US 879224 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED FEB. 18, 1908.
R. H. WAPPLER.
APPLICATION FILED AUG. 28,1906.
' 8 51 1%; attozm I UNITED sTATEs'PATENT OFFICE;
scissor/go n. Wilma, on .nnw irons, iii.
s semmiosornemn Patent.
; Patented sea 1s,10os.-
mus els filed it 23.1900. sol-130332.372.
may be designated as s cystoscope and is in tended to be used in cxamination' of parts of the body by: physicians and sur sons for treatment in diseases ofvarious variousparts of the; body which are not easily' accessible for such examination and treatment. 7 a
The device consists primarily Of a main body portion or sheatlri of "tubular. form provided at gone end. with a rounded cap for closing the same and-- also Ittith .fenestral openings opposite which is positioned a lamp for illumination, The circuit for this is supplied h an; insulated wire which is p 21.1 d ins. smai tube and which is in turn lacd-in sfslot the wall of the sheath.
' 9 other side oflthe circuit maybe formed by the sheath itself.'.; This method of placing the wire leadlinj slot leaves the tubular opening in the sheath; free and clear and also ace-for the sameJ-z-t-a' The fenestral ojierdngs in the sheath opposite sides of .t lam are oh relatively large size and allow the lig t to pass in every -86 directionfrom the lam 'Ihis-permits the" examination-lot all bit esurro'undin' parts of the hddy s.nd',;bythe of suite is re; ilectos, s vics r'i rearwardlyy-inay also be ob guinea r 40'? Another feature. of my invention is the shield tube which surrounds the lamp tb' tcctthe same from injury. This tube'flis provided with a hemispherical or rounded end an a. seat of corresponding shape is i formed m the tubular sheath, so as tohold The samereference number has been given tolilce parts in the several views. .1. is a, side elevation ofadevice de enin turn 'positi'one rovides a smobthmnd nniform exterior sun-f embodydng my" invention. Fig. 2. is an 6117 larged view of one end of the device shown in" Fig.- 1. looking in the direction of the arrow' fli' Fig. 3. is an enlarged view of the same of the device shown in Fig, 1, from the origin,
site side, as indicated by the arrow '3. 4. is an enlarged sectional view of means; the device, taken on the line x--x of Fig. 1.
5. is a. View of one end -f r illustrating a modification in the form of v '6 same.
' a At 1. shown the main body psi-titular? tubular sheath which is provided atone with a cap, such as 2. A lamp 3, is posi tioned at one end of the device having on 0 terminal, such as 4, connected to the cap and sheath and the other terminal connectedv through a sleeve 5 and collar 6 to a wire lead 7 which may bo'slaced in a tube 8 whichis; ,1 in a slot in the wall of the 7! tubular sheath 1. This is indicated b dot and dashTline extending lengthwise of] the sheath in Fig. 1 and terminatm in the connection indicated at 10. AsuitaEle nection, as indicated at 11, may-l he provided for connecting the circuit to the sheath 1 in order to complete the lamp circuit. Suitable valves, as indicated at 12, may be pro.-:
Ivided'if desired so that the device may beusedforinjecting liquids to the diseased pora5- tionj'of'the body under treatment;
Fenestral openings, whichare indicated v 13'and,14,'are provided on opposite sides of the tubular sheath and near one end thereof. Between these o enings on the interior of the sheath'is locate a trans arent shield tube 9. This tube is provided with a rounded or hemispherical inner end and is 0 on at the oposite end. The interior 0 the sheath is ored out and formed to correspond with the "exterior surface of the shield tube and so formed-seat or socket in which the same is held securely and reouires the use of very little or no cement to old the samelin placm As the cement and other simihir lnaterials which aroused to sccure'thc tube in place absorb the diseased and poisonous matter itv becomes very essential to do away with the uselof'any such material as far as it is p0sslhle, and this is accomplished in a very sim ple manner by a construction such as de-iscribed in my invention. The rounded inner end of this tube also possesses many advan ta es and is easily keptclaim;
' t will be seentllat the shield tube 9 110 opening on the concave side extends down cupiespnly the forward portions of the fenestral openings, leaving the rear portions of these openings entirely unobstructed; and, since these openings lead into the bore of the instrument, it folTows that the same openings serve to permit the rays from the lamp to illumine the portions of the body being examined and also to furnish observation apertures for the operator. Through, these openings, too, pass such liquids as may be admitted through valves 12.
The lamp S-is provided with. a metallic sleeve 5 which fits closely in a collar 6 on the interior of the shield tube 9. This supports the lamp securely in place and the same is protected against breakage and contact with the body by means of the shield tube.
