US 887729 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED MAY 12, 1908.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
J m w H Swbawl'oz PATENTED MAY 12, 1908. 0. E. KIRMSE. FOLDING BOX.
APPLICATION TILED MAR. 15, 1904.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
avweufoz GUM/1mg UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
OSCAR E. KIRMSE, OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, ASSIGNORTO THE FRIEDENWALD COMPANY,
OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, A CORPORATION OF MARYLAND.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 12, 1908.
Application filed March 15, 1904f Serial No. 198,214.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, OSCAR E. KIRMsn, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city of Baltimore, State of Maryland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Folding Boxes, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to boxes which are commonly formed of pasteboard or similar upon one side in such manner that the outside and inside ofthe box have finished surfaces. In certain of its aspects, however,
' my invention is applicable" to boxes having widely different constructions.
In all the figures the dotted lines indicate scores and the full lines indicate out edges.
Figure 1 is a view showing the blank; Fig. 2 is a view showing the blank with certain of its sections doubled upon each other; Fig. 3 is a view showing the box and lid complete except that certain flaps have not been bent into place to form the bottom of the box and the top of the lid; Fig. 4 is a section on the line AA'of Fig. 3 looking in the direction of the arrow; Fig. 5 is a View showing the completed box with the lid open; and Figs. 6 and 7 are views showing modifications.
The blank from which the box is formed may, for purposes ofdescription, be divided into three sections B, O and D, Figs; 1 and 2.
The section B comprises the parts 1, 2, 3,
4 and 5, the section 0 comprises the parts 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10, all of which parts are divided by scores as shown, and the section D comprises the parts 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15, al 0 divided by scores. The section B is adapted toform the interior of the body of the box and its parts 1, 2, 4 and 5 respectivel have the extensions 16, 17, 18 and 19. Whic form the neck'of the box and inclose its mouth. The section 0 is adapted to form the exterior of the body of the box and its parts 6, 8 and '9 respectively, have extensions or flaps 20, 21 and 22 for forming the bottom. The section parts 11, 13 and 14 respectively, having the extensions or flaps 23, 24 and 25 for forming the top of the lid. The sections O and D are longer than the section B, as the former must surround the latter. Throughout-the specificationan'd claims the bottom of the box is D is adapted to form the lid of the box, the
considered that portion which is opposite the mouth or opposite the lid where one, is employed, and the body is considered to'be the portion between the bottom and mouth.
To form the box from the blank, the sections B and C are doubled upon each other, Fig. 2, and the doubled piece may. then be bent, angles being formed at the scored. lines, and the parts 5, 6, 1, and 10 secured together by paste or other suitable means, thus forming the body and neck of the box,
Figs. 3 and 4. Thesection D may then be folded about the neck formed by the extensions 17, 18 and 19 and the part 15 secured to the part 11 near its edge. lid may then be closed in a well known manner by bending the flaps 23 and 24 inwardly and folding the flap 25 over them, insertlng the edge of the flap 25 between the edges of the flaps 23 and 24 and the part 12 of the lid. In a similar manner the bottom of the box is formed by folding the flap 22 over the flaps 20 and 21. The box is then complete as shown in Fig. 5, in which figure the lid 26, the neck 27 of reduced size over which the lid fits, and the body 28 of the box'are clearly shown. As the part 6 of the section C and the part 11 of the section Dare integral, a hinge between the lidand the body of the box maybe formed by makin a score at the junction of the parts'll and 6.
To'improve the appearance of the box especially when it is formed of pasteboard or The top of the like material, it is desirable that its exterior present a finished or calendered surface, and in order that articlesmay be easily inserted and withdrawn from the box as well as for the sake of cleanliness, it is desirable that the interior surface of the-box be finished also. To reduce the cost of construction, it is desirable to use material finished upon one side only. According to this invention, a box presenting finished surfaces u on both itsinterior and exterior can be pro need from such material, thus if the blank shown in Fig. 1 be regarded as finished upon the side away from the observer, the completed boxformed from it in a manner as hereinbefore described, will terior of the neck and the bottom.
