US 887063 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 887,063. PATENTBD' AY 12, 1908. momm. n. CARTER. ROTARY DUPLIGATOR. APPLICATION FILED 1330.83. 1907.
a sums-81mm 1.
ATENTEDMAY 12,1908. MoION J. 1). CARTER.
APfLIOATION FILED D110. 23, 1907.
' 3 SHEETS-SHEET- 2.
No. 887,963. I PATENTED MAY 12, 1908. MQION J. D. CARTER.
AIPLIOATION FILED DBO. 23, 1907.
a SHEETS-SHEET s.
McIO-li EAMES EEOUGLAS EASTER, OF LGNTDON, ENGLAND.
Application filed Decanter S33, 1W7.
To all whom "it may concern:
Be it known that L-Molon JAMEE Don's LAS CARTER; a. subject of the Kine of Eng-- land, residing at Manor ,Psrk, Lon ion, England, have invented certsin new end usefiii 'Im rovements in. Rotary Duplicators, of
which the following is s specification.
This invention relates to improvements in v rotary duplicstors, the object being to pro-- automation vide an eppisretus in whichthe ink can he This invention is particularly applicable to duplicetors of the type descriheo in my United States Patent No. 856444;, that is to say, to those in which the stencil. is carried upon it removable se ment of permeable or orous materiel Whic'i etiords eccess to the.
ink-pad behind the segment for inking per-- poses.
' According to this invention the rotatable cylinder or support carries an ink-pnd as he fore, an external inking roller is arranged. to be op lied thereto during rotation, and the stenci -cnrrying segment can be entirely detsched from the cylinder to enable the pad to be inked by rotating the cylinder or sup-- port.
Any convenient form of inking roller which can be applied to the outside of the stencil-carrier or ink pad mey be ntiiized in a. device embodying this invention.
There are various methods by which the stencil-carrying segment msy be either detsched from the cylinder 01' support, or se cured thereon for use.
In the accompanying drswings:l*igure 1 is a side elevation of one form of rotary duplioator embodying this invention; 2 is s pers cctive View 0 that portion of the rotary du icator which contains the inking device, SLIM Fig. 3 is a transverse section on line 3- -3 of Fig. 2. v
The support or o linder A is errenged to turn on trunnions in the usual way; and by any usual mechanism, and may be provided or' combined with any suitable foam of feeding, gripping end regulating devices. An ink pad A is secured on the surfeceoi this support. metal or the likejs arranged to fitover the pad A and Ill 8Q] itself carry e pad on its )Lll'r. side surface (such; forexemple, es the usual double sheet o'i'linen). The detschehle seg ment C is provided with positioning d.-
ofi Lettess Potent.
y npplied to the ink-pad Without removing the stencil from its seating. detsc "table segment S,
end nnifotm inking of the paid A.-
A segment C of perforated for removing the support A or its silicates Hey is, lees.
Serial No. 4137,3 39.
such as catches 0 slots to engage pins on the. support, for example at one end of the de techehle segment i], its side flanges C they have little recesses edepted to engage pins A on thefsides oi. the support A and atthe other end oi the detachable segment C stops C niey he errnnqed to engage with one o! .i nore catches on the support A. i ivoted on? the framework l) of the duplicator is e frame E having two end hers with slots E adapted to en age with suitable projections f? on the end this frame is so pivoted that when the detechnbie segment is released from the support A, the frame can be tilted to carry the detschshle segment C clear of the supportil. end to retain it in that position, and the tiitin frame E is for this purpose provided with s. iendle E. The support A. end the pad A thereon ere then free to be rotated without the detnchehle segment C or the. stencil thereon.
A very important feature of this invention resides in the islet thnt the segment or stencil carrier (1 is constructed to en post the stencil throu hout its extent, where iy injury to the stencil is etiectnsliy obviated when removing the some from the cylinder to permit inking oi the pad.
