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Publication numberUS886192 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 28, 1908
Filing dateNov 18, 1905
Priority dateNov 18, 1905
Publication numberUS 886192 A, US 886192A, US-A-886192, US886192 A, US886192A
InventorsVictor A De Canio
Original AssigneeVictor A De Canio
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Self-closing drawer.
US 886192 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PTBNTED APR. 28', lgU. V..A. DE GANIO. l' SELF CLUSING'DRAWER. APPLICATION FILED nov. 1a, 1905.

, u e\ E e L, l .ne a 4 da a 7 M .I

annum: 3,

. arrangement of the guiding and supporting 55v jacent channel bar.

. UNrTED js'rArEs PATENT, OFFICE-L Y VICTOR A. -DE ICANIO, oF UNIQN HILL, NEW JERSEY.

SELF-CLOSING DRAWER.

others skilled in the art to which it appert'ains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to improvements in drawers and particularly to lself closing drawers, and it 1s the object of the invention to provide a slide drawer or other receptacle with guiding and supporting means which will facilitate the movement' of the drawer or other rece tacle into and out of a casing, cabinet or,.ot er closure. l

The invention has for a further obj ect the means of the drawer or other receptacle so that the weight of the drawer or receptacle v or its contents will operate to return' the drawer or receptacle to its closed condition.

With' these and other objects in view, thev invention comprises certain novel vconstructions,'comb1nat 1ons and Aarrangements of A `parts as will be hereinafter fully described and claimed.v

In the accompanying drawing Fi re 1 1s a perspective vlewof the improve drawer mechanism vforming the subject matter of the present invention. Fig. 2 is a4 detail view showing a portion of. the wall of the cabinet, box or other closure and the guide run# l'ways or supports for one end of the drawer'or other rece tacle,l the said drawer or rece tacle not 'eing shown, and the partsof vt e run-waybeing-shown in their separated or distended posltions. to Fig. 2 butshowing `the outer sectlon of the drawer supporting means upon one side of the drawer, in its folded or collapsed condition.

vtion. Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail transverse, sectional view' 'through .one of the foldedv guided run-way' mechanisms. Flg. 5 1s an .enlarged end' view of the xed section of a.

Fig. 6 is a -top plan view' of the' intermediate run-Way secrun-way vor 'drawer guide.

Fi 7 is `the top plan view of the outer section o the run-way `mechanism- Fig.. 8 l is a-detail view showing one ofthe s1de bars the'drawer'l in 'position as it 1s befrom its engagement with the adcarried' b ing raise Specification o! Letters Patent. Patented Application led November 18, 1905. vSerial No. 288,091. v

Fig.V 3 is a vie'w similar The mechanism forming the-subject :mat-

ter of this invention `is .designed forzuse in 'the proper mounting of supports, drawers, slides or other receptacles -in refrigerators,

ice-tanks, ice-receptacles, mortuary recep- "tacles, or other casmgs or closures 1n`- which such movable arts as are necessarily coupled therewit arelikelyjto 'bindA or -become difficult of-operation. f vl Although the drawer s uppotingand guiding mechanism ma be arranged for the mov` able support of a rawer vor receptacle when itis mounted so as tooperate in a horiiontal plane the'parts of the mechanism are preferably however, lset at an angle to al horizontal plane so that the weight of the drawer or other'receptacle, together' with its contents will operate to close the said drawer.

In the accompanying illustration,fI have shown a practlcal embodiment of the inven-l tion, and in :the drawing, '1 indicates a receptacle or drawer adapted to fit into a caslng, as 2, the said casing in this instance beingT1 a refrigerator or ice-box. The receptacle 1 when used for ice, need only be an'openfra-me'v -work formed of flat bars secured together in 'any suitable ordesired manner and a front piece or board 3 is secured lto saidl receptacle and arranged to fit into andclose the open# ing formed inthe front of the ice-box or other casing, Secured to the opposite sides ofthe drawer or receptacle lare the outer sections 4 of the ,run-ways 0r guiding supports* l5..

The said outer sections 4 of. the run-ways are carried'by intermediate run-ways 6, which' in turnextend into and are properly held in position'by inner sections '7'. l

The sectional run-ways forming the guiding and supporting devices for the drawer or receptacle 1, are preferably formed of angle bars, the inner sections 7 being made of channel bars having inwardly extending upper and lower flanges 8 andv 9 respectively and'.

