Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS880723 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 3, 1908
Filing dateMar 21, 1907
Priority dateMar 21, 1907
Publication numberUS 880723 A, US 880723A, US-A-880723, US880723 A, US880723A
InventorsJames M Cumming
Original AssigneeJames M Cumming
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bottle-closure.
US 880723 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED MAR. 3," 1908.

J. M. OUMMING,

BOTTLE CLOSURE.

APPLIOATION FILED MAR. 21. 1907.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

;. ;INVENTORZ IarqasIflEu WlTNESSES:

' ATTORNEYS JAMES M. OUMMING, OF NEWARK, NEW JERSEY.

BOTTLE -CLOSURE Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented March 3, 1908.

Application filed March 21, 1907. Serial No. 363.567.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JAMES M. OUMMING, a citizen of the United States, residing at N ewark, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Closures; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to characters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

The present invention has reference, generally, to improvements in bottle-closures;

' and the present invention relates, more particularly, to a novel form and construction of lock-cap or closing device which may be placed over the mouth and the neck of a bottle and locked in its relation thereto, thereby protecting and securing the bottlecork or stopper in the bottle and preventing its removal therefrom, until the lock-cap has been unlocked and removed from its engagement with the neck of said bottle.

The invention has for its principal objects to provide a novel and simply constructed device which shall be neat and ornamental, and is especially designed for the purposes hereinabove stated; and, furthermore, to provide a device which protects the bottlecork or stopper from removal from the bottle-neck, to prevent the contamination of the liquid contained in the bottle, and to prevent it from being stolen or accidentally used.

A further object of this invention is to provide a novel,- cheap and simply constructed device which may be readily adapted to different sized bottles to prevent the removal of the bottle-cork or stopper therefrom.-

A further object of this invention is to provide a device for the purposes hereinabove stated, whereby liquids having considerable value which are contained in the bottle, are protected against loss by theft, accidental removal of the bottle-cork or stopper and such similar contingencies. Furthermore, the contents of bottle containing poisons, medicines, and the like may be protected, and their accidental use or removal guarded against, by the use of the device embodying the principles of the present invention.

at this time more particularly set forth, will be clearly indicated in the accompanying specification and then finally embodied in the clauses of the claims which are appended to and which form an essential part of this specification.

l/Vith these several objects in view, the present invention consists in the various novel arrangements and combinations of the partscomprising the device, as well as in the details of the construction of the said parts, all of which will be hereinafter more fully set forth, and then finally embodied in the clauses of the claims.

The invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a side elevation of a portion of a bottle illustrating the device embodying the principles of the present invention in its locked relation with the neck thereof; and Fig. 2is a top or plan view of the same. Fig. 3 is a horizontal section taken on line 33 in said Fig. 1 looking in a downward direction; and Fig. 4 is a similar section illustrating the device in its unlocked or detachable relation with the neck of the bottle, both of said sections being made on an enlarged scale. Fig. 5 is a horizontal section taken on line 5-5 in said Fig. 1, also looking in a downward direction. Fig. 6 is a vertical cross-section of the lock-cap and bottleneck, taken on line 66 indicated in said Fig. 3. Fig. 7 is adetail vertical cross-section of the lock cap, illustrating more particularly the means for securing the parts thereof in their operative relation with each other. Fig. 8 is a detail vertical cross-section, taken on line 88 in said Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrow 06, and illustrating more particularly the locking means for locking the movable parts of the lock-cap. Fig. 9 is a horizontal cross-section of the same, said section being taken on line 99 in said Fig. 8, and ilhistrating a key inserted in the lock of said lock-cap or closing device. Fig. 10 is a horizontal section, similar to that shown in Fig. 3, but illus trating a slightly modified form of bottleneck and lock-cap; and Fig. 11 is a vertical cross-section of the same, said section being taken on a line 1111 indicated in Fig. 10.

Similar characters of reference are employed in all of the said above described views to indicate corresponding parts.

