the sides of the box, sub? stantially as described. 1 7. A box having, its sides com osed of sheet material, the sides being flexib y united at the corners, a rigid bottom, an inner casing for said box, the four sides of the same being united in a mannersimilar to that of the sides -of'the box, and corner s acing devices for s acing the'casing wlren p aced inside of the ox, whereby the casing is held a distance apart i'rom the sides of-the box, the sheet material of which the walls of the ihner casing are composed being made of greater extent vertically than the adjacent walls of the box, the upper ends of said sheet material being folded outwardly as described, to
. 5' 6. A box having its sides com osed of mam ' close the space between the inner casing and thewalls of the box, substantially as described.
8. A box having its sides composed of sheet material, the sides being flexib y united at the corners, a rigid bottom, an innercasing 'for said box the four sides being united in a manner similar to that of the sides of the box and means for sppc'ip'g the casing when placed inside of the ox whereby the walls of the said casing are held a distance a art from the sides of the box, one wall of the ox and the opposed wall of easing being provided with an aperture therein asdescribed and apiece of transparent material covering 'saidapert'ure, and inserted between the cas-- ing and the walls of the box, substantially as described.
9. A corner spacing device for boxes pro-- for ,hol ing the angles a corresponding distance from each other, substantially as describedl p 11, A corner brace and spacing device formed of sheet material and comprising two exterior portions disposed at an'angle to each other, provided at the ends with angular-1y disposed spacing portions and having interior portions extending from said spacing portions parallel to the exterior portions, said interlor portions being united, and having one of said interior. portions extended beyond the other and into contact with the exterior portion at right angles to said extension, substantially as described.
12. A corner brace and s acing device composed of sheet material fo ded to form a hollow angle bar, the free edges of said material overlapping each other "and secured to ether to form one of the interior walls of the J ar, substantially as described.-
13. A corner brace and s acing device composed of sheet material f0 ded to form a together to form one of the interior Walls of y the bar, one of said edges being longer than I the other and extending into contact with an outer side or'tion at ri ht angles thereto,
substantial y as described.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature,
in the presence of two witnesses.
JAMES E. SMITH; Witnesses: i I
H. C. TALL,