US 893591 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
10.893.591. J l PATENTED mmm/1908. L.B.LARSEN.
APPLIOATION FILED MAY 9, 1903.
` /NVENTOH /Lzawa/o' 25. Larsen,
W/TNESSES A TTOHNE YS UNITED STATES PATENT oEEroE.
LUDWIG Et EESEN, or roETLANn, OREGON.
i Speciicatiomof Letters Patent.
Patented July 14, 1908.
Application ledMay 9, 1908. Serial No. 431,977.
To all'whom it may concern: 13e 1t known that 1,1'LUnw1G B. LARsEN, a citlzen of the United States of lAiiierica, re
y siding at Portland, in thecounty of' Multnomah and State of'Oregon, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Butter- Cutters, of whichl the following isa specifica tion.
The inventionfr'elates to an im rvement inbutter-cutters, being articular directed to a construction where y a masser body of butter may be' v conveniently divided 'and subdivided to provide uniformly-sizedfblocks ada ted for'individual or table use. T
is the production of a butter cutter in whichl the seriesof cutting elements are made up of'a single length of material, the construction providing a simple means whereby said cutting elements may be tensioned to insure a' proper cutting effect, thetensioning means being arranged to exert anendwise strain upon the single length of material and thereby simultaneously tension all' of the cutting elements formed by said single-length of ma-l terial.
' .'A further object of the invention is `the 'the accompanying drawing, e
provision of` a cutting frame particularly adapted to permit the formation of the outting" elements from the single length of material, said frame being formed toperniit the disposition of the cutting elements with any desired degree of relative spacing, whereby "to provide butter blocks of the desired size.
The invention in the preferred form of details will be described in the following speciication, reference being had particularly to in which Figure 1 is a view in si tial plan of the cutter frame. -Figl Sis an Fig. 4 is a broken planshowing'a modifiedI form vof 4cutter-adjusting means Fig. 5 is an enlarged broken transverse sectional view through lthe table, illustrating particularly the longitudinal-cutter' receiving channel therein.`
Referring particularly tothe drawings, I
wherein is illustrated the preferred details of construction, my improved ,butter-clutter comprises a base 1, of approximately rectangular construction, and formed with av smooth upper surface 2,-hereinafter referred to as the table.-
e main object of the present inventionv elevation, illus- 'trating the construction and application 'of4 my improved butter-cutter. Fig. 2 is a par' Centrally of and' extending beyond each end wallof the base there is provided a' block 3froin which rises an upright 4.' The uprightsfi extend above the table of the base and-are'adapted to provide guide' rods lforinsuring a proper movement of the cutter frame in the cutting operation.
The cutter frame 5 is o'fjskeleton rectanguy lar form-and includes side Vbars 6 and `7 and end bars 8. The ends bars are integrally formed by reference with one of the side bars, as 6,',t e remaining`- side bar'7`forming va distinct' and separatel part. The terminals of the end barsSjj are formedwith extensions 9 and .1. 0 arranged'to provide guide yflangesfor the movement of the side bars 7 of the frame in the adjustment ofthe latter end bar extends in alinement with the lower surface ofthe bar,l while the flange 10 ex- 'to be later described. The flange 9 of each 1 tends in alinement with the relatively outer side of the bar', so that the fianges 9 and 10 form in effect a right angled support for-the bottom andends of the side bar l' The side bar 7 is,'in addition to its duplicationof the structure ofthe side bar 6, which fwill be later described, formed with end .ex-
tensions 11, which on their bottom and end surfaces are squared to bear squarely' on and against tlreflanges 9 and 10 of the respective end b ars. '.The extensions 1 1 fare formed with transverse openings 12, interiorly threaded for the reception of` 13, the terminals of which are adaptedto seat in openings 14 lon itudinally arranged in the free terminals of tlie end bars'S.
sions .1 1 the sidebars 6 and 7 are of identical thumb screws f 'By the construction, described it will beJ construction, lthe transverse sectional viewfof one of'said bars being shownin FigfS. Eachbar is preferably rounded on itsrela'- tively innervedge, and is 'formed in its bottom edge with a series of'g'rooves or channels 15, extending transversely of said' edge and vthroughout the width of the same. The
relatively'inner surface of` the4 bar.
relatively outer edge) of each bar is formed with a series of parallel spaced projections 16, the upper edge of each of which projections is formed into a depressed curve or concavity 17, leaving the end of the projection in the form of a horn 18'which extendsto a slight extent in an upward direction.
The channels 15'are preferably in greater number than the projections 16, the arrangement shown in F ig. 1 including a channel in alinement with the side edge of each projection, so that each projection cooperates with a pair of channels.
Each end bar S'i's centrally formed with a downwardly extending' lug 19, which is preferably rounded on its relatively outer surface and projected lin alinement with rSie 1e outer' edge of each end bar is formed to provide a bearing member 20, the arms of which are arranged to partly encircle the guide rods 4 of the base, whereby reciprocal movement of the cutterframe with relation to the base is provided for on fixed lines.
