US 880116 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED FEB. 25, 1908.
M. D. ARNOW.
CLASP. APPLICATION FILED FEB. 21, 1907.
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UNITED s'r 'rEs PATENT onrron A To all/whom it may concern."
-' MORRIS D. ARNOW, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 25,1908.
Application filed February 21. 1907- Serial No. 358.644.
Beit known that I, Monnis D. ARNOW, of Boston, in the county of Sufiolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Clasps, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a fastening device for boots, shoes, overshoes, gaiters, gloves and the'like, which may be generally embraced under the term foot and hand' coverings, and has for its object to enable such articles of wear to be quickly fastened, and to be readily adjusted soas exactly to fit the wearer in all parts. Accordingly I form the clasp with interengaging members, one of which has a series of teeth with which the other engages, and arranged so that they may be connected in a wide range'of different positions so as exactly to fit'the hand or foot of the wearer, and to take up looseness dueto stretching after long use.
Of the accompanylng drawings',Figure 1 represents a perspective view of the. upper part of a shoe having my improved clasn applied thereto. Fig. 2 represents a fragmentary front elevation of part of the shoe,
with one of my clasps thereon. Fig. 3 represents a fragmentary section, showing the manner of securing one of the members of the clasp. Figs. 4 and 5 represent plan and sec tional views ofthe clasp as applied to a shoe.
' Figs. 6 and 7 represent perspective views of the members of the clasp when separated from each other. Fig. 8 represents an end view of the socket member of the clasp. Fig. 9 represents a plan of the blank from which the socket member is formed. Fig. 10 represents the device as applied to a glove. Figs. 11 and 12 represent different arrangements for attaching the clasp to a shoe. Fig. 13 represents a sectional view of the socket member showing a modification in construction.
The same reference characters indicate the same parts in all the figures.
The clasp or fastening consists of a socket member at having bottom, side and top walls and open at one end to receive a tongue member b. In the upper or outer wall of the socket member are locking shoulders or teeth 0,
referably made integral by corrugating the lank from which the socket is formed, and these shoulders or teeth are arranged for engagement with an integral spring latch d on the tongue member. The latter is made of sheet metal and between the ends is cut so as shown in Figs. 6 and 8.
to separate three sides of the latch d, leaving the fourth side connected. The latch is bent up so as to lie oblique to the tongue member and to slant outward and rearward from the front end thereof. Thus when the tongue member is inserted into the socket, the latch is depressed by the locking shoultudinal slot e through which project a knob or projection f on the latch d, and a pin g on the forward end of the tongue member. The projection f serves to depress the latch out of engagement with the teeth so that the tongue can be Withdrawn, while the pin 9 is provided for drawing the tongue inward into the socket. I
As-shown in Fig. 9, the socket member is made from a flat blank h of sheet metal. each end of the blank are left one or more prongs i which are pointed so as to be inserted through the material of the part to which they are fastened, and the opposite sides are corrugated by pressure so as to make the teeth 0. The sides are then bent upward on the dotted lines j, and inward toward each other on the lines 70. Adjacent the rear end of the socket the side edges Z extend outwardly sufficiently far to butt together when the socket is shaped, but the edges outside of the teeth are slightly out out so as-to leave the slot 6. At the rear end of the blank are one or more tongues m which bend inward between the inner and outer walls so as to close the end of the socket as The prongs i are bent downward into parallelism and inserted through the material of the hand or foot covering, being then bent back and clenched,
as shown in Fig. 5, to secure the socket.
The tongue member has an extension n on the sides of which are lips or flanges 0 which are adapted to be closed down on short strap members or lugs 10 on the articles to which they are attached. These lips or flan es are pressed down tightly and may be acte upon by a machine which cuts and forces spurs from the metal into the leather of the shoe,
etc., at the same time that the lips are being clamped. Preferably the body of the tongue I) and the extension a are made in separate parts, although they may also be integral, and are pivotally connected by a projection g on the part at which passes through a slot 7 in the rear of the tongue body, and is doubled back over the edge thereof. This makes a sort of pivotal connection, *givingflexibility to the tongue member.- The tongue members are attached to lugs 12 as before described, and these latter may be formed integrally with the upper of the shoe by cutting awa the latter adjacent the edge, asshown in igs. 1, 2, 3 and 11, or the lugs may be formed .uponrarstrip aseparatelysewedato@the outside :of the up er adjacent and parallel with the edge it ereof. In applying ithe fastening to gloves, one or imore tabs 25 of leather .zare :sewed eat one .end xto ithe sglove, and the other end is clamped by the 'lips o of the tongue member, as described.