Referring now to the accompanying draw- Other objects of the present invention, not I ings, the reference-character 1 indicates the "said lock-casing 16.

complete lock-cap or closing device embodying the principles of the present invention, the same being adapted to be locked in its relation with'a bottle 2, the'neck of said bottle being provided with a shoulder 3. The said bottle 2 is provided with the usual cork or stopper 4 adapted to be thrust in the mouth of the neck of the bottle in the usual manner. The said lock-cap 1 comprises, essentially, a cap-member 5' which is provided upon its lower periphery with an outwardly extending shoulder or flange 16, this said shoulder or flange being provided upon its under side with cutaway portions or small chambers, each cut-away portion being constructed to form a cam 8 at one end "of said cut-away portion 7 and a cam 9 at the other end thereof. I Adapted to be maintained in a slidable relation with the under side of said shoulder or flange 6 is a lock pawl actuating ring 10, upon the upper sur face of which are pivotally arranged on suitable posts or pivots 11, suitably constructed pawls or dog's 12, substantially as shown. These lockpawls or dogs 12 are adapted to be movably arranged in'the cutaway portions 7 of said shoulder or flange 6. The said lock-pawl engaging ring 10 is provided with suitably disposed lots '13, through which pass rivets or pins 14 which are adapted to securein rigid engagement with said shoulder'or flange 6 a ring 15 arranged 'beneaththe ring 10, the slots 13 permitting the lock pawl engagingring 1O tobe turned or moved in its relation to said shoulder o'r'flange 6 andt'he ring 15 secured "thereto.

secured by means of solder or in any other suitable manner upon the upper side of said shoulder'orflange' 6 and against the'outside'of the cap-member 5 is a locLk-casing 16, which is provided with a key-hole 17, ar ranged opposite a post '18 secured within'the Secured within the said lock-casing 16 is a plate '19 provided with ahole or perforation 20 through which passes a lock-bolt '21 said lock-bolt being "adaptedto project down'through an opening or'hole22 in said flange or shoulder 6. The plate 19 is further'provided with cut-away portions 23 which correspond with the formation of a key 24 and allow the same to pass said plate 1 9 to engage 'with'an outwardly extending arm 25 of the said lock 5 bolt 21 "to raise the same, when the'key is turned. A spring 26is secured by means of rivets or other suitable means to'the'upper and inner side of said lock-casing 16, the free end of said spring being adapted to engage with the outwardly extending arm 25 of said :lock'bolt 21 to normally force said lock bolt in a downward direction. The said lock pawl en aging ring 10 is provided with a ratchet or a series of teeth 27whichproject upwardly into a cutaway'portion 28in said shoulder or flange 6. The said lock bolt 21 is adapted to engage with one of the teeth'or ratchets 27 and thereby lock the lock-pawl engaging ring 10 to prevent its being turned in its relation with the said shoulder or flange 6 as will be clearly understood.

Referring now more particularly to Figs. 10 and 11 of the drawings there is illustrated therein a slightly modified construction of bottle neck and lock-pawl or dog to be used therewith. The cap-member 5 is constructed with the shoulder or flange 6, the lockpawl ring 10 and'the ring'15 secured to the said shoulder or flange 6 by the rivets 14 as above described, but pivotally arranged upon each post 11 is a lock-pawl or dog 29 provided at its free end with a wedge-shaped member 30 which is adapted to engage with a groove 31 in the neck of the bottle 2, instead of the shoulder as described in the first construction, the other mechanism used in this construction of lockcap being the same as above described.

In both'of the above d'escribed'constructions, the lock-pawl engaging ring 10 is beyond the periphery of the shoulder or flange 6 and the ring 15 and maybe knurled with a is then inserted in the lock-casing 16 and is turned in an upward directionuntil it engages with the outwardly extending arm- 25 of the lock-bolt 21 whereby the lock boltis lifted in an upward direction and disengaged from its holding engagement with the notches or ratchet 27 of the lock-pawl engaging "ring 10, whereupon said lock-pawl ring maybe turned in its relation -to the shoulder or flange 6 until the lock-pawls 12 come in contact with. the cams 8 which forces said lockpawls in an outward direction so that the free ends thereof engage with the under side of the shoulder 3 of'the bottle neck to prevent the lock cap from being withdrawn from the bottle neck. The key 24 is then withdrawn from the lock, and the lock bolt 21 drops down and engages with one of the teeth or ratchets 27, whereupon the lockpawl ring is locked rigidly with the shoulder or flange 6 and the lock pawls or dogs 12 are thus maintained in the positions above described. To remove or'unlock the lock-ca the key 24 is again used to disengage the loc bolt 21 from the teeth or ratchet 27 of the lock-p awl ring'10, whereupon said lock-p awlring is turned in the opposite direction,until the lock-pawls or dogs 12 are brought in engagement with the cams 9 which force the free ends of the said lock-pawls or dogs 12 away from their holding positions beneath the shoulder 3 of the bottle-neck until they are turned within the cutaway portion 7. The lock-cap or closing device may thereupon be withdrawn from its relation with the bottle-neck and the bottle-cork or stopper exposed for its removal from the mouth of the neck of the bottle.

