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Publication numberUS902230 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 27, 1908
Filing dateJun 17, 1907
Priority dateJun 17, 1907
Publication numberUS 902230 A, US 902230A, US-A-902230, US902230 A, US902230A
InventorsWilliam H Holland
Original AssigneeWilliam H Holland
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Work-holder for box-making.
US 902230 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

W. H. HOLLAND.

,WORK HOLDER P OE BOX MAKING.

APPLIGATION Hum 111111117, 1907.

902,230. Patented 0011.221908 2 SHEETS-SHEET -1.

M wmf/Howl@ 255 25. @ya l l .JQg/Jf.

W. H. HOLLAND.

wom: HOLDER F03 B0X MAKING. APPLICATION FILED JUNE 17, 1907.

902,230. Patented oct. 27, 1908.

2 SHEETS-s112111" z.

dlliwnJ/Jfollad/ by ivi UNITED STATMES PATENT OFFICE.

WILLIAM H. HOLLAND, OF SOUTH BEND, INDIANA.

WORK-HOLDER FOR BOX-MAKING.

To all whom fit may concern.'

Be it known that I, WILLIAM I'I. HOLLAND, a citizenof the United States, and a resident of South Bend, in the county of St. Joseph and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in 1Work- Holders for Box-Making; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

rlhis invention relates to a novel work holder designed Vfor use in making boxes and the invention consists in the matters hereinafter set forth and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

The holder herein shown has been designed for use in making metal bound boxes of that class in which the side, top and bottom walls of the box are composed of thin sheets of any suitable material as wood veneering, fiber sheets and the like and are bound together by metal bands or wires that are attached by staples or other means to the said walls to constitute means for reinforcing the box and also to constitute a hinge for the swinging` cover or lid of the box. It may be adapted,

however, to making boxes of other construc-4 tion.

Among the objects of my invention is to provide a simple and eiiicient work holder which constitutes a form about which the box is built and which is adapted to support the various parts of the box during its formation, and so arranged that the box may be completed on said work holder and be thereafter removed from the holder as a finished box. Said work holder may be employed either' for making boxes by hand or as a part of a box making machine embodying, in addition to the holder, a suitable support for the holder arranged to permit ready manipulation of the holder during-the process of constructing the box. Such machine may also embody, when designed for making metal bound boxes, staple driving mechanism for drivin@v the staples that fasten the binding wires or strips to the box walls and for fastening the walls of the box together when said box walls are to be secured together' by the wire holding staples.

In the drawings :-Figure l is a perspective view of a work holder made in accordf ance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a rear Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed .Tune 17, 1907.

Patented Oct. 27, 1908.

Serial No. 379,452.

line 3 3 of Fig. 2. Fig. l is a section,`taken I on the line i- 4c of Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the finished box. Fig. 6 is a perspective view of one of the end wall blanks of the box showing the manner of fitting the cleats thereto. F ig.Y 7 is a perspective view of one of the cleats. Fig. 8 is a perspective view of one end memberof the holder, showing the manner of inserting one of the end wall blanks thereinto. Fig. 9 is a transverse view of the holder showing thereon a finished box ready to beremoved from the holder.

The construction of a box adapted to be made on the illustrated form of my novel work holder is shown in Figs. 5, 6, 7 8 and 9. It comprises side walls A A1, end walls 'A3, a bottom wall A4 and a top or swinging wall A5 hinged to the side wall A1. The said top, bottom and side walls are bound together by means of metal strips or wires B Bl which are fastened to said walls by staples o. Said latter walls are attached to the end walls through the medium of cleats AG, shown best in Fig. 7 which are provided with longitudinal grooves a that fit over the margins of said end walls. bottom walls of the box are attached to the end walls by the same staples which attach the binding strips or wires to said side and bottom walls, said staples passing through the side and bottom walls through the cleats thereof and into "the margins of said end walls, as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 9. The cleats of the top wall A5 are attached in a like manner to the top wall or lid, and are not attached to the end walls, but are adapted to fit with their grooves a over the upper margins of said end walls when the box is closed. The said cleats are formed at their ends to provide stepped mitered joints which fit in interlocking relation when the cleats are brought together to stiften and give firmness to the box. In a comparatively short box but two binding wires B B, located at the ends thereof, will be employed. In longer boxes, however, one or more of the intermediate binding wires or strips B1 may be employed attached to said walls by the staples Z). The terminals of said binding wires or strips are extended beyond the box walls to form tying ends b1 of a length to be twisted together when the top wall of the box is closed, thereby not only holding the top wall in its closed position, but also in effecting a connection be- The side and tween the ends of the binding wires or strips to constitute a metal binding that extends entirely around the box to reinforce the same.

