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Publication numberUS902666 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 3, 1908
Filing dateMar 21, 1908
Priority dateMar 21, 1908
Publication numberUS 902666 A, US 902666A, US-A-902666, US902666 A, US902666A
InventorsThomas B Lepley
Original AssigneeThomas B Lepley
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Form for making cisterns.
US 902666 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

. B. LEPLEY.

T FORM FOR MAKING GISTERNS.

ABPLIGATION FILED MAR. 21, 1908.

Patented Nov. 3, 1908.

2 SHEETS-SHEET l.

rmz NORRIS PETERS ca., wAsHmoruN, n. c.

T. B. LEPLEY. 7

FORM FOR MAKING CISTERNS.

APPLIOATION IILED MAR. 21, 1908.

902,666. Patented Nov. 3, 1908. v I 2 SEBETS-SHEET 2.

THOMAS B. LEPLEY, OF BLUE SPRINGS, NEBRASKA.

FORM FOR MAKING CISTERIQS.

Specification of Letters latent.

Patented Nov. 3, 1908.

Application filed March 21, 1908. Serial No. 422,469.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, THOMAS E. LEPLEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Blue Springs, in the county of Gage and State of Nebraska, have invented a new and useful Form for liaking Cisterns, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to forms for constructing cisterns, cesspools, vaults and other under ground structures from cement, concrete and similar plastic material and has for its object to provide a strong, durable and thoroughly efficient device of this character capable of being quickly set up for use and readily knocked down and compactly folded for transportation or shipment.

A further object of the invention is to provide a mold or form including a plurality of side stays having top stays pivotally connected therewith and adapted to bear against. the neck band or section, the top stays being detachably combined with the neck band so as to permit the side stays to be readily witl drawn from the interior of the cistern after the cement has thoroughly set.

A further object is to provide improved means for clamping the top stays in engage ment with the neck section.

A still further object of the invention is generally to improve this class of devices so as to increase their utility, durability and efficiency.

Further objects and advantages will appear in the following description, it being understood that various changes in form, proportions and minor details of construc tion may be resorted to within the scope of the appended claims.

In the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification: Figure 1 is a side elevation partly in section of a form or mold constructed in accordance with my invention showing the same set up for use. Fig. 2 is a top plan view partly in section. Fig. 3 is a sectional side elevation. Fig. & is a detail perspective view showing the manner of connecting the side and top stays. Fig. 5 is a side elevation partly in section of the completed cistern, the stays or supports being shown in position to be withdrawn from the interior of the cistern. Fig. 6 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 66 of F ig. 3.

Similar numerals of reference indicate cor 'esponding parts in all of the figures of the drawings.

The improved mold forming the subject matter of the present invention includes a series of side stays or supports each comprising a plurality of sections 5 and 6 having their adjacent ends pivotally united by a hinge connection 7. The lower ends of the side sections or stays 5 are adapted to bear against the ground while the upper ends of the top sections or stays 6 bear against an annular band or neck section 8.

Extending inwardly from the upper edge of the neck band or section 8 is an overhanging flange 9 having a plurality of perforations formed therein for the reception of clamping bolts or pins 10. The lower ends of the bolts 10 are provided with hooked terminals 11 which. engage suitable eyes 1:2 fastened to the inner longitudinal edges of the adjacent top stays 6. The upper ends of the bolts 10 are threaded at 13 for engagement with suitable clamping nuts 14, which latter bear against the flange 9 and serve to clamp the top stay sections 6 in engagement with the exterior walls of the neck section or band 8, as best shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings.

Attention is here called to the fact that the exterior walls of the neck band or section 8 are slightly inclined or tapered so as to permit the latter to be readily withdrawn from the neck of the cistern after the cement has sufficiently set, the upper ends of the top stays 6 being correspondingly inclined or beveled at 15 so as to conform to and snugly engage the tapered. walls of said neck section.

The interior walls of the neck section at the lower or reduced end thereof is preferably reinforced and strengthened by an annular band 16, which latter also forms a bearing for the hooked ends of the bolts 10 and serves to maintain the belts in vertical position so that when the clamping nuts 14 are tightened the hooks 11 will exert a direct upward pull on the eyes 12 and thus prevent twisting or torsional movement of the parts.

Surrounding the exterior walls of the neck section or band 8 is a collar or flange 17, which latter is spaced from the neck section 8 to form an intermediate molding compart'ment 18. The flange or collar 17 is detachably combined with and supported in spaced relation to the neck 8 by means of a series of horizontally disposed brackets 19 one end of each of which is detachably secured to the flange 9 by bolts or similar fastening devices 20, the opposite ends of the brackets being bent downwardly to form depending arms 21 for attachment to the exterior walls of the collar or flange 17, shown.

In constructing a cistern an excavation 22 is first formed in the ground after which the side stays are assembledin substantially cir cular form with the inclined ends 15 of the top stays bearing against the exterior walls of the neck section or band 8, the lower ends of the side stays 5 being temporarily secured to the ground by pins or similar fastening devices 48. The hooked ends of the bolts 10 are then introduced in the eyes 12 with their threaded ends passes through the apertures in the flange 9 and the nuts 14L. adjusted to securely clamp the mold in operative or set up position. After the mold is thus assembled a casing section 2 1 is placed in position around the exterior walls of the mold or form and in engagement with the side stays 5, a quantity of cement being subsequently introduced between the casing section 2 1 and the adjacent wall of the excavation 22 and said cement tamped in the usual manner. Another casing section similar to the section 2 1 is then placed in position on the exterior walls of the mold or form and more cement shoveled into the excavation adjacent said section, this operation being continued until the side walls of the cistern are formed. After the side walls are formed the 'ement is introduced in the molding compartment 18 and thoroughly tamped to produce the neck of the cistern.

