Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS891405 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 23, 1908
Filing dateDec 11, 1907
Priority dateDec 11, 1907
Publication numberUS 891405 A, US 891405A, US-A-891405, US891405 A, US891405A
InventorsGeorge Cassens
Original AssigneeGeorge Cassens
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 891405 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 891,405. PATENTBD JUNE 23, 1908.

G. oAssENs.



Hf@ 5,. 1%@40 f WQ w j .1




Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented June 23, 1908.

Application led December 11, 1907. Serial No. 406,054.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, GEORGE OAssENs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Hamel, in the county of Madison and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Eaves-Trough, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to eaves troughs.

The object of the invention is to provide a novel, simply constructed, cheap, durable, and thoroughly efficient article of this character that shall be peculiarly adapted for conducting water, fal ing upon the roof of a building in connection with which it is used, to a suitable cistern or reservoir, and, at the sam'e time, preventing transmission along with the conserved water of vegetable matter, in the form of twigs or leaves, whereby contamination of the water is obviated and the rotting away of the trough, due to retention of such matter, is positively precluded. Furthermore, to simpllfy and cheapen the construction of such articles, and to facilitate their attachment to place upon the cornices of buildings.

With the above and other objects in view, as will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists, generally stated, in a combined eaves trough and shield made from a single piece of metal and provided with means for catching rain water, and also for preventing assage to the trough of leaves, twlgs, or the li ze, whereby the conserved water will be clean and fit. for human consumption.

The invention consists, further, in the various noveldetails of construction of an eaves trough, as will be hereinafter fully described and claimed.

In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this'specification, and in which like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts, Figure l is a view, in vertical transverse section, through an eaves trough constructed in accordance with the present invention, and through the cornice of a building to which it is attached. Fig. 2 is a to plan view of the eaves trough.

T e trough or body 1 is herein shown as approximately semi-circular in cross section, a though this is not essential, as it may be of other contours, and still be within the sco e of the invention. The rear side 2 of t e trough is extended upward any desired distance above the front side 3 thereof and is l cornice;

secured to the cornice Oof the building, as by screws or nails 4, one of which is shown in Fig. 1. The front side of the trough is rebent .to form a gutter 5, the bottom of which is semi-circular, and is provided with longitudinal orifices 6, which may be of any preferred length, and constitute strainers through which the water passes to the trough or body and thence to the point of discharge. From the gutter 5 the front edge is continued upward any desired distance and then is bent or deflected to form an imperforate shield or cover 7 that is disposed at the proper upward incline to insure shedding of the water. It will be noted that the point of juncture between the rear wall `of the gutter 5 and the shield 7 is a curve, as shown at 8, and Ythis will insure the proper travel of the water from the shield or cover into the gutter. The rear edge of the shield or cover is bent to lieparallelwith the rear side of the gutter at 9, at which point the fastening means 4 are passed through the shield and the said trough wall, and the u per edge of the shield is rebent-to form a ead 10 in which the upper edge of the rear wall of the trough is seated, said edge being slightly deliected away from the cornice for this purpose.

By constructing the trough and shield from a single piece of metal, and by providing the bead 10 to interlock with the upper edge of the rear Wall of thetrough, the employment of braces secured to the shingles and to the trough, such' as are usually employed, are rendered entirely unnecessary, thereby materially cheapening the installment of the trough, and measurably simplifying its yconstruction.

Generally, one row of fastening devices, located as illustrated, will be all that is necessary to hold the trough assembled with the but, if desired, a second row of screws or nails may be employed for this purpose, disposed adjacent to the lower edge of the cornice, and being positioned in advance of the fastening devices 4.

It will be obvious that by the employment of the perforated gutter 5, which also subserves the function of a'strainer, that the passage of leaves and twigs through the trough will be precluded, .so that the urity of the conservedwater will be assure and, further, by the disposition of the front side 3 of the trough relatively to the rear wall of the gutter, that the bulk of the vegetable matter the orifices 6.

The improvements herein defined are simple in character, may be readily carried into practice, and will be found thoroughly efcient for the purposes designed.

The peculiarty of this construction resides in the fact that the rear wall of the gutter 5 inclines forward toward the curved junction which while permitting the water to flow over the curved surface into the gutter insures the shedding of leaves and other materials so as to fall outside of the gutter and thus .avoid choking the latter.

I claim:

1. An eaves trough having its forward portion rebent to form a gutter the bottom of which is perforated to constitute a strainer.

