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Publication numberUS874236 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 17, 1907
Filing dateFeb 18, 1907
Priority dateFeb 18, 1907
Publication numberUS 874236 A, US 874236A, US-A-874236, US874236 A, US874236A
InventorsHarry Sayles Pond
Original AssigneeHarry Sayles Pond
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vending-machine.
US 874236 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 874,236. PATENTED DEC. 17, 1907.

' v H s POND VENDING MACHINE.

LIOATION FILE IN" iuli mx/ww' PATENTED'DEO. 17, 1907.

H. S. POND. VENDING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED FEB. 18, 1907.

3 sums-sum z.

'NO. 874,236. PATEN-TBD DEC. 17, 1907.

H. s. om). VENDING MACHINE.

APPLIOATIOI FILED FEB. 18, 1907- 7 a sums-$112311 a.

'HARRY SAYLES POND, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

VENDING-MACHINE.

Specification of Letterslatent.

Patented Dec. 17, 1907.

, Application filed February 18, 1907- Serial No. 357,795.

To all whom it may concern;

Be it known that I, HARRY SAYLES POND, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented new and useful Improvements in Vending-Machines, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to coin controlled vending machines and is designed more especiallyfor vending. matches in small boxes or packages.

The object of the invention is to provide a strong and substantial vending machine of simple construction and reliable operation which can be manufacturedinexpensively, has a large capacity While com act in size and is free from springs and ot er delicate and complicated parts which might easily get out of order and render the machine inoperative. j

Another object of the invention is to provide for a positive delivery of the articles to be vended alternately from two compartments by the use of a single delivery mechanism.

Further objects of the invention are to provide "for the discharge of the o crating coin at the beginning of the stroke 0 the delivery mechanism; to prevent the delivery of more than one box ateach operation of the delivery mechanism; to carry a box in position for delivery at the same time that a box is delivered; to re uire the proper and com lete operation of t e delivery mechanism efore a box is delivered, and to construct the machine and mechanism in a way to promote safety in vending matches.

In the accompanying drawings illustrating my'invention Figure 1 is a front view of the machine. Fig. 2 is a front view of the interiorof the machine, the hinged front be ing swung to open osition Fig. 3 is a sectional view on the ine 3"3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a verticalsectional View on the line 44 of Fig. 3 and shows several positions of a box of matches being delivered from. the right hand compartment. Fig. 5 is a similar view showing the several positions of a box of matches being delivered from the left hand compartment. Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional view on the line 66 of Fig. 3. Fig.

7 is a similar view on the line 7-7 of Fig. 3. Fig. 8 is a vertical sectional view on the line 88 of Fig. 3. Fig. 9 is a detail view of the locking trigger. Fig. 10. is a bottom plan' position after it is released as hereafter deview of the ejector slide.

fformed in the back The invention comprises a cabinet consist- I ing of afrontor coverpart 11 and abackpart 12, the back part being constructed to telescope within the front part, as shown in Fig. 3. The back part of the cabinet contains the. goods to be vended and the delivery mechanism, and the front part is hinged at 13 to the back part so that it can be swung down into horizontal open position to ermit access to the coin receptacle 14 an to replenish the supply of'matches or other ar ticles. 'The two parts of thecabinet are locked together, preferably at the top, in any suitable manner.

The cabinet forms the subject matter of a companion application filed concurrently herewith and for that reason I make no claim thereto, per se, in this application.

The machine which I have chosen for illustrating the invention comprises two storage compartments 15 and two delivery compartments 16, 16, these T compartments being.

art 0 partitions 17, 17 ig. 2). The compartments 15 have bottoms 15 which may be made integral with the partitions and the latter can be conveniently constructed of sheet metal in angular form and riveted or otherwise securely fastened within the back part of the cabinet, (Figs. 2, 7).

