US 897377 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nofasnav'r. PATENTED SEPT. 1, 1908.
R. W. KING.
TRUNK LOCK. APPLICATION FILED KAY 27. 1908.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
WTNE .5' 5- i A/VSA/Tb im 6M@ ATTRNEY alsl NITED STAESTENT OFFICE.
ROBERT W. KING, 0F SYRACUSE, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO SUSAN A. KING, OF SYRACUSE NEW YORK.
peciflcation of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 1, 1908:
Application illed )hy 27, 1908. Serial No. 436,215.
To all whoml it may concern:
Be it known that I, ROBERT W. KING, a citizen of the United States, residing at Syracuse, inthe county of Onondaga and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Im rovements in.Trunk-Loeks, of which the ollowing is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in lock mechanisms, designed for use in connection with trunks, chests and the like, and theinvention relates particularlyT to a locking mechanism having a plurality of locks connected and operated as one part.
The oli`ect of this invention is to provide a lock mec anism for use on trunks, eases or doors, which is sim le, effective, strong and inexpensive, and wllierein the construction and arrangement of the parts are such that a trunk-lid or a door may be readily and sccurely locked, or unlocked at several difler,
ent points at the sal'ne time. A 'further object of the invention ist eliminate the auxiliary movable catehesvor latches usually employed on the outside of 'trunks .and similar cases and co eratin with the main lock for holding the li close and to substitute therefor a series of power'- fiil blind auxiliary locks or latches disposed on the inside, and a series of fixed plates on the outside of the trunk.
A further object of the invention is' to provide a lock mechanism having a plurality of locking,r inciiibers or parts, capable -of being operated simultaneously to lock or unlock a lid, door or other movable part at different points, wherein the arrangement of the parts of cach iI'iflividuai-I lock is such that, one or more of the locks ma be brokeiii or iiiipaii ed without rendering tie remainingr partsv iiiefl'ective';
A further object' of the iiivei'ition. is to provide a plurality of locking;r mechanisms, dis
The invention consists principally of a moin lookin mechanism comprisin a pivoted s iiing-asp or like pal-t to whic i is connecte a lock controlled by a key, the main locking arts preferably disposed on the outside of t 1e body of a case or door in position to afford ready access tothe same.
The invention further consists of one or more auxiliary bolts of peculiar and novel construction, which are preferably disposed inside of a trunk or door, at soine distance from the main lock, the said bolts being eperatively connected with the pivoted lia-sp, for the purpose of releasinfy them simultaneousl y, after the main lock Tias 'been released. The said auxiliary bolts also capable of. being set in locked position automatically without the co )eration of the main lock. Each of said bo t-locks comprisinv' a female member attached to the body ci? the ease, a male member connected to the lid of the case, and a s rin controlled reeiprocatin bolt or latc to iold said members interloc ed.
The invention further consists of means for connecting Athe bolts with-the pivoted hasp of the main lock, by means of which the sai( bolts may be operated simultaneously, in the direction to unlock the cover or lid, from the outside ofthe case.
The invention further' consistsl of the novel features and the combinations of the arts set forth in the detail description Whie follows, and then particularl ointed outin the claims, refeigcncebeing 1a( .to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a pers ective 'view of a trunk 'or chest showing the. ocation of the main lock, when in locked position; also showing generali the construction and arrangement of tic exposed parts of thc device. Fig 2 ai'eiir sido elevation of the front wall of the ease, showing in full and dotted lines the location and arrangement of the main and auxiliary locking parts, the catch of the main loc being in released position, and the bolts being in locked position. Fig. 3 is a rear sideclevation of the front wall of the trunk crease, showing the main `lock and bolts in full release; also showing, by breakingr away a portion of the iront wall of the caso, the sprnig-hasp disposed at an angle for effecting the simultaneous releasing of the auxiliary latch-bolts; also showing a portion of the detachable shield employed'for concealing the auxiliary locking mechanism.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged. detail view partly in elevation and partly in section, i one oi4 the bolts and related parts, showing the' con'- struetion and arrangement of the same. F ig. 5 an enlargeddetz-iil sectional view substantially on the line 5&5 of Fig. 4., slum*H ing the auxiliary locking parts in locked po sition and inclosed in the sliield; also showing the face and back plates, and the means for connecting the several parts to the walls of the trunkand lid. Fig. 6 is an enlarged face view of the central face plates',-sho\ v'ing a'large recess to receive and house the s ringhasp and main-lock. Fig. 7 is an enlIii'ged face view ofthe .main locking parts, showing the spring-hasp disposed in the recess oi the central face plates.\ Fig. 8 is a sectional view substantially on the lines 8-8 of 6, showing the manner of construct-ing the sockets in the central face plates. Fig. Qis a' sectional view taken on the line 9.-9 of Fig.
