US 897286 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 897,286. PATENTED SEPT. 1, 1908.
CLEANING AND POLISHING APPARATUS.
APPLICATION FILED NOV.13, 1902.
FIE-5 W A GHQ omega UNITED STATES PATENT. OFFICE.
I EZRA HASKELL, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
CLEANING AND POLISHING APPARATUS.
.To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EZRA HASKELL, a
. citizen of the .United States, residing at first, to afford means for cleaning or polish.-
mg purposes, which 'does the work with great rapidity and thoroughness, with the ;minimum amount of labor on the part of the polisher and operator; second, to produce such means which is particularly ada table to shoes third, to provide devices or the aforesaid purposes, which can be practically and efficiently employed with any suitable motor. I attain these objects by the means illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a vertical section through a cleaner which embodies one form of my invention,- a portion of the spindle being broken-out to show the latch; Fig. 2, a vertical section through a modified form of my device; Fig. 3, a cross-section through the device shown in the first view, and Fig. 4, a cross-section through the device shown in the second view.
Similar letters refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
, 7 -..'-Wool en cloth or equivalent niateri The device which I term the polisher C, since it is adapted particularly\ to be applied to shoes, comprises a brush h, an inner cover 71, and a soft outer cover y'. The
brush it is cylindrical externally and rounded over at the top, the bottom also being slightly rounded as shown, but it will be understood that both the top and bottom .curves may be changed more or less by trimming 'off the ends of the bristles or -whatever other material is used in the con struction of the brush, to give the desired outlines. These bristles (or similar material) are fastened into a central core h in the usual manner, andsaid core is provided with a suitable passage for the recep-' .tionof the spindle e. Theinner cover 2' should consist of a good firm uality of and the Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed November 13, 1902. Serial No. 131,168?
Patented Sept. 1, 1908.
outer cover j of a thinner material which is well adapted for polishing purposes, as canton flannel. The cover polishes the shoe and, when worn out, can be readily renewed. The cover '5 acts as a buffer between ,the cover and the brush h, furnishing a foundation of some consistency for said cover '7' to distribute the pressure over said brush which is flexible and yields under pressure but returns to sha e immediately the pressure is removed. T is construction enables the polisher to be successfully applied to all parts of the shoe. Without a rush and a brush of proper construction substantially as described, a device of this kind would be impracticable for the reason that. it is necessary to provide a flexible and yieldin surface beneath the polishing cloth or clot s in the absence of which such a device is not successful, and I have found nothing to answer the purpose so well or nearly so well as.a brush, the bristles of which have flexible or yielding and resilient properties.
' Although other fabric or textile materials besides woolen cloth and canton flannel, or
possibly material which could not pro erly e termed a fabric or textile, may be su stituted for the cloth or flannel or both in the covers i and y, these materials have been found to serve the purpose very satisfactorily. The covers 6 and y' after being drawn over the brush h, are fastened around the base of said brush in'a suitable manner.
In the drawings a grooved flange 7c is shown at the base of the brush core h. Each cover is provided around its openend with a hem through which a cord or strong elastic band Z is passed. The cover 11 is first drawn over the brush and its cord or band I inserted in the groove in the flange 7c, where it is tied or held by contraction; then the cover y' is drawn over said cover '1' and fastened in the same manner, its cord or band Z being outside of the other. The arrangement just described affordsready means for removing the cover '1' when worn out and replacing it with a new one. The cover 71 can also be replaced as readily, if desired. l i
In addition to the function above noted,
the flange k at the base of the core h supports the bristles of the brush at the bottom where they would otherwisebe liable to become bent and broken and thus permit the cover or covers thereon to get loose andso impair the usefulness of the device. By providing this support at theweakest part of the brush, in
' ed to normally enter an opening in the core 72., being pressed into engagement with said' core by a -spring q set into a suitable recess in thespifidle e. The engagement of the latch 10 .with the core h prevents the brush it from slipping ofl of the spindle e, and the connections between the pin n and the collarm completes the arrangement by which said brush and spindle are locked together and caused to revolve coincidentally. By forcing the latch against the spring q until said latch is disengaged from the core h, the brush is released and can be slipped from the spindle without difficulty an 1t maybe mounted on the spindle again by. pressing it over the inclined hooked end 0 the latch, care being taken that the pin registers with the slot m The cover 7' will-wear out in time and must be replaced with a new one. Such substitution is eflected by loosening and removing the bottom of the cover from the flange k and taking said cover ofl of the brush, after which a new cover is drawn onto said brush and its bottom tightly secured to said flange.
As before intimated, I do not wish to be confined to the specific manner herein shown of confining the covers about the lower end of the brush, as this may be done in various ways.
A brush it without covers may be used to remove mud or dust from the shoes and from the trousers or other clothing, but the device 'which I herein term the cleaner D and which is described below is found to be a better medium for this purpose. Said cleaner comprises a central core 1' bored out to receive the s indle e, which latter can be used inter c angeably with both devices,-a plurality of fabric disks 8 on said core, and a cover t, preferably of plush, overall. The disks 8 are confined between a flange- 1" at the top of the core 1'". and a flange u at the base of said core, said flange servin as a support for said disks just as the flange does for the bristles of the brush. The top ofthe cleaner D is preferably semi-spherical, like that of the polisher G, which form is produced by curving the top of the flange 1" and decreasing the diameter f of the upper disks 3, as will be readily understood. The ra wheel thus formed provides a comparative y rigid foundation for the plush cover, which is at the same time sufficiently yielding as not 'to injure the fabric or leather to which the cleaner is applied. The open end of the covert is gathere in and $1011". fined by means of a cord or elastic band Z to the flan e u screwed on to the base of the core 1", said ange being (grooved like the flange k, or it may be secure opening to receive the hooked end of the latch p and with a collar m" having a slotm to receive the pin .n, so that the spindle e may be attached to, or detached from, the cleaner D in the same manner as described in connec in any other convenient manner. The core .1" 1s prov1ded'w1th. an
tion with the; olisher C. Although the rag wheel is suita le for cleaning purposes, itis not so practical as when covered with plush. f is a hole in the outer end of the spindle e placed there to facilitate connecting said spindle with a flexible motor'shaft.
The nature and functions of the cleaner or rag wheel are similar in many res ects to Y those of a brush and more particular y of the brush h, hence the term-brush is broad enoughto include both devices and is intended so to do in claim 1.
Changes in shape and size of the difierent it parts may be ma e without departing from the nature of my invention. Furthermore, I do not wish to be restricted to the use of plush for the cover of the cleaner, or to two covers in every case.
What I-claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:-
, 1. A device, of the class designated, comprising a brush provided with a core havingi a flange at its base extending beneath an sup orting adjacent portions of the brush, suc brush top, and a cover on said'brush, said cover being attached to said flange.
2. The combination, in an apparatus .of
the class designated, with a cylindrical brush rounded at the to and a core having a peiripherally groove flange at its base extending beneath and supporting the. bristles of the brush, of two covers upon said brush, and
being cylindrical and round at the cords one outside of the other in the flange groove'to fasten said covers at the bottom to the flange.
In testimony. whereof I have. signed my I name to this specificati'on'in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
. EZRA HASKELIQ. Witnesses F. A. CUTTER, A. L. STEVENS.-