|Publication number||US908465 A|
|Publication date||Jan 5, 1909|
|Filing date||Aug 27, 1906|
|Priority date||Aug 27, 1906|
|Publication number||US 908465 A, US 908465A, US-A-908465, US908465 A, US908465A|
|Inventors||James F Jett|
|Original Assignee||Joseph F Jett, James F Jett|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. F. JETT.
APPLICATION FILED AUG. 27, 1905.
Patented Jan. 5, 1909.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
3 I W 'ztnesoes In ban/ on "In Fat a I .fliormey J. F. JETT.
APPLICATION FILED AUG 27, 1906.
Batented Jan. 5, 1909.
2 SHEETS-SHEBT 2.
I nven0r i 5401M, '7 O3 (iv/15km J7$ornej Wt n/eases 6 W/Zvl UNITED STATES WHISKY-STLLL.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jam. 5, 1909.
Application filed. August 27, 1906. Serial No. 332,281.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that l, Jinks l .lrxrr. a vitizen of the United Static-e, residing at (larrollton, in the county of (,arroll and State of Kentucky, have invented certain now and useful Improvements in 'liislty-rtills, oi which the following is a sptmification.
The objcctof my invention in to provide a speut-bcer-va mr still in which tho distillation is etl'ected by vapor from the liquid in mainin after the alcohol has been removed by distillation which is variously known as spent beer, spent wash, or slop, iuste-ad of by boiler steam; and my invention consists in the still and the construction and arrangement. hereinafter dcsc'ribrd and claimed.
In the drawings, Figure 1, is a side olcvation of a, still emliodying my inwntion. a part of the casing bring, broken away to show the vapor generatingapparatus; Fig. 2, a
and showing my invention applied as an attachment to a still of the ordinary type; and Fig. 4, a partial front elevation.
The apparatus illustrated consists of a heating chamber which may b0 applii-(l to or connected with the column of any still of the column type. and which is adapted to receive spent beer'from the still and (Lleliver va'por to the column; moans for gem-rating vu 01' from the s-lpcut bcer whereby the distil ation may be efi'cctcd; and means for a itating the spent beer in the heating 0 amber to avoir any danger that the solid constituents of the spent bccr may adhere to the heating surfaces and interfere with the generations of vapor. The preferred lllelllhl of generatin the vapor consists of a scrirs of steam col 5 Within the hunting chamber and a steam jacket embracing the chamber.
1 represents the column of a bcer still which may be of any desired type. 2, a heatin chamber which may some as the base 0 the beer column. as illustrated in Fig. 1, 01' may be an attachment adjacent; to the column, as illustrated in Fig. 3; $5, a sloam jacket embracing the heating chamber and n'orided with steam supply pi [)e 4 and on lltlllSlZ pipe 5; 6, 6. steam coils mounted within the heating chamber, each conncrterl with a manifold 7 through which live steam may be exhausted; 9, a drop pipe through which the spent'wash passes from the column to the heating chamber; 10, a discharge pipe section on line 22 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3, a, side elevation with the casing broken away for the spout lit-er, rouunonly known as I ll slop blow oil: it. a shaft carrying arnr or paddlrn l2 extruding liclrsruu the coils and adapted to lo-vp the spent Ia-cr in agitation; lo. a pt'l'l'oratcd plulc (shown in .dottcd liars) in tlnhot-r tulltllin slightly below tho intake of [hr drop pipo ll; l7. a float adapted to actuatca valve at 154 in the slop blow oil to: It). a drain cock torthc drop pipc, and All. a (Ulltlt't'lltill tor a. drain rock for the Slop blow oll'.
in the nuulitiration shown in Fig. 3, the heating rhamlcr is provided with n steam Homo 1: from which a vapor pipe 14 leads:
to the column, and a spent becr supply pipe to loads from the column-lo lhr bottom of th-- hcatiuo' rhambrr. 21, designates a valve adaptod to control the flow of the spent beer from tho column to the heating chamber: 22, a float. adapted to actuate a valve at 23 in tho slop blow off, and 24 and 25 connections for drain cocks in the drop pipe and blow oll' pipe.
