US 887217 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED MAYfl 2, l 9 08.
IW. A. OLIPHANT.
POST. APPLIGAT'ION F1LBD.JAN.3. 1908.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
with woes j No. 887,217. PATENTED MAY 12, 190.8. W. A. OLIPHANT.
lPQST. APPLICATION FILED JAN. 3, 1908.
WILLIAM A. OLIPHANT, OE PETERSBURQ, INDIANA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 12, 1908.
Application filed January 3, 1908. Serial No. 409,185.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known .that I, WILLIAM A. OLI- PH'ANT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Petersburg, in the county of Pike and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Posts, of which the following is a specification.
This invention has for its object an improved construction of fence post thatgwill possess characteristics of simplicity of construction, and efficiency and durability, in that thepost when set will resist to a maximum degree the ravages of time and the elements and will be otherwise strong in construction and -rigid or stable in position when once set, and a further object of the invention is a post of this character embodying particularly an improved construction of post which 'may be folded, as will be hereinafter fully described, so as to occupy a small amount of Apace during sl'iipment.
With these and other objects in view as' will more fully appear as the description proceeds, the. invention consists in certain construct-ions, arrangements and combinations of the parts that l shall hereinafter fully describe and then point out the novel features in the appended claims.
Por a full umlerstanding of the invention, reference is to be had to the following description and aclacompanying drawings, in which: y
Figure l is a persiwctive View of a fence post constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view of the post; Fig. S is a perspective view of the. base of the post showing it in folded condition read)v for shipment. Fig. -t is a fragmentary perspective View of one of the plates; Fig. 5 is a xside elevation of another embodiment of my improved fence post, the
upper portion of the post proper being broken awa and the foundation being shown in section: l1`ig. o is a horizontal sectional view on the line t---t vof Fig. 5; Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a. post slimving its reinforcing members` folded up against the plates of the post; and, Fig. H is a perspective view of a further embooiment of the invention.
Corresponding and like parts are referred to in t-he following description and indicated in all the viewsof the dranings b v the same reference clnn'at-.ters` The base A of' in v improved tence post in that embodiment of the invention illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 1 comprises two plates 1 which are preferably composed of sheet metal and which are provided at their lower edges with rivets 2 0r studs that constitute tliefastening means wherebyA to lpivotally secure the lends of the reinforcing members 3 to the plates. In this form of the inven-l tion, the vreinforcing members 3 comprise narrow strips of sheet metal bent into U- shape as shown with their ends pivotally connected to the lower ends of the plates 1, so that the two reinforcing members may be extended outwardly from the plates 1, as illustrated in Fig. 1, or swung around the side edges of the plates and over the opposite ends thereof whereby to securely hold the two plates together and the entire base in folded condition, as illustrated in Fig. 3. Hence, it will be seen that the device may be shipped in. a substantially fiat condition, ready to be extended and set up for use, the
arrangement of the parts being such as to securely holdthe two plates together when the reinforcing members are swung around over the upper edges of the plates and the entireV baser being thus rendered practically.
secure from injuryA in handling.
The vplates 1 are formed with bonding openings 4t and the upper edges of the. plates are offset or bent inwardly as indicated at 5. The plates 1 embrace the lower end of the Ypost proper (i, which may be either of wood or metal. lf the former, the plates are secured to the board constituting the post proper by means of nails or screws as illustrated in the drawing, the plates being formed with openings to receive the fastening devices and being prefer: .bly provided with reinforcing plies 7 on their inner faces, said reinforcing plies being riveted or otherwise secured at one or more points to the plates l and being formed with openings through which the fastening devices extend. YVhgn the plates are secured to the post ti, the offset i edges 5 of the plates tit in groovesS formed in the two oil'set faces of the post, thereby lCt assisting in seeming the parts together and dug deep enough to receive the plates 1 and reinforcing members 2% in extended relation,
the hole being of any desired or predetermined width` (loncrete or any other similar substance 1s thon poured into-the hole to ltlti Cir form a foundation for the post, as indicated at 9. The said foundation substance eX- tends through the openings 4 so as to form a bond and it incases the reinforcing member 3 whereby to secure a firm found ation. Pref erably the foundation extends level with. or slightly' above the surface of the ground, but preferably terminates short of the post proper, or at least does not extend above such' lower edge.