An ink trough is arranged in proximity to the outside of the support A and therotntei. hie inhin roller sri'enged therein, and the spindle o the roller is secured to e bell-crnnh lover or the like, whereby the inking roller may be readily applied to the snrfsce'oi the roteteble pad A. This inking device Will he hereinafter described with reference to Figs. 2 snd'3. When using the apparatus it is only necessary to detnch thesegment C cerrying the stencil carrier to brim the inking rolls? into contact with the ped 26 end to totste the s11 port A in the usual way by means of the hen is F in order to obtain on eficient the inkin outside of e stencil carrier before the stencil has been fixed thereon in order thzttthe outer psd with which the stencil lies in contact may receive a. preliminary supply of ink.
- In order thet the supporting cylinder A may be readily i'oller may also be applied to the brought into proper position 0?. replacing the detachable stencil-carrier C by means of the tiltin frame rot-sting mec ienism they be provided with e'stop or catch which hoids the support in such it position that the Of course tilting frame E will exactly engage with the abutments C or the like on the detachable segment G, and also so that when. the detachable segment has to be replaced, it will come properly into position for engaging the positioning and retaining devices on the support. For example, it little pivoted catch G on the bearings of the driving shaft H may be arranged to engage with a slot F on the driving handle F in a well. known way.
- The stencil-carrying segment C-is apt to adhere with some tenacity to the pad A, and in order that the segment may be liberated clear of the support or drum A.
in my previous British. application No. @335/06 1 have described a mechanism for co htrolling an impression. roller on a rotary diiplicetor and a similar device is em )loyed on the present machine, It will be 0 ,vious that it is undesirable that the impression roller K should be in its raised. position while the stencil-carrying segment is removed be cause the impression roller K might then come in contact with the inked pad A and become soiled. To prevent this, the handle L wh1chcontroie the impression roller K is so arranged that when the nnpression roller 1s 1n its raised positlon, the handle F cannot be turned to bring the tilting frame into operation, so that after a printing operation is over and it is desired to ink the pad A, it is neoessary first to shift the handle L and lower the impression rollerK before the handle F can be brought into operation to remove the stencil-oarrying segment C.
In proximity to the cylinder and parah, lei to the .axis B thereof is a rod M rotatable 1n the framework D of line machine and having secured thereto arms which carry are: tatable inking roller 0. The arms also'support rubbers or doctors P and P for regulat ing the supply of ink on the roller and the pressure of the doctors can be ad usted by means of 2,; spring P and set screw 1. [lo
cordingsflto the movement of the arms N therefore, the roller @Wnay moyle'up to or "away from the c linder A, the doctrine l and P remaining I l n 5 l Beneath the roller (1' is a wide inlr' troughQ which can slide into suitable supports or guides the framework D aways in contactwith the trough I spread.
V or" the machine and can befifiscd-threm by'means of screws lik The rollerO is'arren'ged to dip into the of contact with the cylinder. The spring the path of the and the lever catch T may be pushed out of lever S by means of a button '1 is then free to be shifted to bring the inking roller into operative position. The movement of the lever S is limited by a stop T" which prevents the inking roller from touching the metal parts and the stop can be adjusted (by a screw) so that the roller just touches the ink pad on the cylinder A.
On the spindle at one end of the inking roller is fixed a toothed wheel U by means of which the roller may be fixed. For this purpose an abutment or projection V is pivotedon the arm N in hich the roller is journaled. it can be brought into orout of' engagement with tlie'toothe d wheel U so as to lock the The abutment V is so arranged that inking roller or liberate it. When the mechine is not inuse, the roller Gand trou h Q can be inclosed in a cover W hooked or ot rerwilrie secured to the rod M which supports the re er. s 1
The operation of the inking device is as follows;The stencil carrier is removed from the cylinder A orderto expose the under pad; a supply of ink is introduced into the trough Q t c lever S which controls the'inking roller 0 is released from its spring catch T and is brought towerds the cylinder A until the' handle S enge es the stop T which in sures that the roller u'will just touch the U11: der pad. The cylinder, A is then either revolved or turned backwards and forwards.
In the same way, before placing a new stencil on the stencil carrier the outer pad can be inked by leaving the stencil carrier on the cylinder, bringing the roller into a osition where it will come in contact with t e outer pad and then rotating ofoscilleting the cyllnder.