6, showing the recess in the face plate formed by an integral beveled flange. Fig. 10 is a sectional view on the line 10--10 of Fig. 7, showing the hasp dis osed in the recess of the face plate flush with the beveled flange, as when 1n locked position. Fig. 1l is a i etail'rear-faee view of a modihed form of hasp, showing the manner of applying the mainlock to the upper end of theA hasp also showing the arrangement of the pivot mechanismfand the cross-arm for operating the bolts. Fiv. 12 is a detail view of the lower portion or the hasp 'and pivotal support, partly in elevation and partly in section, showing the details of the pivot parts; also showing the spring which controls the hasp.
Fig. 13 is an enlarged detail section of the main locking parts, Vtaken en the line 1-3-13 of Fig. 7, showing by full lines, the .construction and disposition of the springdiasp, together with the mainlook and 'key and the pivot mechanism, when in locked position, also showing by dotted lines, the has and main lock thrown outwardly 'into re cased position by the spring.
Similar characters lof reference designate correspondingjparts @throughout the several trunk as shown in Fig. 1.
Te'illus'trateith; application and working of my improved Aloekil'ig mechanism, I have shown the same applied to a trunk or chest having a body A and a lid, or cover B. The exposed o r external portion of the' lock mechanism comprises amain lock C, which is referably mounted on the front face side o the The main. lock consists of e hasp or lever2, the lower end of which is pivotal y supported by a face plate 3 which 1ssecured to the front side of the body A. The hasp 2 is preferably made to a lid B (see Figs. 1,
` the lit in place.
length, and disposed in such manner that, its upper end overlaps the front face of the 2, 7 and 13). The upper end of the hasp is circular, and 'when in locked position is held in )lace by the face plate 3 and ,a similar l'ace i ate 4, which is se cured to the front face oi the lid B directly above the )late 3. The face plates 3 and Il are preferably -made as shown in Figs. 1, 6, 7 and i3, having perforated lugs 5 by nieans of which they are .fastened to the ease, and each having a beveled integral rib or flange 6, arranged when the lidis' closed, to lorm a large shallow recess 7l into which the hasp ioperatirely 'litsv .Face plate 4 extends downwardly andoverlaps the body A, and is provided with a central tongue 4f 'which iitsiu a. corres monding notch 3 of plate 3 to help .hold
i The rec-ess lis provided te aord n. housing lfor the haspy to protect it from being struck' or batteredl by contact With other objects, when being handled or shipped. The lower face plate 3 is depressml centrally toforin a cup or socket 8, which disposed in a circular mortise'or opening S', formed through the front wall oi the body A. The bottoni or inner wall of the socket 8 have ing a central perforation 1().
1.1 representsa circular plate or part having an angular portieri out away from its cen-- ter and upper 'side to receive the lower end ol the hasp 2. f
12 represents an. integral stirrup formed on 'the inner face ofthe pivot-plate 11', as shown in Figs. 11, 12 and 13, having an. integral stud .13, which passes through the perforation 10, and forms a pivot .for the lateral o p.-
eration of the has i The outer end of the stud I3 is squarer to receive a cross-arm 14, which is Airovided with a square hole to i it the stud. 'I lhe cross-arm 14 is held in place by a washer 15 and a screw 16. v
17 represent-s a )in-te, which is attached to the inner Vall ol' the ease A in suitableinanner and is perforated. to receive the stud 13.
18 represents a l)air of' inwardly facingiib tegral lugs forme on the lower end of the has 2, which are disposed between the parallel sides of stirrup 12, to which the lugs are pivotally connected by a pin 1), winch passes through stirrup 12 and also through the lugs.v
B11-.represents a vcoil s ring nl oillltel:tmpinV tension to `force or throw the up er end of the has i 2 outward' y away from' tie front wall of tlie case as shown by dotted lines in Flg. 13. The connection between the hasp 2 and 'the part 11 is such that the latter lrotates with the hasp4 on the-stud |13, whemthe-hasp is in its outer or released position. .The main lock proper eonslsts of a. case 21, which may be connected to the inner face of the hasp 2 in any suitable manner, but prefer: ably as shown in Fig. 11.
' 22 represents a stud or bolt proJectlng 1nworking of my invention.
sans?? -The lock-case 21, the stud 22, and catch 23,
and also the key 24 comprise parts of a wellknowntrunk or chest lock in common use, the detail description of which are not material to the present invention, as any suitable form of lock may [be employed 1n connection with the hasp 2 for carrying out the plate4 Iis depressed centrally in a .manner similar to plate 3, to form a c llndrical cup in a erforation or mortise 27 formed in the lid The to re ister with the perforation 28.
lin Fig. 13, and then by turning the key a f bottom or inner wall of the socket 26 is pro- L vided with an oval perforation 28, through which catch 23 of the main lock is adapted to 'have free passage. Catch 23 is formed to correspond with perforation 28, and to lock and unlock hasp 2, it is only necessary to operate the key a quarter-of a turn, which will rotate the latch to the `osition shown by idotted lines in Figs. 2 an 11. The full lines in said figures show catch 23 in 'unlocked position and registering with the perforation 28.
