US 885243 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 885,243. PATENTED APR. 21, 1908. G. W. HAAS. ORTHOPEDIC OPERATING TABLE.
APPLICATION FILED DEO.27, 1907.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
avwautoz ihwooeo M attorneys PATENTBD APR. 21, 1908.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
noentoz JvwZZ G. W. HAAS. ORTHOPBDIG OPERATING TABLE.
APPLICATION FILED DBO. 27,1907.
Q/Vi In use:
ta le embodying the present improvementsv GUSTAVE W. HAAS, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGN OR OF ON E-HALF TO MARGARET B. FQWLER, OF PASADENA, CALIFORNIA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented April 21, 1908.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GUsrAvEjW. HAAS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Los Angeles, in, the county of Los An 'e'les and State of California, have invente certain new and useful Improvements in Orthopedic Operating-Tables; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this sfpecification, and tothe figures and letters 0 reference marked thereon.
The object of this invention is to provide a table or table like ap aratus for use in orthopedic treatment 0 'various kinds of deformities whereby with a single apparatus, practically all kinds of deformities may be correctively treated with the least possible inconvenience to the patients.
The invention consists rimarily in a table like support upon which the patient may rest in a rec ining position and around which is erected a superstructure the component parts of which superstructure are adjustable with relation to each other and are adapted to form the support for tractor connections and by reason 0 their adj ustability' permit of the extension of thetractor connections in any desired direction.
Referring to the accompanying drawings re 1 is a perspective view of an operating and showing several appliances adapted for use in connection therewith. Fig. 2 is also a perspective view looking at one-end. 7 bike letters of reference in the several figures indicate the same arts.
' The baseor pedestal of the table is referably formed with tubular side bars from WhlCll rigid le s A extend downwardly at four points su ciently near the corners to prevent any possibility of the table upsetting yweight applied to its upper side, ,and at the same time sufficiently far within the corners to avoid interference with the o erators feet when standing close to the tab e.- The pedestal frame is referably provided with a centrally arrange board or support A which not only braces the structure, 'but constitutes a convenient receiver for any of the de tached parts of the'super'structure, or;for the attendants instruments should any be used. The side frames A are curved u wardly at the ends and support the table or ed proper lettered B. The latter it will be understood screws f.
is preferabl somewhat in the form of a couch and is pad ed or covered with an agreeably Soft but non-absorbent covering such as leatheroid or similar substance. The table forms an extended plane upon which the body of the patient may rest in reclining "osition, and a series of ads or cushions 0 various shapes are provi( ed for giving corrective pressure u on various parts of the anatomy.
As s own in the drawings, a round pillow or sup ort C is at one end of the table, and imme iately. adjacent thereto are two semicylindrical pads or su ports C and C respectively, one being of large and the other of smaller size. For supporting portions of the body against lateral movement, or for imparting lateral pressure, relatively short wedge shaped pads or cushions C are provided, these cushions being preferably arranged in pairs so as to form a trough like space between them in which the body of the atien't may rest with the maximum comort while undergoing treatment. In addition, a 'widewed e shaped cushion C is provided upon which the body or le s of the patient may be raised to an inclined position.
The superstructure hereinbefore referred to embodles a series of vertical post's D at the corners and intermediate osts D, said posts being preferablv detacha ly secured in the body of the table by screw thread connections whereby an one or more of them ma be removed shoulll occasion require. Eac post is. rovided with a removable-cap d which w en removed as shown at the center of Fig/1, leaves the post in the form of a socket adapted to receive an extension E to which tractor connections may be made as will be readily understood. I
In addition, each post is providedwith vertically adjustable rail or horizontal bar clamps F, each adapted to be held in its adjustcd osition by a set screw j and each adapted to receive the end or ends of horizontal rails or bars H, the bars themselves being adjustabl held in position by set Wit this arrangement a superstructure may be erected entirely around the table and this superstructure conveniently forms the base for the attachmentof various extensions to which traction devices maybe connected. In addition, each rail is adapted to carr any desired number of adjustable clamp ooks I, the hook members of which are preferablyformed by screws 1' whereby when engaged with a brace or traction member, the engagement will be permanent until the screw is backed out, thereb eliminating danger of accidental release whi e the patient is undergoing treatment.
