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Publication numberUS885329 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 21, 1908
Filing dateJun 15, 1907
Priority dateJun 15, 1907
Publication numberUS 885329 A, US 885329A, US-A-885329, US885329 A, US885329A
InventorsJames John Ellis
Original AssigneeJames John Ellis
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Invalid hammock lift and turner.
US 885329 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 885,329. PATENTED APR. 21, 1908. J. J. ELLIS.

INVALID HAMMOOK LIFT AND TURNER.

APPLICATION FILED mm; 15, 1907.

3 SHEETSSHEET 1.

WITNESSES! No. 885,329. PATENTBD APR. 21, 1908. J. J. ELLIS. INVALID HAMMOCK LI'FT AND TURNER.

APPLICATION FILED JUNE 15, 1907- 3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

WFI'NESSES. INVENTIORJ -4 V y {a ATTY.

No. 885,329. PATENTED APR. 21, 1908. J. J. ELLIS. INVALID HAMMOOK LIFT AND TURNER.

APPLICATION FILED JUNE 15, 1907.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

E] il E] WITNESSES. INVENTOP. Q/Lul Ji -I? I JAMES JOHN ELLIS, OF PORTLAND, OREGON.

INVALID HAMMOCK LIFT AND TURNER.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented April 21, 1908.

Application filed June 15, 1907. Serial No. 379,279.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that 1, JAMES JoHN ELLIS, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Portland, in the county of M'ultnomah and State of Oregon, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Invalid Hammock Lift andTurner, of which the following is a specification, reference being had 'to the accompanying drawings as constituting a part thereof.

This invention has for its object to provide a means by which a very sick person, re uiring a surgical operation or medical app ications to his body, may be lifted off and on his hospital-bed or cot, for the purpose of convey- .ing him or her to the operating table, or applying medical treatment; also, to enab e the turning of the patient, face down, so as to be able to conveniently and effectively apply treatment to his or her back; and it belng Y further my object that the means so provided vice, parts thereof being shown in dotted outline in two different positions, so as to illustrate the modes of operating; Fig. 3 is a right-hand end elevation; Fig. 4 is a corresponding partial plan section, taken approxi- I mately on a line pointed by the arrow :1; 1n

' Figs. 2-and 3; Fig. 5 is a perspective detail of the arrangement of the rotatable frame of my device, provided to enable the turning of the patient about, as above mentioned, and of the blankets removably fastened to such frame; Fi .'6 is a to viewof the under blanket 0 such rotata le frame; Fig. 7 is-a like viewof the topl blanket thereof; Fig. 8 is a top view of t e hammock removably fastened to the sliding or lifting frame of my device; and Figs. 9, wand 11 are details of construction.

The letters and numeralsdesig nate the 59 parts described.

' My invention comprises a supportingframe, conveniently made of piping, and consists of standards or posts a, b, c, d; the end postsj' bei 'joined or connected by cross- 55.mer,'nbers 'e, d, e, at the top and bottom,

and the ends of the frame being connected at the sides by'removable bracing rods f, f, g, g", inserted in eyes h, aflixed to the posts at the top and bottom. The bottom ends of the posts a, 11, etc. are provided with casters 'i, so as to facilitate the moving about of the supporting-frame. ()n the posts are sliding sleeves j, for which lpurpose common pipe tees may be used. hey are provided with set-screws k, by which the sleeves may be clam )ed in place; and in the members j of the sleeves are inserted the ends of the tubular bars Z, Z; the sleeves j and the bars Z, Z, thereby su )ported, constituting the vertically mova le hammock-holding frame, pro vided in my device for lifting and lowering the patient off and on his hospital cot.

To the bars Z, Z are fastened to the sides of a hammock or blanket m, the edges of which hammock are made with reinforced perforations m, to which are fastened s ring-hooks n, adapted to be removably attac ed to rings 0, therefor provided on the bars Z, Z. See detail Fig. 9. Said vertically movable hammock-holding frame is moved up and down by means of a pulley-tackle the ends of the pulley ropes bein fastene to a winch-like device g. The ends of the shaft of the winch are journaled in boxes therefor provided on the cross-bars or members e, e, of the supporting-frame.