The work holder shown embodying an approved form of my invention is provided with two like and symmetrically arranged end members provided with end wall receiving grooves in which the end walls are held while the side and bottom walls of the box are being fastened thereto. The said end members, in the construction illustrated herein, each comprise inner and outer plates between which is formed said groove to receive the end wall blanks. Suitable tie-bars connect said end members of the holder to give firmness to the holder. The end members of the holder are located at such ydistance apart that the blanks constituting the side, bottom and top walls of the box are applied to the cleats which are fitted to the end walls of the blanks before they are inserted into said end wall receiving grooves between the outer plates of said end members and when said side, top and bottom wall blanks have been so fitted to the cleats they are attached to the cleats by staples which also fasten the binding wires or strips to said walls. The staples which fasten the binding wires or strips at the end of the box also fasten the top, bottom and side walls to the end walls, as stated. If it be desired to attach one or more intermediate binding strips or wires to the side, top and bottom walls 'of the box, the holder will include one or more anvil frames located between said end members and provided with anvil faces by which the staples fastening such intermediate strips or wires to said walls are clenched or upset.

Referring now specifically to the form of holder herein shown as embodying one approved form of my invention, 10, 1'0 designate, as a whole, the end members of the holder, each provided with an end wall receiving groove as stated, and 11, 11 tie rods which extend between and connect the said end members. Each of said end members of the holder comprise, as herein shown, two parts, to wit,'-an outer plate 12 and an inner plate 13. The outer plates 12 of said end members extend beyond the inner plates 13 at the sides and ends thereof and they are spaced in any suitable manner, as by means of flanges 14a formed integral with the upper sides of the inner plates, as shown in Fig. 4, to provide the end wall receiving grooves 14. Said inner plates are attached to the outer' plates by means of screws 15 extending through said flanges into the upper margins of said outer plates. Thus said end wall receiving grooves are open at their sides and bottoms and closed at their tops. rl`he outer plates are provided on their inner faces with raised portions 16 which are made of substantially the same dimensions as the inner plates. The end wall receiving grooves are formed between said raised portions 16 of the outer plates and the inner plates and said grooves are of the same shape but of slightly less dimension than the end wall blanks. The tie rods are attached in any suitable manner to the inner faces of the inner plates, as for instance, by the hollow lugs and set screws shown. Before the end wall blanks A3 are inserted into said grooves 14 the bottom and two side cleats A'j are applied thereto, as shown in Fig. 6, and thereafter said end wall blanks are inserted into said grooves from the bottom thereof as indicated in F ig. 8. Then said end wall blank and cleats are in place, the said cleats A rest at their inner faces against the margins of the inner plates and the margins of the said raised portions 16, the latter being provided to afford room at the grooves 14 for the outer lateral halves of the cleats, and also to afford, in connection with the margins of the inner plates, shoulders or surfaces against which the inner faces of the cleats fit.

After the cleats of the end wall blanks have been fitted to the end members of the holder in the manner described, the side and e'nd and bottom wall blanks are fitted against the outer faces of the cleats, said blanks being made of such length as to closely enter between the plates of the outer members that project beyond the inner plates thereof. Said side and bottom walls are fastened to the cleats and to the end wall by the staples I) which are driven through said side and bottom walls through the cleats and into the margins of the end walls. Before said staples are driven into place the binding wires or strips B B are laid over the outer faces of the said side and bottom walls and the staples are arranged te straddle the wires or strips so that when driven home they serve to fasten said wires or strips to the side and bottom walls. The cleats A6 of the top or swinging wall A are in a like manner attached to said top wall by the staples and said staples are arranged to fasten the wires or bands to the top wall. In the case of the top or swinging` wall, however, the staples are not designed to penetrate the top margins of the end walls to fasten said top wall thereto. The holder is, therefore, so constructed that the top wall is held a. distance away from the upper margins of the end walls to prevent the attachment of the top wall to said end walls. The holder is also so constructed and arranged that the staples which attach the top wall to said top wall cleats and the binding wires or bands to the top wall are deflected outwardly at their points from the planes of the grooves of said top wall cleats so as not to interfere with the tting of said top wall, cleats on the upper margins of the end walls of the box when the latter is finished. For this purpose the end members of the holder are provided above the end wall receiving grooves with metal ribs 17 over which fit the grooves of the top wall cleats before the top wall is fastened thereto, and said ribs 17 are arranged at an oblique angle to the side and bottom margins of said inner and outer plates of the end members 10 of the holder, the angle being such that the box lid or cover is held in a partially open position when it is fastened to the top wall or lid cleats. The points of the staples strike said ribs 17 when driven into place thus deflecting the legs of the staple out of the planes of the grooves of the top wall cleats and permitting said grooved top wall cleats to fit over the upper margin of the end walls when the said swinging top wall of the box is closed.