In commencing operations the heating chamber may spout beer available, but if the, start is made with water, the spent beer, as fast as it. is produced, takes the place of .watcr. The beer, or material to be distilled, is fed into the upper part of the column and. descends over the plates in a thin' stream in the usual manner, meeting in its descent. a counter currei'it of steam enerated in the heating chamber whereby t 1e light alcoholic ctmstitucuts are separated from the heavier non-alcoholic constituents. the former pass ing upward and out-wa rd through the top of thc column to the cooler and. condenser, the latter passing downward. In the form shown in Fig. 1, the upper currclit of steam prevents the spent hour from passing through the perforated plate 16 and the spent. beer accumulates until it reaches the top of pipe 9, after which it overflows into that pipe and passes into the heating cham her belowwhere it is hratod to the boilino point thereby gei'icratii'ig stoam whic r passes upwardly tlu'oi rh tlu' pcrlorz'ilc plate 16 to meet the t'lt'fiYfillftW oi material to ho distilled and to nll'cct its: distillation. The spent hecr accumulates in the hunting chamber and rises to the loud, of the lloat-- in the lower part of the column. \Yhcn the 5 out becr reaches the lloat. the [loot rot-o tliereby openingthc valve in hc slop blow be charged with water, if no -13.
t! pipe 0 and permitting the sent beer or 510 to pass out through the b ow olf pipe so ong as the float is held in a raised position.
1n the modification shown in Fig. 3, the operation is identical except that t e spent wash accumulates in the bottom of the column until it reaches the top of drop pipe 15, when it overflows into that pipe and pants into the bottom of the heating chamher in whirh it. accumulates until it reaches and lifts limit 2'. opening the valve in the slop hlow oil and permitting the slop to escape so long as the loud is maintained. The
' steam generated from the spent heer passes through pi a ll into the bottom of the colmun and thence upwardly through the dehtt'lltllll Y current of live beer.
It will he noted that the distillation is oli'octcd entirely by va ors generated from the spent beer except w u-n it lN.!(()|llLS necessary to commence operation with no spent lu-or available, in which case the single charge of water is qnickl exhausted and its place taken by the spent weer. In no case is the objectionable boiler steam brou 'ht into contact with the material to be disti led.
I claim as my invention:
1. The combination, in a still, of a distilling column; provisions for delivering live beer into the upper part of the column; a heating rhanilwr; a series of independent steam coils, within the chamber, adapted to generate vapor from the spent beer; a manifold connected with the coils whereby the steam may be exhausted, and )rovisions for delivering the vapor into the ottom of the column whereby a descending currentof live llt'tl' is met by a counter current of va Nll' generated from the spent beer substantially as andl'or the purpose specified.
:2. The romhiuatium in a still, of a distilling column: provisions for delivering live hot-r into tho upper part of the column; a. heating chamber; a series of independent within the chamber, adapted to from the spent beer; a maniwith the coils whereby the steam may be exhausted; roviaions for delivering the vapor into t a bottom of the column whereby a descending current of live beer is met by a counter current of vapor generated from the spent beef, and means for agitating the s ent beer in the heating chamber substantially as and for the purpose s ecified. A
:l. The com ination, in a still, of a distilling column; provisions for delivering live beer into the upper part of the column; a heating chamber; a, series of independent steam coils, within the chamber, adapted to generate vapor from the spent beer; a manifold connected with the coils whereby the steam may be exhausted; provisions for delivering the vapor into t e bottom of the steam coils, generate vapor told connected rohunn whereby a descending current of live beer is met by a counter current of vapor generated from the spent beer; and a steam jacket inclosing the chamber Substantially as and for the purpose specified.
4. The cmnhination,- in a still, of a. distilling column; provisions for delivering live heer into the upper part of the column; a heating chamber; a series of independent steam coils, within the chamber, adapted to gentuate vapor from the spent beer; a manifold connected with the coils whereby the steam may be exhausted; revisions for delivering the vapor into tlie bottom of the t'nllllllll whereby a descending current of live beer is met by a counter current of vapor generated from the spent beer; means for agitating the spent beer in the heating t-lunuhor; and a steam jacket'inclosing the chamber, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
JAMES F. JETT. Witnesses Emu: R. PABSEL,
inonou B. PAnKiNsoN.
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