Y j The coin receptacle 14 is removably arranged in a frame 18 located beneath the delivery compartments 16, 16 and this frame supports the ejector slide '19 which. is arranged to reciprocate back and forth from The slide rests 7 side to side of the cabinet. upon the flanges 20 and is held in place by the flanges 21 of the frame 1.8 (Figs. 3-5). The ejector slide has a central opening 19 and is provided on its upper side with parallel ejectors 22 located at the side edges of said opening and on itslower side with a locking lug 23 and a rack 24 (Fig. 10). also has a handle 25 at its front edge which projects through a slot 26 in the frame 18 and a corresponding slot 26 in the front of the cabinet.

the cabinet by The ejector slide" A block 27 is fastened to the frame 18 by screws 27 (Figs. 4, 5) and is provided with a slot 28 (Fig. 3) to receive thecoin. The coin is supported in the slot on the arm 29 nor- 1 v scribed. The upper end 33 of the lever 30 is arranged to engage the teeth of the rack 24 on the under-side of the ejector slide 19.

A locking trigger 34 (Fig. 9) is pivoted at 35 in the slot 28 of the block 27 (Fig. 3). The upper end 34 of the trigger is enlarged to furnish sufficient weight to normally swing said upper end backward in the ath of the locking lug 23 on the under-side of the ejector slide. A shoulder 36 on the trigger is arranged to engage a shoulder 37 on the block 27 to hold the trigger in operative position for engaging the locking lug. While the trigger is thus locking the ejector slide by engaging one end thereof the lower end 34 is swung forward in the slot 28 of the block 27. When the coin 38 is deposited in the slot 28 it engages the end 34 of the trigger and swings the end 34 out of the path of the locking lug to release the ejector slide. Thereupon the slide can be moved horizontally and when the rack 24 engages the upper end 33 of the lever 30 said lever will be swung to one of the dotted positions shown in Figs. 4, 5, thus carrying the supporting arm 29 from beneath the coin and allowing the coin to fall into the receptacle 14 before the operation of delivering the box of matches is completed. If the movement of the ejector slide is halted before the slide reaches the limit of its movement in either direction a reverse movement will be prevented by reason of the engage ment of the ,end 33 of the lever 30 with the teeth of the rack 24 and thus the movement of the ejector slide in either direction must be .nnpleted before its movement can be reversed. If the movement of the ejector slide in either direction is not completed a coin de posited in the machine wouldfall straight through to the coin receptacle because the supporting arm 29 is in one of the dotted' posltions shown in Figs. 4, 5.

The front part of the cabinet is provided with a coin opening 39 which is located at the upper end and in front of the coin slot 40 formed between the partitions 17 which separate the compartments 16, 16. This slot is provided at its lower end with a con.- tracted chute 41 which discharges into the slot 28 in the block 27 (Figs. 1-3). The slot 40 is preferably provided with a plurality of suitably arranged obstructions 42 which cause the coin to travel in a zig-zag direction in the slot and prevent the machine from being cheated by the introduction of wire or strings. An air space 40 is provided between the partitions 17 above the slot 40 to prevent the heat which would be produced y a fire in one delivery compartment frombeing communicated to'the other.

At the lower corners of the front part of the machine are openings 43 to'permit the boxes to be removed from the machine after the delivery operation is complete.

To enable the purchaser to tell whether the compartments 16, 16 are empty or supplied with matches I provide openings 44 in the front part of the cabinet opposite the lower part of the compartments 16, 16. These openings are narrower than match boxes so that abox could not be removed therethrough and both openings are covered by a pane of glass 45 which is held in place on the cabinet by a plate 46 (Fig. 7). v