It will thus be understood from the above description that the present invention discloses a simple, neat, and easily manipulated device, by means of which the contents of a bottle may be locked therein against contamination, or against being stolen, the contents of the bottle being capable of removal only by the person who possesses the key.

I claim 1] A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of a bottle, a series of retaining pawls, and means for forcing the said retaining pawls into holding engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle.

2. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of a bottle, combined with retaining devices adapted to be brought in engagement with the neck of the bottle, and a key-released mechanism with which said retaining devices are connected for forcing the said retaining devices in holding engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

3. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of a bottle, an actuating ring movably connected with said cap, and retaining devices connected with said ring, adapted to be brought into holding engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle when said ring is moved in one direction.

4. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of a bottle, an actuating ring movably comiected with said cap, and retaining devices connected with said ring adapted to be brought into holding engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle when said ring is moved in one direction, and means for lock ing said ring against movement, substantially as and for the purposes'set forth.

5. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of a bottle, an actuating ring movably connected with said cap, and

retaining devices connected with said ring adapted to be brought into holding engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle when said ring is moved in one direction, and means for locking said ring against movement, consisting, of a series of teeth on said ring, a lock-casing on said cap, and a key-actuated bolt in said lock having its end-portion in holding engagement with said teeth, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

6. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of a bottle, an actuating ring movably connected with said cap, a series of retaining pawls pivotally connected with the said ring, said pawls being adapted to be brought in retaining or holding engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

7. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of a bottle, an actuating ring movably connected with said cap, a series of retaining pawls pivotally connected with the said ring, said pawls being adapted to be brought in retaining or holding engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle, and means for locking said ring againstmovement, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

8. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of a bottle, an actuating ring movably connected with said cap, a series of retaining pawls pivotally connected with the said ring, said pawls being adapted to be brought in retaining or holding engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle, and means for locking said ring against movement, consisting, of a series of teeth on said ring, a lock-casing on said cap, and a key-actuated bolt in said lock-casing having its end-portion in holding engagement with said teeth, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

9. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing cap, a ring, and means connected therewith for se curing said ring to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said first mentioned ring, and retaining devices connected with said second ring, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

10. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing cap, a ring, and means connected therewith for securing said ring to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said first mentioned ring, and retaining devices connected with said second ring, and means for locking said ring against movement, sub

stantially as and for the purposes set forth.

11. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing cap, a ring, and means connected therewith for securing said ring to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said first mentioned ring, and retaining devices connected with said second ring, and means for locking said ring against movement, consisting, of a series of teeth on said ring, a lock-casing on said cap, and a key-actuated bolt in said lock-casing having its end-portion in holding engagement with said teeth substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

12. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing cap, said flange being provided with a series of small chambers, a ring, and means connected therewith for securing said ring to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said first-mentioned ring, and a series of retaining pawls pivotally connected with said second ring, each pawl being arranged in a chamber of said flange and having an end-portion extending from said chamber and being adapted to be brought in holding or retaining engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

13. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing-cap, said flange being provided with a series of small chambers, a ring, and means connected therewith for securing said ring to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said first-mentioned ring, and a series of retaining pawls pivotally connected with said second ring, each pawl being arranged. in a chamber of said flange and having an end-portion extending from said chamber and being adapted to be brought in holding or retaining engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle, and means for locking said ring against movement, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

14. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing-cap, said flange being provided with a series of small chambers, a ring, and means connected therewith for securing said ring to said annular flange, a second rin movably arranged upon said first-mentione ring, and a series of retaining pawls pivotally connected with said second ring, each pawl being arranged in a chamber of said flange andhaving an end-p ortion extending from said chamber and being adapted to be brought in holding or retaining engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle, and means for look ing said ring against movement, consisting, of a series of teeth on said ring, a lock-casing on said. cap, and a key-actuated bolt in said lock casing having its end-portion in holding engagement with said teeth, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.-

15. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing cap, a ring, a series of pins extending upwardly from said ring for securing the same to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said flrst-mentioned ring, said ring being provided with slots in which said portions of the pins are arranged to limit the oscillatory movements of said second ring, and retaining devices connected with said second ring, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

16. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing cap, a ring, a series of pins extending upwardly from said ring for securing the same to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said first-mentioned ring, said ring being provided with slots in which said portions of the pins are arranged to limit the oscillatory movements of'said second ring, and retaining devices connected with said second ring, and means for locking said ring against movement, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

17. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing cap, a ring, a series of pins extending upwardly from said ring for securing the same to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said first mentioned ring, said ring being rovided with slots in which said portions 0 the pins are arranged to limit the oscillatory movements of said second ring, and retaining consisting, of a series of teeth on said ring, a ber and being adapted to be brought in holdlock-casing on said cap, and a key-actuated bolt in said lock casing having its end portions in holding engagement with said teeth, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

18. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing-cap, said flange being provided with a series ofismall chambers, a ring, a series of pins extending upwardly from said ring for securing the same to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said first-mentioned ring and a series of retaining pawls pivotally connected with said ring, each pawl being arranged in a chamber of said flange and having an end-portion extending from saidchamber and being adapted to be brought in holding or retaining engagement with ortions of the outer surfaces of the neck 0 the bottle, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

19. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing-cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing-cap, said flange being provided with a series of small chambers, a ring, a series of pins extending upwardly from said ring for securing the same to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said first-mentioned ring, and a series of retaining pawls pivotally connected with said ring, each pawl being arranged in a chamber of said flange and having an end-portion extending from said chaming or retaining engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle, and means for locking said ring against movement, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. r

20. A bottle-closure for the necks of bottles, comprising a closing cap adapted to be arranged over the mouth and down the outer sides of the neck of the bottle, an annular flange connected with said closing-cap, said flange being provided with a series of small chambers, a ring, a series of pins extending upwardly from said ring for securing the same to said annular flange, a second ring movably arranged upon said first-mentioned ring, and a series of retaining pawls pivotally connected with said ring, each pawl being arranged in a chamber of said flange and having an end-portion extending from said chamber and being adapted to be brought in holding or retaining engagement with portions of the outer surfaces of the neck of the bottle, and means for locking said ring against movement, consisting, of a series of teeth on said ring, a lock-casing on said cap, and a keyactuated bolt in said lock casing having its end-portion in holding engagement with said teeth, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

In testimony, that I claim the invention set forth above I have hereunto set my hand this'twentieth day of March, 1907.

JAMES M. CUMMING.

Witnesses:

F. J. DEBOUS DE PIERREFEY, O. O. DowN1Ne.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3102662 *Jul 3, 1961Sep 3, 1963Crabtree Russel SSafety tablet dispenser
US5602530 *Mar 11, 1994Feb 11, 1997Mw International Ltd.Anti-theft device for bottles
US6604643Jun 23, 1999Aug 12, 2003Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US6912878Feb 24, 2003Jul 5, 2005Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US7004340Jul 25, 2003Feb 28, 2006Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US7007523Feb 17, 2005Mar 7, 2006Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US7100783May 20, 2005Sep 5, 2006Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US7100784May 20, 2005Sep 5, 2006Alpha Security Products, Inc.Bottle security device
US7350652Oct 7, 2005Apr 1, 2008Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US7350653Oct 7, 2005Apr 1, 2008Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US7350654Oct 7, 2005Apr 1, 2008Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US7350655Oct 7, 2005Apr 1, 2008Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US7866497Dec 12, 2007Jan 11, 2011Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Bottle security device
US8607601Dec 27, 2011Dec 17, 2013Launce WickesbergLock
US20120151974 *Feb 14, 2012Jun 21, 2012Checkpoint Systems, Inc.Security device
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB65D55/14