A10() inner edges with inwardlyv turned portions 7 the said flanges are also provided at their forming narrow edge flanges. as at 10 and 11.

The s ace between the anges "8. and 9 is'.

suitab e for receivingvthe intermediate runway section 6 vand' the -anges 1 0 and 11 serve to prevent the lateral escape of the' intermediate run-way sectionl from -the said channel bar.` The forward or outer ends of the channel'bar forming the inner run-way section 7 is provided with a depending portion part of which forms 'an attaching Alug 1 2, while above Ythe said lug is the bracket 13 'in which is pivotally mounted a roller I14 or other antl-frictional means. The anti-frictional roller 14 of each channel -bar 7 isarflangesland 1.6 are not quite as wide as the -between the bar 6 and the bar 7.

flanges 8 and 9 of the inner-sections 7 so that there is ample room between the flanges 10 and 11 and the web portions of the bars 7 to accommodate the intermediate -sections 6. To facilitate the movement of the intermediate sections 6 the inner ends of said section have their upper and lower flanges cut away for a short distance and an anti-friction roller 17 is journaled upon a pin 18 secured in the said inner end of each-intermediate bar 6. Each in is so set that the roller 17 will project at 1ts periphery beyond the upper and lower edges of the ban-'as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and rlhis arrangement ofthe roller will prevent any frictional engagement In order to limit the outer movement of bar 6 in the bar 7 the pin 18 is permitted to extend sufliciently beyond the roller 17 to extend into an elongated slot 19 formed in the web portion of the said bar 7 The said slot 19 is made of" suitable length to permit of the intermediate bar 6 being folded into and lentirely closed within the said bar 7v and yet to also permit of the withdrawal of said -bar 6 to a suitable extent for carrying the drawer or rcceptaclel 'outside the casing 2. The outer end of each bar 6 is also provided with an anti-friction roller as at 20, which is so arranged as to ofl'er a movable support for thc angle bar 4 upon that'side of the drawer. 'lo facilitate'the insertion and removal of the angle bar 4 with respect to the intermediate bar 6, the up er flange 15 thereofris removed for considerable distance back from its outer end as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 3.A At a short distance from the outer end of each bar (i a detent or projection 2] is provided, which rejection or detent exten ds upwardly lfrom t 1e lower flange 16 of said intermediate ar. v

The angle bars 4 secured to the sides ofthe drawer or receptacle 1 are arranged with their up )er horizontal flanges 22 extending outwardly from the sides of the drawer and the said flanges thus project Ain an ,opposite direction from the web portions of theirbars to the direction in which the flanges of the channel bars 6 and 7 extend from the(y web portions of their bars.v The inner ends of the angle `bars 4 have their horizontal flanges cut away a short distance and anti-friction rollers 23 are journaled opposite said cut ese, 192

away portion, so that their peripheries projgct above the upper edges of the said bars.

etents or stop rollers 24'and 25 are alsoA secured to the inner ends of the angle bars 4, being preferably mounted upon the web portions thereof. The stop or detent roller 24 engages lthe closed end portion 26 of the adjacent intermediate bars 6 thus limiting the inward movement of the angle bar 4. The detent or stop 25 ofeach bar 4 lengages the stop 21 of the adjacent intermediate bar 6 when the drawer is pulled to its outermost position. The outward movement of the draweris thus limited, and the bar sections cannot be pulled a art. 4

In assembling t e parts ofthe run-ways which support the drawer, the said run-ways are preferably inclined from their outer ends toward their inner ends to a sufficient degree to cause the weight of drawer to roll the parts to the inner extremities of their movement.-

supportedl by the anti-friction rolls` 14 while their inner ends are prevented from rising bythe anti-friction rolls 17, which run upon the under surface ofthe upper flanges 8. It will thus be apparent that any weight placed upon the outer ends of the bars 6 will be entirely carried upon the Vanti-friction rollers -1'4 and 17.

The 'angle bars 4 when in position engage with their horizontal flanges the When the bars 6 are inserted in po- `A sition within the bars 7, their Outer ends are anti-friction' rollers 2() carried by the outer ends of the intermediate bars 6 and at the Sametime the anti-friction rollers 23 upon the inner ends of the said angle bars 4 engage the inner surface` of the' upper flange 1 5 of ,the adjacentv intermediate bar 6. twisting strain placed by weight supported upon the said angle bars 4 are thus brought entirely to 'bear upon anti-friction rollers no matter what the position of the parts. It would. be evident from this construction that any weight supported by the angle bars ,4 can he moved to the extent permitted by the limiting pins 1S anddetents 25 with a minimum of friction and that whenthesections of the run-ways are set at an inclination with respect to a horizontal plane as indicated inv the drawings, the drawer or other receptacle will move by the action of gravity from its The outer to its i1mermostposition when released.

