US 891405 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 891,405. PATENTBD JUNE 23, 1908.
APPLICATION FILED DEG. 11, 1907.
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GEORGE CASSENS, OF HAMEL, ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 23, 1908.
Application led December 11, 1907. Serial No. 406,054.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE OAssENs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Hamel, in the county of Madison and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Eaves-Trough, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to eaves troughs.
The object of the invention is to provide a novel, simply constructed, cheap, durable, and thoroughly efficient article of this character that shall be peculiarly adapted for conducting water, fal ing upon the roof of a building in connection with which it is used, to a suitable cistern or reservoir, and, at the sam'e time, preventing transmission along with the conserved water of vegetable matter, in the form of twigs or leaves, whereby contamination of the water is obviated and the rotting away of the trough, due to retention of such matter, is positively precluded. Furthermore, to simpllfy and cheapen the construction of such articles, and to facilitate their attachment to place upon the cornices of buildings.
With the above and other objects in view, as will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists, generally stated, in a combined eaves trough and shield made from a single piece of metal and provided with means for catching rain water, and also for preventing assage to the trough of leaves, twlgs, or the li ze, whereby the conserved water will be clean and fit. for human consumption.
The invention consists, further, in the various noveldetails of construction of an eaves trough, as will be hereinafter fully described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this'specification, and in which like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts, Figure l is a view, in vertical transverse section, through an eaves trough constructed in accordance with the present invention, and through the cornice of a building to which it is attached. Fig. 2 is a to plan view of the eaves trough.
T e trough or body 1 is herein shown as approximately semi-circular in cross section, a though this is not essential, as it may be of other contours, and still be within the sco e of the invention. The rear side 2 of t e trough is extended upward any desired distance above the front side 3 thereof and is l cornice;
secured to the cornice Oof the building, as by screws or nails 4, one of which is shown in Fig. 1. The front side of the trough is rebent .to form a gutter 5, the bottom of which is semi-circular, and is provided with longitudinal orifices 6, which may be of any preferred length, and constitute strainers through which the water passes to the trough or body and thence to the point of discharge. From the gutter 5 the front edge is continued upward any desired distance and then is bent or deflected to form an imperforate shield or cover 7 that is disposed at the proper upward incline to insure shedding of the water. It will be noted that the point of juncture between the rear wall `of the gutter 5 and the shield 7 is a curve, as shown at 8, and Ythis will insure the proper travel of the water from the shield or cover into the gutter. The rear edge of the shield or cover is bent to lieparallelwith the rear side of the gutter at 9, at which point the fastening means 4 are passed through the shield and the said trough wall, and the u per edge of the shield is rebent-to form a ead 10 in which the upper edge of the rear wall of the trough is seated, said edge being slightly deliected away from the cornice for this purpose.
By constructing the trough and shield from a single piece of metal, and by providing the bead 10 to interlock with the upper edge of the rear Wall of thetrough, the employment of braces secured to the shingles and to the trough, such' as are usually employed, are rendered entirely unnecessary, thereby materially cheapening the installment of the trough, and measurably simplifying its yconstruction.
Generally, one row of fastening devices, located as illustrated, will be all that is necessary to hold the trough assembled with the but, if desired, a second row of screws or nails may be employed for this purpose, disposed adjacent to the lower edge of the cornice, and being positioned in advance of the fastening devices 4.
It will be obvious that by the employment of the perforated gutter 5, which also subserves the function of a'strainer, that the passage of leaves and twigs through the trough will be precluded, .so that the urity of the conservedwater will be assure and, further, by the disposition of the front side 3 of the trough relatively to the rear wall of the gutter, that the bulk of the vegetable matter the orifices 6.
The improvements herein defined are simple in character, may be readily carried into practice, and will be found thoroughly efcient for the purposes designed.
The peculiarty of this construction resides in the fact that the rear wall of the gutter 5 inclines forward toward the curved junction which while permitting the water to flow over the curved surface into the gutter insures the shedding of leaves and other materials so as to fall outside of the gutter and thus .avoid choking the latter.
1. An eaves trough having its forward portion rebent to form a gutter the bottom of which is perforated to constitute a strainer.
2. An .article of the class described comstructure, a trough or ody, a combined ranged at the forward portion of the trough,
and a shield or cover disposed trough and overhanging the gutter. A
3. An article of the class described comrising, in a one piece structure, a trough 0r iiody, a gutter arranged at the forward portion thereof and constituting a strainer, and a shield or cover having its rear edge inter locked with the upper edge -of the rear side of the trough.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
over the Witnesses:
WM. BUHRMANN, H. E. WOLF.