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Publication numberUS894641 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 28, 1908
Filing dateMar 25, 1908
Priority dateMar 25, 1908
Publication numberUS 894641 A, US 894641A, US-A-894641, US894641 A, US894641A
InventorsArthur James Higbee
Original AssigneeArthur James Higbee
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 894641 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




I No. 894,641.-

Specification of Letters Patent.

' Patented July 28, 1908.

Application filed March 25, 19108 Serial No. 423,132.

a one side of such recess. 1

The details of construction, arrangement,

and combination of parts are as hereinafter described, and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which Figure 1 is a plan view of my improved wrench, a portion being broken away to show the interior construction. Fig. .2 is a longitudinal section on the line 2 -2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the movable jaw and its toothed shank that in practice engages a worm for adjusting the jaw. Fig. 4 is an inner perspective view of a portion of the circular head of the wrench.

1 indicates the handle, and 2 the horns of the head of the wrench, which are curved upon the arc of a circle. A rotatable block 3 is arranged in the circular opening in the head. Both the block and headare cut out on one side'to form a recess adaptedto receive a nut. The portion cut out of the block leaves a right angular notch, one side of which forms a ja'wand the other has a groove as hereinafter described. The circular cavity in the head 2 is provided on one side with a flange or shoulder 4, as, shown in Figs. 2 and 4, and the block 3 is rabbeted to fit against such flange or shoulder. A curved plate 5 is secured by screws to the face of the head and overlaps the edge of the block 3. Thus the latter is held rotatably between the integral flange or shoulder 4 of the head and the detachable plate 5 secured thereto. The block and .also the movable {jaw 7 are provided with ratchet teeth running in one direction and these teethare engaged on opposite sides of the head 2by four spring pawls 6. By this construction the block 3 is prevented from rotating backward, but may ber'otated for-ward or in the opposite direction. Thepawls are so located or spaced with reference to each other and the teeth of the block3 that three of them will be engagedsimultaneously. The awls are so pivoted that they are practical y tangential to the ratchet block and thus pressure upon them does not tend so much to spread the were set or. arranged more nearly radial in position. The plate 5 holds the block 3 and pawls 6 in place, but is adapted to be readily detached so that access may be had to the underlying partswhen necessary.

The movable jaw 7see Figs. 1 and 3is I '7 .horns of the head as would be the case if they provided with a shank 8 which is arranged at right angles to its face and provided on one sidewith teeth 9 adapted to engage a worm 10 which is journaled in a recess in the block and which projects from the face thereof. The edges of the spiral rib of the worm are milled, or roughened, so that the worm may be easily rotated by contact with the thumb or other finger of the hand. The cylindrical shank 8 is adapted to slide in thecorresponding groove formed parallel to the straight edge of the block on which the jaw 7 may be ad usted toward or from the opposite and fixed jaw of the block, so as to clamp a nut or other rotatable object between the jaws. The jaw proper 7, and the shank 8 are connected by a narrow portion or neck 7 -see Figs. 2 and 3and since the shank 8 is of' greater diameter, it holds the jaw rigidly in required position while the same is adapted to slide in the groove formed in the straight edge of the block. In other words, by rotating the worm 10 in one direction or the other,

the movable jaw ma be advanced from a osition shown by full lines, Fig. 1 or it may e moved back from the advanced position shown by dotted lines in said figure. When the tool has been applied to a nut, that is to say, when the movable jaw has been advanced to clamp the nut between it and the opposite side of the block 3, the wrench is operated by turning the handle in the direction indicated by the arrow, Fig. 1., whereby the head 2 of the wrench is carried part way round the 'block 3, and then, upon bringing the handle back, the block is rotated and with it the nutto which the wrench has been applied. In other words, by applying the block having a notoh whose longer edge is at the toothed shank, and spring pawls engaga right angle to the shorter-side or edge coning the toothed block, as shown and (lestituting a j a'w, and is provided with a groove, scribed.

. of a sliding jaw having a toothed shank ARTHUR JAMES HIGBEE.

adapted to slide in said groove and also pro- Witnesses: vided exteriorly with ratchet teeth, a worm F. L. HAYcooK,

arranged rotatably in the block and engaging N. M. KEYEs.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2456838 *May 30, 1945Dec 21, 1948Albert PetersonPivoted pawl ratchet wrench with radially slotted head and socket
US2465695 *Sep 18, 1944Mar 29, 1949Smuel OsborneFlexible ratchet-type pipe wrench
US2578687 *Mar 10, 1947Dec 18, 1951Tubing Appliance Company IncSplit ratchet socket wrench
US4455897 *Sep 10, 1980Jun 26, 1984Jones Adrian DSocket wrench device
US4479409 *Feb 7, 1983Oct 30, 1984Antonius John IOpen-end ratchet wrench
US5377566 *Feb 18, 1994Jan 3, 1995Mandigo; Wallace L.Adjustable ratchet wrench apparatus
Cooperative ClassificationB25B13/463