US 896700 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED AUG. 25, 1908.
G. F. ATWOOD. ELECTRICAL CQNDUOTING CORD.
APPLIGATION FILED JANIZZ, 1906.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
No- 896,700. PATENTED AUG. 25, 1908.
G. F. ATWOOD.
' ELECTRICAL CONDUCTING CORD.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 22, 1906. I 2 SHEETS-SHEET a,
I I I VII/Ill UNITED STATES PATENT onnrcn GEORGE F. ATWOOD, OF EAST ORANGE, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO WESTERN ELECTRIC- OOMPANY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OFTLLINOIS.
Application filed January 22, 1906. Serial No. 297,214.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE F. A'rwoon, a citizen of the United States, residing at East Orange, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Electrical Conducting-Oords, of'which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to a conducting cord, and more particularly to a cord adapted to furnish connection between the hand telephone, or combined telephone and transmitter, of a telephone set and its associated apparatus.
My princi al object is to provide a conducting cor adapted not only to furnish electrical connection, between the hand set and its associated apparatus, but also such ample mechanical connection with a suitable point of support as will enable it to sup ort the user in case he should be thrown rom his feet while using the telephone, and should retain his hold upon the hand set. This result I accomplish, generally speaking, by associating with the insulated conducting strands of the cord, a flexible supporting strand of high tensile strength, which, by taking any longitudinal strain to which the cord may be subjected, serves not only to relieve the conducting strands and prevent their rupture, but also serves to secure the hand set firmly to its point of support, and
, thus to support and safe-guard the user.
also employ other novel features in my improved cord, by means of which it is strengthened and rendered particularly capable of performing the service for. which 1t is designed. Such a cord'is particularly useful 1n connection with telephone installations on battle-ships, wherein it is necessary to use the tele hone during storms and in battle, at whic times it is of the greatest im ortance not only that the telephone cord s all be prevented from breaking and thus interrupting telephonic communication, but also that the user shall be afforded every possigle protection while in the discharge of his uty.
In the accom anying drawings, Figure 1 illustrates a cord embodying my invention Fig. 2 shows this cord partially in section to illustrate its constructlon; and. Fig. 3 illustrates the completed cord extending between a hand set and its associated appa- Specification of Letters Patent.
mately 3 /32 of an inch in diameter.
Patented Aug. 25, 1908.
ratus, to show the manner in which the cord is referably used.
n the embodiment of my invention'illustrated in the drawings, .the sup orting strand of the cord is in the form of a Hexible core 1, preferably'of wire, the material which I have found it convenient to employ being, in the present instance, steel wire rope of approxi- The material and dimensions of the core may, of course, be waried as desired to meet the varie ous requirements of use. This core is provided with an insulating covering 2, lplreferably of closely braided silk, upon w 'ch is laid an insulating and water-proof covering 3 consisting, in the u on this a conducting strand 4, consisting of a loosely braided tube of soft copper wires, which-may be tinned to prevent oxidation. This conducting tube or strand 4' is covered by a serving 5 of silk closely braided upon it, over this another layer of soft rubber 6, is laid, and, upon the rubber, another loosely braided conducting tube or strand of thin soft copper wires 7. In the resent instance, another'series of successive ayers of branded silk 8, soft rubber 9, and braided copper present instance, of a. -thin layer of vulcanized soft rubber, and
wires 10, is added to constitute a three-confinal layer of soft rubber 11, and a strong braid 23 referably of heavy linen over the whole. 11 order to afford still further protection to the cord, it is surrounded by a metallic armor in the form of a slightly 0 en helix 12, formed of a ribbon of steel or ot er tough and elastic metal.
It will be understood that as few or as many series of successive layers of insulatin material and conducting material as desire .may be laid upon the supplorting core 1, to
constitute a cord having t e required number of conducting strands. Likewise, the cord may be made of any desired length. The cord may be terminated and adapted for connection with the apparatus with which it is ductor cord, and the cord is finished-by a e to be associated in any desired manner. In
the present instance the four strands of the cord are brought out independently at both ends, the supporting strand 1 being provided with tubular connecting tips 13 within which the ends of the strand are firmly secured by soldering, and the conducting strands being fitted with terminal punchings 14 at one en No. 305,551,filed March 12,1906.
and 15 at the other, by means of which they may be put in electrical connection with the telephone apparatus. The insulatingserving which lies between each strand and its neighbor in the body of the cord is preferably continued about the strand where it is brought out independently, to serve as an individual insulating covering therefor. The layers of soft rubber 3, 6 and 9 are preferably terminated at. the point where the various strands of the cord diverge. The metallic armor 12 is referably terminated at a point slightly bacl; of the point where the cord strands separate, and its end held in place by a wrapping 16 of stout thread. To distinguish the strands of the cord from each other and identify them at the two ends, the braided insulating coverings are given distinctive colors in accordance with the usual practice.
