US 883752 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
OO 0 9 1 .l R D.. A D E T N E T A P C. R. SPICER. BRU-SH CLEANER.
APPLICATION FILED JULY z. 1901.
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, i 1 *1 Uilliiuu JLALJLJL PATENT OFFICE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented April '7, 1908.
Application filed July 2, 1907. Serial No. 381,923.
To all whom it may concern.'
Be it known that I, CHARLES It. SrroER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Springfield, in the county of Sangamon and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Brush-Cleaner, of which the following is such a full, clear, and exact description as will enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention.
This invention relates to brush cleaners adapted to remove from brushes the loose hairs, dandru'il, etc., accumulating thereon.
The purposes of this invention are to provide a combeplate of improved construction and to provide a box adapted to contain the comb-plate and so constructed and arranged that the comb-plate may be easily inserted in or removed from the box; and when in place in the box may not be liable to accidental displacement.
The invention consists in the novel features of construction and combinations of parts shown in the annexed drawing to which referL ence is hereby made and hereinafter particularly described and finally recited in the claims.
Referring to the drawing in which similar reference letters and characters designate like parts in the several views; Figure 1 is a perspective view of the complete device; Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse section, on a reduced scale, on the line V. V. of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a developed plan on a reduced scale of the blank from which the sides and ends of the box are formed and Fig. 4 is a detached perspective view, on a reduced scale, of the comb-plate- The box A is preferably made ol' thin sheet metal and comprises side members a. a. and a; end members a3 and a4; flange members a8, and a bottom plate a7 adapted to rest on the iiange members as.
The members a and a/ have extensions X and X which are curved as shown in Fig. 1, and have, pressed in the metal, inwardly extending embossed ledges 1 and 1 5 inwardly extending stops 2 and 2 and inwardly extending lugs 3 and 3.
In constructing the box, the blank comprising the sides and ends of the box will be pressed from a single sheet of metal; the curved extensions X and X; the ledges 1 and 1'; the stops 2 and 2/ and the lugs 3 and 3 will all be struck, and the holes a5 and the notches separating the flange-members a8 will all be punched at a single operation, by
means of suitable dies well known in the art. The blank will then be bent along the dotted lines Y, Y', Y and Y3 to form the vertical corners of the box, and will be bent along the dotted line Z. Z. to form the flange members of the box. The parts a and a4 will then be joined by means oi rivets in the holes a5, or may be connected in any other suitable manner.
The bottom plate a7 is shaped to fit between the sides and ends of the box and is pressed into place and rests upon the ledges as. The comb-plate B is in like manner pressed from a single sheet of suitable metal and has a series of upwardly slanting teeth b of such form that the angles b3 between the teeth at their base .are acute angles; and plural series ol' upwardly slanting teeth b oi such form that the spaces b between the bases of the teeth are rounded, or approximately semicircular in form. The teeth t and t are sta gered as shown in Fig. 2. The acute angles s of the teeth b serve to catch and hold the longer hairs accumulating on the brush when the brush is moved along upon and lengthwise of the comb-plate and the rounded spaces at the bases of the teeth b admit of the free passage of broken hairs and dandruii between the teeth.
In assembling the parts the plate B will be placed upon the ledges 1 and 1 and slid rearward thereon until the plate lies under the lugs 3 and 3 and the front edge of the plate is adjacent to the stops 2 and 2. The plate being in place as described the lugs 3 and 3 will prevent the lifting of the plate while in use and the stops 2 and 2 will prevent the plate from sliding forward.
The flaring parts X and X/ of the sides a and c facilitate the inserting of the brush into the box and prevent the bristles of the brush from catching on the upper edges of the box.
In using the device the brush will be inserted in the box with the bristles downward, well toward the rear part of the box, and will be pressed downward upon the plate B and pulled forward; and the forward movement of the brush will cause the teeth b to engage and hold the longer hairs accumulated upon the brush and the teeth b to remove the shorter hairs and dandruf accumulated upon the brush and the brush will be scraped upon the-plate B a sufficient number of times to clean the brush properly; and the hairs, dirt and dandruff removed from the brush by the teeth l) and b will fall into the box and remain upon the bottom plate a7; from Which they may be removed at pleasure.
A practical advantage of the construction herein set forth is that neat boxes may be rapidly produced from minimum material and at small lirst cost.
Having fully described my invention What I claim as neW and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. The combination of a box provided with internal ledges, stops and lugs 3 With a toothed plate fitted to rest upon the ledges of said box and to lie under the lugs and against the stops of said box.
2. A box formed from a blank as described and comprising side members having extensions and embossed ledges, stops and lugs,- end members and flange members; and a bottom plate adapted to iit on said flange members.
3. A comb-plate comprising a series of slantin teeth the edges of which form acute angles etWeen the teeth andplural series of lendWise movement of the comb-plate, lugs adapted to prevent lifting of the comb-plate and sides having curved extensions adapted to guide the brush into the box 5 with a toothed comb-plate fitted to rest upon the ledges of said box, under the lugs thereof, and against 4the stops thereof.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto signed my name at Springfield Illinois this 28th day of June 1907.
CHARLES R. SPICER.
W. K. HALE, FoRDYcE W. BROWN.