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Publication numberUS872104 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 26, 1907
Filing dateMar 22, 1907
Priority dateMar 22, 1907
Publication numberUS 872104 A, US 872104A, US-A-872104, US872104 A, US872104A
InventorsAbbott L Bacon
Original AssigneeAbbott L Bacon
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sand-box for cars.
US 872104 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED NOV. 26, 1907.

' A. L. BACON.



' Fay.

cfltzforn 62% Witnesses.-

PATENTED NOV. 26, 1907.




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To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ABBOTT L. BACON, a c1tizen of the United States, residing. at Frankhmin the county of Norfolk, State of Massachusetts, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Sand-Boxes for Cars, of which the following is, a specification, reference being had therein to the accom anying drawings.

T e invention consists chiefly in improved means for electrically heating the supply of sand contained within a sand-box, and in an im roved outlet-valve,

he'invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which latter,

Figure 1 is a view mainly in vertical section of a sand-box having my invention applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a sectional detail of the valve-arrangement.

Having reference to the drawings,-the box or hopper to receive the supply of sand may in practice be of any approved and suitable' form, character, and construction. As

represented herein, it consists of a cast-iron base-portion 1, and a sheet-metal upper or bodyortion 2, these two parts bein connected together at the top of the said castiron base-portion. At 3 is a delivery-pipe ;fitted to a hole in the lower part of the said 30 base-portion, and through which the sand may pass when it is permitted to escape from the interior of the sand-box. The upper end of the said delivery-pipe extends upwardly within the base-portion several inches from the bottom of the latter, formin a tubular valve-casin', and above the said bottom is formed wit 1 lateral openings or holes 4, 4, for the flow of sand from the interior of the base-portion into the deliveryipe. The top end of the portion of the de ivery-pipe which rises'within the interior space inclosed by the baseortion is covered and closed by a cap 5 ,whic is removably screwed upon the same. Within the delivery-pipe is contained the movable valve-member 6 by means of which the outflow of the sand through the delivery-pipe is controlled. This valvemember is cylindrical to fit the interior of ,the

delivery-pi e, and is movable within the latter to enab e it either to occupy a position in whichit closes the lateral holes or openings 4, 4f0 shut off the flow of sand, or to be raised so as to more or less completely open the said holes or openings to permit the desired flow: of. sand.

Fi g.;'1 shows the valve member in its Patented Nov. 26, 1907.

highest position with the holes or openings entirelycpen. For the actuation of the said movable valve-member it is provided at opposite sides with downward extensions 7, 7. lhrough holes in the lower ends of these extensions and also through vertical slots, one of which is shown at 8, 1n the delivery-pipe, a' pin 9 extends transversely, the opposite ends of the said pin projecting at the exterior of the delivery pipe at the opposite sides of the latter into osition for being engaged .or connected witi the operating mechanism of the movable valve-member. The said operating mechanism may be variously contrived, constructed, and arranged to suit the requirements in practice. In the construction which is shown in the drawings arms 10, 10, (one of which is represented as partly broken away) project from a rockshaft 11 supported by a stand 12 extendin downward from the car-floor 13, the sair arms being formed with longitudinally extending slots, one of which is shown at 14, receiving the ends of the transverse pin. A downwardly extendin arm 15 of the said rocker has connected therewith one end of a contracting spiral spring 16, the other end of with a tendency to keep the movable valvemember in its lowest position, closing the lateral holes or openings 4, 4. At 161 is a rod havin one end thereof connected to the downwar 1 extending arm 15 of the rocker, and the ot er end thereof connected to the downwardly-extending arm 17 of a second rocker 18 which is supported by a stand 19 attached to the under side of the car-floor, the said rocker 18 having a horizontallyextending arm 20 which is joined by a link 21 to a rod or plunger 22 extending upward throu h the car-floor into position to be moved by the hand or foot, as may be provided for, of the motor-man.

