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Publication numberUS884354 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 14, 1908
Filing dateJul 12, 1907
Priority dateJul 12, 1907
Publication numberUS 884354 A, US 884354A, US-A-884354, US884354 A, US884354A
InventorsJoseph Tetu Bertrand
Original AssigneeJoseph Tetu Bertrand
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Marine concrete construction.
US 884354 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

, PATENTED'APR-14, 190s.

' J. fr. BERTRAND.

MARINE GONGRBTB GONSTRUGTION.

VAPPLIATION PLED JULY 12| 1907.

lfllllulu k inventor,

Witnesses:

Attorneys rui Naim" Plrns n., li'AsNlnmN, D. m

UNITED sTATEs PATENT oEEIoE.

`IOSEPII TTU BERTRAND, OF ISLE VERTE, QUEBEC, CANADA.

MARINE CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION.

To all 'whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOSEPH TETU BER- TRAND, a subject of the King of Great Britain, residing at Isle Verte, in the county of Temiscouta, Province of Quebec, Canada, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Marine Concrete Construction and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

My invention relates to marine concrete construction.

The object of my invention is to provide a construction from interlocking blocks adapted to be secured to the exposed face of a temporary submerged or partially submerged structure such as a wharf, piles etc.

Y A more specific object is to provide blocks ofa form adapted to easily interlock with each other, to form a water tight joint, and the bottom block of which may be secured to a supporting beam and present an inclined surface on-its exposed face.

A further more specific object is to provide a simple means for guiding the blocks to their interlocked positions, which means may be easily removable to permit the insertion of a tie rod or grouting.

M invention consists of the construction, combination and arrangement of parts and the particular form of block, as herein illus' trated, described and claimed.

In the accompanying drawings, forming part of this application, I have illustrated one form of embodiment of my invention, in which drawings similar reference characters designate corresponding parts, and in which:

Figure 1 is a vertical section through a temporary structure, showing the method of applying the blocks thereon, some of the b ocks being shown in vertical section and the two bottom courses in end elevation; Fig. 2 is a front elevation partly broken away showing the application of the invention, to a temporary structure; and Fig. 3 is a horizontal section through the sheathing of a wharf showing the application of the invention thereto and also showing in plan the application of the invention to piles.

Referring to the drawings, 1 designates a temporary structure which may be a wharf or piles. Guide strips 2 are driven parallel to the outer face of the wharf or pile and secured thereto in any suitable way, or if Speccaton of Letters Patent.

Application filed July 12, 1907.

`or bottom Patented April 14, 1908.

Serial No. 383,395.

they can be firmly held otherwise they need not be necessarily secured to the temporary structure. The guide strips 2 are provided with enlarged outer edges 3.

The blocks used in the construction are designated as a whole by the numeral 4 and are provided with longitudinal mortises 5 in their upper faces, which mortises have in afford a .greater resistance to the action of the water into which it is submerged. The bottom block 9 is further provided with a longitudinal mortise 11 in its under face adapted to receive a foundation beam 12 which extends longitudinally of the shelf formed by the blocks. Thisbeam-12 is secured by bolts 13 to the bottom block 9.

Each of the blocks 4 is provided with a plurality of openings 14 arranged centrally thereof and extending through the tenon 6' and into the mortises 5. Disposed through the openings 14 is a tubular member 15, which may be screwthreaded into the beam 12, so that it may be readily removed. The function of the tubular member 15 is twofold: 1st., it serves as a guiding means to cause the blocks to interlock with each other as they are placed in position. 2nd,-it serves as a casing for a locking rod or chain 16 which is disposed therethrough and has its lower end secured to the beam 12.v

In placin the blocks in position, the rst lock 9 may be placed on the beam 12 when the latter is floating on the surface of the water. The other blocksmay be successively placed thereon and guided into position by means of the tubular guide member 15, until the entire shell is submerged, to the proper depth and settles into lace. p The blocks 4 are provided with mortises 17 arranged vertically in their inner' faces and adapted to receive the .enlarged outer edges 3 of the guide strips 2 so that the structure is locked to the temporary structure 1, leaving a space between the outer face of the temporary structure and the inner face of the shell formed by the blocks 4. The particular form of locking means between the temporary structure 1 and the blocks 4 permits the entire structure settling iirmly on its foundation. After the shell formed by the blocks 4 is in osition a suitable iilling 18 may be placed3 between the inner face of the shell and the outer face of the temporary structure 1. This 'Iilling may be of sand, silt or other suitable material.

