US 890033 A
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' EATEETEE JUNE 9, 1908.
J. OLELLINGER. REINFORCEMENT FOR CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 4. 1907.
JULIAN 0. ELLINGER, ,OENEW roan, QY.
REINFORCEMENT FOR CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION.
Specification of Letters iatent. Application filed March 4, 1907. Serial No. 360,310.
Patented June 9, 19 08,
To all whom it may concern: j
3 Be it known that I, JULIAN O. ELLINGER, a citizen of the United States, and residing in the city, county, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Reinforcements for Concrete Construction, of which the following is a specification. V I i This invention relates to improvements in' reinforcements for 'beams, girders and the like, having their body portions composed of concrete or. analogous plastic materials.
It particularly relates to reinforcements wherein all of'the elements of the reinforce ment are designed, built, delivered, and
erected with all parts securely held together so that none will be inadvertently omitted when the concrete is molded around the same, and comprises longitudinally extending tension members connected with' each other by loops or'stirrups adapted to take I care of the shearing stresses.
One of the objects of the provide a reinforcement of the character stated, which willbe very efficient in use and may be inexpensivelyproduced. In pursuance of this object I have produced a beam or girder having longitudinally extending rods or, bars, forming tension members, and a shear member composed of a fixedly united,
system of longitudinal and transverserods which are arched between the tension members and are suitablyse'cured to the latter.
Such a construction forms beam 'or the same to the tension members;
or bars connected with each other by a web girder whichanay be produced at a minimum expense, and one in which stram imposed on.
any part of the shear member is transmitted throughout the series of longitudinal and 1' idJlSVGISQ bars composing the same, andv also to the tension members, thus making the entire network available to support $118,111"
imposed on any part thereof and to transmit This feature, however, is not broadly claimed herein as it is made the subject matter of claims embodied in my copending application -l lo.
373,633, filed May 14, 1907.
In further pursuance of the ultimate object of the invention, the tension members,
which are located at opposite sides of the beam or girder, are eachformed of two rods from which the ends of one of the rods 'or bars of each pair are severed and bent upward. Among the advantages .which this construction affords, especial attention is called to invention is to.
the fact that the weband rods of the shear membersle'nd themselves to an effective and yet economical mode of connecting the shear member to the tension members and to the positioning of the beam or girder in the mold, which, as herein shown, may be produced merely by extending the ends of the trans verse rods of the shear member through aper- 'tures inthe webs, and bending some of said ends into contact with'the outer faces of the web, allowing'others of said ends to efittend directly outward sufliciently to engage the side walls of the form and bending still others downward and extending them sufficiently to engage the bottom of the form.
Other objects will appear from the hereinafter description.
The objects are accomplished by. the construction set forth in the following description and illustrated in the accompanying drawing.
Referring to the drawing, Figure 1 is a perspective View of a reinforcement inade in accordance wlth the present mvention and shows the preferred construction thereof.
Fig. 2 is a detail planview of the means which constitute the shear member of the reinforcement. Fig. '3 is a sectional view of the reinforcement and the form in which the same is placed preparatory to the molding of the concrete or other plastic material around the reinforcement..
The same reference character designates thesame part in the several views.
- The present reinforcement comprises a pair' of side members A and A sac of which consists .;of a pair of rods a, a connected with each other by a web a ofthin sheet metal and adapted to be rolled, pressed or other- ".wise produced of the required shape.v The rod a of each of these side members is sheared from the web a at each end a suitable distance toward the center, and is left-unsevered at the central portion. v The ends of the rods (1 thus severed from-the web are then ,bentupward-at an inclinationto form vergently inclined portions 1.
I At suitable distances apart apertures 2 are provided in'the webs ofthe members A, A
for the rece tion of the ends of stirru s or loopsfb ,whic 1 are preferably of inverte approximately V form. The ends I) of some of vthese'rods b are turned downward to rest on the bottom d of the form D and thereby support the reinforcement within said form'durso I the, di- 1 mg the process of forming the concrete or otherv material around the reinforcement.
.f' x I v The ends I) of others of the loops or st irrup s extend outward from the webs to the sides d l ment in. thelatterjwhile the ends 'b"of-still others-9 f. the loops'or stirr'ups '1nay,be -;bent into closeengagement with] said webs and side nembersof the reinforcement.
'- several loops or stirrupswith each other an d -braces an v I may,-1f (l61 1f'(,l,bQfLXQClYSQGUIGd thereto in i5" loops" or stirrups wit'heach ot 1G1 and space i l .the same 1 formed. from a; net work of longitudinal rods LC,I,IGII ,jfi nd transverse rods 6', connectedwith .ea-chjfother, and are'adaptedto be bent to Callyand laterally'in the form.
v any-"suitable.distance apart and they may be v xsired angle with relation to each. other.
