US 882285 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATBNTED MAR. l', 1908.
J. ARMSTRONG. BIAS BINDING AND TRIMMING.
JOHN ARMSTRONG, OF BRIDGEPORT, CONNECTICUT.
BIAS BINDING AND TR'MMING.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented March 17,1908.
Application tiled January 12, 1906. Serial No. 295,731.
To all whom 'it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN AnMsTnoNo, a
` citizen of the United States, and resident of Bridgeport, in the county of F airfield and State of (.onnecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bias Bindings and Trimmings, of which the following v is a specification.
My invention relates to bindings or trimmings for garments and' the like, andespeclally for ladles and chlldrens wearing apparel.
The object of the invention is to produce an improved product in the form of a folded embroidered strip which is especially useful as a binding and which may also be used as a trimming; to produce a binding which may readlly be applied on lrregular edges or other o reference difficult places with neat-ness and by a single row of stitching, which vn'll not only p resent smooth finished edges but also contains an embroidered pattern of any suitable designv upon its face.
Upon the accompanying drawings forming a art of this s yecihcation, similar characters denote like or corresponding parts throughout the several figures and of "which:-"'
Figure l, shows a' plan view of a plain strip offabric cut on the bias, and containing raw edges. Fig. 2, shows a similar plan view of the same strip of fabric with its two' parallel side edges turned in and down upon the main body.
and havingl a fancy pattern stitched upon `and longitudinally of the lower part thereof.
Fig. 4^, is a plan similar to Fig. 3, but showing ofA my binding the same containing 'a different pattern of embroidery.
Biasly cut strips of fabric are obviously better adapted for binding than longitudinal or transverse strips, since they cannot be' torn transversely as readily as strips cut longitudinally, and it is also true that biasly .out strips of fabric are more pliable and can be made to conform to the irregular edge of fgarments more readily and neater than a Fig. 3, is a further vplan, view, of the opposite side or face of the strip straight cut strip. Biasly cut strips of fabric have heretofore been used Vfor bindings .but are usually folded by a sewing machine attachment, known as a binder, snnultaneously with `their attachment to a garment. In this instance however, the strips are either prepared by the user in the form of plain cut strips having raw edges, or are purchased from Imanufacturers of bindings and in instances where ornamentation upon the binding was desired4 it had to be obtained by running the work through the machine the secondtime and Vembroidering a attern upon the face of the' binding previous y applied.
In the roduction of my binding it` will therefore e seen that I not onlyl produce a biasly cut binding with `turned in finished edges ready for us, but in addition I produce an ornamental vembroidered pattern upon the face of-one or both sides of the strlp, producing thereby a commercial article ready for attachment by a single row of stitching.
Referring in detail to the drawings, A represents a strip of fabric such for instance as lawn, out biasly or diagonali of a web. In the manufacture of this bin inor the ends of these strips are obviously sewed together to form continuous bindings of any desired length. The opposite side edges B-B of the strip are next turned in and down, flat upon the main body as shown in Fi 2, thus narrowing the strip land reinforclng the edges and sides forming a smooth round finish therefor. The strip is next run throu h a sewing machine for the attachment o the embroidery C upon the face vof the strip, as shown in `igs. 3, 4, 5 and 6. This embroidery work may be of any desired or preferred pattern and likewise'secured to the binding y either -a single or a double row of stitches,
according to which vis bestv adapted to the particular patternused.
D re resents the u per row of' stitches, A
while l indicates the ower stitches as seen in Figs. 3 and'4. These lower vstitches are designed to pass throu h the body of the bin ing and also througltli one of the turned in edges B, thus retaimng the same in position and insuri a more perfect application of the face of t e bindingto the garment.' Where a single row of stitching is employed it may also be extended through this turned in edge if desired, but it is more often run through the upper portion of the face of -the binding since 1t brin s the embroidery near to the upper edge of e binding.
. 1F01' son-ie purposes itl might be desired to embroider both the frontl andback faces of the binding as seen in Fig.f4, which obviousl y can be done by simply the strip through a machine the second time, similar..
lto the firststitching operation, or bya four `'The embroidery vmay be applied .i by any of several Well known embroidery machines 1. A binding comprising a strip of fabric cut on the bias and having itstwo'longitudinaledges turned under, an ornamental attern laid upon the face ofthe stri stitc g passing throughv the stri and t e` att-ern and one-of the turned un er edges vo y, and
t 'further Central longitdinaiftld throughstrip whichoverlaps the ,y
ontthe length of the stitched edge.
1 y 2, A binding composing@ 'Strip of fahne cut on the biasand having its two 1ongitudi nal edges 't'rned under', an ornamentalj pat tern laid upon .the face Aof the 'strip and extending laterally beyond the opposite rsides :of the turned underedga; a line of-'stitching lpassing through the pattern vand one thickness only'of the strip, anda line of stitching Apfissing through the pattern and the intermeiate, ortion ofthe stri and the turned 1iner e p tudina fold throughout fthe length. of `t e l strp which overlaps the stitchededge.
iield andy State o Connecticut this of JanuaryA. D. 1 906. Y
` .JOHN ARMSTRONG.;
eithereof, and a'I n ther central lon ined at Bridgeport in the county ofhFirv 10@ ay