US 876968 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED JAN. 21, 1903;
. P. E. JAMES. 4 REGEPTAOLE 0E CONTAINER EOE SEMI FLUID OR OTHER LIKE SUBSTANCES.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 20, 1907.
Wt mu'wn 9mm PATENTED JAN. 21, 1908.
P. E. JAMES. OR OOEITAIYYBR FOR SEMI FLUID OR OTHER. LIKE SUBSTANCES.
APPLIQATION FILED MAR. 20, 1907.
2 SHEETS-SHEET z.
UNITED STATES PATENT oEEIoE.
FREDERICK REESOR JAMES, or LONDON, ENGLAND.
.RECEPTACLE QR CONTAINER FOR SEMIFLUID OR OTHER LIKE ST J'BSTANOES.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 21, 1908.
Application filed March 20. 1907. Serial No. 363.489.
T all whom it may concern:
Be 'it known that I, FnEDEiuoK REEsoR 1 JAMEs, a subject of the King of Great Britain, residing in city of London, l lngland,
have invented certain new and useful Imrovements 1n Receptacles or Containers for bemiiluid or other Like Substances, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improved receptacles or containers for semi-fluid or other likesubstances and it has for its object to produce rece tacles from which the contents may be rca ily discharged in any desired' quantity withoutdamaging the said container or soiling the hands. 7
In order that the invention may be thebetter understood, drawings are appended in which present invention.
'mnterifil. t" 15 provided. 7
J indicates a d'isrharge spout passing:
. Figure 1. isa longitudinal section of a fornr of device constructed in accordance with the upper end. Fig. is a planot' the lower end. Fig. 4 shows the disk and operative means therefor removed from the receptacle. Fig. I
5 is a sectional view illustrating a means [or indicatingthe quantity of the eontents that has. been discharged. Fig. ti. is an enlarged cross section of the spindle showing the attachment thereto of they perating strip. Fig.7 is a longitudinal section ot a device provided with means for cheeki ng the exudation of the contents of the receptacle after the piston has been operated. Fig. 8 is a plan on an enlarged scale of the underneath of the hollow body with the spring therein. Fi 9 is an enlarged section of the piston and ho lowbody epiinected thereto. Fig. 10 is an enlarged seat-ion SlNHVillgfl modified form r of spring. Fig. It is a plan of the underneath of the parts shown in Fig. 10; and Fig. 12 is a section showing the piston in its upper posit-ion.
Referring to the accompanying drawings. I (1, indicates a hollow body or receptacle forme T ofmetul. glass. porcelain or any other suitable material and in the present instance of circular cross section. I it will however, he understood that the sectional outline of the container may be varied as desired. The body a is shown as open at the lower end while at. its upper end it is provided with a closure L formed of cork or an v other suit able \n outer ornamental cap or rover t-l rongh the cover e :Ultl through the cork I) Fig. 2 is a plan of the.
to which it may be secured in any convenient manner. Located within the receptacle is a 1 disk e of cork or other suitable material forming a piston. The diameter and thickness of the disk are such that while it is capable of moving freely within the body of the/receptacle none of the contents can escape from In either case it would benecessary to make; provision for the ready access of ,airtothe' .j underside of 'the disk. This couldbe eonveniently effected by perforating the hot- 3 tom of the receptacle. or the cap as the case "may be. I
Secured in any convenient manner to the disk 0 is the lower end of. a stripf of thin sheet metal, the upper end of WhlOh'lS' seeured to a spindle carried in a recess formed within the upper surface of the closure 1).
i The strip may be secured by slotting the spindle and passing the end of the said strip therethi-ough as shown at g Fig. 6. Secured to one end of the spindle is a'wheel such as [It whereby the rotation of. the said spindle 5 may be effected when the receptacle is held T in the hand by means of the thumb. .The [wheel may be of any desired form but the form illustrated offers .an advantage over other forms inasmuch-as .ivhileafiording' a i ready means of operation in one direction is provided with points h which, uponattemptiiig to operate the said wheel in the opposite 2 direction will oil'er suflicient discomfortto l the operator to advise hint of the fact that .the spindle is being turned. in the-wrong direetion. Where the container body is loilned ot an opaque material it is desirable that some means. be provided'for indicatingtlie quantity of the substance remaining in the eo|itaiiier;:;"- This may be cifected. by entering the st pf tor a suitable portion of its len th as indicated atf Fig. 4. An apertnr c is formed in the rap 0 through which the strip is visible. The strip may also be variously colored [or predetermine" portions of its length so that an indication may be i ail'orded by the color -visible thmugh openingfc as to whether the receptacle is full ha full, or 1- full or the colors may be arranged to indicate any other quantities remaining in the container.
. Instead of the foregoing arrangement I may employ one or more pins such as 'i which pass throu h the closure and cap and into the receptac e. ;As the disk moves upwards it comes into contact with the pin'or pins as the case may be and pushes them out, thereby serving the same purpose as the colored portions of the strip f.
