US 908597 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
L. M. .MORDEN.
APPLIGATION FILED 313.17, 1908.
908,597. Pat entedJan. 5, 1909.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented. Jan. 5, 1909.
Application filed February 17, 1908. 'Serial No. M6360.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, LUCENA M. MORDEN, a citizen of the United States, residing in Waterbury, in the county of New Haven 1 and State of Connecticut, have invented ceitain new and usefullmprovements in Temporary Binders, of which the following is a specification.
y The present improvement relates to temporary binders,-the object of the invention bein to provide an improved binder in whi'ci the rings are not only interchangeable, but also adjustable toward and from each other, thereby to adapt the binder to leaves in which the perforations thereof may be differently located, the object of the resent improvement more particularly, iowever, being to provide an improved means of less width than the inside width or capacity of the rings for mounting such rings, but which will also permit of their being readily adjusterl toward and from each other, as well as removable from the binder to permit one size of ring to be interchanged with another size, and especially to provide a binder of the character set forth which-is extremely simple in construction and application and highly eflicient in use, and by means of which also when the same are used in connection with suitable book-covers such covers may be opened back to back, or the leaves may be opened to lie flat men the covers or other supporting means are laid upon a desk or table.
In the drawings accompanying and forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a )ers'pective view of this improved temporaiy binder shown attached to the back of a pair of book-covers, which are partly broken away, the dottedlines illustrating some of the positions to which the adjustable rings may be shifted; Fig. 2 is an-enlarged view of one of the rings and its carrying clip or member detached; Fig. Bis an end view of the track, way, strip or tongue and illus-' trating the manner of attaching the same to the cover, and in connection with which the form of clip shown in Fig. 2 is-used; Fig. 4 is a side view of the ring shown in Fig. 2,
the dotted lines showing one part thereof as movable toward and from the other for themsertlon and removal of the leaves; F 1g. 5 1S a longltudmal sectional view of the strip shown in Fig. 3; Fig. 6 is a view of another form of ring; Fig. 7 is a top view of a por tion of the ring shown in Fig. 6; Fig. 8 is an enlarged view of the rings in position on the track or way illustrated, the latter being shown in longitudinal section,the dotted lines representing the positions to which one or the other of said rings may be adjusted; and Fig. 9 is a view of one form of ring and its gulde strip in which the clip is formed as a part of the ring.
Similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts throughout the different figures of the drawings.
It is highly desirable in practice that the leaves of a temporary binder shall so open as to lie flat, and it is also frequently of advantage, when book-covers are used, that they shall open back to back, as this facilitates the use of the book. Not only this, but it is also necessary, to secure the greatest efficiency in a binder of this class, that the same may be used at different times with various sizes of leaves in which the perforations or openings for the reception of the prongs or rings are differently located, or
in which sometimes leaves of the same size have the perforations differently located, and also to have the temporary binder so constructed that a lar or or smaller quantity of leaves may be used which, of course, frequently necessitates different sizes of binding rings.
The object, therefore, of the present improvement is to obtain in one binder all of the aforesaid advantages, and this in connection with a very narrow supporting means which may be mounted on and take up very little space crosswise of the book-cover. In. the present instance I provide a pair of boolrcovers 2 furnished with the usual flexible back 3, which is supplied with this improved guiding means, shown in the present instance as a narrow tongue or strip comprising a track in the form of a slideway or guideway so narrow compared with the diameter of the rings that its width is hardly ap reciable, and which track is, by some suitab e means, secured to the supporting means, or, as shown in the present instance, the back member of a-pair of book-covers. In the form shown in Figs. 1 and 3 this track is made of a metal member 5 of dovetail formation, prowith the same cover,
cloth stri edge of tie usual leather lining 10 of the vided with outturned flanges 6 at its lower edges forming a dovetail groove 7 into which a suitable piece of cloth 8 or other flexible material may be inserted, this being secured therein by means of a strip 9 of some suitable material, usually of metal. B'y thismeans the stri may be secured to the back of a pair of boo -covers or other suitable support, which is done in the present instance by gluing the at each side thereof under the covers, so that the guideway will extend longitudinally of the book and preferably centrally thereof. Various forms of track, however, may be used. I
The leaf carrying rings or prongs may be of various forms. As for instance shown in Figs. 2 to 4, they may be made up of a pair of members 16, one part of which is movable toward and from the other, or they may be made up as an integral member having, as shown n Fi 7, a diagonal or oblique or other form of slot 25 for the insertion of the leaves, Each ring is shown as mounted on a suitable carrying means comprising a carrier or clip 18, shown herein as of resilient formation, adapted for attachment to the particular guiding means comprising a track or guideway in connection with which it is to be used. In the forms shown in Figs. 2 to 8 the clip is provided with a pair of engaging members 19 ada ted to overlap the track and shown of a ormation to correspond to the formation of the track. As stated, other 'forms of tracks, and therefore other forms of clips, may be used without departing from the spirit and scope'of this invention. For instance, as illustrated in Fig. 9, the ring may be provided with what maybe termed an 1ntegral clip, that is to say, the ring itself may be undercut on its exterior, as at 20, to form a dovetail way corresponding in shape to the shape of the track shown in Fig. 9 and adapted to slide and fit thereon without an intermediate cli I In the form s own each of the carriers or clips 18 is made of metal bent upon itself and has a somewhat similar ap earance to the leaf of a hinge, the ring 16 eing rigidly secured 1n an opening 22 formed transversely in the garrier and secured therein by a pintle or pin 3 extending longitudinally of the carrier on the inner side of the ring. Various means may be used, however, to secure the ring to the carrier. In the present instance the ring is somewhat slotted or recessed, as at 24, at the point where the pin engages the same, thereby to revent circular movement of the ring and t us hold it against dislaoement. When it is desired to use a dif erent sized ring, either larger or smaller, in the same supporting means or book-cover, it is merely necessary to slide the detachable, and therefore interchangeable, rings oil the track from either end thereof and slide on 5 the desired size of ring, thus permitting the book to be either decreased or expanded, as occasion may require. By reason of the substitution of different sizes of rings, when it is desired to use smaller or larger leaves, or leaves in which the perforations are somewhat differently located from leaves previously used with the binder, it is merely necessary to adjust the rings'by sliding one or more thereof toward or from each other '75 in the manner shown in dotted lines in Figs. 1' and 8. The leaves are readily inserted by moving one part of the ring or prong, as shown in Fi 4, or by slipping them through the dia onal out shown in Fig. 7, according to whichever character of ring is used in the binder.