In order to regulate the amount of ink supplied to the pad it is only necessary to the pressure of the rubbers or doctors P and P on the inking roller 0. In many cas s, however, the under aid already has a slidicient sup ly of ink w l'iich onl requires to be 11 that case the in ing roller is locked by bringing-the ivoted abutment V into engagement with t 1e toothed wheel U: the inking roller 0 ls'th'en brought into conadjust tact with the pad and the/cgr'linder A is ro-' teted in contact with the fix'e V teller whereby the ink is eflectively distributhd; yBefore rc placing tlre stencil on the ma chine, the ihliing roller is withdrawn so that the controlling lever S engages the spring catch T.
In or backwards so as to lift the inking roller out of er to clean the inking devicepia a -"'only necessary to tilt the controlllm lever 55;
sevens the trough Q, then to release the trough from sponding positioning devices on the segment its supports R and withdraw it from the machine.
It is to be understood that the details ef arrangement and construction may be varied without departing from this invention r example, the removable stencil carryings'eg' ment C might be pivoted to two slotted links, the slots in each engaging the spindle'of the drum A so that the stencil carrying segment might either engage the drum and rotate therewith or be removed from the drum and allow the drum to rotate independently.
What I claim as my invention anddesire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. In a rotary duplicator the combination of a rotatable cylinder, a removable perineable stenciLcarrying segment" thereon, an inking pad on the cylinder, inking means in.
cooperative relation with the pad on the cyl-- inder, means for detaching the segment from the cylinder to expose the inking pad thereon, and means for rotating. the cylinder independently of the segment for inking purposes.
2. In a rotary duplicator the combination of a rotatable cylinder, a removable permeable stencil-carrying segment thereon, corresponding positioning devices on the segment and cylinder, an inking pad on the cylinder, inking means in "cooperative relation with the pad on the cylinder, means for detaching the segment from the cylinder to expose the pad, and means for rotating the cylinder in-' dependently of the segment for inking purposes.
3. In a rotary duplicator the combination of a rotatable cylinder, a removable permeable stencil-carrying segment thereon, corresponding positioning devices on the segment and cylinder, an inking pad on the cylinder, means for detaching the segment from the cylinder and supporting it out of engagement with the cylinder, an inking roller hanging near the cylinder, means for bringing the roller into engagement with the pad, and means for rotating the cylinder independently of the segment for inking purposes.
4. In a rotary duplicator the combination of a rotatable cylinder, a removable permeable stencil-carrying segment thereon, corresponding positioning devices on the segment and cylinder, an inking pad on the cylinder,
means for detaching the segment from' the cylinder and supporting it out of engagement with the cylinder, an inking roller hanging.
near the cylinder, means for bringing the roller! into engagement with the pad, means for rotating the cylinder independently ofthe segment for inking purposes, and meansfor alresting the cylinder in operative position in relation to said detaching means.
' .5. In a rotary duplicator the combination of a rotatable cylinder, aremovable permeable stencilcarrying segment thereon, correand cylinder, an inking pad on the cylinder, means for detaching the segment from the cylinder and supporting it out of engagement iuith the cylinder; an inking roller hanging near the cylinder, means for bringing the roller into engagement with the pad, means for rotating the cylinder independently of the segment for inking purposes, means for arresting the cylinder in operative position in relation to said detaching means, and means for forcing the segment outwards from the'inking pad.
6. In a rotary duplicator" the combination of a rotatable cylinder, a removable permeable stencil-carrying segment thereon, correspending positioning devices on the segment and cylinder, an inking pad on the cylinder,
means for detaching the segment from the cylinder and su porting it out of engagement with the cylin er, an inking roller hanging near the cylinder, means for bringing the detaching devic'e until said impression roller is removed from the cylinder. v 7. In a rotary du licator the combination of a rotatable cylinr er, a removable perme able stencil-carrying segment thereonfan inking pad on the cylinder, means for detaching the segment from the cylinder and.
supporting it out of engagement with the cylinder, means for rotating the cylinder independently of the se ment for inking purposes, an ink receptacle in proximity to cylinder, an inking roller Hanging in said receptacle, means for bringing the inking roller into engagement with the pad, and means for retaining the inking roller out of engagement with the pad. 1'
8. In a rotary du licator. the combination of a rotatable cylin er, a removable permeable stencil-carrying segment thereon, an inking pad on t e cylinder, means for detachingthe segment from the cylinder and supporting it out of engagement with the cylin er, means for rotating the cylinder independently of the segment for inklng urposes, an ink receptacle in proximity to t e cylin- .der, an inkingroller han ing in said rece tathe roller from rotation when it is desired only to spread the ink on the pad.