` The parts of the runwayar e vof course made preferably of metal and there is no chance of swelling in material So as to pro- -duce any binding action between any of the sections in the movement of the drawer. i The sectionsvof the run-ways, because of their thoroughly braced support each within the other are admirably adapted for movably holding a drawer or receptacle even when Aconsiderable Weight is placed therein. The .parts of the run-ways are easily secured to any drawer or receptacle and to any casing,

refrigerator or other box. The inner sections '7 are secured by screws, nails or other f means, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3 to the walls of the casing or box and the vertical anges of the angle bars 4 are also secured in' any suitable manner to -the sides of the drawer or other receptacle. The front 3 of the drawer is of coursemade to l'it snugly the v opening in theA casing when such casing is an 1. A drawer mechanism, comprising a drawer receptacle positioned in a horizontal plane, a drawer carrying member positioned at an agle to said drawer and secured thereto,

vand run-ways positioned at an angle to a horizontal plane for receiving said. member.

2. A drawer mechanism comprising a drawer receptacle positioned in a horizontal plane, a drawer carrying angle iron posi'- tione-d at an angle to said drawer and secured thereto and run-ways for said angle iron, said run-ways comprising a ixed member having inwardly] extending flanges, and a movable member having inwardly extending flanges.

3. A drawer umechanism comprising a drawer receptacle, drawer carrying run- Ways, each of said runeways having a fixed section provided with inwardly extending flan es, edge ianges uponsaid inner extending anges and extending at a right 'angle thereto, movable sections for each fixed ec'- "Cbfecfion lin Lener Patent No. 886,192.4k

tion having lateral flanges at the top and bottom, said movable sections fitting be- [SEAL] may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Oice.

Signed and sealed this 12th day of May, A. D.,'108.

tween said edge ilanges and the top of said `fixed section, and angle bars secured to the said drawer, and. anti-friction rollers interposed between the adjacent ends of the run- Way sections. f v 4. A self-closing drawer mechanism, comrisirig a receptacle, an inclined channel -iron Xedly secured in place, an angle iron secured to said rece tacle, an angle iron connecting sad @hanne iroii`and the first -nientioned angle iron, the weight of the drawer operating to close the saine by gravity when released, anti-friction means positioned upon the outer end of, said channelir'on, antifriction means positioned on both ends of `said connecting angle irons and anti-friction means positionedon the Ainner ends2of said iirstmentioned angle iron, all of saidantifriction means being designed to hold-said irons out of contact with each other.

. 5. A drawer mechanism, comprising av receptacle inclined run-ways arranged at the sides of the drawer, each run-way comprising an inclined channel bar,` a movable channel bar telescoping within the same, a roller carried at the inner end of the movable channel bar, a limiting detent carried b vthe movable channel bar, the fixed channe bai` having an elongated slot for engaging and limiting the movement-of the said detent, an angle bar'c'arriedby the drawer, a detent projecting from said angle bar and a coperating Adetent on the movable `channel bar for limiting themovement of the angle bar, the said movable channel bar having a cut avayportion for facilitating the assembling o t movable channel bar.

In testimony whereof I affix my 'signature' 'It is hereby certied that in Letters Patent No. 886,192, granted April-28,' 1908,` upon the application of Victor A. De Canio, of Union Hill, New Jersey, for an improve;- ment in Self-Closing Drawers, an error appears in the printed v'specification requiring correction, as follows: In line' 25, page 3, the word agle should read angle; and that the .said Letters Patent should-bo read with this correction therein' that the same Ao. o. BILLINGS,

f aging Commission f Pfam.

e parts and anti-friction rollers interposed between said angle bar andthe said` refrigerator or other box. The inner sections '7 are secured by screws, nails or other f means, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3 to the walls of the casing or box and the vertical anges of the angle bars 4 are also secured in' any suitable manner to -the sides of the drawer or other receptacle. The front 3 of the drawer is of coursemade to l'it snugly the v opening in theA casing when such casing is an 1. A drawer mechanism, comprising a drawer receptacle positioned in a horizontal plane, a drawer carrying member positioned at an agle to said drawer and secured thereto,

vand run-ways positioned at an angle to a horizontal plane for receiving said. member.