' In practice when the operator manipulates the key 24 and'shifts catch 23 to the position last described, the spring 2() will disen age lthe upper end of the hasp 2 from the acelock the trun 'or case the o erator should' first insert or take hold of t e key 24 and turn it suiiiciently to set catch 23in position He shoul then press the hasp inwardly against the tension of spring 20 until the has .enters and lies in the recess 7, as shown by: iulllines quarter turn .catch 23 will beishifted or rotated to the )osition shown. by dotted lines in Fig. 11 which will elect the locking of the lid and case. The relation of catch 23 and hole 28 are such, that after the hasp and lock 21 have been inserted inthe socket 26 and key 24 operated a uarter turn, catch 23 is ythereby rotated to iorizontal position, as shown by dotted lines in litigs. 2 and` 1], which cil'ccts' the locking of the lid in closed posi' tion.
'instead of the movable catches or latches usually employed -on thc front sidc of trunks or cases, at or nen-r the opposite corners thereof, for cooperation with the main lock for holding thc cover in closed -.position,
provide 'sim )le iiush face-plates 3() and 3 1 which may )c cast, or formed out of shoetinctal of suitable gage or stiffness, but ably thin and flat, so as to project but s ightly beyond the surface of the case and lid. rllbese plates are preferably made of orna- The upper facer platev cured to tie face side of the body A, as
shown in Figs. 1 and 5. All of the plates 30 and 31 and also the plates 3 and 4 are rigidly secured to the body A and lid B by rivets or bolts 32. These plates have no movable or o eratin f parts and each preferably consists oi) a sing e piece of'metal. On the inner side of the front wall of the case A ,and lid B, directly opposite the plates 30 and 3l, are disoscd back-plates 33 and 34, which are perorated to receive the rivets 32, b means of which the corresponding face and ack plates are held rigidly 1n place (see Fig. 5). Each back plate 33 is provided with a male locking member consisting of a downwardly projecting V-shaped4 tongue 36 formed integrally with' the plate, and eachtine or tongue is provided with a narrowl transverse slot 37. he tongues 36 project downwardly a considerable distance below the lower edges of lates 33 and overlap the body A. When the lid is closed as shown in the drawings, tbe tongues 36 extend their full len rth below tbc upper edge of the body A an enter corresponding female members, consisting of angular sockets 38, which are formed integrally on the inner face of backfplates 34. The sockets 38 having broad upwardly facin mouths toreceive the tongues 36 when. the li( is closed down. on the case A. 39 Arepresents a'slotted opening formed in the side of each socket 33 facing tbc center of the case, which registers with4 tho slots 37 of tongues 36 (see Figs. 4 and 5).
. 4() represents a slotted guide formed on a laterali projecting integralv arni 41 of each back p ate 34, the ways of said guides registering with the slotted openings 39.
42 represents reciprocating latch-bolts, which are operatively ittcd and confined in the guides 40. The inner ends of latchbolts 42 are adapted to )ass through. slots 39, and stand in the slotted openings 37 of tonguesti.
Figs. 2, 3, 4 and 5 show the vreferred construction and disposition of t le latch-bolts 42. The inner cndsoflatch-bolts 42 are preferably beveled and ointed at 43 as shown in said ligurcs, to acilitate their free passage through tbc slots, and also for the purposel of. 'permitting the tongues 36 to.
enter the sockets and-force the latch-bolts outwardly against the tension of a spring 44,
which is pivoted to the back-plate 34 at 45, and which normally exerts 4its tension to hold the latch-bolts in the lockinglposition, shown` in Figs'. 2 and 4. Under t rearrangement f i when tongues 36"(lescend into sockets 38, the YI' Ol' points of the tongueaby reason ofthebevels 43, force the latch-bolts outwardly, and as soonas the tongues reach the bottom .of the.
sockets 374 vregister with slots 39,
, port for said hasp, by means when the main loe ssi/,377
eating bolt, a cross-arm connected Vto said pivotal support, a series of links to connect said bolts with said cross-arm, and stop-pins to limit the operation of said cross-an and said has i.
3. A lock mechanism, comprising a main lock, a key for operating said lock, a s ringliasp to carry said main lock, a lepivota supasp may be rotated or rocked laterally, a plurality of bolt locks, each comprising a male and a female member and a reciprocating bolt, a cross-arm connected to said pivotal support, a series of links to connect said bolts with said cross-arm, and a spring to normally hold each of said bolts in locking position, and also to restore said hasp to its normal upright position.