9. Ina rotary duplicator the combination of a main frame, a cylinder rotatably mounted therein, an inking pad on said cylinder,
ed therein, en inking ed onv said cylinder, a.
segment oi eniorstm metal arranged to it over the pit en inking sheet stretched over said segment, e stencil stretched over said sheet, an inking roller hanging neer said cylinder, a tilting frame pivoted in said main frame and arranged to engage ssid segment and to detach it and support it out of on gagement with the cylinder, means for b'rin mg the inlain roller into engagement Witi the pod and e,handle geared to the'cylinder for rotsting it.\
11. In 9, rotilry du licstor the combination of a main frame, n cy inder rotetehl y mounted therein, an inking pad on said cylinder, s segment or perforated metsl arranged to fit over the pad, on inking sheet stretched over said se ment, at stencil stretched over seid sheet, hutments on said cylinder and allotments on sand segment to secure and register it on the cylinder, at tilting frame pivoted in the main frame and arranged to segment of erforeted engage the se merit, e handle on said frame errenged to t1 t it to carry the segment out of engagement with. the cylinder, en inking roller hen ing near said. cylinder, meens for bringing tie inking roller into on egenient with the pad, and on opereting hem le geared to the cylinder for rotating it.
12. In a rotary duplicator the combination of a main frame, a cylinder rotetehly mounted therein, en inking necl on ssid cylinder, a metal arranged to fit overthe pa an inkin sheet stretched over seidse ment, e stencil stretched over said sheet, ail) ments on said segment to secure and register c linder for rotating it and having a recess t erein, and a stop pivoted in the main frame and arranged to engage said recess to fix the c linder in operative position in relation to the tilting frame.
13. In a rotary duplicator the combination of a main frame, a cylinder rotetsbly inonnted therein, an inking pad on seid cylinder, e
ot segment of perforsterl metal errenged to lit utments on said cylinder and chut senses over the pad, en inking sheet stretched over said segment, e stencil stretched over said sheet, shutrncnts on said cylinder sndehnt ments on said segment to secure and register it on the cylinder, at tilting trance pivoted in the main frame and arranged to engage the segment, at handle on said frame arranged to tilt it to carry the segment out of engagement With the cylinder, en inking roller henging near said c linder, means tor bringing t e inking roller into engagement with pod, an operating handle geared to the cylinder for rotating it end having it recess ther in, s, s top piv otcd in the main. ireinc and errenged. to engage said recess to i eretivc position in relation to the t trains, and e lever pivoted to said 1/ and heving e to crwegc en on stud segment normel a lo rotsin e16 st but to i'orce it outwerds when the lever turned.
M. in s rotary duplicator the combination of e mein frsine, e cylinder rotetahly mount ed therein, en mkinggm-d on sand cylinder, a. segment of perforate metal arranged to it iii thenmin heme end arran ed to engage the segment, e handle on said reme srrsnged to tilt it to carry the segment out of engagement I with the cylinder, an inkin r roller hanging near said cylinder, means tor bringing the inking roller into engagement with the pad,
en opcreting handle geared to the cylinder for rotating it end hevin r e recess therein, e-
stop pivoted in the main erne end errenged to engage said recess to fix the cylinder in op era-ti've position in relction to the tiltin frame, e lever pivoted to said cylinder and its.
having a recess to engage en elontnient on,
said segment normally to retain the stencil but to force it outwards when the lever is turned, a spring-controlled 1m. rcssion roller below the cylinder, and s hens lever operw U tively connected therewith errengcd to lochthe handle on the tilting tremeexccpt when the impression roller is removed irornthe cylinder,
to. his rotary duplicator comb" or" erneiii ireine, c cylinder rotstehly mountedtlierein, en inking ed on 'cyli nderg-e segment ofperforete rnctel arranged to lit.
