US 871977 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E, J. WINSLOW.
SECTIONAL VAULT. APPLLUATION FILED 001220, 1905.
PATBNTED Nov. ze, 1907.
4 SHEETS-SHEET l.
No. 871,977. PATBNTED NOV. 26, 1907. E. J. WINSLOW.
SBGTIONAL VAULT. APPLIoATIoN I'LsD ooT.2o. 1005.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 2 PATENTED Nov. 26, 19o?. E. J. WINsLogw. SEGTIONAL VAULT. APPLICATION FILED 00T.20. 1905.
4 SEBETSSHEBT 3.
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UNET? EDWAR" SECTIONAL VAULT.
Specification of i iottoi's Patent,
Application filed Gumbo.' 210. "4
To all Mun/t 'it 'may ummm:
Bo itlmown that Ennuh-n) JARVIS HHN LOW, citizen ol tho Unitocl States, residing; mi Chiofigo, in the county of Cook anni Stato oi" l illinois, has invented Certain new and usoinli Improvements in Sectional Yanks, ol whiefh j tho following is a spoon-iontiiin.
This invention rola-tos to wzttii-piooi vaults and, among' othvr things, it 'more `nin*- tioulzn'ly concerns certain iinprovoimnis in tho constitnftion of sniih w ls ,vhoii-hy oil tlm component parts thm-col may he infinit g inotnioti in ono locztlitjf anni sniifivquuiitij, n-ssol'nhled in nnothti' so to infin :t woi mail@ thu-able "nuit, l l
Tho invention i'oloi's lui-lhtfuinoi'o to 'xx-'anita of ownentitious or pinstio niznfgi'nzl vhfiz'nc torizoti by the aforesaid l'mttni'os,
lloi'otoloro, when it iitis btw/fn ihfh'oil lo construct n. f;ttn-prooi Ynult in any distant locality, much' xponso his 'ho/rn invoimil in transporting the mutati of: con intimi to such locality and gromt (loitl olY f l i :intl dclity has 'noon occasioned h thvI -1 @ultir olI I'ozulily shouting tho'sliiilfil labor .Jh wol'h within tho 'particular loculi Moreover it i# usiml in pim-limi to'cmistinct nah witten pmol nullil ol 'iilzsslin' nml fini, such 51S? 1:4?- mmil, :tml il iS not frisiv lo ohli"A i slillioimilly :iliillml lo hmnllv suoli ninloiinl in tn sfnliirivly .-iii..\-l'z1i l,oi y illumini', Vfliin vaults an' mit nl' multi@ sizi :mil :im propfi'ly Hii'lmlwl, it is imm-Ahi lo sii-m1 v :xml ;-:'\il r|1i\nll-\/ .wt in plum; :L rmnplocly lnxlt up vinili.
A l'ni'thci' olilgffct ol' my inwntion lir sti'nctm'o iii which lhi ot uro not of too )ottoni anni A stillltu'thei in l iinlmi'i'int ohjtrct ol my invention is to devia, f ing unitary element, in t 'form that by the .nso th' mafie of any size und.
i' @inni W fntzoly adapted for 'the partionim' poni looted. A
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Pigna@ l .is ai :iti 'itl sootion olV :i 'villlt ain- 80 lmilyng my invention :tml Showing pi'bpoctivo viens oi' certain lozitnrs toristio oi my iiwtntiuii. ling. 12 is it 'tion tnhon lvl-:mm @lastly throi lion, showing n sli-uvt tho domo olf tho suino r i nlcilying; Yami@ nini in ingu; ol' tho lo i t o c- C. "Jilll drical shape, including Within this term any curvilinear configuration of Wall such as elliptical or the like. Such shape will obviously be varied in conformity with the particular space available tor the vault. it the same is to be located between narrow walls, either a corresponding elliptical or rectangular shape of vault will be employed; il' to be employed. in a polygonal space, a like form will be employed :tor the vault contour. Such base will usually be constructed of 'an impervious material, generally of a plastic nature such as cement, and may be strengthened or otherwise braced by the use of members specially adapted for the purpose, such as'the embedded elements of high-tensional strength which l have shown, described and 'claimed in a companion application, tiled October 16th, i905, Ser. No. 283,1le. As this base is best arranged to afford facilities torj'irmly allixing it to the hereinafter de? scribed superposed sectional Wall, l provide a means tor attaining this end, a tongue and groove joint as illustrated in the drawings. Such joint consists ot a groove 2 Within. which the over-lying body section rests, though other forms of joint may be resorted to within the scope of this invention. In the -rorm here shown, such joint conforms in shape to the periphery of the base, whichat desired point, preferably adjacent the center, is thickened and otherwise strengthened as shown by 3. The hereinafter referred to brace and ladder may terminate within such thickened portion il desired.
in the form designated by Figsffl, et seg., the central enlargement is dispensed with and the'lloor or base is made integral `"with the side wall arising therefrom, This form will be employed under conditions not demanding the aforesaid construction.