2. A drawer mechanism comprising a drawer receptacle positioned in a horizontal plane, a drawer carrying angle iron posi'- tione-d at an angle to said drawer and secured thereto and run-ways for said angle iron, said run-ways comprising a ixed member having inwardly] extending flanges, and a movable member having inwardly extending flanges.

3. A drawer umechanism comprising a drawer receptacle, drawer carrying run- Ways, each of said runeways having a fixed section provided with inwardly extending flan es, edge ianges uponsaid inner extending anges and extending at a right 'angle thereto, movable sections for each fixed ec'- "Cbfecfion lin Lener Patent No. 886,192.4k

tion having lateral flanges at the top and bottom, said movable sections fitting be- [SEAL] may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Oice.

Signed and sealed this 12th day of May, A. D.,'108.

tween said edge ilanges and the top of said `fixed section, and angle bars secured to the said drawer, and. anti-friction rollers interposed between the adjacent ends of the run- Way sections. f v 4. A self-closing drawer mechanism, comrisirig a receptacle, an inclined channel -iron Xedly secured in place, an angle iron secured to said rece tacle, an angle iron connecting sad @hanne iroii`and the first -nientioned angle iron, the weight of the drawer operating to close the saine by gravity when released, anti-friction means positioned upon the outer end of, said channelir'on, antifriction means positioned on both ends of `said connecting angle irons and anti-friction means positionedon the Ainner ends2of said iirstmentioned angle iron, all of saidantifriction means being designed to hold-said irons out of contact with each other.

. 5. A drawer mechanism, comprising av receptacle inclined run-ways arranged at the sides of the drawer, each run-way comprising an inclined channel bar,` a movable channel bar telescoping within the same, a roller carried at the inner end of the movable channel bar, a limiting detent carried b vthe movable channel bar, the fixed channe bai` having an elongated slot for engaging and limiting the movement-of the said detent, an angle bar'c'arriedby the drawer, a detent projecting from said angle bar and a coperating Adetent on the movable `channel bar for limiting themovement of the angle bar, the said movable channel bar having a cut avayportion for facilitating the assembling o t movable channel bar.

In testimony whereof I affix my 'signature' 'It is hereby certied that in Letters Patent No. 886,192, granted April-28,' 1908,` upon the application of Victor A. De Canio, of Union Hill, New Jersey, for an improve;- ment in Self-Closing Drawers, an error appears in the printed v'specification requiring correction, as follows: In line' 25, page 3, the word agle should read angle; and that the .said Letters Patent should-bo read with this correction therein' that the same Ao. o. BILLINGS,

f aging Commission f Pfam.

e parts and anti-friction rollers interposed between said angle bar andthe said` Correction in Letters Patent No. 886,192.

It is hereby certified that in Letters Patent No. 886,192, granted April 28, 1908, upou the application of Victor A. De Canio, of Union Hill, New Jersey, for an improvement in Self-Closing Drawers, an error appears in the printed specification requiring correction, as follows: In line 25, page 3, the word agie should read angle; and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Olce.

signed and sealed this 12th day of May, A. D., 1908.

[SEAL] .0. o. BILLINGS,

Acting Commissioner of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3471209 *Aug 15, 1967Oct 7, 1969Howard Displays IncDisplay cabinet
US4172625 *Dec 15, 1977Oct 30, 1979Comerco, Inc.Drawer extenders
US4260208 *Jan 26, 1979Apr 7, 1981PriamManufacturing fixture and support for magnetic disc
US4393767 *Aug 28, 1981Jul 19, 1983Reftech LimitedVertical refuse compactor
US5199772 *Jan 22, 1992Apr 6, 1993Glenn A. JordanFor mounting communication equipment
US5302015 *Mar 12, 1992Apr 12, 1994Microcomputer Accessories, Inc.Adjustable keyboard drawer
US6474758 *Oct 5, 2000Nov 5, 2002International Game TechnologyDual action door hinging
US7552980Apr 1, 2004Jun 30, 2009Schulman Carl HElectronic component furniture construction and methods and apparatus therefor
Classifications
International ClassificationA47B88/04
Cooperative ClassificationA47B88/047
European ClassificationA47B88/04S