.' While 'I; have shown the loops or stirrups f fplaced the same distance apart, yetitjispre relative arrangemenjtof the loops or stirru s jmay, be readily on-the other side of said. center .t'owards the any suitable manner. Similar longitudinalqectingfends by which the shear member maybe fixedly secured to the side members A and" J A .of "the reinforcement and centered vertiendsofthe. reinforcementfthan at the center, as the jsliearingstres'ses are-greatest at lthe j fiends. ofitlie beamsfor'girdersy1; These loops or stirrups may the arranged vertically or" inc i centero'f the reinforcement are preferably inclined III-"2t direction the reverseof those at cutting the longitudinal rod 0 between two of -"th -e,'.rods;.,li at orncar the center-ofthe, rein- -;forcement,"and thenj forcing all the rods at oneside'of the ljon "itudinal center towards of said formand thus. center the reinforce thuslfserYeto preventseparation of the'two 'i hloiigv the top of,. the"loo or stirrups ex tends a longitudinal rod-aw iohconnects the properly s acesthe'same, and
rods 0 near the ends of the 100 s connect the As shown in Fig. 2, the shear member B is 'or n a connected series of loops or stirrups pproximately'inverted V's'hape with pro- 3. Thejl-o'ops or stirriip's may be arranged at parallel with each other, or extend at any deeIlred to place them closer together near the clinedg Those at'one side of the longitudinal he otheifside thereof; This inclination and produced when made of t e materialshown y E-ig. 2 ofthe drawing, by
one end .ofthe reinforcement and? all the rods othnend of the reinforcement;
shearing stresses and transmit strains to the Fromvthe foregoingconstruction the advantages'of my invention-will be readily understood,. and while I have shown only one form-thereof, it is to be understood that this Havingdescri ters Patent is:
scopes form is merely preferred and thatjfiinany changes may be made therein and many. a
' parentl'y widely different;embodiments of t e invention 1 may be made without departing from the spirit of the inventionflfor which reason the form herein described or shown'in the accompanying drawings :sh allfbe inter- -,prcted as illustrative and not'ina limiting sense. I desire it also to be understood that the language used in the following claims is intended to cover all oftheigenerio'and speciiie features :of the invention and all state mentsor matters relating .to orbearing upon the scope'of the invention'whicln'as a matter of language, might,,be' -'said to fall thcrebe-g tween. A
my -iny ention What Ibe -Q lieve to be new and desire to secure by l. A-re'inforoement for concrete andother 3.5
m aterial having at each side thereof a ten "-sion member composed of a plurality ofr'ods or bars and an apertured we connecting the same with eachgother, betweentheiifiends' and extending along-one of saidiar' s, and; sepa rat'ely formed arms arranged between said side members and arched between the same, having their ends projecting through the aperturesin the webs thereof. 3 2. A reinforcement for concreteandother:
i 795 material having at each side thereof a tension member composed of e -pluralityofjrodsor-f bars and an apertured web connecting the same with each other, be,tween their ends an'd extending along one of said-bars'and separately for-med arms arranged betweenisaid side members and arched between the same, i having t'heir ends projectingthroughtheapertures in the webs thereof and bent to posi-g tion the reinforcement in the form-I 3. A reinforcement for concrete and other material, having side members each composed of'a plurality of rods or bars indifferj.
ent planes, and an apertured web connecting H the same with each other, between their ends 1 1'0 and extending along the lower bar, and separately formed arms arranged in arched loops. Y between said side members and havmg thelr ends projecting through the apertures in the Webs thereof. 7 4
4, A reinforcement for concrete and other material, havin side members each 43cm posed of a pluraiity of rods or bars in different planes, and an apertured web connecting the same with each other, between their ends" and extending along the lower bar and separately formed arms arranged in arched loops between said side members and having their ends projecting through the apertures in the websthereof and bent to forcement in the form.
5. A reinforcement for concrete and other material, having side members each composed of a plurality of rods or bars in differ:
ent planes, and an apertured web connecting 130 position the rein-' I the sameiwith each other, betweentheir ends 6. A reinforcement for concrete and other material having at each side thereof a tension member composed of a lurality of rods or bars and an apertured we connectingthe same witheach other, and a network of fixedly united longitudinal andtransverse rods or arms, said network being arched between said tension mem'bers and having ends of its "transverse rods or arms extending through the webs.
7 A reinforcement for concrete and other material having at each side thereof a ten sion member composed of a lurality, of rods or bars and an apertured we connectingthe same with each other, and a network of fixedly united longitudinal and transverse i rods or arms, said network being archedbetween said tension members and having ends of its-transverse rods or'arms extending through the webs and variously bent to posi tion the reinforcement in the form.
8; A reinforcement for concrete and other material having at each side thereofa tension member composedof a plurality of rods or bars-and an apertured web connecting the same with each other, and a network of fixedly united longitudinal and transverse rods or arms, said network being arched between said tension members and having ends having ends extendingthrough the apertures connecting the.
in the web and a longitudinally extending rod or arm connecting the transverse arms with each other and fixedly united theretov 10. A reinforcement for concrete and othermaterial, having at each side thereof a ten-; sion member composed of a lurahty of rods or bars and an apertured we connecting the same witheach other, separately formed transversely-extending bent rods or arms having ends extending through the apertures in the web, and longitudinally fextending rods or arms respectively arranged near the centers and ends of the transverse arms and connecting thesame with each other and fixedly united thereto.
1 1. A reinforcement for concrete and other .material, having at each side thereof a tension member, and a series of transversely extending oppositely inclined shear members at each side of the longitudinal center of the reinforcement, each series comprising a plurality of downwardl open loops or straps arranged between said side member and to have flatwise engagement with the concrete, and separate longitudinallyextending arms eachconnecting the loops of each series together and fixedly united thereto, said shear members suitably secured to the tension members. 4
12. A reinforcement for concrete and other material, having at each side thereof a tension member composed of a )lurality of rods or bars and an apertured we connecting the same with eachother, and a seriesiof oppositely inclined shear members at each side of the longitudinal centenof the reinforcement, each series comprising-a plurality of down- .wardly'open loops or straps arranged between said side members and having their ends extending through the apertures in the webs, and lon itu'din-all extending arms connecting the 00 s ofrt e respective series together and fixed y secured thereto.
In witness'whereof I have hereunto set my hand at the city, county and'Stateof New York, this 21st day of February, 1907-.
I JULIAN o. ELLINGER. T
i In presence of JAs. E. PAYNE, A. NAMUR.