When the rod or plunger 22 is moved downward b the motor nan it transmits movement tlrough' the described connections to the movable valve-member to raise the latter and thus open the holes or openings 4, 4, to a greater or less extent for the outflow of sand. It will be perceived that the movable valve-member is entirely in closed within the upward extension of the delivery-pipe and thereby shielded from the volume of sand within the lowerportion of the sand-box, except as the sand may press from below within the deliveryipe.

within the volume of sand contained in the sand-box, it does notihaveto d'splace the sand or any portion of it in being ov'ed into eit er the open or the closed position.

he valve-member 6 is formed as a section of a tube or pipe, with the extensions 7, 7,

the valve-member.

extending downward from its lower edge. The opening through the same prevents comression of the air in the upper part of the deivery-pipe 3 above the valve-member as the 20 latter is raised, thus obviatingresistanoe from this cause to theeasy and complete raising of the valve-member, and it also permits the escape downward of any particles of sand which may-find their way to the top of At 23 is a removable screen or grating extending across the hopper near the top of the latter, and designed to arrest stones or gravel which are sufficiently large to clog the holes or openings 4, 4.

At 24, 24, are heating devices comprising rigid bars or lates extending crosswise of the sand-box an constructed in any well-known manner ,to be heated electrically, the electric connections being indicated at 25, 25. These bars or plates may be of any required shape in cross-section, and when in plate form will be set in upright position, as indicated, so as to present the more extended surfaces thereof vertically. The number of these bars or plates may vary. In some instances, I may employ one only, and in others a greater number than two. They extend across the interior of the sand-box in the lower portion thereof so that in practice they are surrounded and covered by the sand which is contained in the sand-box. The space above between and below the same is unobstructed for the reception of sand. They impart heat to the sand which surrounds and covers them, such heat being applied at the interior of the mass of sand, and therefore being enabled to act most efliciently and without loss. As the sand is used from the bottom of the sand-box, fresh sand flows down from above into contact with and past the plates or bars.

I claim as my invention 1. A sand-box having an outlet, a delivcry-pipe extending from said outlet and a cythe said valve-memberfrom below, such means extending upwardly Within the delivery-pi e.

2. IE1 a sand-box, the combination with a tubular valve-casing extending up within the sand-chamber, closed at its up er end,and having a lateral hole or opening through which sand may flow from the sand-chamber to the interior of the valve-casing, said valvecasing having a delivery-pipe continuation, of a valve-member within said valve-casing, which is shielded thereby from the mass and pressure of the sand, and which is moved u ward inside said valve-casing to open t 1e valve for the flow of sand, and means for operating the said valve-member from below.

3. In a sand-box, the combination with a tubular valve-casing extending up within the sand-chamber, closed at its upper end and having a lateral hole or openin which sand may flow from the san chamber to the interior of the valve-casing, said valvecasing having a deliveryipe continuation, of a'valve-member vertically movable within said valve-casing to open and close the valve to permit or discontinue the flow of sand and which valve-member is shielded within the valve-casing from the mass and pressure of the sand, and operating means for the said valvemember.

4. In a sand-box, the combinationwith the sand-receptacle, of one or more electrically-heated rigid plates or bars located within through v extending across the lower part of" the sandchamber, located intermediately with relation to the width of the sand-chamber, and adapted to be surrounded and covered by the san with the space above between and below the same unobstructed'for the reception.

of the sand. 1

5. In a sand-box, the combination with a sand-receptacle, of an electrically-heated flat; plate or bar extendin across the lower part of the sand-chamber, ocated intermediately with relation to the width of the sand-chamber, with its. width arran ed vertically, and adapted to be surrounde by the sand.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.

. ABBOTT L. BACON. Witnesses:


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2535605 *Aug 1, 1949Dec 26, 1950Smith Buford RSand drier
US2574911 *Mar 19, 1948Nov 13, 1951Maurice Cowburn AllanSand drying apparatus
US6938935 *Mar 3, 2004Sep 6, 2005Norbert GoldmannMetering device for sand spreading devices, especially for rail vehicles
US8073591Sep 20, 2007Dec 6, 2011Faiveley TransportMethod and apparatus for monitoring sand supply to a scattering device for a rail vehicle
US20050001434 *Mar 3, 2004Jan 6, 2005Werner BartlingMetering device for sand spreading devices, especially for rail vehicles
US20080252082 *Sep 15, 2006Oct 16, 2008Werner BartlingSand Spreading Device in Rail-Borne Vehicles, In Particular High-Speed Vehicles
US20090254231 *Sep 20, 2007Oct 8, 2009Faiveley TransportMethod and device for monitoring and preparing the sand supply in a sand tank of sand scattering devices in vehicles, in particular rail vehicles
USRE40735 *Feb 28, 2007Jun 16, 2009Faiveley TransportMetering device for sand spreading devices, especially for rail vehicles
Cooperative ClassificationB60B39/10