If the section D be severed from the mainder of the" blank a box having a de- "tached cover, as shown in-Fig. 7, may be obtained in a manner similar to that employed in forming the box shown in Fig. 5, and the neck and cover may be made'of the same height all around bymakingfthe sections B and D rectangular instead of indented as shown. The box shown in Fig. 6, may be made by cutting the tops of parts 6 andS at an oblique anglewith the sides instead of making them rectangular andmodifying the curvature of the extensions 17 and 18. Other modifications of roportionsand configuration may be ma e without departing from this invention.
My improved box may be collapsed at any time by opening the ends, as shown in Fig. 3 and then folding the walls 4 and 5 (Fig. 4) against the walls 3 and 2 respectively. In this way the box can be made perfectly fiat so that it takes up practically no more space than is occupied y the material of which the box is constructed. The boxes may be shipped in this collapsed condition or they may be shipped fiat, as shown in Fig. 1, or with one fold, as shown in Fig. 2, and assembled when needed.
Without limiting myself to the precise construction and arrangement of parts shown and described, I claim- 1. A box ada ted to be set up for use or folded flat for's ipment, at will, comprisin "a body composed of inner and .outer layers'o material thein'ner layer projecting beyond the outer layer'to form a neck, and alid hinged to the outer layer and adapted to fit over and inclose said neck.
2. A box ada ted to be set up for use, or foldedflat for s 'pment, at will, comprising a body of rectangular cross section com ose of inner vand outer layers of materia, the inner layer projecting above the outer layer to form a neck, and a top of similar crosssection hinged to the outer layer and adapted to fit over and inclose said neck. i
3. A box ada ted to be set up for use or folded flat for s ipment, at will, comprising a body composed of inner and outer layers of material secured together, the inner layer being extended above the outer layer to form a neck, flaps integral with the outer layer and extending from the lower end thereof to form the bottom of the box, anda cover section integral with the outer layer and havin a portion adapted to surround the neck am.
and acover section connected with the outer layer and adapted to inclose the neck.
5. A box ada ted to be set up for useor I folded fiat for s i ment, at will, comprising a body of rectangu ar cross-section, com osed of inner and outer layers of material, t e inner layer projecting beyond the outer layer upon three sidesthereof to form a neck, a cover section inte ral with the outer layer and adapted to inc ose the neck, and suitable fiaps for forming the bottom of the box.
6. A box adapted to be set up for use or folded flat for shipment, at will, comprising a body of rectangular cross-section composed of inner and outer layers of material, said layers being integral, extensions of the inner layer forming a neck for the box, and two sets of extensions of the outer layer formin r 're spectively a bottom and a cover for the ox, t e cover bein severed from the body upon three sides of -t e box.
7. The herein described integral blank for a box adapted to be set up for use or folded flat for shlpment, at will, comprising an inner body section or lining having extensions to form a neck, an outer body section having flaps to form the bottom of the box, and a cover sectlon having portions to encircle the neck and flaps to form the top of the box.
8. A box'adapted to be set up for use or folded flat for sh1 ment, at will, consisting in a sin l e iece of material cut, scored and folde' to orm a'bodycomposed of inner and outer layers, the inner layer extending above the outer layer to form a neck, flaps connected with the outer layer and forming the bottom of the box, and-a cover section connectedwith the outer layer and adapted to inclose the neck. 1
9. A box adapted to be set up for use or folded flat for shipment, at will, consisting of a single piece of material cut, scored and folded, substantially as described, to form a box having a double body, a bottom,aneckprotruding beyond the outer layer of the body; and a hinged cover fitting over the neck.
10. A box adapted to be set up for use or folded flat for shipment, at will, consisting of a single piece of material out, scored and folded substantially as described, to form abox having a double body, a bottom, a neck proname to this specification in the presence of trudding beycpnd the1i outer layer lpf thekbofiy, two subscribing Witnesses. an a hinge cover ttin over t enec t at portion of the blank foriiling the outer layer OSCAR KIRMSE 5 of the body being longer than the portion Witnesses:
forming the inner layer. s v SIMON DALSHEIMER,
In testimony whereof I haye signed my FRANK H. WEBSTER.