The machine delivers alternately from the compartments 16, 16 and can not operate otherwise for the movement of the ejector slide must be completed in one direction before its movement can be reversed. The delivery operation is iliustrated in Figs. 2, 4, 5. In Fig. 2 the ejector slide is shown at the limit of its movement to the right having been moved from beneath the box 47 which has fallen to the bottom of the cabinet opposite the opening 43. The box 47 came from the compartment 16 and a box 48 from compartment 16 has been carried forward from beneath the stack of boxes in said compartment and is held in position to be dropped to the bottom of the cabinet when the ejector slide is carried back again to the limit of its movement-to the left. In the movement of the ejector slide the box which is supported like box 48 for delivery engages stops formed by the ends 21 of the flanges 21 and is thus prevented from moving with the slide. The r ends of the flanges are preferably upturned and permit the box to 6 moved thereover from its compartment to delivery position but prevent a return movement of the boxso that the slide can move from under the box and permit the latter to drop down to the bottom of the cabinet. Before a box is pushed by the ejectors 22 from beneath the stack the ejectors have passed under to su port the stack and therefore it will be 0 served that-the ejectors alternately support the stacks of matches in the two compartments as they push the bottom box from be.- neath the stack which they then sup ort. By thus delivering boxes alternately rom two stacks the capacity of the machine is doubled without materially increasing its size.

In Fig. 4 I have shown the movements of a single box from the compartment 16. This box 49 is shown in full lines supported on the ejectors; in dotted position 49 behind the ejectors after they have moved to the dotted position at the left and beneath the compartment 16; in dotted position 49" to which thebox is carried in the movement of the. ejector slide to the limit of its movement to the right; in dotted position 49 against the stops 21 and in dotted position 49 at the bottom of the cabinet in position. behind the opening 43 to be removed by the purchaser.

In Fig. 5 the box 50 in compartment 16 is shown in the corresponding positions to those -illustrated in reference to box 49 inFig. 4.

several parts of the machine can be varied as found desirable to construct the machine in different sizes or to better adapt it for dispensing particular classes of merchandise.

As this machine is designed particularly for vending matches I prefer to make it entirely of metal, the cabinet and frame being made of sheet metal and the other parts of metal castings, preferably, The cabinet is preferably of such depth as to hold boxes lengthwise in the com artments and when the cabinet is closed a ox of matches, ifignited accidentally, will simply smolder without igniting adjacent boxes ordinarily and even if several boxes in a compartment become ignited the fire will not communicate to those boxes in the other compartments. .The outer compartments can be utilized for storage urposes.

It wil be observed that the ejector slide not only carries the 'ejectors to move the boxes alternately from the compartments 16, 16 but it also comprises a table 51 at each end of the slide. The box being moved from its compartment by the ejectors is supported on one table and the stack of boxes in the other compartment is supported on the flanges 21 above the table at the other end of i the slide and when the movement of the slide is reversed this box whichis supported on the flanges is pushed outward by the ejectors on to its table. j

A box will not be discharged from the slide until the latter has been moved far enough to release the lever 30 from rack 24, because the bottom flange 15 of the storage compart ment will prevent the box from tilting suffi- I ciently to -slip off of the slide until the latter has been properly operated. This insures the proper operation of the delivery mechanism and avoids the liability of'the machine being left in an inoperative position, while at the same time is free from springs or oompheated parts which may quickly get out of order. I

The handle 25 is curved so thatthe front of the cabinet can be swung to 0 en or closed position without affecting t e delivery mechanism. The front of the cabinet also forms the front wall of the compartments and secures the coin receptacle in place.

What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: I

1. A vending machine comprising a cabinet having two compartments for the articles to be vended, and a single delivery mechanism for said compartments comprising an ejector slide adapted to be reciprocated beneath said compartments, there being tables on said slide at each end thereof, and an ejector on the slide between said tables to move the articles alternately from said compartments on said tables.

2. A vending machine comprising a cabinet having two compartments for thefarticles' to be vended, and a single delivery mechanism for said compartments comprising an ejector slide i adapted to be reciprocated .beneath said compartments, there being a table on said slide at each end thereof, and a pair of ejectors located between said. tables and at opposite sides of said slide to move the articles alternately from said compartments.

