US 887448 A
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No. 887,448. PATENT-ED MAY 12, 1908. M. WILLINGER.
SCRAP BOOK 6w.
APPLICATION FILED DEC.20,1907.
2 SHEETSSHEBT 1.
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No. 887,448. PATENTED MAY 12, 1908. M. WILLINGER.
SCRAP BOOK, &0.
APPLICATION FILED DBO. 20,1907.
2 SHEETSSHEBT 2.
UNITED PATENT @FFlCE.
MAX \YllililNGElt, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, Max ll naa'xenn, formerly a subject of the Czar of Russia, but having declared my intention of becoming a citizen of the United States, and residing in the borough of ll'lanhattan, city, county, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Scrap- Books, &c., of which the following is a specification.
My improvements relate to the class of books used for filing and exhibiting various articles, such as post cards, pictures, letters, prescriptions, samples and the like, where the thickness of the articles to be so filed is to be compensated for by fillers interposed between certain pages.
My main object is to afford. a simple cheap structure in which the stitching together of the signatures is rendered unnecessary, while greater strength is attained, and the book at the same time is adapted to be opened flat to the fullest extent without injury to the parts.
The distinguishing feature of the invention consists essentially in arranging and util izing the filler folds in such manner that they answer not only as fillers but also as a means of uniting the several signatures as hereinafter described and claimed specifically.
In the accompanying drawin s 1 have Shown my invention as applied, by way of illustration, to an album for post cards, although I do not restrict myself thereto since my method of forming and securing together the filler folds of the signatures is adapted to books of various other kinds in which papers or other articles are to be inserted.
Figure 1, is a view of a portion of one of the end signatures; Fig. 2, is an edge view of a portion thereof on a larger scale, showing the filler fold; Fig. 3, is a view of a portion of the center of one of the intermediate signatures marked for folding; Figs. l, 5 and 6, are partial edge views upon an enlarged scale illustrating the method of folding; Fig. 7, a simi lar view illustrating the oining of two intermediate signatures; Fig. 8, is a view of a portion of the album open flat; Fig. l), is an enlarged and exaggerated edge view of the cen tral portions of the signatures and back to illustrate clearly the structure and its flexibility; Fig. 10, is a detail upon the same enlarged scale of the central portion of a single signature.
The main portion of the book is composed of any suitable number of folded sheets or Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed December 20, 1907.
Patented May 12, 1908.
Serial No. 407.407.
j signatures S. These signatures each consist of a sheet of paper or other suitable material of such size and shape as to form two leaves 2, 2, when folded centrally, on the line 3.
In preparing the sheet to form the signature lines -'land 5 parallel to the center line 3 are formed, marked or inscribed in any suitable manner, the object being to indicate the line of, and facilitate, the folding of the centralportion of the sheet to form the tillers o, e.
The inner opposed surfaces of the filler folds 6, 6, are pasted, glued or otherwise caused to adhere positively together. It will be noted that the width of fold between 3 and 4 is greater than that between 4- and 5 so that the central eight or angle is not cramped but has sufficient margin to insure an easy play by and between the leaves when the filler folds or adjoining signatures are secured together.
In Fig. 1-, the method of folding is indieated. In lfiig. 5 the inner opposed surfaces of the folds between 3 and 4 and t and 5 are shown as glued or otherwise secured together, and Fig. 6 shows them thus united but with the leaves 2, 2, of the signatures S, slightly apart. Fig. 7, shows the outer surface of one tiller fold on one signature S pasted, glued or otherwise caused to adhere positively to the opposed surface of one of the tiller folds of the next adjoining signature S, and in this way the body of the book is built up and assembled,the distinguishing fea ture in this connection being the forming of a filler fold 6 on each side of superposed leaves 2, 2, forming the signature, so that said filler folds not only act as fillers, but also are available as means whereby adjoining signatures may be glued or otherwise permanently caused to adhere together through the medium of said filler folds in such manner as to permit of the free articulation of all leaves. This arrangen'icnt of the filler folds 6, one on each side of the leaves 2, 2, forming a signature is illustrated clearly upon an enlarged scale in Fig. 10, and in Fig. 2), upon the same enlarged scale, the attachment and relation to each of the several intermediate signatures through the medium of their respective filler folds is shown. By this construction and arrangement of parts I secure a flexibility of connection that admits of the opening of the leaves freely and flatly, or essentially so, as ii'ldieated in Figs. 8 and 9, by reference to which. latter it will be understood that the articulation of the leaves is practically unrestricted, and that the book may be opened at any page and spread out horizontally if desired, since the central portions 33, of the several signatures S form collectively a flexible ligature which is free to adapt itself to all the requirements of use. In other words, considered as a backing, and with relation to the body of the book, this flexible ligature or connection by which the several signatures are coupled together can assume either a convex or a concave position with equal facility and without uneven strain or tension on the parts, even when attached to a stiff backing B, and side boards or covers 5, b, as shown in said Figs. 8 and 9.
WVhen thus attached to a back B, and side covers 6, b, I prefer to form the first and last signatures of the book with but a single filler fold 66, for purpose of attachment to the filler fold of the next adjoining intermediate signature,the outer or end leaf in each case being pasted or otherwise secured to the cover board I), on that side of the book, although this construction and arrangement of end signatures is not essential or indispensable, and I do not confine myself thereto.
It is to be noted particularly that by my construction what is practically a single filler of four thicknesses of material is interposed between ad oining intermediate signatures, said filler consisting of the united folds of two adjoining signatures, and affording ample compensation or accommodation for the thickness of the cards or other articles lnserted in or imposed upon the pages, and
to secure by Letters Patent is,
1. In a book of the character designated, a
series of signatures each consisting of a folded sheet the central portion of which is formed with two filler folds, one on each side of the signature, the opposed surfaces of the filler folds on adjoining signatures being glued or otherwise made to adhere to each other, for the purpose described.
2. In a book of the character designated, the combination with a book cover, of a series of intermediate signatures each consisting of a folded sheet the central portion of which is formed with two filler folds, one on each side of the signature, the opposite surfaces of the filler folds of adjoining signatures being made to adhere together, and end signatures consisting each of a folded sheet having a single filler fold made to adhere to the opposed filler fold of the adjacent intermediate signature, each of said end signatures being also attached by one leaf to the adjoining cover board, for the purpose described.
WVitnesses D. W. GARDNER, G120. WM. MIATT.