US 902843 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. S. SHEPPARD.
METHOD OF MAKING BOTTLE GLOSUBES.
APPLIOATION FILED MAY 28,1908.
902,843. Patented Nov. 3, 190a.
Stat HENRY SHEPPARD, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
METHOD OF MAKING BOTTLE-GLOSUBES.
No, Q JMBWn Specification of Letters Patent. A nwci 'a filed May 2a, 1908. Serial No. 35,383.
Patented Nov. 3, 1908.
" To all concern:
p aithat, l, Ilnxnv S. Hlll lllAltl), ":l'subjecttifflthc' King of Great lhhitain. re sitting at Chicaginin the county of (ook and eof Illinois, have invented a certain new and l e i .fi'illii 'priiveinent in a Method of I ottloclosnres, of which thofol- "'loiving a full, clear, concise, and exact deseri t.,1on.- alyin "ing' bottleclosures, its object. is to provide "a bottlefclosure of the nature of the ordinary paste 'lio ii d disk, ,a .lapte.d to be inserted in the countersunk opening in a milk bottle or the like, sa'id disk-beng provided with means by in ay he lifted from the mouth of ar b ttle; f
fgflfiijither object is to produce a simple ""tle tice ofthis character by a simple and incxpensive method; of malnifacturing the me. "lhe bofi'le i'losiii'e made in accordance with tliefii-ie til'iiidi'of iii y invention consists of a disk of pasteboard, or thelike, in which one end of a thread sewed, the other end of said thread being adapted to be grasped for the purpose of withdrawing the disk from the mouth of the bottle.
The structi re of the bottle closure and my preferred mthod of making; the same. may be more readily understood. by reference to the iccoinpanying drawing, in which Figure 1 is a plan view of a blank of pasteboard or the like having a thread stitched 5 across it, the dotted circles indicating the disks which are to be punched or otherwise formed from the blank; Fig. 2 is asimilar view showing a modification; Figs. 3 and 4 are plan views of the disks resulting from the tan 'iloyment of the methods illustrated in Fig. I and Fig. 9, respectively; Fig. 5 is a perspective view partly in section and partly broken away, showing the application of the bottle-closu re.
Like parts are designated by similar reference characters throughout the several views.
A eoi'mnonly-iIsed closure for milk bottles consists of a pasteboard disk which fits in.
the countersunk opening of the bottle. Such disk has, heretofore, been commonly removed, in opening the bottle, by inserting the tine of a fork or other sharp pointed implement dowmvard through the disk and the-n lifting the disk out of its seat by means tion relates to a method of makof said fork or other inlplemel'it. Such method of removing the disk is objectionable, for the reason that in pushing the implement down so as to pierce the disk; there is a liability of the disk bending or being pushed into the milk. In such event, the downward pressure of the disk upon the surface of the milk may cause some of the liquid to be forcibly ejected from the bottle. Moreover, the removal of the stopper in such manner geiicrally renders it unfit for re-im sertion in the bottle opening.
In th bottle closure of my invention. the disk 1 of pasteboard or similar material has atlixed thereto a thread 2 as shown in Fig. 4 or a thread '2. as shown in Fig. 3. Such thread provides a readily accessible handle by which the disk may be withdrawn from the opening 3 of a bottle 4-, as shown in Fig. 5. The thread land 2* are affixed to the disk by being sewed or stitched into the same. as at 3. the free end of the thread being; of sntlicient length to be grasped by the fingers.
Prior to my invention, various means have been suggested for rendering the pasteboard disk readily removable. but. so far as involve such expense as to render the. device i impracticable.
A further feature of my invention consists. therefore, in. the method of forming the disk with the string attached thereto.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2. the card or blank 6 of pasteboard or other like. material from which the disks 1 are to be punched, is first provided with a row of thread 7 stitched thereto. the stitches being indicated at 5. .Instead of having the stitches continuous in the row, I preferably provide such stitches at definite points or intervals only, such intervals corresponding approximately to the diameter of the disks to be formed. The thread however is. as shown, continuous. there lying between each interval of stitching a straight unstitched portion 2 of the thread.
After the thread has been thus secured. preferably at intervals, to the blank 6, the disks are punched from said blank, so that each'disk may include one of the points of attaching of the thread, which may be done by punching the disks along the line of the row 7, as indicated in Fig. l and Fig. 2. In punching the disks the thread is of course severed, each disk being thus provided with a thread 2 or 2 forminga handle secured at one end to the disk by stitches 5.
When, as shown in Fig. 2, the row of thread 7 extends diametrically across the disks, a longer free end 2 of the thread for each separate disk is provided than when the row extends across a short are of each disk. In either case the disks are preferably so punched that. the titches 5 are near the -circumference thereof.
With the thread 2 thus secured near the circumference of the disk, a slight upward pull will readily remove the disk 1 from the mouth 2 of the bottle without injuring the disk and Without danger of spilling the milk.
While for purposes of illustration I have shown only one row of stitching and one row of disks, it is obvious that myinvention is not so limited, and that the card may beprovided with as many rows of thread attached thereto as there are rows of disks capable of being punched from the card.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. The method of forming disk bottle-closures which consists in aflixing at intervals :1 line of thread to a blank and punching out disks from said blank along said line of thread, thereby forming said disks and at the same time severing saidithread in separate portions each of which is attached to a disk.
2. The method ofin'ianuf-acturing disk bottie-closures which consists in sewing a line of thread into a card of pasteboard with groups of stitches made with said thread at spaced apart portions of the card, and punching out a plurality of disks therefrom, each disk includlng a portion of said thread.
3. The method of manufacturing bottleclosures whiclrconsists in attaching a line of thread to a card of pasteboard by stitches at intervals in said line corresponding approximately to the diameter of the disks to be formed from said card, and punching out the disks along the line of said line of thread. 7
4. The method of forming disk bottle-closures which consists in extending a line of thread across the surface of a card, and attaehing the same to the card at points corresponding approximately to the diameter of the disks to be formed from said card, and punching each disk from said card so to include one of the points of attaching, and at the same time severing the thread into separate portions attached to thedisks formed.
In Witness whereof, I, hereunto subscribe my name this 25th, day of May A. 17., 1908.
HENRY S. SHEPPARD.
GEORGE E. FoLK, Gno. C. DAVISON.