US 893055 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATEN'TE-D JULY 14, 4908.
W. W. BONNER.
. CORK BXTRAGTOR.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 23.1908.
Qnvenl'oz lit) , line 22 of Fig. 1.
UNITED STATES, rAr I-vrr OFFICE.
WILLIAMVV. CONNER, OF NILES, OHIO.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 14, 1908.
Application filed January 23, 1908. Serial No. 412,332.
' and has for its object to provide a comparatively simple and inexpensive device of this character by means of which a cork or other closure may be-Withdrawn from the neck or interior of a bottle or other containing vessel with ease and facility.
A further object of the invention is to provide a corkextractor including a plurality of spring arms having terminal gripping spurs or fingers adapted to engage the cork or stopper to be extracted, said arms being movable to closed position by an operating meilnber slid ably mounted on the shank of the too A still further object of the invention is generally to improve this class of devices so as to increase their utility, durability and efficiency as well as to reduce the cost of manufacture.
Further objects and advantages will ap-' pear in the following description, it being understood that various changes in form, proportions and minor details'of construction may be resorted to within the scope of the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification: Figure 1 is a side elevation of a cork extractor constructed in accordance with my invention showing the spring arms in extended or inoperative position. Fig. 2 is a sectional view showing the arms moved to operative position. Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken on the Fig. 4 is a detail side elevation of the lower ends of the spring arms showing the same in assembled position for transportation or shipment. Fig. 5 is a side elevation illustrating a modified form of the invention.
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in all of the figures of the drawings.
The improved cork extractor forming the subject matter of the resent invention is preferably formed of a (plurality of strands of wire, one of said stran s having an intermediate portion thereof bent upon itself to form a finger loop orhandle 5, the wire being thence intertwisted to produce a shank or body portion 6 terminating in a pair of diverging s ring arms 7. The intermediate portion 0 the other strand of wire is coiled around the shank 6 with one end thereof wrapped or coiled around the loop 5 and with, the opposite end extended laterally to form a third spring arm 8. The terminal portions of the spring arms 7 and 8 are bent inwardly to form gripping spurs or fingers 9 adapted to bite into the cork or stopper to be extracted.
Slidably mounted on the shank 6 is an operating member comprising a longitudinally dis osed rod 10 having its opposite ends bent to orm terminal guide rings 11 and 12 which embrace the shank 6 and serve to force the spurs of the arms 7 and 8 into engagement with the cork or stopper when the operating for engagement with the off set portion 13,
while the opposite end thereof is bent to form a finger loop' 16.
The extension rod 14 is employed when the extractor is used for withdrawing stoppers from the interior of bottles or jars having contracted necks and relatively deep body portions, or wherever it is found difficult to insert the finger in the neck of the bottle to operate the member 10.
Attention is here called to the fact that the lower ring 12 by engagement with the spurs or fingers 9 serves to limit the downward movement of the operating member so as to prevent accidental displacement of the same during transportation or shipment.
In operation the shank of the tool is introduced through the neck of the bottle and said tool lowered into the interior of the latter until the spurs 9 are positioned over the cork to be extracted after which a downward pressure is exerted on the finger loop of the extension rod 14 which operates the member 10 to contract the arms 8 and thus force the spurs 9 into engagement with the cork so that by exerting a slight upward pull on the finger loop or handle 5 the cork may be readily withdrawn through the neck of the bottle.
By having the extension rod pivotally connected with the upper ring of the operating member, said extension rod may be folded laterally against the shank so as to occupy very little space when it is desired to compactly assemble several of said implements in a box for transportation or shipment.
When it is desired to extract the stopper from the neck of a bottle the spurs 9 are positioned over the projecting end of the stopper and an upward pull exerted on the finger loop 5, in the manner before stated.
In Fig. 5 of the drawings there is illus tratcd a modified form of the invention in which the extension rod 14 is dispensed with and the shank 6 made relatively short, the spring arms 7 being approximately three times the length of the shank.
While the implement is principally designed for extracting corks it is obvious that the same may be used with equally good results for cleaning the interior of bottles, jars, large chimneys and the like by inserting a strip of cotton, sponge or other soft material between the fingers of the spring arms, as will be readily understood.
From the foregoing description it will be seen that there is provided an extremely simple, inexpensive and efficient device admirably adapted for the attainment of the ends 111 VleW.
Having thus described the invention what is claimed is:
1. A cork extractor comprising a shank having one end thereof terminating in a handle and its opposite end provided with a plurality of diverging spring arms having inwardly extending gripping spurs, an operating member slidably mounted on the shank and provided with oppositely disposed guide loops, one of which is movable longitudinally of the spring arms for forcing the spurs into engagement with a cork, and an extension rod pivotally mounted on the other guide loop of the operating member.
2. A cork extractor comprising a shank having one end thereof formed with a finger loop and its opposite end provided with a plurality of diverging spring arms terminating in inwardly extending gripping spurs, an operating member slidably mounted on the shank and provided with oppositely disposed guide loops, one of said guide loops being movable into engagement with the spring arms for forcing the spurs in contact with. a cork, the other guide loop being provided with a lateral oll'set portion, and an. extension rod pivotally mounted on the oil set portion of the loop and provided with. a terminal finger piece.
3. A cork extractor comprising a body portion formed of a plurality of wire strands one of which is bent upon itself to form an. intermediate finger loop and thence twisted to produce a shank terminating in a. pair of spring arms havin laterally extending spurs, the other wire strand being coiled. around the shank and having one end thereof twisted. around the finger loop and its opposite end extended longitudinally of the shank to form a third diverging spring arm provided with a similar spur, and an operatingmember slidably mounted on the shank and comprising a rod having oppositely disposed guide loops for the reception of the shank, one of said guide rods being movable longitudinally of the spring arms for forcing the spurs into engagement with. a cork.
4. A cork extractor comprising a. body portion formed of a plurality of wire strands one of which is bent upon itself to form an intermedi ate loop and thence twisted. to produce a shank terminating in a pair of spring arms having laterally extending spurs, the other wire strand being coiled around the shank and having one end thereof twisted around the finger loop and its opposite end extended longitudinally of the shank to form a third diverging spring arm provided with a similar spur, an. operating member slidably mounted on the shank and comprising a rod having oppositely disposed. guide loops for the reception of the shank, one of said guide loops being formed with an oil set portion, and an operating rod pivotally mounted on said oll'set portion, the other guide loop being movable longitudinally of the spring arms for forcing the spurs into engagement with a. cork.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto allixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
WILLIAM W. (K )N N Eli.
itnesses SAMUEL V. PEARCE, W. R. CoNNEn.