For convenience in casting lthe bearing members 20 are in the form of interrupted annular sections, though it is to be understood that they may be otherwise formed if desired. Each end *bar is also provided with a handle member 21 projecting outwardly and upwardly from the tudinalcutter 23` then passed aroundthe othervlug 19, then projected laterally to one j' of the side bars, as 7, through the adjacent end channel 15 in said bar, upwardlyand over the horn 1S of the adjacent projection 16, then fitted in one ofthe channels 15 adj a- -tion 16 by any desired form of tie.
cent said section 16, then transverse the cutter frame to provide a cross-cutter 24, then fitted in one of the channels 15 of the opposing side bar, as 6, up Vand over the adjacent horn 18and back across the cutter frame to form the next cross cutter. Theoperation of Stringing the wire to provide the cross cutters, as above described, is continued until all of the cross 'cutters are formed, thel terminal of the wire being secured to the last projec- By the method of Stringing described, and
also bythe arrangement of the channels and.
projections, it is obvious thatany desired spacing of' the cross cutters may be secured by utilizing adjacent or spaced channels 15 for the direct and return strands of the wire length, .thus providing for cutting the blocks of butter in any desired thickness. y
y After Stringing of the wire length as described, operation of the adjusting screws 13 will tend to forceuthe cross bar,7 from the.
cross bar 6, thereby straining and properly tensioning the cross cutters 24, the ysingle length of material from which the cutters are formed yielding endwise during such strain-v ing and thereby simultaneously 'and uniformly tensioning all'of the cutters. As shown in Fig. 5 the table 2 of the base is formed with a central and longitudinal channel 25, which is approximately of semi-. circular formin transverse section.A 4This channel is adapted to receive the longitudinal -cutter 23 in the operation of the device, whereby, the cross cutters may be forced down into full contactdwith the table and thereby insure a complete severing ofthe butter mass. j
In operation the body of butter, preferably in th'e ordinary commercial block, is placed upon the table 2', and the bearing members 2() of the cutter frame slidably engaged with the guide rod 4. The downward movement of the frame causes the respective cutters'to divide the body of butter into vseries of uniform blocks, as will be evident.
In Fig. 4 I have shown a slightly inodiiied form of means for adjusting the wire length forming the cutters. In this form said wire se l' length, as .26, is positioned on the cutter frame, as in the preferred form, with the exception that said wire length is adapted to provide a portion only of the total number 9 of cutters.- In'this-form one end of the Wire length is secured to one of the projections, the remaining end being fixed to and adapted for coiling about a thumb screw 27 Vthreaded in an opening 28 formed in one of the side bars. By adjustment ofthe thu-mb screv" the wire length may be strained and all thecutters formed thereby suitablytensioned.` A 1t is, of course, understood that in this form the cutter frame is a solid structure vand that vas many-wirevlengths and set screws as may' The various parts of .the device are preferably constructed of metal, which is to be so i finished as to avoid affecting the butter maaelial, as for instance by nickel plating or the The device is to be constructed of any desired size, and While referring the'fmetallic construction Contemp ate the use of any rna terial which may be foundeflicient. Having `thus' described the invention what is claimed asnew, is
1. A butter cutter including a cutter frame, a series of cutters arranged trans versely of the frame, and means for adjusting a portion of the frame to simultaneously tension all of said cutters.
2. A butter cutter including Va4 cutter frame, a single length of material connected to said frame to provide a longitudinal cut- 'ter and a series of transverse cutters, and
12o-jA meansfor adjusting a portion of the frame to simultaneously tension all of said cutters.
3. A butter-euttercom rising a cutter frame including side and en bars, means for adjusting one ofv said side bars with relation to the other, and a series of cutters connect- 5. A butter cutter -comprising a cutter frame including side and end bars, means for adjusting one of said side bars with relation to the other, a longitudinal cutter connecting the end bars, and a series of cross cutters con--l necting the side bars, said longitudinal cutter and cross cutters being constructed of a single length of material.
6. A butter cutter comprising a cutter frame including spaced side bars, each of said bars being formed in the lower edge with a series of transversechannels, and a series of outwardlyrextending projections carried by each bar, each of said projections being formed to provide a retaining horn.
7. A butter cutter comprising a cutter Vframe `including spaced side bars, each of said bars being formed in the lower edge with a 'series of transverse channels, and a series of outwardly extending projections carried by each bar, each of said projections being formed to provide a retaining horn, and a single wire length extending across the frame and fitted in the channels and about the horns of the respective side bars.
8. A butter-cutter includin a base formed 1 to provide a table, a cutter rame mounted -or movement to and from the base, means frame, said cross cutters and longitudinal cutter being constructed of a single length of material, the table ofthe base being formed with a lon itudinal channel to receive the longitudina cutter in the operative movement of the frame.
9. Abu'tter-cuttercom risingabase, guide rods carried thereby, an a cutter frame arranged to engage the guide rods and adapted -for movement to and fromv the base, said cutter frame com rising side bars formed with transverse c annels and rejections, and end bars formed with centradepending lugs, and a single length of wire secured to one of the lugs, projected longitudinally of the frame and engaged with the remaining lug, and then transversely of'the frame to provide a series of cross cutters, the. transverse projections of the wirelength seating in the channels and engaging the projections oi the respective cross bars.
l0. A butter -cutter comprising a base, guide rods carried thereby, and a cutter frame arranged to engage the guide rods and adapted for movement to and from the base,
said cutter frame comprising side` bars` formed with transverse channels and projections, and end bars formed with central dependlng lugs, a single length of wire secured to one of the lugs, projected longitudinally of the frame and engaged with the remaining lug, and then transversely ofthe frame to provide a series of cross cutters, the
transverse projections of the wire length seating in the channels and engaging the projections of the respective cross bars, and means for adjusting one of the side bars with relation to the other to simultaneously tension all of said cutters.
In testimony whereof I have affixed my signature in presence of vtwov witnesses.
LUDWIG B. LARSEN.
' D. W. GALL,
HARRY L. GOULD.