As the plates l are not connected together except by the reinforcing members, it is obvious that they may be fitted to the posts of different thicknesses according as taste or judgment may dictate, or the exigencies of the caserequire.
ln thltt form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 5 ad 7, the plates l 1 are formed in their lower edges with apertures to receive the loo ed ends 22 of reinforcing members 33, suc loo ed ends constituting the fastening means w iich pivotally connects the reinforcing members to the plates. In this embodi ment the reinforcing members are of wire, as clearly indicated in the drawings, and they are three in number .and converge slightly towards their lower or free ends. The two outermost reinforcing members are preferably formed of one piece of wire bent into substantially lli-shape, as indicated, with a cross bar 44 around which the intermediate or reinforcing member is looped near its outer end, asindicated at 55. y
The plates 11 are formed with bonding openings 66 and the outer edges of the plates are oiiset or bent inwardly as indicated at 77 to 'fit in grooves 99 in the oil'set faces of the post proper 88. kln this forni of the invention, 100' designates the concrete foundation, and A designates the entire base.
ln that form or embodiment of the invention illustrated in Fig. 8, the base A comprises plates lL to which the looped ends 2a .of the reinforcing members and wires 3 are connected. ln that form of 'the invention, there are six reinforcing members or wires, all of which converge downwardly. Four of these renforcing members are secured to the respective plates l*L above the lower edges thereof and at the side edges thereof and are arranged in pairs', the members of each pair being looped around the'crossbar la of the other two .members, as indicated at 5a, these latter being constructed of one integral piece of wire secured atits ends to both plates laL at the lower edges of the same. ln this arrangement valso, the platos l are formed with bonding openings 6L and with o'llset edges 7 iitting in grooves 9 of the post proper Sa. In this embodiment, as well as those above described, the post is held firmly in place by a foimdation of concrete or similar material.
p in placing the posts, it li-mzrds be used. ,for the ser/,err
From the foregoing description in connec-` tionwith the accompanying drawing, will be seen that l have provided a very simple,
'durable and eiicient construction of fence post which may ,be cheaply made and when set will be firm in place and capable of withstanding hard use. As the wooden portion of the post, if wood be used for, the post proper', 1s held out of contact with the soil, it will not be subjected to decay as would otherwise be the case, and will therefore last a considerable time. i
Havingl thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is:
l. A fence post comprising a post proper, and a base to which the post is secured, the base comprising plates embracing the Apost and formed with inwardly turned upper ex? trernities embedded in the post, and reinforcing members secured to and extending downwardly from saidplates. 2. A post of the character described, comprising a post proper and a base therefor, the base com rising plates embracing and secured to t e lower end of the post proper and extending below the same, and reinforcing members connected at one end to one plate' and at another end tothe other plate and arranged to extend' downwardly below the plates.
3.' A post of the character described, com rising a post proper and a base therefor, the ase comprising plates embracing and secured to the post proper and extending below the same, and. reinforcing members connectedl to both of said plates below the lower end ol' the post and adapted, in set up condition to extend downwardly below the.
lower edgeof the plates and yadapt id to foldv into engagement with the face thereof,
4. A fence post base, comprising plates de n, signed to embrace the lower end of t Le fence post and extend below the same, and reinforcing members connected to both of said plates and adapted to fold around the side edges thereof.` i
5. A fence post base, comprising plates adapted to be secured to the fence post, and reinforcing members pivotally connected at same and adapted tobe swung laterally over the opposite ends of the plates.
ln testimony whereof l aliiX my signature in presence of two witnesses.
lll. A. Olill'jllANT.
their ends to both plates at one end of the