US 889614 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 888,614. PATBNTED JUNE 2, 1908.
P. JoHNsBN. ART NBBDLEWORK.
` APPLICATION FILED HAB. 9'. 1908.
: sums-Sunni' 2.
im kfazzem I attoznuj;
u: D. c. ms NoRRls Petrus cu., wAsI-lmarou PETRA JOHNSEN, OF SAGOLA, MICHIGAN.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 2, 1908.
Application filed March 9, 1908. Serial No. 419,940.
T o all whom it may concern:
Beit known that'I, PETRA J onNsEN, a citi- Zen of the UnitedStates, residing at Sagola, in the county of Dickinson and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Art Needlework, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to art needlework, and it has particular reference to hand em.- broidery when executed upon very light and gauzy textile materials, such as silk chiffon and the like which, while lending` itself to very artistic treatment and beautiful, attractive work, is of such a frail and delicate nature as to render ornamentation thereof by hand embroidery, by ordinary methods, difficult or impossible of accomplishment.
The object of the present invention is to devise certain improvements in the art of hand embroidery, with special reference to the application ofsuch embroidery to silk chiffon and other similar light, filmy and gauzy textile materials, further objects of the invention being to simplify and improve the said art.
With these and other ends in view which will readily appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists in the improved construction and novel arrangementand combination of parts, and in the improved method of carrying out the work which will vbe hereinafter fully described, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings has been illustrated a simple and preferred form of the invention, it being, however, understood that no limitation is necessarily made tothe precise structural details therein exhibited, but that changes, alterations and modifications within the scope of the invention may be resorted to, when desired.
In the drawings Figure 1- is a plan view illustrating one way of carrying the in vention into practical operation, said view showing a piece of chiffon or material to be embroidered, and the embroidery pattern attached by basting to the under side thereof, and a portion of the chiffon being broken away so as to fully expose the pattern a portion of the pattern being worked in outline upon the chiffon, and other portions of the pattern being completed. Fig. 2- is a sectionalv detail view taken on the plane indicated by the line 2-2 in Fig. 1. Fig. 3- is a plan view illustrating a modified way of carrying the invention into practical operation, which is specially applicable when the material to be embroidered, while frail and delicate, is opa ue or non-transparent; said view showing t e embroidery pattern attached by basting to the upper side of the goods to be embroidered; a ortion of the pattern being worked in out `ne and other portions being finished, and the pattern being partly removed from the finished portion. Fig. 4- is a sectional detail view t'aken on the plane indicated by the line 1*4 in Fig. 3.
Corresponding parts in the several figures are denoted by like characters of reference# In'order tosuccessfully execute that class of artistic needlework which is generally known as hand embroidery, a pattern is practically indispensable, and such pattern has been usually drawn, printed, stamped or otherwise laced direct upon the goods or material w rich is to be ornamented, the lines of the pattern being subsequently removed, by washing. Silk chiffon and similar frail and delicate fabrics, however, cannot be successfully washed, and the consequence is that the lines of the pattern, however faint they may be remain to permanently disfigure the finished article, the value of which is thereby seriously reduced.
In carrying' this invention into practice, the desired pattern is printed or stamped, in outline, upon a sheet, 5, of tissue or other thin paper, and said pattern sheet is secured by basting, 6, upon the under side of the thin and frail textile fabric, 7, which is to be ornamented by embroidery, provided that said fabric is sufficiently transparent to enable the outline of the pattern to be plainly visible therethrough. The pattern sheet having been secured in position, the outline of the pattern is formed by stitching, 8, upon the fabric 7, and the pattern is subsequently worked or filled in by using the ordinary embroidery stitch, as shown at 9, the paper pattern being however removed after the working of the outline stitches 8 and prior to the filling in of the pattern by the embroidery stitches 9, in order that the presence of said paper pattern may not interfere with the emroidery work, proper.
Some materials, while frail, delicate, and non-washable are by reason of their coloring or texture rendered opaqueor non-transparent to such an extent that the pattern outline would not be readily visible therethrough. When the material to be ornamented or embroidered is of such a nature, as shown at 10 in Figs. 3 and 4, the paper pattern, here designated 11, is secured by basting, 12, upon the upper side of the material, and the stitches 13 whereby the pattern is outlined are made to extend through the pattern paper 11 as well as through the fabric 10, as will be clearly seen in Fig. 4. After placing the outline stitches the paper pattern is torn away, fragments of said paper being seen at 14 which are to be subsequently carefully removed, and the filling-in stitches, 15, are then applied.
It will be readily seen that under the present invention the most frail and delicate fabrics may be successfully ornamented with beautiful and artistic handembroidery, in a facile and convenient manner, and without the least danger of injury to the fabrics.
Having thus described my invention l claimA and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States A 1. An improvement in the art of ornainenting frail and delicate textile fabrics, uch as silk chiffon, by hand embroidery,
which consists in attaching to the fabric a paper having a pattern outlined thereon, next stitching the pattern outline upon the fabric, next removing the paper, and finally filling out the outline with the ordinary embroidery stitch.
2. An improvement in the art of ornainenting frail and delicate textile fabrics, such as silk chiffon, by hand embroidery, which consists in attaching to the upper side of the fabric a paper having a pattern outlined thereon, next stitching the pattern outline through the paper and fabric, next removing the paper, and finally filling out the outline with the ordinary embroidery stitch,
In testimony whereof l affix my signature, in presence of two witnesses.
vWitnesses 1 R. T. MILLER, EDITH SUNDs'rRoM.