US 880932 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
HERBERT SWOGGERS, OF NEW GALILEE, PENNSYLVANIA.
Specification oi Letters Patent.
Patented March 3, 1908.
Application led March 4, 1907. Serial No. 360,436.
T o all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, HERBERT Swoeefnns,y a citizen of the United States of America, residing at New Galilee, in the county of Lawrence and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Padlocks, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.
This invention relates to pad locks, and the invention has for its object to provide a simple and inexpensive spring lock having a fixed locking member and a movable bolt adapted to engage said member and retain said lock in engagement with a staple and hasp.
Another object of this invention is to provide a lock that can be easily and quickly manipulated to secure the lock upon a staple or release the same.
With the above and other objects in view, which will more readily appear as the invention is better understood, the same consists in the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter more fully described and then specifically pointed out in the appended claims Referring to the drawing forming part of this specilication, like numerals of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views, in which:
Figure 1 is a side elevation of my improved lock, Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the removable side pl ate; Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the lock with the removable side plate detached, illustrating the lock in a closed position, Fig. 4 is a view partly in elevation as 1n Fig. 3, and partly in" section, showing the lock in the open position, the line of section being at a point between the lock body and the removable side plate; Fig. 5 is a transverse vertical section taken through the line of the lock bolt, with the removable side detached; Fig. 6 is a detached perspective view of the locking bolt; Fig. 7 is a bottom plan view with the removable side plate detached. I
My improved lock comprises a body portion 1 having its one side cnt away, as at 2, to accommodate a removable side plate 3 the body and side plate 3 forming the lock casing. The lock body is provided with a recess 4 to accommodate the tumblers and a lever which cooperates with the tumblers and the lock bolt as will be later described. The lock body carries a hook-shaped member or hasp y7 having an annular recess 8 formed in its end to receive the upper end of a locking bolt 9. The locking bolt is slidably mounted in a vertically disposed bore 10 formed in the body 1 of the lock, said bore extending through the top portion 11 of said lock.
The lock body adjacent to the bore 10 is recessed, as at 12, to receive a lug 14 carried by the bolt 9, also to receive a coiled spring 15, which is interposed between the top portion 11 of the lock body and the lug 14. The coiled'spring 15 normally holds the locking bolt 9 in a lowered or open position, and said spring is held compressed when the bolt is retained in a closed position. The inner side of the plate 3 is recessed, as at 16, this recess forming a part of the bore for the lock bolt and spring to permit of a free and easy movement of the lug 14 and the spring 15. The plate 3 is also provided on its inner face with an offset 6 to fit within the side walls of the recess 4, and on this offset at one corner of the lower end is a boss 6a having an aperture 6b, the boss resting on the outermost tumbler, and the aperture receiving the stud on which the tumblers are mounted. The body 1 is provided directly beneath the recess 4 with a deeper recess 4l which receives a block 5 carried on the inner face of the plate 3 at the lower end thereof. Pivotally mounted, as at 17, within the recess 4 of the lock body,
is aA lever 18, said lever being provided near Y its pivoted end with a lug 19, and near its free end with lugs 2() and 21. The lug 19 is adapted to contact with a tooth 22 carried by the bolt 9 and limit the upward movement of said bolt, said tooth 22 being beveled for slightly moving the lug 19 and lever 18. The lug 21 is adapted to engagein a notch 23 formed in the locking bolt 9, while the lug 20 is adapted to 'engage in clefts 24 formed in spring-held tumblers 25, said tumblers being mounted on a post 26, in the recess 4 of the lock body.
The side plate 3 is suitably secured to the body 1. In practice, I generally form the shaft 17 on which lever 18 is suspended, of a length as to extend through the side plates of the lock casing so that the ends thereof may be riveted. l also provide a stud 29 adjacent one corner of the body which projects through an aperture 80 provided in the plate 3; a pin or rivet 27 passes through the plate 3 and block 5, and is received in an aperture 27 a in the opposite side of the body; a pin or rivet 31 is also passed through the side plates. The side plate 3 is thereby securely held to the body 1 by these various rivets.
To lock my improved lock it is only neeessary to push upwardly upon the bolt 9, and when the tooth 22 of said bolt reaches the lug 19 of the lever, said lever will be moved upwardly whereby the lug 21 thereof will engage in the notch 23 of the bolt, allowing the spring held tumblers 25 to descend to the bolt again engaging the lug 21 of the lever 18.
It will be apparent from the novel construction of my improved lock that l have devised a lock consisting of comparatively few parts, which when correctly positioned can be easily and quickly operated to hold a bolt in a closed or open position with relation to the lock member or hasp of the lock body.
l do not care to confine myself to the style of key used in connection with the lock, as
the tumblers of said lock can be constructed to conform to the wards of different keys, whereby only one key can be employed to operate a certain lock.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent', is:
sisting of a body having a recess formed therein, a locking hasp carried by said body, a spring-held locking bolt slidably mounted in said body and adapted to engage in said -hasp, a tooth carried by said bolt, a lever pivotally mounted in the recess of said lock body and having lugs adapted to be'engaged by the tooth of said bolt, spring-held tumblers mounted within the recess of said lock body and adapted to engage said lever and hold the same in engagement with said bolt, a side plate mounted upon said lock body and having a block extending into a recess in said lock body, said enlargement having a key-hole formed therein to permit entry of a key for engagement with said tumblers.
2. A lock consisting of a body portion having a recess formed therein, a lock hasp carried by said body, a spring-held bolt mounted within said body and adapted to engage said hasp, a tooth carried by said bolt, a lever pivotally mounted in the recess of said lock body and adapted to engage said bolt, springheld tumblers pivotally mounted in said lock body and engaging said lever, means carried by said lever to hold said tumblers in an elevated position for releasing said bolt, and means carried by said lever and engaging said bolt for holding said bolt in locked position, the said body portion having a keyhole to permit entry of a key for engagement with said tumblers.
ln testimony whereof I afliX my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
Witnesses z WILLIAM J. DEKAss,
1. A'lock of the character described con- CHAUNOEY P. SwoGGERs.