By reason of the fact that the top wall, when its cleats are attached thereto and the binding wires or strips are attached to said top wall by the staples Z2, is arranged at an upward and forward inclination to the horizontal, a space is provided at the front of the holder whereby a bar 18 may be extended between and be attached at its ends to the outer end members of the holder, thereby securing a firm and more rigid connection of the parts of the holder.

When an intermediate binding wire or wires B1 is to be applied to the side, bottom and top walls of the box, the said holder is provided with an anvil frame indicated as a whole by 19 having side portions 20, 20, a bottom portion 21, and a top portion 22 the outer faces of which constitute anvils against which the rivets that fasten the intermediate binding wire or wiresare clenched or upset. Said anvil frame is made of the same contour as the end members of the holder and is fixed in the holder in -any suitable manner as by the tie rods 11 extending therethrough and the connecting bar 18, as shown in Fig. 1. The outer or anvil faces of said anvil frame are in the same planes with the outer faces of the cleats when the cleats are applied to the end wall blanks and to the ribs 17, so that the rivets driven throughthe intermediate parts of said end and top walls and over the binding wires or strips laid thereover are driven against said anvil faces and are clenched or upset as stated. inasmuch as the top or cover of the box is partially opened or is arranged at an oblique angle with respect to the upper margins of the end walls of the box when the binding wires or strips are fastened thereto, room is afforded .for one or more of the connecting bars 18, one only of which is herein shown. The space available for such connecting bars is defined in Figs. 1 and 8 by the angle between the dotted line, indicating the upper margin of the end wall and the upper margin of the inclined plate of the inner member. ln this angle are placed the screws by which the inner and outer plates of each end member are fastened together. If desired another connecting bar may be employed extending directly between the upper margins of the inner plates of the end members and over the anvil member.

When constructing a box by the use of i my novel work holder as described, the side and bottom cleats are applied to the end wall blanks in the manner shown in Fig. 6 and said end wall blanks are thereafter inserted in place in the wall receiving grooves 111 of the end members in the manner shown in Fig. S. Thereafter one of the side wall blanks is applied to the outer faces of the cleats, the binding wires or strips laid thereover and the rivets which are set astride the binding wires or strips driven through the side walls into the end cleats and against the anvil faces of the intermediate anvil mem-- ber. 1n practice the front side wall, or that opposite to the side wall to which is hinged the top wall, is rst secured in place. Thereafter the bottom wall and the rear side walls are in a like manner fastened in place. Finally the cleats associated with the top wall are fitted to the ribs 17 and the top wall blank is placed thereover and secured thereto and to the binding wires or strips while said top wall occupies an obliquely inclined position. During the assembling of the box the holder is turned from time to time to present the wall being attached upwardly or in any other suitable position to apply the staples. After the cover has been fastened to its cleats the said cover' is swung entirely open in the position indicated in Fig. 9, whereupon the finished box may be slipped off `over the holder. It will thus be seen that when the box is thus assembled and the parts thereof fastened together, it is removed from the holder, as a finished box ready for use.

Then the holder is used in and as a partV of a machine, suitable means are provided for supporting the holder constructed and arranged to permit the holder to be turned from time to time as the construction of the box progresses to present its sides to a properly located'stapling head which operates to drive the staples in the manner describec, as shown in my aforesaid application. The end members are provided with endwise extending pins or studs 23 by which the holder is suspended in the supporting frame as a part of a box making machine.