' The fenestral o enings 13 and 14 are so positioned with re ation to the lamp that the 'ght may emerge therefrom and allow the inspection of objects in line with the axis of the sheath. When the sheath is bent at one end at an angle, as shown'in Fig. 1., the light from the opening 13 will illuminate objects lying to the rear thereof and by using suitable reflectors the same may be viewed with equal facility. This arrangement of a single long opening extending longitudinally on either side of the lamp provides a very wide range of vision both to the front and the rear. 1n the angular construction shown in Fig. 1, the
into the main portion of the sheath.
The modification shown in Fig. 5, illustrates a straight construction of sheath.
Various modifications may be made in the details of construction herein shown and described and many apparently widely different embodiments of my invention may be made Without departing from the sco 0 thereof. It is intended therefore that the (lescri tion and drawing herein be construed as an 1 lustration merely and not in a limiting sense.
What I claim is:
1. A tubular surgical instrument adapted to permit interior portions of the body to be viewed through its bore and having an observation opening at its forward end leading from said bore, and a lamp held in said end and positioned to cast its rays through said opening without barring the view of the operator therethrough.
2. A tubular surgical instrument adapted to permit interior portions of the body to be viewed through its bore and having a lateral observation opening at its forward. end leading from said bore and having its rear portion unobstructed as to the view of the operator, andilluminating appliances held in said end and occupying the forward portion of said opening to illuminate therethrough the parts to be viewed.
3. A tubular surgical instrument adapted topermit interior portions of the body to be viewed through its bore and having an observation opening at its forward end leading from said bore and having a portion unobstructed as to the view of the operator and the passage of liquids from the interior of the instrument, and illuminating appliances held in said end and occupying another portion of said opening to illuminate theretl'lrough the parts to be viewed.
4. In a surgical instrument adapted to permit interior portions of the body to be viewed and treated, the combination of a tubular sheath having a lateral elongated observation opening formed longitudinally in its forward end, the rear portion of said opening being'entirely unobstructed, a transparent shield tube fitting the bore of the sheath at said end and occupying the forward portion only of said opening, the rear end of said tube being closed and the forward end open, an electric lamp fitting into the forward open end of said tube and facing rearward, being positioned to shine through the forward ortion of the opening, electrical connections or the lamp, and a removable rounded cap mounted on the forward extremity of the sheath and covering the forward ends of the tube and lamp.
5. In a surgical instrument adapted to enable interior portions of the body to be viewed, the combination of a tubular sheath having a lateral observation opening formed in its orward end, a transparent shield tube fitting the bore of said sheath at said forward end and underlying said opening, the' rear end of said' tube being closed and the forward l a v 1 forward open end of said tube and facing rearward, being positioned to shine through said opening, electrical connections for the lamp, and a removable rounded cap mounted on the forward extremity-of the sheath and covering the forward ends of the tube and lamp.
6. In a surgical instrument adapted to enable interior portions of the body to be viewed, the combination of a tubular sheath having a lateral opening formed in its forward end, a transparent shield tube fitting the bore of the sheath at said end and underlying said opening, the rear end of said tube being closed and the forward end open, an
electric lamp fitting into the forward open 'end open, an electric lamp fitting into the tie r hit ere opening formed in its forglass ehieid tube fitting the bore 5h at said end and underlying said the rear end of said tube being end the forward end open, said forward end of the tube provided with an inter ed oolhi-r oi conducting material, an elem is iii. n fitting into the forward open end oi said tube and facing; rearward, being positioned to shine through said opening end. heving an exte nal. conducting sleeve enume ated vi one of its terminals and fitting eeid ooiler, an insulated lead along the sheath and connected with 'soid eollor end a removable rounded cap moimted. or) t 1e i'orwerd'extreimty of the i. ;h end severing the forwerd ends of the and lamp, said cap connecting-with the other terminal of the lamp, and, with the sheath, bein ofeondueting material.
'8. A tubu or surgical instrument adapted to permit interior portions of the body to be viewed through its bore and having its forward end angled and provided with an observation opening in its rear side leading from the bore of the instrument, and a lamp held in said angled end and positioned to cast its rays through said opening without berring the view of the operator therethiough.
Signed at the city of New York, in the county of New York nnd'State of New ,York this 27th day of Aug; A. D. 1906.
RE'INHOLD H.. WAPPLER. Witnesses LEWIS J. DooLITTLE,
EDWARD T. MAGOFFIN.