After the structure is completed the tubular member 15 may be removed and the openings 14 iilled with grouting around the member 16,'01 both the members 15 and 16 may be removed and be replaced by heavier tie rods.

Owing to the particular form of the blocks 4 cement is not necessary for joining the courses, but in practice I use a coating of paint or similar material, to insure greater tightness of the joint.

I-Iaving thus fully described my invention,

f what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In combination with a temporary marine structure a plurality of courses of interlocking blocks disposed parallel to the face of the structure, and means for guiding the blocks to their interlocked position.

2. In combination with a temporary marine structure, a plurality of courses of interlocking blocks disposed parallel to the face of the structure and removable means for guiding the blocks to their interloclred position.

3. In combination with'a temporary marine structure, a plurality of courses of interlocking blocks disposed parallel to the face of the structure, means for guiding the blocks to their interloclred position, and means for locking the courses to the temporary structure.

4. In combination with a temporary' marine structure, a plurality of courses of interlocking blocks disposed parallel to the face of the structure, means for guiding the blocks to their interlocked position, and vertically disposed guide strips carried by the temporary structure and interlocked with the inner faces of the blocks.

5. In combination with a temporary marine structure, a plurality of courses of interlocking blocks disposed parallel to the face of the structure and having vertical mortises in their inner faces, means for guiding the blocks to their interlocking position, and vertically disposed guide strips carried by the temporary structure and provided with enlar ed outer edges arranged in the mortises in t e blocks.

6. In combination with a temporary marine structure, a plurality of courses of interlocking blocks disposed parallel to the face of the structure, means for guiding the blocks to their intel-locked position, and means for supporting the bottom course of the blocks.

7. In combination with a temporary marine structure, a plurality of courses of interlocking blocks disposed parallel to the face of the structure, the bottom course of which blocks is provided with a longitudinal mortise and an inclined outer face, a beam disosed in the mortise, means for guiding the locks of each course to their interloclred position, and a connecting member secured to the beam and extending vertically through all of the courses.

8. In combination with a temporary marine structure, a plurality of courses of interlocking blocks disposed parallel to the face of the structure, means for guiding the blocks to their interlocked position, and a locking member disposed through the guiding means.

9. In combination with a temporary marine structure, a plurality of courses of interlocking blocks disposed parallel to the face of the structure, and a tubular member disposed vertically through the blocks.

10. In combination with a temporary marine structure, a plurality of courses of interlocking blocks disposed parallel to the face of the structure, means for guiding the blocks to their interlocked position, and a filling disposed between the inner face of the courses and the outer face of the temporary structure.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two witnesses.

J. TTU BERTRAND.

Witnesses PHILEDIME MIoHAUD, ALEX PAR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5272284 *Jan 22, 1992Dec 21, 1993Carsonite International Corp.Sound barrier
US5438171 *Feb 9, 1994Aug 1, 1995Carsonite International CorporationComposite sound wall
US5490363 *Oct 13, 1994Feb 13, 1996Anchor Wall Sytems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5589124 *Jun 6, 1995Dec 31, 1996Block Systems, Inc.Method of forming composite masonry blocks
US5704183 *May 23, 1995Jan 6, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5709062 *Jul 15, 1996Jan 20, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5711129 *May 4, 1995Jan 27, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Masonry block
US5795105 *Jun 7, 1995Aug 18, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5827015 *Sep 2, 1997Oct 27, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US5879603 *Nov 8, 1996Mar 9, 1999Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Process for producing masonry block with roughened surface
US6029943 *Feb 28, 1997Feb 29, 2000Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Splitting technique
US6113318 *Aug 7, 1998Sep 5, 2000Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US6142713 *Sep 25, 1998Nov 7, 2000Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US6178704Jul 1, 1999Jan 30, 2001Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Splitting technique
US6183168Feb 3, 2000Feb 6, 2001Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US6312197Sep 18, 2000Nov 6, 2001Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US6616382Sep 17, 2001Sep 9, 2003Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US7048472Jun 11, 2003May 23, 2006Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US7360970Dec 8, 2005Apr 22, 2008Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US7384215Aug 5, 2003Jun 10, 2008Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
US20040028484 *Aug 5, 2003Feb 12, 2004Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
USD445512Oct 27, 1997Jul 24, 2001Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Retaining wall block
USD458693Nov 8, 1996Jun 11, 2002Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Retaining wall block
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationE02D29/025