It will be understood that the holder may be somewhat varied in its construction-without departing from the spirit of my invention, and also that it may be adapted for making boxes differ'ng in construction from that herein shown. do not wish to be limited to the construction herein shown, ex-

cept as herein .made the subject of specific claims.

1 claim as my invention l. A. work holder for use in making a box having four side and two end walls, comprising two end members provided with means for holding end wall blanks, and each provided at its four peripheral margins, each with an outwardly facing fully exposed cleat supporting shoulder.

2. A work holder for use in making a box having' four side and two end walls, comprising two end members provided with means for holding end wall blanks, each provided at its four peripheral margins, each with an outwardly facing fully exposed cleat supporting shoulder, and means on said end members exterior to said shoulders adapted to engage the end margins of side wall blanks placed on cleats supported on lsaid shoulders.

A work holder for use in making a box having four side and two end walls comprising two end members provided with means for holding end wall blanks, and each provided at its four peripheral margins, each with an outwardly facing fully exposed supporting shoulder, the shoulders of said end members at one side of the holder being` spaced a distance outwardly from the end wall blank holding means. Y

4r. A work holder' for use in making a box having' four side and two end walls, comprising two end members provided with means for holding end 4wall blanks, each provided at its four peripheral margins, each with an outwardly facing fully exposed supporting shoulder, the shoulders of said end members at one side of the holder being` spaced a distance outwardly from the end wall blank holding means, said latter shoulders being solid to afford clenching surfaces. 5. A work holder for use in making a box ha y'ing four side and two end walls, comprising two end members provided with means for holding end wall blanks, each provided at its four peripheral margins, each with an outwardly facing fully exposed supporting shoulder, the shoulders of said end members at one side of the holder being spaced a distance outwardly from the end y'all blank holding means, said latter shoulders being solid to aiord clenching surfaces and being provided with longitudinal ribs, for the purpose set forth.

6. A work holder con p 'ising two end members provided with means for holding wall blanks, and each provided at its four peripheral margins, each with an exteriorly facing fully exposed suporting` shoulder', the margins of said end members at one side of the holder being made longer than the margins Athereof at the opposite side of the holder, and a connecting bar extending between said end members and attached to said longer margins exterior to theends of the supporting shoulders thereof.

7. A work holder for use in making boxes comprising two symmetrically disposed end members provided with means for receiving and holding end wall blanks and formed to provide shoulders for supporting cleats applied to the margins of said end wall blanks, means for rigidly connecting said end members, and extensions or flanges on said end members exterior' to said shoulders adapted to engage the ends of the side, end and top wall blanks of the box, for the purpose set forth.

8. A work holder for use in making boxes comprising two symmetrically disposed end members provided with means for receiving and holding end wall blanks and formed to provide shoulders for supporting cleats applied to the margins of said end wall blanks, means for rigidly connecting said end members, and ribs at the upper sides of said end members designed to receive the grooved cleats of the top wall of the box, for the purpose set forth.

9. A work holder' for use in making boxes comprising two symmetrically disposed end members provided with means for receiving and holding end wall blanks and formed to provide shoulders for supporting cleats applied to the margins of said end wall blanks, means for rigidly connecting said end members, and ribs at the upper sides of said end members designed to receive the grooved cleats of the top wall of the box, said ribs being disposed at an oblique angle to said shoulders, for the purpose set forth.

10. A work holder for use in making boxes comprising two symmetrically disposed end members Yprovided with means for receiving and holding end wall blanks and formed to provide shoulders for supporting cleats applied to the margins of said end wall blanks, means for rigidly connecting said end members together, and an anvil frame fixed in the holder intermediate the end Amembers and provided with exterior anvil faces.

1l. A work holder for use in making boxes comprising two symmetrically arranged end members suitably connected together' and provided with end wall blank receiving` grooves, said end members being provided with outwardly facing shoulders arranged to support cleats applied to the margins of said end wall blanks when occupying said grooves.

12. A work holder for use in making boxes comprising two symmetrically arranged end members suitably secured together and pro-V vided with end wall blank receiving grooves which are open at theiribottom and sides and closed at their tops, said end members being formed at the sides of said grooves to provide shoulders which support cleats which are applied to said end wall blanks when occupying said grooves.