.It will bBillIldHlSllOOd that Figs. '4 to '9 inclusive show the clasp onza greatlyaenlarged scale, for the purpose of clear illustration. Actually theadevice :will be :mad'edof approximately the same size as "the illustration Fin Fig. 1. The length of ith'e parts will fiber varied according to ".the "use for "which ill] :is designed, and ithe number :01 -teeth andspacing between them will @be likewise 'varied. In tarry event, :there will be :a wide :range of positions in which athe :members of ithe .c'lasp may be secured. Thereby a foot -.or :hand covering of a p articular SlZG is :adaptedi'to be secured :abou't ankles =.or Wrists of greatly varying circumference, and in the case of :a foot covering, the several parts may be drawn together with iexactly zthe 'zri'ght ten: sion ltO' fit comfortably about diflerent vparts of the ankle. thel leather or other material becomes stre'tched :after use, the tongue .may be pushedainward lby T-tllGtSPEQB oflaifew iteeth so .as to Ttake 21 p \theslack rand maintaimaisungifit.
:It is to be understood that the docking shoulders .or teeth :are not necessarily made by :iorming integral iofisets, but ithat zthey may be equally well .formed iiby :cutting out 1 tongues or spurs, and :forcing them :iinward a slight distance below 'ith'e upper. surface of thesocket. ISu1ch a form isishownlat Fig. 1.3.
I claim 1. .Aclaspforiioot: and hand .coverings, consisting of socket and tongue 'mem bers fastenedrespectiyelytozadjacent:separablezparts of the covering, the :socket member eing open :at one :end :to receive the end io'f the tongue member andhaving internaliteethflnd the tongue member 'having an integrallresilient latch inclined away'from the free end of the tongue, adapted to slip over the teeth when t'he-tongue 1s: ushed into the socket and to .engage behind t e teeth.
2. A clasp consisting of a socket member having aplurality of spaced shoulders inclined inwardly toward the interior of the--saiclrnemiber, andla tongue member adapted to enter said socket member and carrying an outwardly inclined integral spring latch to-=slip past rthe shoulders when inserted into @the :socket and to on age behind the shoulders and prevent'with rawal ofthe tongue.
3. A, .cl'asp consisting of a :socket member having internally iprojecting lockin shoulders or teethan'daslot, a-sheet+meta itongue provided 'with .an inte rally united zla'tch struckup-from the meta thereofibetween i'ts .ends, wherebyxsaid latch may beentirelylretractedwithinathebodyof the tongue,-:atlapt edito .enter 'the socket and interlock with *the shoulders, andlaiproj ection on the tongue extending ithrough theslot of the socket when the members-are together, 'to be ienga 'ed manually for drawing the tongue :a further distanoe into athel socket.
4. A io'lasp for securing separable parts 40f foot or hand coverings comprising :a socket member having locking teet'h and prongs'ffor attachment to one of the parts, eand atongue member having lipsor flanges to b'e clamped about a dug-on the otherpart, said =ton ue member being adapted :to :enter the .SOO et 'meniber andzc'arrying aspring latch forautomatic engagement with ithe teeth thereof :as thetonguemembris inserted-into the: socket.
5. A .cla-s comprising :socket and tongue members :a apted to be engaged telescopicall-y, the fprmerhaving:aipluralityof locking shoulders or teeth and the latter a spring latchtolengagebehind said :teeth, and :aafasteningdeviceifortheitongue memberIhaving-:a projectionzpassedithrough a slotiintheitongue member and doubled back for pivotal *umon therewith, zandfhaving flanges or. lipsaadapted to be clamped about a :portion K of :the r article to Which'it is applied.
In testimony "whereof I have liaflixed my signature inipresence of two witnesses.
MORRIS D. ARNOW.
Witnesses ARTHUR BROWN, A. G. RATIGAN