Below the sleeves j,'of the vertically movable hammock-holding frame, are affixed to the corner posts of the supporting-frame clamping devices 1, holding between them transverse bars or members 8, which constitute the sup ort for therotatable frame of my device, W ich, as above mentioned, is provided by me for turning the patient over, to enable a convenient application of medical treatment to the patients back. Such rotatable frame is also convenientlymade of piping, and comprises end-bars t, and sidears t, rigidly connected with each other; and on the end-bars t are centrally affixed pivots or trunnions -u, supported in bearings 12, therefor rovided on the frame-members 3. To hol the rotatable blanket-holding frame rigidlyin place for a while, I provide pivoted clam ing bars w, on the frame-members .9. To t e rotatable-frame are rcmovably fastened, by such means as, for example, snaphooks 2, under and over blankets 3, 4, shown in Figs. 6 and 7. See also Fi 10. The patient is supported ,on tlt: un er-blanket, and

with a bed-pan is covered with the over-blanket, and each of said blankets being made with reinforced slots 5, 6, through which to insertstraps 7. These parts being so arranged as to enable the patient to be comfortably held in place .between said under and upper blankets, while the rotatable frame is being turned over on its pivots. To provide for the attachment of the snaphooks 2, the frame-members t are provided with rings 8. To prevent the pa tient turned over in the rotatable frame, suffering any inconvenience orinterference with free circulation and respiration, while supported face down on the over blanket, I provide the latter with arm-holes 9, through which the patients arms may be inserted and extended, to avoid a cramping position. I

To bring the rotatable frame into use, ml; device is operated as follows: The hammoc blanket is supposed, in the first-instance, to be placed under the patient on his hospital bed. Such hammock blanket may he made of any suitable flexible material, and adapted to be easily sterilized, as required. The next step would consist of placing the supportingframe of my device, over the hospital bed, before doing which the brace-rod g must be temporarily removed. The next ste is to lower the vertically movable hammoc -hold ing frame in position to have the sides of the hammock blanket attached thereto. After such attachment, the patient can be raised and allowed to rest on the hammock, or lowered into the stretcher, or operating table.

For convenience, the hammock is provided oIpening 10, to cover which, when not in use provide a cover 11, hinged to one end, and fastened in place b and itgiuckles 12, to the under side of the hammoc When it is desired to turn the patientover,

the patient-is, in the first instance, lifted b the means of vertically movable hammoc frame; thereupon the rotatable frame is laced in osition on'its supporting-memers s, s, t e latter ha been previousl adjusted by means of its c amps r, 1', to such prosition as allows the'rotation of the rotatable ame. The latch bars w are now arranged to hold the rotatable frame a ainst rotation, the under blanket 3 is fastened the rotatable frame, then the hammock now holding the patient, is lowered onto the under blanket3, and the sides of the hammock blanket are folded in, as shown in Fi .-5;

then the over blanket 4 is fastened in p ace,

- and finally the rtraps 7 are inserted through the slots 5, 6, of; the under and over blanket, and the ends thereof buckled together, in such a manner as to comfortabl secure the patient in 'place between the un er and over lanket, in doing which the folded-in sides of the hammock contribute to comfortably hold the patient; the same bracing the body between the straps 7, 7. The upper end of straps tothe sides of the over-blanket 4 may be left unfastened, so that the same can be turned back from the patients face. In cases where the patients arms are broken or splinted, so that the same could not be placed across the chest, or at his sides, the arms may be inserted and extended through the arm-holes 9. The latch bars to being now adjusted to release the rotatable frame, the latter may be turned around, to bring the atients face down, whereupon the under b anket now being on to may be removed, and also the hammock foiiled back out of the way, to enable the to apply medical treatment to the physician ack of the person. Care must be taken, of

course in the adjustment of the hammock so as to not bring the ed es thereof or the rings fastened thereto, un er the patient, when turned face down. After the treatment of the back has been completed, the mani ula-v tions above described would substantial y be again gone through with to turn 'the patient back, face up, and to lower him onto his hospital-bed. It will now become apparent, that during the handling, the patient will not be subjected to any inconvenience or discomfort; thus avoiding any unnecessary tax on the patients strength and vitality while being moved and handled.

Sometimes it is desirableto support the hammock-frame in an inclined osition. Such adjustment may be accomplished by the set-screws k, (see Fig. 11) by which one pair of sliding-sleeves j may be clamped a ittle higher, or lower, than the opposite sleeves, on the frame-posts.

I claim:

1. In a device of the character described, the combination of a supp orting-frame adapted to be placed over a cot, and comprising upright posts, a hammock-holding frame, vertically movable on said posts, means by which the hammock-holding frame may be raised and lowered, transverse members on said posts, a removable revoluble blanket-' holding frame ivoted by. its ends between said transverse ame members.

2. In a device of the character described, the combination of a supportingframe adapted tobe placed over a cot, and comrismg upright posts, a hammock-holding ame,-.,vert1cally movable on said osts, means by which the hammock-holding ame may be raised and lowered, transverse members-on said posts, a removable revoluble blanket-holding frame ivoted by its ends between said -transverse ame-members, and

means for holding the revoluble frame against rotation.

3. In a device of thecharacter described, the combination of a supporting frame adapted to be placed over a cot, and com- A nsmg upright posts, a hannnock-holding ame, vertically movable on said osts, means by which the hammock-holding ame may be raised and lowered, transverse members on said posts, sockets centrally positioned on said transverse frame-members, a blanket-holding frame, and trunnions at its ends by which it is removably supported in said'sockets.