over said pad, e tilting trsrne pivoted in said main frame and arranged to eng go said sagment end to detach it and support it out oi engagement with the cylinder, means fort" teting the cylinder independently of the seg ment for inking purposes, on inkin trough 1 proximity to the cylinder, en in ring roller? hanging in sand trough, e handle connected to said roller end it eetch end stop for limiting the movement of ssid hen-tile.
i over the pad, en inking sheet stretched over.
' mg the pad, Sui."
, iramo, o rotary cylinder i iioroon, o
over saici main frame and armngea to ongago SfitlC mom; and to dokaoh midi support; it om: of
engagement with tho oyiindoi', moansaffor rom'ung the oyhmiei mci-apndently oi the sag merit iotinking purpososi, animating; rough in proximity to the oyiindor, on inking roiior' solo trough, o handie connooiod. to
ha-ngiifig in said roiier and a. eaten and stop iimitiiw the movement '5 said handie, a. "sooilhou wheel fixed to tho and of the roller and 'pijv oc-od catch to engogo said Wheel and i ook the roller when is to be used; as: an ink sigoreoding dovioe. I
17. A yota'ry duplicator hoof .g a ofiao'ofoio on iniui'ig pod, 3, removable stencil sang/Eng frame oi'msvbmoi-ed to supmri; a stonoii ibhroughoiit its extent, the oyiin ior capable of being rotated indopen dent of the a nail carrying immo for ink iaiiy riesoiibod.
18. A rota-r7 (i3 iiioo'tor having rotambie :yiindei' provided with an'inking pod, o movabha stencil carrying Tami} oonssmot-oci 'to support a, stencil throughout its extent,
and means fol rotating the oyiinderindopondonuiy of the, sfien'oii oarryin mm for inking the pad, subsiantiai'i T as oesoribed! I 19. A roibary Qiuoiioatoi' com rising a frame, a rotatable oyiinder mountea thereon, ii stenoil carrier removabiyoosociofiod with the cylinder and able of being supported upon thofmmo independent of the oyiindoz to permii; rotation of the iofitor :foi iii i-iing purposes, Sllbfitiflltfifi-iiff as desciih-oi.
20. rota? dupiiooior oompri rif iotacimbiy aosooia-ted wiih ho and means carried. the for? on k ing the stencil o -1*1'i61 independent if mo oyi- *oo rooation of the iaietoi" ing purposes, mifastozitiaiiy as dosozfibo 21. romw" duplicator comprising x 2i, rota oyimder ihoroon, 8. so ooii earner: romova-biy aissoomtofi with tho oyiin m inio subsamitiaily as desonbou,
A rotary duplicator o0 'ipi'ising o roifio toblo cylinder provided with an pad, 1 stencil cm'rying iromo upon the oyiimier Constructed to sup ort a. si'isncil throughout its extomb and capo iii of being removed to 6X"- pose the pod, and inking'me'ons oapsibio of being brought into cooperative relation with 70 die pod when the stencil carrying flame is removed, the cylii der oapabio of being Y0 mined when the stencil om'rying frame 3.8 to moved for Wiping the pad across tho inking means, subsmntioliy as described.
A rotary dupiiooaoir comprising a frmno, a rotaiay cylinder mounted thereon and proi' ided with. an inkling pad, 9, stenoii mm! remombly associated. with the padded part of the cylinder, moaaia upon the frame 80 at one side of the oylindoi foz sup wiping the carrier when removed *hom oyiinder, mid inking'moans upon'tho fmin eiit iho'op osito side of the cyiinder, said inkiiig moons sing normally out of contaot wifoh'tho cyiimier and oopzibio of being brought into co5pom-' tivo roiotioziwith tho pod whom: the candor is removed, and 'nho fiyilmdfl? oopobio of being yoiawbod to VI the par); tho inking moans, substantially diosmsibeni. so
In testimony ii hereof 1 how signed my. name to ibis in .tho presenoo