4. A locking mechanism, comprising a main lock operated 'by a key, a liasp to carry said main lock, a s )ring to operate said liasp is released by the key, a pivotal support for said hasp ada )ted to per- Init said has p to be rotated after tlie same has been operated bysaid spring, a pair of auxiliary locks, each comprising a slotted tongue and a reciprocating latch-bolt, a guide lfor each of said latch-bolts, aspring to `o )crate each of said latch-bo each latch-bolt in one direction, a lin connected to each latch-bolt, a cross-arm connected to said pivotal support and to said liasp' andA also with said links, adapted to effect the withdrawing of said latch-bolts when said hasp is rotated, and a s ring to restore -each latch-bolt to normal loc ing position, and also to restore the hasp to its normal ulpright position.
5. locking mechanism, eomprisi a main lock, a key for operatin said loc a hasp to sup Jort said main loc a s ring to throw said liasp outwardly when t e main lock is released, a pivoted support for said hasp, a cross-arm connected to 'said pivoted su )port and movable with said hasp, a plura ity of auxiliary locks, each comprising a male and a female member, and a reci rocating latch-bolt, a s )ring to normally iold lts in locking position, and a link to connect each latch-bolt with said cross-arm, by means of which `said latchbolts may be shifted into released position by the operation of said liasp on said pivot-ed support.
6. A4 locking mechanism, comprising a spring hasp pivotally connected at its hiwer end, a face late to operatively support the lower end oiP said hasp, a main keeck conf nected to the upper end of 4said hasp, a faceplate having a perforated socket to receive said main lock, an auxiliary lock, comprising a tongue, a socket and a latch-bolt, t c said tongue A and socket having corresponding slots to receive said latch-bolt, across-arm coi'uuectcd to and capable of being operated which sald Iwith the corner faceilates, integra by said hasp, a link to connect said crossarm and said latch-bolt, and a spring to normally hold the late -bolt in engagement with said tongue and socket.
7. 'The combination with a trunk,` having a body and a lid, of a main lock, a s ringhasp to support said main lock the saiclhas mounted on the front side of the trunk body and overlapping the front face of the lid, a face-plate mounted on the body and having a socket to pivotally su port said hasp a face-plate secured to the lid having .a socket to receive the main lock o erate with said lock for holding the lid in c osed position, a air of back-plates secured to the inner side ci) the trunk lid, each of said plates having a depending V-shapcd tongue overlapping the body, and having a transverse slot, a. pair of back-plates secured to the inner side of the trunk-body, each f said plates having a socket adapted to receive the corresponding tongue of thev upper plate, and each of said sockets having a slot adapted to register with the slots in said tongues when the lid is c1osed,.a guide formed inte rally with the back-plates'of the body, a itchbolt operatively disposed in each guide, adapted to pass. through the slots in said tongues and said sockets, to effect tlie'lock-` ing of the trunk lid. in closed position, a spring to normally holdsaid latch-bolts in locking position, a cross-arm connected to said spring-liasp and .operable therewith and afpair. of links to'connect said latch-bolts with said cross-arm.
8. The co'mbination with a trunk having a body and a lid, lof a series of one-piece facelatesdsecured to the outersurface of said .and adapted t0 coody, one of said face-plates dsposednear` each front corner of the body, an( one plate disposed in the middle of ter plate having a central a mortise in the body, acclates secured to the front side, ofthe lid a ove the corresponding plates of the body, each of said plates arranged to overlap the bod and one of said plates haviltig a socket disposed in a mort-isc in the li' a spring'hasppivoted in thevsocket of the ccntral face-plate of the bod a key-lock mounted on the upper end o said liasp and adapted to fit in the socket socket i isposed in the bod the 1at.
a series of one-part of the correspending lid faee-plate, a cross-arm dis-- connected to and opa pair of lnickfplates of the lid re risterii f slotte tongues proje'ctin rom said 'iacklates and over nipping t ie bod, a pair o f ackplates secured to the bo y and mgistcring with the corresponding face-plates, an interal slotted socket formed on each of said ack-plates adaptedy to receive said tongues when the lid is closed on' the body, a latchposed inside the body erable with said haslp, secured to the insue bolt slidable in a guide formed on seid lest In testimony whereof `I afx my signature named bnclvpletes, the sadflatrlbbelts in 'presence of two witnesses. ada, ted to enga e seid tongues 01' t1@ purr y posgof .locking t e lid to the body, a spring ROBERT V" KING' 5 to control said latch-bolts, and n, alr of Witnesses: linketo operatively connect seid late -bo1ts WM. C. ANDERSON,
with said cross-arm and said hesp. .HARRY DE WALLACE.