In order to remove the mold or form from the cistern the claniping rods or bolts 10 are first removed by releasing the nuts 14!; after which the neck section or band together with the collar 17 is withdrawn from the neck of the cistern. The side and top stays of the mold are then moved to the position shown in Fig. of the drawings and in which position said stays or supports may be readily withdrawn from the cistern through the mouth thereof. By forming the side supports of the mold of pivotally united sections the lower sections may be swung laterally on the hinges 7 so as to permit the formation of cisterns having either inclined or vertical walls.

Attention is here called to the fact that the brackets are provided with elongated slots 26 so that by releasing the fastening devices 20 said brackets may be adjusted laterally to vary the width of the molding compartment 18 and consequently vary the thickness of the wall of the cistern at the neck thereof.

The form may be made in difierent sizes and constructed of wood, metal or other suitable material, and the sheathing or covthin boards, whichever is found to be the most desirable.

Having thus described the invention what is claimed is:

1. A mold for cisterns including a neck section, spaced side supports bearing against the exterior walls of the neck section, a covering for the side supports, a collar spaced from the neck section, brackets forming a connection between the upper edges of the neck and collar, respectively, and means for clamping the side supports in engagement with said neck section.

2. A. mold for cisterns including a neck section having an inwardly extending flange, side supports bearing against the exterior walls of the neck section, a covering for the side supports, a collar carried by and spaced from the neck section to form a molding compartment, and fastening devices piercing the flange of the neck section and extending within the latter for engagement with the adjacent ends of the side supports for clamping said side supports in engagement with said neck section.

A mold for cisterns including a neck section, pivotally connected side stays having their upper ends bearing against the exterior walls of the neck section and their lower ends adapted to engage the ground, a collar sinrounding the neck section and spaced from the latter to form an intermediate molding compartment, a covering engaging the exterior walls of the side stays, adjustable brackets connecting the upper edges of the collar and neck section, and fastening devices carried by the collar and engaging the upper ends of the side stays for clamping the latter in engagement with. the neck section.

i. A mold for cisterns including a tapered neck section having an inwardly ext-ended perforated flange, side supports bearing against the exterior wall of the neck section and provided with. inwardly extending eyes, a covering engaging the exterior walls of the side supports, a collar carried by and spaced from the neck section to form an intermediate molding compartment, and fastening devices having their upper ends extending through the perforations in the flange and their lower ends disposed within the neck and provided with means for engagement with the eyes in the side supports for locking said side supports in engagement with the neck section.

A mold for cisterns including a tapering neck section having its large end provided with an inwardly extended perforated flange, sectional side supports having their upper ends inclined and engaging the exterior walls of the neck section, eyes secured to the side supports, a covering surrounding the side supports, a vertically disposed colering may be constructed of sheet iron or lar carried by and spaced from the neck section to form an intermediate molding compartment, threaded bolts having their upper ends extending through the perforations in the flange and their lower ends bearing against the interior wall of the neck at the reduced end thereof and provided with hooked terminals for engagement with the eyes of the side supports, and clamping nuts engaging the threads on the bolts and bearing against the flange for locking the side supports in engagement with the neck section.

6. A mold for cisterns including a tapering neck section having its large end provided with an inwardly extended perforated flange, a reinforcing ring secured to the interior walls of the neck section at the reduced end thereof, sectional side supports having their upper ends bearing against the exterior walls of the neck section, eyes secured to the side supports, a covering for the side supports, a collar carried by and spaced from the neck section, bolts extending through the perforations in the flange and having their lower ends bearing against the reinforcing ring and terminating in hooks for engagement with the adjacent eyes on the side supports, and nuts engaging the threaded ends of the rods for clamping the several parts in assembled position.

7. A mold for cisterns including a tapering neck section having its large end provided with an inwardly extending perforated flange, sectional side supports bearing against the exterior walls of the neck section, a covering for the side supports, a collar spaced from the neck section to form an intermediate molding compartment, brackets secured to the collar and adj ustably connected with the flange of the neck section, eyes carried by the side supports, and fastening devices extending through the perforations in the flange and provided with terminal hooks adapted to engage the eyes on the side supports, said fastening devices being housed within the neck section.

8. A mold for cisterns including a tapered neck section, side supports each comprising upper-and lower stays having their abutting ends pivotally united, the upper stay of each support being inclined in the direction of the neck and adapted to bear against the exterior walls thereof, eyes extending inwardly from the upper stay of each side support, a covering surrounding the exterior walls of the side support, a collar surrounding the neck section and spaced from the latter to form an intermediate molding compartment, a flange extending inwardly from the neck section, brackets secured to the collar and provided with elongated slots, fastening devices piercing the slots and flange for locking the brackets in adjusted position, and fastening devices piercing the flange and provided with terminal hooks adapted to engage the eyes on the top stay sections for holding the latter in contact with the exterior walls of the neck section, said fastening devices being housed within the neck section.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.

THOMAS B. LEPLEY.

Witnesses THOMAS L. GREEN, SAMUEL T. NnviLL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7047703 *Apr 18, 2003May 23, 2006Waldrop Billy BA cylinder having a plurality of contiguous sidewalls, terminal ends with a coiled spiral, providing high strength at its ends; building construction
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB29C45/44, B28B7/168