3. A vending machine comprisng a cabinet having two compartments for the articles to be vended, and a single delivery mechanism for said compartments comprising a slide adapted to be reciprocated beneath said compartments, there being a table on said slide at each end thereof, an ejector carried by the slide between said tables to move the articles alternately from said coinpartments on said tables, and adevice for locking said slide at the limit of its movement in either direction with one table beneath one of said compartments, the ejector beneath the other compartment and the other table supporting one of the articles from the last mentioned compartment in position to he delivered on the return movement of the slide.

4. Avending machine comprising a cabinet having two compartments for the articles to be vended, and a single delivery mechanism for said compartments comprising a slide adapted to be reciprocated beneath said compartments, there being a table on said slide at each end thereof, an ejector on the slide between said tables to move the articles alternately from said compartments on said tables, and means for discharging articles from said tables.

5. A vending machine comprising a cabi net having-two compartments for the arti cles to be vended, and a single delivery mechanism for said compartments comprising a slide adapted to be reciprocated beneath said compartments, there being a table on said slide at each end thereof, an ejector on the slide between the tables to move the articles from the compartments alternately on the tables, and means for discharging the article on one table from one compartment as the ejector travels in the opposite direction to move an article from the other compartment on the other table into discharge position.

6. A vending machine comprising a cabi-- net having two compartments for the articles to be vended, an a single delivery mechanism for said compartments comprising a slide adapted to be reciprocated beneath said compartments, there being a'table'on said slide at each end thereof, an ejector on the slide to move-the articles alternately from said compartments on said tables, means for discharging the articles from the tables,

means I01 locking the slide at the limit of its movement in either direction, and means for preventing reverse movement of the slide unfil it has reached the limit of its movement in either direction.

7. A vending machine comprising a cabi net having two compartments for the articles to be vended, and a single delivery mechanism for said compartmentscomprising a slide adapted. to be reciprocated beneath said compartments, there being a table on said slide at each end thereof, an ejector on the slide between said tables, a locking lug on the slide, a trigger arranged to engage said lug to lock the slide at the limit of its movement in either direction, and means for preventing reverse movement of the slide'until it has reached the limit of its movement in either direction.

8. A vending machine comprising a cabi 'lever arranged to engage said rack to prevent reverse movement of the slide until it has reached the limit of its movement in, either direction. I

9. A vendingmachine comprising a cabi v net having two.compartments for the articles to be vended, and a singledelivery mechanism for said compartments comprising a slide adapted to be reciprocated beneath said compartments, there being a table on said slide at each end thereof, an ejector on the slide between said-tables to move the articles alternately from said compartments on said tables, and means for discharging an article moved on one, table from one compartment as the ejector is moving an article from the other compartment on the other table.

10. A vending machine comprising a cabinet having two compartments, a frame beneath the compartments, a slide adapted to be reciprocated on the frame, there being flanges on the frame forming guides for. the slide and stops to prevent returnmovement of the articles, and said slide having a table at each end; thereof and an ejector located between the tables. 7

11. A vending machine comprising a cabinet having a delivery compartment therein to receive the articles to be vended, a delivery mechanism operating beneath said com- I partment'and comprising a movable slide on which the article to be delivered rests in delivery position, and means for preventing the discharge of the article from the slide 'until thelatter has been-moved a;predeter 7o mined distance. 7

12. A vending machine comprising a cabinet having a plurality of compartments therein to receive the articles to be vended,

a delivery mechanism operating below the compartments and comprising a movable slide on which the article to be delivered rests in delivery position, and a bottom to one of said compartments to prevent the discharge of the articlefrom the slide untilthe .latter has been moved a predetermined distance. i

4 HARRY SAYLES POND. Witnesses WM. 0. BELT, M. KIDDIE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3010556 *Sep 28, 1954Nov 28, 1961Benz William ARefrigerated food vender
US3016165 *Sep 26, 1958Jan 9, 1962Reliable Engineering CoArticle vending machine
US3019941 *Jan 28, 1954Feb 6, 1962Rowe Mfg Co IncElectric console cigarette merchandising machine
US4600121 *Oct 9, 1984Jul 15, 1986Unidynamics CorporationArticle vendor
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationG07F11/16