When it is 'desired to readily obtainany predetermined height of the vault, a pluiality ol like `.fall sections 5 will preferably be resorted to. rthese are so devised as to be capable 'of being brought into a superposed interlocking relationship by means of any suitable interlocking' joint, though in or dinary practice l prefer that herein shown, as it is simple, inexpensive and meets all ordinary requirements. Preferably, .such union coniirises an enlargement 6 having lts vertica end provided with a groove 2 corresponding in size and' shape to the lower end ol' each section so that the latter may be received therein in a manner similar to the union with the base. l v
1Frel'erably such union comprises an inter nel enlargement or shoulder. nso as to altord an interiorly disposed peripheral rim which l utilize in supporting a series of lloors'or shelves 7, which may ,belet wood or any other preferred material. to divide the interior of the vault into. a num ber of stories and, in order that access may Such iloors serve einen f erably being in registry and centrally located as shown, although it lies well Within the in vention to so enlarge such man-holes that the shelves are comparatively narrow as illustrated in Figs. e, et seg. that is, the shelvings provide a central space which enables access to be had to the same through the instrumentality ol a ladder extending within said central space. A series of partitions serve to further support the floors or shelves and divide the whole into a multiplicity or". small compartments especiallyadapted for the storing ol" any desired objects, such as batteries or the like. As Will be understood, these partitions will extend in a radial direction from the central space so asto provide a better 'opportunity tor access to and inspection of the stored article. The partitions Will usually be omitted from the uppermost story, so that persons may more readily so as to allord a tight partition between the*- top of the dome and the underlying storage vault. The structure shown by F1g. 3 dispenses with this arrangement ol floor by making a corresponding partition out of the top of the underlying vault. Usually, such top l() will be arranged in an interlocking connection With the Walls .ot the `underlying chamber and will be provided as aforesaid with a suitable man-hole il for theentry of inspectors, which man-hole is closed when desired, by a suitable lid or hatch-way 12. Ordinarily this vault will be buried underground and, to allord convenient entrance thereto, a superposed dome 13 may be ermanently-a'llixed to such top so as to inc ose the aforesaid liatchway. V'Vhile frequently convenient to have this dome ol" a small diameter, it may, if desired, be made of a diameter substantially co-extensivo with that of the underlying chambers such as l have illustrated by 131 in Fig. 3.
A removable cover it,
provides for entry to the dome and the latter may furthermore have a hand bar 15 to serve as a support in aiding the movements ol the inspector. l/lfhile such hatchway and covering domeY .may be placed in any location on the top, Iv prefer to position it intermediate the center and circumference in or al'lxed to the top and bottom, and providedl with washers 16 securely fastened thereto to serve as an abutment in resisting any thrust brought thereon by a movement of the vault ends.
To provide conduits through which electric cables may lead out of the vault from and underlying main chamber as shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
lt is not essential that the preferred iorm hereinbefore described for supportin the shelves be resorted to, as the same en may be attained by lining the vault with wooden lWalls. 30 and to these Walls may be aflixed shelving in any preferred manner.
All permanent joints leading to the exterior of the vault Will be thoroughly bonded together by the use of any suitable hermetic cement such as grouting.
From the foregoing, it will be seen that l have' provided a Well braced structure of a Water-proof nature and that such structure may be rapidly assembled from a number of units each ot' an exceedingly simple nature. The internal arrangements, as illustrated by Figs. 3 et seq. may be employed in connection with the sectional vault and other rearrangements of elements may be made as desired.
By inspecting the following claims, such various modifications as may be resorted to within the scope of my invention will be otherwise made apparent.
. 1. A water-proof vault comprising in combination, an imperforate main chamber of plastic material having substantially the shape of a right cylinder with horizontal plane top and bottom, a lurality of annular shelvings spaced vertical y apart around the inner periphery ol said main chamber, said shelvings being divided into a plurality oi cells by radially disposed vertical partltions, a ladder extending from top to bottom of said chamber in the central space provided by said shelvngs, said chamber top havin a manhole eccentrieally positioned Wit its perimeter adjacent the upper termination of said ladder, and a relatively large dome rising from said. top and covering said manhole, said dome .being provided with a manhole andA removable cover in the rise thereof.
2. A Water-proof vault comprising a plurality of similar annular sections superposed and lapjointed to ether, a plurality of floors resting upon an su ported by said lapjoints, a cover for sai sections, and a domel closing a man-hole in said cover.
3. A Water-proof vault comprising a bottom, a plurality Of superposed lap-jointed sectlons, each lap-joint forming an annular interior rim, 'a plurality of shelvings resting upon and su ported by said rims, a top thereover, an a dome located over a manhole through said top. A
4. A water-proof vault comprising a plurality of similar sections, a top therefor, a dome covering a man-hole extending therethrough, and a cellular structure within said vault consisting' of a plurality of ringlike shelvings and intermediate partitions therefor.
5. A Waterroof vault comprising a lurality of simi ar sections, a correspon ing series of shelvings therein, the latter comprising centrally perforated disks spaced above one another with radially extending wings vertically' positioned betweenv said disks to form a multiplicity of compartments, and a perforate t0 over said section with a dome covering sai perforation.
In testimony whereof I ailx my signature in presence of two witnesses.
EDWARD JARVIS WINSLOW.
EDITH C. SEARLES, ALBERT F. NATHAN.