|Publication number||US890207 A|
|Publication date||Jun 9, 1908|
|Filing date||Jul 25, 1907|
|Priority date||Jul 25, 1907|
|Publication number||US 890207 A, US 890207A, US-A-890207, US890207 A, US890207A|
|Inventors||David W Anderson|
|Original Assignee||Judson L Mott|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
PATENTED JUNE 9, 1908. D. W. ANDERSON.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 25.1907.
Fig i WITNESSES:
h'LwM 7 I N VEN TOR David WAnderson,
' W BY A TTORN E Y.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
DAVID W. ANDERSON, OF LA FAYETTE, INDIANA, ASSIGNOR TO J'UDSON L. MOTT, OF LAPORTE,
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Juno 9, 1908.
--Application filed July 26, 1907. Serial No. 885,478.
T all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, DAVID W. ANDERSON, of La Fayette, county of Tippecanoe, and State of Indiana, have invented a certain new and useful Door-Check; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanving drawings, in which like letters refer to like parts.
The object of this invention is to provide a simple, economical and durable door check that includes means for providing an air cushion.
One feature of the invention consists in combining with a door, a spring or equivalent means that tends to close the door, and means for providin an air cushion that tends to check the c osing movement of the door. 4
Another feature of the invention consists in the combination with a door of means providing an air cushion for resisting the closing movement of the door, and a spring that tends to press said means always towards or against the door.
Another feature of the invention consists in a hook and push lug secured to the door for operating the )iston in the air cylinder so that the piston wi l be withdrawn during the first part of the opening movement of the door and then the piston rod will disengage the hook during the remainder of the opening movement of the door. And the push lug is situated opposite and adjacent to said hook so that the first partof the closingmovementof the .door will be rapid, during which the piston rod will ride over the hook and engage the push lug and the'air in the cylinder be compressed as the door finishes its closing movement, so as. to check only the latter part of the closing movement of the door.
These and the other features of the invention will be understood from the accompanying drawings and the following description and claims. I
In the drawings Figure 1 is a horizontal section through a door equipped with my door check, the door beingclosed. Fi 2 is the same with the arts in position 1 uring the first portion of tlie opening movement of the door. Fig. 3 is the same with the parts in iosition when the door is about half open am the )iston rod has disengaged the hook 55 on the door, the door being partly broken away. Fig. 4 shows the position of parts with the door entirely open, the door sing broken away. Fig. 5 is a central longitudinal vertical section through the major portion of the air cushion mechanism, parts .0 ing in end section. Fig. 6 is a central horizontal longitudinal section through the hook, push lug, and end of the piston rod, the parts being shown in their position during the latter part i the closing movement of the door, and parts being broken away. Fig. 7 is the same with the parts in position during the first part of the opening movement of the door. Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the casting that carries the hook and push lug. Fig. 9 is a detail showing the means for regulating the outlet of the air from the air cylinder.
There is shown in the drawings one side of a door casing 10 with a door 11 mounted 15 thereon by means of spring hinges 12, the springs 13 of said hinges tending to close the oor. While I have shown here one form of spring hinge, I do not wish to be limited to any articular form of spring hinge or to any particular manner in which a spring or equivalent means may be used that tends to close the door.
On the casing inside the door I place a bracket 15 having two horizontal parallel 35 ears between which the head 16 of the air cylinder 17(is ivoted by a pin 18. A spr' 19 is coiled a out the pin 18 with one on bearing against one side of the head 16 of the air cylinder and the other end bearing against one side of the bracket 15. The object of this s wring 19 is to normall push the outer end oi the air cylinder 17 a ways towards or against the door. The air cylinder 17 screws within the'head 16 and is held from coming 95 apart by a screw 20. This screw also er forms the. function of regulating the exit of air through the groove 21 in tne screw 20. This is a tapering groove so that the further in the screw 20 is turned, the smaller will be the passagewa and, in fact, the passing? way may be c osed entirely by turning t e screw in to its limit.
The piston rod 25 is a double rod or link operating through the end of the cylinder 17 and secured to the piston 26. On the side of the door a casting .27 is secured having a beveled. portion 28 with a recessed portion 29, a hook 30, and the push lug 31. The
book and push lug are opposite each other,
and the hook'is on an inclination between the bevel surface 28 and the recess 29. The
ction of the bevel surface 28 is to gradually pry the end of the piston rod 25 out of engagement with the hook 30 as the door is gradually opened-so that during the latter alf of the .o ening movement of the door the piston rod is disengaged from the hook, and during the latter part of said opening movement of the door the piston rod is gholly disengaged from the door, as seen in The operation will be understood from the following description: When in the position shown in Fig. 1, the end of the piston rod 25 is resting in the recess 29 in the casting 27, and, therefore, the end of the piston is behind the hook 30. As thedoor is drawn open the piston rod 25 is drawn in a direc tron awa from the cylinder 17 until the door is a most half open or almost reaches the position shown in Fig. 3, whereupon the beveled surface of the casting 27 disengages the piston rod 25 from the catch 30. During the following portion of the o ening movement of the door, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 the door is free to move without further action on the piston rod, but the spring 19 continues to hold the cylinder against the oor, as seen in Fig. 4.
When the door is released, the spring 13 in the bin e closes the door. Since the piston rod is w olly disconnected from the door, the first half of the closing movement of the door is very rapid, but after the door has passed through more than half of its closing movement, the push lug 31 engages the end of the piston rod and moves the piston in the cyl inder. The air cushion in the cylinder resists the inward pressure of the piston and thereby checks the door in the latter part of its closing movement but does not entirely stop such closing movement and, therefore,
allows the door to close without slamming, for air escapes from the air 0 linder so that the spring 13 in the hinge o? the door will continue to push the door to its closing position as the air escapes from the cylinder. is thus seen that a very simple and cheap pneumatic door check is provided that is ada ted for screen doors and all other forms of oors, the parts being made heavier for heavier doors. Particular attention is called to the fact that during the major portion of the openin movement of the door it is free from the same is true during the major portion of the closing movement of the door, so that it will close ralpidly. This re. )id closing of the door particu arly adapts te device for screen doors and all doors in the summer time, where it is desired to keep flies and the like out of the house.
What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
The combination with a spring-closing door of an air-cushioning mechanism for checkin the closing movement of the door that is isengaged from the door during the latter part of the opening and first part of 'the' closing movement of the'door, means on the door for operating said mechanism during the first part of the opening movement and the last part of the closing movement of the door, a push lug secured to the door adapted to engage the piston rod during the latter part of the closing movement of the door, and a s )ring that tends to force the air cylinder and piston rod towards the door.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto affixed my signature in the presence of the witr nesses herein named.
DAVID W. ANDERSON Witnesses:
N. ALLEMONG, W. M. GENTLE.
oor check mechanism, and the
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