2. An .article of the class described comstructure, a trough or ody, a combined ranged at the forward portion of the trough,

and a shield or cover disposed trough and overhanging the gutter. A

3. An article of the class described comrising, in a one piece structure, a trough 0r iiody, a gutter arranged at the forward portion thereof and constituting a strainer, and a shield or cover having its rear edge inter locked with the upper edge -of the rear side of the trough.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.


over the Witnesses:


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2856973 *Apr 18, 1955Oct 21, 1958Horton Richard FTwin mitering cut-off saws
US2873700 *Aug 28, 1953Feb 17, 1959Heier Henry CShielded eaves troughs
US3080682 *Feb 9, 1960Mar 12, 1963Herman Teutsch JohnEaves trough construction
US3388555 *Oct 22, 1965Jun 18, 1968Rex E. FosterSelf-straining eaves trough
US3436878 *Aug 24, 1965Apr 8, 1969Singer Ben LCombined eaves trough hanger and leaf guard
US3507396 *Jul 24, 1967Apr 21, 1970Homa RamsayGutters for rainwater
US4272370 *Apr 7, 1980Jun 9, 1981Bird & Son, Inc.Gutter strainer
US4404775 *Oct 14, 1981Sep 20, 1983Demartini Robert JRain gutter devices
US4411110 *Nov 9, 1981Oct 25, 1983Carey Robert JRain gutter
US4450654 *Jan 18, 1982May 29, 1984Clendenin Joseph GFor a roof system
US4455791 *Jun 10, 1982Jun 26, 1984Elko George AProtective cover for gutters
US4493588 *Sep 21, 1981Jan 15, 1985Duffy Gifford RNon-clogging eaves trough
US4571896 *Apr 25, 1984Feb 25, 1986Condie Southam BGutter assembly
US4604837 *Sep 13, 1985Aug 12, 1986Beam Tony DCover member for rain gutters
US4608786 *Dec 10, 1985Sep 2, 1986Beam Tony DDownspout for building gutters or the like
US4667448 *Oct 18, 1985May 26, 1987Smith Clark KGutter system and method of manufacture
US4727689 *Aug 28, 1986Mar 1, 1988Kusan, Inc.Detachable rain gutter
US4757649 *Apr 27, 1987Jul 19, 1988Yoder ManufacturingLeaf rejecting rain gutter
US5016404 *Mar 21, 1990May 21, 1991Briggs Jeffrey MGutter and bracket assembly
US5457916 *Nov 19, 1993Oct 17, 1995Tenute; Steven J.Rain gutter protection device
US5491998 *Jan 24, 1995Feb 20, 1996Hansen; HarryMethod of making a leaf rejecting rain gutter
US5640809 *Mar 29, 1995Jun 24, 1997Iannelli; Anthony M.Rain gutter shield
US5911659 *Apr 14, 1997Jun 15, 1999SerancoGutter protector
US6470628Sep 25, 2001Oct 29, 2002Senox CorporationDiversion system and method
US6536165Apr 21, 2001Mar 25, 2003Joseph M. PilcherEnclosed rain gutter
US6568132Nov 15, 2001May 27, 2003A. B. WaltersDiversion system and method
US6688045 *Feb 25, 2003Feb 10, 2004Joseph Mitchell PilcherEnclosed rain gutter
US6988335 *Mar 28, 2003Jan 24, 2006Michael Bruce EyersGutter member and shielding device incorporating same
US6993870Jun 10, 2003Feb 7, 2006Quality Edge, Inc.Rain gutter guard and method
US7117643Dec 1, 2003Oct 10, 2006The Guttershutter Manufacturing CompanyCovered rain gutter
US7257933Jun 18, 2003Aug 21, 2007Senox CorporationDiversion system and method
US7340863 *Feb 25, 2004Mar 11, 2008Amerimax Home Products, Inc.One piece rain gutter and leaf guard apparatus
US7347027Apr 5, 2005Mar 25, 2008Quality Edge, Inc.Rain gutter guard and method
US7506476Aug 17, 2006Mar 24, 2009Quality Edge, Inc.Rain gutter guard and method
US7584576Oct 29, 2007Sep 8, 2009Quality Edge, Inc.Rain gutter guard and method
US7743561 *Jul 10, 2008Jun 29, 2010Frederick Michael JEaves trough
US7895869Feb 23, 2007Mar 1, 2011Senox CorporationDiversion system and method
US7946081May 14, 2010May 24, 2011Frederick Michael JEaves trough and cover assemblies for eaves troughs
US8117785Jul 27, 2005Feb 21, 2012Quality Edge, Inc.Gutter system
US8397435Apr 21, 2011Mar 19, 2013Anthony M. IannelliRoof gutter cover section with water draining upper surface
US8549791 *Aug 24, 2009Oct 8, 2013Mark William LoughrenGutter and fascia cover system
US8646218Jul 25, 2012Feb 11, 2014Anthony M. IannelliRoof gutter cover with variable aperture size
WO2006015472A1 *Aug 11, 2004Feb 16, 2006Brochu GuyOne piece gutter with integrated screen
WO2006017923A1 *Aug 20, 2004Feb 23, 2006Guy BrochuSingle piece gutter and screen with decorative bracket attachments
Cooperative ClassificationB01D23/28, E04D13/076