As shown in the drawings, the superstructure is adapted at the head end to carr an upwardly projecting frame embodying ront and rear standards K and K connected at their lower ends by hinge joints with clam s 1c adjustably mounted on the rails or rods The standards K and K converge toward their upper ends where they are connected together and to acrossbar K extendin across the table from side to side. Latera movement of the frame may be prevented, first by extending one of t estandards at each slde, outside of the upper rail H and connecting it to the lower rail, whereby the upper rail will form a brace, although it is preferred, es ecially where the frame is erected at one en of the table to employ diagonal braces K. to the head rail H, as shown clearly in Fig. 2.
The crossbar K serves as a most convenient support for head and shoulder tractor slings, thus the head sling L is suspended by flexible connections I from the ends of the cross bar K while the shoulder slin s L are suspended by flexible connections 1 rom the central portion of the bar K, but it will be understood that these tractor devices or others of any suitable nature may be connected with the rails or rods at any point and that by reason of the universal adjustability of the connections, the support for the tractor connections may be braced to resist any strain which it would be practical to employ in connection with orthopedic treatment. In all of the tractor devices or connections, it is preferred that s rin balance scales such as indicated at L s ou d be employed and that the flexible connections should embody the capacity for ready adjustment, such for instance, as the chain connection shown havin hook ends by which they may be double upon themselves and hoo ed together at the desired point, and also the turn-buckle connections l for fine but powerful adjustment to give the right traction in accordance with the predetermined requirements and as determined by the scales introduced in the connections.
For exerting traction on the limbs at an upward angle it is only necessar Y to extend upwardly from the lower rail of t e foot portion of the superstructure, one or more verticals M which are ad'ustably hinged to said lower rail by hinge 0 amps 1n corres onding to the clamps k before referred to. he upper rail H in this instance, braces the verticals M against inward swin ing movement and in addition the upper en of each may be connected with the side rails .H by adjustable 5 connections M to limit their movement toe assess ward-the longitudinal center line of the table. The leg tractor device is connected to the vertical M by an adjustable clamp M said tractor connection also embodying a spring scale m as in the instances before referred to.
By making each of the elements which go to make up the su erstructure adjustable and removable, the ta le may be adapted for the reception and treatment of patients having almost any bodily deformity and it is especially adapted tor the treatment of any deformities susceptible of treatment when the patient is in a reclining position, but it may also be adapted for the treatment of deformities where partial elevation of the body by the tractor devices is necessary or desirable, thus a patient in a sitting position on the table may be treated by shoulder or head traction in a most convenient and thorough manner.
Any one or more 'of the sections of the superstructure may be removed for the con-.
venience of the patient in reaching osition on the table for treatment, or for p acin a patient in position when the latter is fee le or helpless.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
1. A table fororthopedic treatment, comprising a table proper and a su erstructure or the attachment of tractor evices, embodying posts and vertically adjustable top and bottom rails carried by said posts; substantially as described.
2. A table for orthopedic treatment, comprising a-table proper and a su erstructure or the attachment of traction evices, embodying upwardly extending posts, rail clam s vertically-adjustable on the posts, rails orizontally adjustable and removably held in the clamps and clamps for tractor connections adjustably mounted on the rails between the posts; substantially as described.
3. A table for orthopedic treatment, comrising a table proper and a su erstructure or the attachment of traction evices, em-
bodying posts, horizontal rails adjustable on the posts, verticals adjustably mounted on therails and means for the attachment of tractor devices carried by the verticals.
A table for orthopedic treatment, comprising a table proper and a su erstructure or the, attachment of traction evices, embodying posts, horizontal rails adjustable on the posts, verticals adjustably mounted on lower rails and resting against upper rails to limit their inward movement and means for the attachment of tractor devices carried by the verticals; substantially as described.
5. A table for orthopedic treatment, comprising a table proper and a superstructure or the attachment of traction devices embodying posts, horizontal rails adjustable on the Kosts, clamps for the verticals mounted on t e rails, verticals and binge connections between the verticals and clamps'whereby the verticals may be pro'ected at any angie 5 andmeans carried byt e verticals for t e attachment of tractor devices.
6. 'A table for orthopedic treatment, com-V a table proper and a superstructure or the attachment of traction devices em- 10 bodying posts, horizontal rails adjustably I justably mounted on the'rails, a cross bar connecting said vertical standards and tractor devices suspended from s'aid cross bar;
GUSTAVE' W. HAAS.
WALTER HAAS, FRANK