US 895297 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Y P. A. PETER. y llRoN FENCE.
APPLICATION FILED PEB. 18, v1908.
" "VPATvEbVrL-D AUG. 4, 1908.
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i'r sr www' E. A. PETER. y Y I-EUN FENCE.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 18, 1908.
FRANCIS A. PETER, OF NEWSIDE, PENNSYLVANIA.
Speccaton ol Letters Patent.
Application led February 12, 1908. Serial No. 416,450.
To all whom it may concern: v
Be it known that I, FRANCISA. PETER, of Newside, in the county of Lehigh and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Iron Fences;
and I hereby declare that the following is a full, ciear, andV exact description thereof,- reference bein had to the 'ccompanying drawings, whic form part of A.-his specifica-A tion.
This' invention is an improvement in iron fences, and its object is to construct a fence which can be easily built or set up in position en levels or inclines, and whose parts can be readilg* put together, and adjusted, as desired the erector, and by the use of which a variet of fences of different designs can be readily uilt.
To this end the invention provides (1) 20 novel adjustable fastenings or clamps for attaching the vertical rods or palings of the fence to the horizontal bars or runners thereof; (2) novel adjustable devices or clamps-for attaching the runners to the osts; (3) novel adjustable devices or clamps or attaching the gate runners to the endbars of the gate; and (4) novel devices for hinging the gate to the post. All of these will be clearly understood from the accompanying drawings and the following description of parts illustrated thereiii,-and the features for which protection is desired are set forth in the claims. i
In said drawings-Figure 1 is an elevation of a gate and one short panel of fencing constructed in accordance with the invention; the panel being shown arrangedpn an incline. Fig. 2 is an enlarged detailside elevation of the connection between the horizontal 40 gate runner and the vertical end-bar of the tion. Fig. 6 is a detail side elevationshowing ate. Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view on Fue 3 3, Fig. 2.' Fig. 4 is a similar vieu' on line'4-4, Fig. 2; and Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the plates forming the connecthe connection between the horizontal gate or panel runners and the vertical rods'forming the gate or panel. Fig. 7 is a vertical sectional view of the same, and Fig. S is a perspective view of this connection with the parts separated. Fig. 9 is a detail perspective view showing the upper part of gatehinffe also the connection between the main the4 conne-:tion between the :nain post and horizontal anel runner.
l have illustrated in Fi' 1 a section of fence containing a panel and a gate, the panel Patented aug'. 4, roos.
being shown inclined to illustrate the ad- Y j'ustability and iiexibility of the invention.
The panel comprises top and bottom runners 1, 1, preferably made Ofmetal ipe, and attached to the posts? by means o yokes 2, which are formed of opposite similar halves, having their Shanks recessed as at 2'c1 to fit the end of the runner l, which is received ben tween the Shanks of the halves of the yoke, and firmly secured thereto by bolts 1a (Fi s. 1, 9 and 11). The bifurcations of the yo 'e are provided with lugs 2b on their inner faces which engage holes or apertures made in the sides of the post'P, at the point Where the runner is to be attached, (see Fig. 11.) In this Way the runners are firmly secured to the posts, and at saine time can be set at any angle thereto in a vertical lane necessary to conform to the surface of t e ground whereon the fence is erected. The yokes 2 are capable of swinging adjustment in a vertical plane relative to the post.
The posts P may be of any suitable construction, but are preferably made of piping, finished in any suitable manner, and may be set in cast-metal bases p, 'which may be fastened to any suitable support, Vor subbase, as usual.
The vertical rods, or palings, 3, of the fence are attached to the runners 1 by means of adjustable clamps (Figs. 1, 6, 7 and 8) each of which is com osed of two members 4 A face, to vfit against the side of the runner 1 upon which the clamp-member 4 rests, said runnerbeing'clemped between member 4c, and lip 4b, when the nut 4e on shank e is tightened. Wh'en the nut 4e is loosened, the rod 3 can be adjusted vertically in the clamp, and the clam and rod can be adjusted longitudinaily of t ie runner, until the parts are in the desired position; then by tightening nut 4e the clampniernber is bound iqirmly to the ruimer, and binds the rod 3 also againstl the runner, thus the ruimer and rod are irmly secured together by the-clamp.