4. In a device of the character described, the combination of a supporting frame adapted to be placed over a cot, and comrismg upright posts, a hammock-holding frame, vertically movable on said osts, means by which the hammock-holding frame may be raised and lowered, transverse members on said osts, sockets centrally positioned on sairv transverse frame-members, a blanket-holding frame, trunnions at its ends by which it is removably su ported in said sockets, and means for hol( ing the revoluble frame against rotation.

5. In a device of the character described, the combination of a supporting-frame ad ap ted to be placed over a cot, and comprising upright posts, a hammock-holding frame, vertically movable on said posts, means by which the hammock-holding frame may be raised and lowered, transverse members on said posts, a removable revoluble blanketholding frame pivoted by its ends between said transverse frame-members, an under blanket and an over blanket, res ectively removably fastened to said revoluble frame.

6. In a device of the character described, the combination of a supporting-frame adapt- .ed to be placed over a cot, and comprising upright posts, a hammock-holding frame, vertically movable on said posts, means by which the hammock-holding frame may be raised and lowered, transverse members on said posts, a removable blanket-holding frame pivoted by its ends between said transverse framemembers, an under blanket and an over blanket, respectively removably fastened to said revoluble frame, said blankets having slots to receive straps for holding the patient in position while rotating the revoluble frame, and the over blanket having openings through which to insert and extend the patients arms.

7. In a device of the character described, the combination of a supporting-frame, a

blanket-holding frame pivotally held byits ends in the supporting-frame, an under blanket and an over blanket, res ectively removably fastened to said revolub e frame.

8.- In a device of the character specified, the combination of a supporting-frame, a removable blanket-holding frame pivotally held by. its-ends in the supporting-frame, an

under blanket and an over blanket, respectively removably fastened to said revoluble frame. i

9. In a device of the character specified,

S the combination of a supporting-frame, a

revoluble blanket-holding frame, an under blanket and an over blanket, respectively removably fastened to said revoluble frame, said blankets having slots to receive straps, and the over-blanket having openings through which to insert and extend the patients arms.

10. A device of the character specified, comprising a tubular supporting-frame consisting of four standards or posts, transverse members rigidly connecting the posts of each end at the top and bottom, removable sidebraces connecting the posts at the top and bottom, longitudinal hammock-holding members and sleeve-like means on their extremities whereby the same are slidably supported on the frame posts, pulley elements suspended from the upper side-braces and by which the sliding members may be simultaneousl raised and lowered, a winch to which the pu ley cords are fastened, a blanket removably fastened between said. slidable members, transverse members and clamping devices 011 the ends thereof by which the same are movably supported on the posts, a rotatable blanket-holdmg frame ivotally supported at its ends on said movable transverse members, and latches for holding the rotatable frame against rotation.

11, A device of the character specified, comprising a tubular supporting-frame consisting of four standards or posts, transverse 5 members rigidly'connecting the posts of each end at the top and bottom, removable side-braces connectin the ends at the top and bottom, lon itudi-nal hammock-holding members, and seeve-like means on their extremities whereby the same are slidably supported on the frame posts, pulley elements suspended from the upper side-braces and by which the sliding members are simultaneously raised and lowered, a winch to which the pulley cords are fastened, a hammock, and resilient means by which the latter isremovably fastened to the sliding members, transverse members and clam ing devices on the ends thereof by which t e same are movably su ported on the posts, a rotatable blanket-ho ding frame, pivotally supported at its ends'on said movable transverse members, and latches for holding the rotatable frame against rotation.

12. A device .of the character specified,

comprising a tubular supporting-frame consisting of four standards or posts, transverse members rigidly connecting the posts of each end at thetop and bottom, eyes at the top I sameare slidably supported on the frame .L

osts", clamps on the sleeve-like means pul ey elements arran ed to simultaneouslyraise and lower said sliding, members, a winch to which the pulley. cords are fastened, a hammock, and resilient means by which the latter is removably fastened to latches for holding the rotatable frame said sliding members, transverse members against rotation. and clamping devices on the ends thereof, by which the same are movably su ported I 5 on the posts, a rotatable blanketelding frafne pivotally supported at its ends on said movable transverse members, and

JAMES JOHN ELLIS; I

Witnesses:

Z. J. GEIsLER, Osorn Lone.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2665432 *Feb 5, 1949Jan 12, 1954Florence A RaymondPatient transferring device
US4937901 *Nov 4, 1988Jul 3, 1990Brennan Louis GApparatus for turning a patient from a supine to a prone position and vice-versa
US5544371 *Apr 13, 1993Aug 13, 1996Fuller; Carmel U.Bed patient turning, lifting and transporting apparatus with mobile, folding and knockdown frame
US5570483 *May 12, 1995Nov 5, 1996Williamson; Theodore A.Medical patient transport and care apparatus
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA61G7/1046