18. A work holder for use in making boxes comprising two symmetrically arranged end members suitably connected together and provided with end wall blank receiving grooves, said end members being provided with outwardly facing shoulders arranged to support cleats applied to the margins of said end wall blanks when occupying said grooves, and provided also exterior to said grooves with extensions or flanges which extend beyond the open sides of the grooves and arranged at such distance apart as to closely receive the other wall blanks of the box when applied to the cleats of said end wall blanks in position to be fastened to said cleats.

1li. A work holder for use in box making comprising two symmetrically arranged end members suitably connected together and provided with end wall blank receiving grooves which are open at their sides and bottom, said end members being provided at the open sides of said grooves with shoulders which support cleats applied to said end wall blanks when occupying said grooves, and ribs on said end members above said end wall blank receiving grooves adapted to support grooved cleats for the top wall blanks.

15. A Work holder for use in box making comprising two symmetrically arranged end members suitably connected together and provided with end wall blank receiving grooves which are open at their sides and bottom, said end members being provided at the open sides of said grooves with shoulders which support cleats applied to said end grooves, and ribs on said end members above said end wall blank receiving grooves adapted to support grooved cleats for the top wall blanks, said rib being obliquely inclined to said shoulders.

16. A work holder for use in box making comprising two symmetrically arranged end members suitably connected together and provided with end wall blank receiving grooves which are open at their sides and bottom, said end members being provided at the open sides of said grooves with shoulders which support cleats applied to said end wall blanks when occupying said grooves, ribs on said end members above said end wall blank receiving grooves adapted to support grooved cleats for the top wall blanks, said rib being obliquely inclined to said shoulders, and an anvil frame fixed in said holder intermediate said end members and provided with anvil faces arranged parn allel with said cleat supporting shoulders and ribs.

wall blanks when occupying said means for rigidly aliixing said end members l together.

18. A work holder for use in making boxes comprising two symmetrically arranged end members each consisting of inner and outer parallel plates which are attached together at their tops and are separated to form between them an end wall blank receiving groove, said grooves being open at their sides and bottoms and closed at their tops, one of said plates of each end member being provided on its upper margin above the associated groove with a rib to receive a grooved cleat of the top wall of the box, said ribs being disposed obliquely to the side margins of said plates.

19. A work holder for use in making boxes comprising two symmetrically arranged end members each consisting of inner and outer parallel plates which are attached together at their tops and are separated to form between them an end wall blank receiving groove, said grooves being open at their sides and bottoms and closed at their tops, and .means for rigidly atlixing said end members together, one of said plates of eachend member being provided on its upper margin above the associated groove with a rib to receive the grooved cleat of the top wall of the box, said ribs being disposed obliquely to the side margins of said plates, tie rods extending between and fixed to said inner plates of the end members and a connecting bar extending between and fixed to the outer plates of the end members at the higher parts of the latter.

20. A work holder for use in making boxes comprising two symmetrically arranged end members each consisting of inner and outer parallel plates which are attached together at their tops and are separated to form between them an end wall blank receiving groove, said grooves being open at their sides and bottoms and closed at their tops and means for rigidly afiixing said end members together, one of said plates of each end member being provided on its upper margin above the associated groove with a rib to receive a grooved cleat of the top wall of the box, said ribs being disposed obliquely to the side margins of said plates, tie rods extending between and fixed to said inner plates of the end members, a connecting bar extending between and lixed to the outer plates of the end members at the higher parts of the latter, and an anvil frame intermediate the said end members and attached also to said connecting bar and provided with exterior anvil faces.

2l. A work holder for use in making boxes comprising two end members provided with end wall blank receiving grooves, and lwith means for receiving four side wall blanks in assembled relation to the end wall blanks, and means extending between and connecting said end members.

22. A work holder for use in making a box having four side and two end walls, provided at its ends with means for holding end wall blanks and at each of its four sides with fully exposed peripheral supporting TILLIAM H. HOLLAND.

Witnesses RALPH H. Koss, J. E. MCENDARFER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7980538 *Sep 10, 2007Jul 19, 2011Sears Brands, L.L.C.Clamping jig
US8020843 *Nov 12, 2007Sep 20, 2011Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd.Clamping fixture
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationH01J19/46