The member 4 preferably has a projecting lip 4f on its upper en'd to give it a longer bear ing against the rod o, and it also may have.
an opening liii its front side, as shown.
As shown the gate is constructed of rnnneis 1"", tlilwrnnners l of the panels) and end bars or nprights 5, which are preferably of piping. 'lo runners l:A` are connected a setot" paliiigs or rods 3, by clamps si, 4", as dcscribed. 'l`hc runners 1"'l are however preierably connected tothe nprights 5 by means l' the yokcs t. (Figs. l to 4). 'l`lie yokes ti are. composed oi' opposite similar halves having shaiiks ti". recessed to receive the ends of runners 1*: to which they are iiiinly secured by bolts t3, The bifurcations if-these yokcs embrace the uprights and aie fastened thereto by means of bolts 5" passed through the uprights :it the desired points. 'lhe runners lcan be. swung in a vertical plane relative to npriglits 5, on the bolts 5, which may be considered the, pivots. But when bolts 5 are tightened the runners and upiights are tirmly locked together. To further secure the joint, the yokes (i are provided with arcshaped slots ti". above and below the bolt 5", and through these .slots pass bolts 5" which also transiix thev upright (see Fig. 3) and when tightened rigidly lasten the runners and upi'iglits together. lf the .bolts 5, 5",
, are loosened. the runners 1K. can he tilted at an angle to the uprights,.just as the runners l can be tilted at an angle to the posts, so that the gate could beset on an incline if desired. lt is obvious that the clamps could be used to fasten the runners of the. fence panels to the posts ii desired.
(lne oi the uprights of the gate can be hinged to the adjacent. post. And as shown in Figs. 1,2) and l() of the drawings, the base Ap of such post, is provided with a bracketarm p carrying a pintle l' on its end over which the lower cnd of the gate upright 5 is placed, and the upper partl ot said upright is guided in an eye l'orined in an arm 7 attached to the postl I (Figs. 1 and 0) said arm being composed of opposite. similar members, having seini-circular bends 7 on one end forming the eye through which upright 5 passes to hinge the gate (Fig. Si). and having curved Aiortions T on their other ends partly einliraciiig post P, and iixedly clamped to said post by iiieansof boltsl (Fig. 9) whicht. In combination, runners, rods or pal-- -ings ini ersecting the runners, cla inps connect? ing thc rods and runners at their interset-- tioii, .said clamps comprising members strung on the rod, and an op iosed member engaging the runner. and a bo t connecting tl'ie meW" "i bcis.
2. in combination, runners. rods' inter secting the runners, clamps, connecting the rods and rnnnersat the points of intersection, each clamp coinpi'ising a tubular menibei` strung on the rod, and provided with a threaded shank, and an opposed member strung on the shank and adapted to clamp the riniiiei' therengainst;
3. ln combination, ruiniers. rods intersect ing the runners. and detachable clamps con- `necting the ro ls and runners at their points of intersection. each clamp comprising amembers of the fence, yokes rigidly iolted to the ends of the runners and engaging the uprights` and provided with are-shaped slots, and bolts transtixing the uprights and passing through the slots in the said yoke.
6. In combination, runners, and upright members of the fence; with split yo 'es bolted to the ends ot the runners and provvided with are-shaped slots, bolts transtixing the yokes and nprights, and bolts trnnsfiing the uprights and passing through Ysaid slots in the yokcs.
7. In combination, a post. and runners, yokes bolted to the ends of the runners and provided with pintles engaging holes in the.'
post, rods intersecting the runners, and adgustable. clamps detachably attaching the rods to the runners at theirpoints of intersection.
S. In combination, runners and uprights, yokes attached to the ends of thel runners and adjustabltbolted to the upriglits, rods intersecting the runners, and split:- clamps adjustably connecting the runners and rods at their points of intersection.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I atlix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
FRANCIS A. PETER.. W'i t-n ess es DAVID MCKENNA, G. T. OPLIXGER.