The operation of the device is as follows On rotating the spindle the strip is coiled thereon pu ling up the piston e and forcing the contents out through the spout d for which or other material or as shown in the figures connected to it at its rower end the end of' referred to, itmay comprise two diskse e of a'diameter somewhat less than the internal diameter of the receptacle and connected by means of-an eyelet e. through-whichpasses a wire f z a disk of leather or other suitable material 9 being clamped between them, the said dislr'accurately fitting the rece tacle a, and being secured to the flexible body by means of knots formed therein, such knots being dis osed one upon each side of the iston. cated beneath the piston is a hollow body gmoreorless accurately fitting the receptacles and'in prder to secure a more perfect fit the vertical downwardlydprojectmg wallg thereof may be provide with a covering of leather or other suitable material It is however, not requisite that. the contact between the wall 9 and the interior of theireceptacle shall be more than sufficient to holdthe hollow body sufficiently tight in the receptacle as toenable it to overcome the downward pull of the s ring 9 located within said hollow bod e spring'g has the wire f 2 the wire passing through the spring and through the top of the body 9 ofthe spring pullingthe piston downwards as soon as the pull upon the'wire'is released,
the knot in the end of said wire effecting the. necessary connection between the piston and the hollow body. U on the wire being coiled up on the spind e the piston is drawn upwards, the s ring is compressed, the frictional contact etweenthe sides of the body and the receptacle being suflicient to enable as ceased.
underside of the top of the body g.
wire f passes through the center of the disk which is e ampe a the said compression to take lace prior to the movement .of the said ollow body. When the limit of compression'has been reached, the body and with it the piston,
move upwards together and some of the con tents of the receptacle are extruded.- Should the pull upon the wire however, be removed, the spring will expand and the piston is pulled back by the spring'and the extrusion of the contents ceases.' The hollow body during the exlpansion of the spring remains stationary.
enlargement formed in or upon t e wire, for
.the purpose ofestablishing the re uisite connect on between the piston and t e'flexible body.
will'be understood that the .term knot is intended to ap ly to any "Instead of employing a helical such as that just described a bowspring may be employed such for example as that shown in.
Figs. 10 and 11, where a number of radial arms'j are formed'upon a disk jsaid arms being curved and adapted tobear against the The j and is knotted or otherwise formed at its end so that it cannot be drawn through the disk. It is obvious that a tape of flexible materialsuch as that previously described may be substituted for the wire,
Although I have described and illustrated a specific construction and arrangement of parts, it will b understood that I do not.
esire to limit the expression of the invention solely thereto, but that I may make such alterations in said construction and arrangement as may in practice be found necessary.
Having now particularly described and ascertained the nature of my said invention, and in what manner the. same is to be performed,- I declare that what I claim is:-
1. A receptacle for semi-fluid substances comprising a hollow body closed at the upper end, a discharge spout, a piston within said bod a body tting said receptacle, a flexible ody connected to the piston, a rotatable spindle upon which the flexible body-may be coiled, a means'for rotating the spindle and a resilient device also connected to the flexible bed for retracti' the piston when the pull on'tlie flexible b yis released.-
v- 2. A receptacle for semi-fluid substances comprising a hollow body closed at the upper end, a discharge spout, a piston within said body com rising1 a of disks between $1: of leather or'other;
suitable substance, a p'erforation'in the fcen:-*-
within the receptac e" a springwithin said.- hollow body to which the end of the flexible bed is attached and a knotorenlargement in t e flexible body whereby connection is i I I 'ter of -theism, a flexible bod r as Q smees established between the springs and the piston.
3.-A receptacle for semi-fluid substances comprising hollow body closed at its upper end, a discharge spout, a piston within the receptacle composed of two disks between which is clamped a disk of leather or other suitable snbstance a rotatable spindle and 11198118 for rotating same, a flexible [Midi-"eonnected at one end to the spindle and passinp through the piston and through a body disposed beneath the said piston, and connected to a spring beneath the said body and a stud or pin projecting through the closure of the receptacle, and adapted to be moved upwards bytlie piston.
4. A receptacle fonsemi-iluid substances comprising a hollow body closed at its upper end and provided with a discharge spout, a piston within said body, a flexible body passing through said piston, said bod being variously coloured, a rotatable spindle to which one end of the flexible bodyis attached while the other end is secured to a spring" loeatcd beneath a body disposed bcncat 1 the piston means upon the flexible body for establishing the requisite connection between the spring and the piston.
5. In a receptacle for semi-fluid substances the combination with a piston adapted to be operated in said receptacle to extrude the contents of a body disposed beneath said oiston andicontainin a s ,ring connected to operative means for t le piston, said spring being designed to retract the piston when the pull upon the operative means is removed so as to prevent further extrusion of the contents.
6. A receptacle for semi-fluid substances comprising a hollow body, a close at the upper end of said hollow body, ss. losi being provided with a recess. a piston in being contained within said recess in the closure, a flexible body connecting said piston and spindle, a cap for covering said cio sure and recess, a discharge spout carried. by the closure and passing through the outer cover, and means secured to the end the spindle to effect its rotation.
In witness wheretpi I have hereunto my signature in the presence of the undersigned Witnesses.
FREDERIGK nnnson JAMES.
JOHN H. JACK, E. H. Hnsnnnn.