In Fig. 3 I have illustrated the cord of my invention associated with certain telephone apparatus with which it is particularly adapted to be used. This apparatus, however, forms no part of my present invention, and is covered in another application, Serial As shown, one end of the cord passes into an 7 one end of the hollow stem or hanr le of the combined receiver and transmitter 17, within which the conducting strands 4, 7 and 10 are connected to appropriate terminals of the instrument by means of the connecting tips 15, While the supporting strand 1 passes through the hollow handle and into a tubular openin at the other end, within which its termina tip or lug 13 is held by mears of two semi' cylindrical jaws-embracing the tip and resting upon a flange at the bottom of the tubular o ening. The tubular opening may be close by a screw 19, having a rubber washer interposed between itand the head of the tip.
that the central strand The other end of the cord is joined, in the present instance, to the stationary portion of the telephone set, which is firmly secured to a suitable support, and a portion only of which is shown. The telephone set has a portion 20 of its metallic case provided with a clamping plate 21, beneath which the end of the supporting strand 1 is firmly held. The conducting strands may pass loosely through an opening in the projecting portion 20, and into thecase through a stufiing box 22, where they are connected to the terminals of the apparatus mounted therein.
If in the use of the telephone, the user should accidentally be thrown from his feet,- by retaining his grasp on the telephone instrument he may support himself, the central strand or core being made strong enough to withstand any such stresses to which the cord may be subjected. li loifeovei', the fact is of high tensile strength, and incapable of any material extension resulting from stresses to which it is likely to be subjected, while the conducting o ening at eeaveo it against injury such as would result from a crushing strain, and the formation of this sheath or armor as a loose helix enables it to furnish such protection without interfering with the flexibility of the cord.
It will be understood that my invention may be embodied in cords varying from the particular form which I have chosen-for the purposes of illustration and description; for instance, while desirable, it is not essential that the conducting strands be placed about the supporting core in the form of braided tubes of wire, as it would be practicable to .dispose them in the form of concentric helixes of suitable metallic ribbon, or in the form of separately insulated strands independently disposed about the central core, or in any other suitable manner.
1. A telephone cord, comprising a flexible core of metal of high tensile strength provided with terminal lugs at both ends, and a plurality of insulated conductors disposed concentrically about said core, each of said.
insulated conductors being provided with terminal connectors at both ends.
2. A telephone cord, comprising a flexible strand of high tensilestrength secured at one end to a support, and at the other end to a tele hone instrument, and a conducting strand connected at one end with said tele phone instrument, and associated with said first mentioned strand to constitute the cord.
3. A telephone cord, comprising a flexible strand of metal of high tensile strength secured at one end to a support, and at the other end to a telephone instrument, and a plurality of conducting strands associated with said first mentioned strand. to form the telephone cord, said conducting strands being connected at one end to the telephone instrument.
4. In a telephone cord, the combination with a flexible metallic core of high tensile strength secured at one end to a support, and at the other end to a telephone instrument, of a plurality of conductors consisting of braided wire tubes surrounding said core, and insulated from it and from each other, said conductors being electrically connected at one end to the telephone instrument, and a flexible metallic armor surrounding said eonductors and their associated central strand.
5. A telephone cord comprising a flexible steel wire core of high tensile strength adaptone end to the te ephone instrument; and an armor consisting of a slightly open helix of metal ribbon surrounding the Whole.
6. 'A tele hone cord, comprising a core of Wire ro e 0 high tensile strength secured at one en to a support and at the other end mechanically secured to a telephone'instrument, and an insulated conducting strand in the form of a flexible tube arranged concentrically about the core and electrically con-- nected with the telephone instrument.
7. A tele hone cord,.comprising a core of wire ro e of high tensilestrength secured at one en to a support and at the other end mechanically secured to a telephone instrument, and .an insulated conducting strand consisting of a flexible braided Wire tube arranged concentrically about the core and electricallynconnected with the telephone instrument.
8. A telephone'cord, comprising a coreof wire r0 e of high tensile strength secured at one en to a'support and at the other end mechanically secured to a telephone instrument, and a plurality of conductors in the form of concentric flexible braided layers of Wire being insulated from the tube and from each other and being electrically connected at one end to the telephone instrument.
GEO RGE F. ATWOOD.
V. O! DE Vo'rrn, C. CAMPBELL.
surrounding said core, said conductors