The resent binder is particularly well adapted for price books, as well as other forms of books in which it is highly desirable 35 that the leaves shall lie flat, the very narrow track taking up but little room crosswise of the support or back of the book to which it may be attached.
rom the foregoing it will be observed that so by means of the present mode of attachment of the rirws I am able to locate the same transversely of the carriers or clips, which themselves are located in alinement longitudinally of their track, while at the same time insuring that the fastening means by which such transverse rings are secured to the supporting means or back of a pair of book-covers Wlll be relatively narrow, so that such fastening means will not project vapice preciably beyond that portion of the ring to which it' is secured. Thus I am able to obtain, by very simple fastening means, all the advantages of an adjustable and int changeable ring, While at the same "tim suring that the leaves may be parted at Q v oint and laid fiat u on adjacent covers-h1idit will be observed that by reason of the verynarrow form of the guideway the covers may be opened back to back, since the guideway, when located centrally of the back, takes up but a very small portion crosswise thereof, not sufficient to prevent the covers from being opened back to back, and that While attaining this advantageI am also able to obtain in the same construction a binder in which the rings are adjustable and also removable. c
I claim as my invention:
1. In a temporary binder, the combination 12o of a narrow 'uideway, and one or more detachable leal receiving rings slidingly attached to said guideway.
2. In a temporary hinder, the combination of .a narrow uideway, and one or more readily detachable leaf-receiving rings adjustable on said guideway.
j 3. In a temporary binder, the combination of a narrow guideway of less width than the inside capacity of the rings, and one or more interchangeable leaf-receiving rings adjustable on said guideway.
4. In a temporary binder, the combination with the back of a pair of book-covers, of a narrow guide strip secured to such back and of less width than the inside capacity of the said guideway and of greater diameter than the width of said guideway.
6. In a temporary binder, the combination with a support, of a guideway thereon, and a plurality of leaf-receiving rings set crosswise thereof and adjustable thereon and of greater diameter than the width of said guideway.
7. ];n a temporary binder, the combination with a book-cover, of a guideway located centrally of the back thereof and of materially less width than the back of such cover, a plurality of adjustable carriers mounted on said guideway, and rings secured one to each of said carriers crosswise thereof.
8. In a temporary binder, the combination with a support, of a guideway thereon, a plurality of adjustable carriers mounted on said guideway, and rings secured one to each of said carriers crosswise thereof, each of said carriers comprising a resilient clip.
9. In a temporary binder, the combination with a support, of a guideway thereon, a plurality of adjustable carriers mounted on said guideway, and rings secured one to each of said carriers crosswise thereof, each of said carriers comprising a resilient clip having a transverse recess therein for the reception of its rin 10. -n a temporary binder, the combination with a support, of a guideway thereon, a plurality of adjustable carriers mounted on said guideway, rings secured one to each of said carriers crosswise thereof, each of said carriers comprising a resilient clip having a transverse recess therein for the reception of its ring, said ring having a transverse recess, and a pin interlocking said ring and clip and extending crosswise of said ring.
11.. In a temporary binder, the combination of supporting means, a guideway thereon, a plurality of carriers adjustable on said guideway, a ring mounted on each of said carriers crosswise thereof, and a pin for interlocking each ring with its carrier.
12. In a temporary binder, the combination with a support, of a dovetail guideway thereon, and a plurality of adjustable rings having a dovetail resilient clip fitting said guideway for movement thereon.
13; In a temporary hinder, the combination with a support, of a guideway thereon, and a plurality of detachable and shiftable leaf-receiving rings mounted on said guideway crosswise and projecting at each side thereof.
14. In a temporary, hinder, the combination with supporting means, of a dovetail guideway thereon, and a plurality of leafreceiving rings having dovetail means fitting said guideway whereby the rings are shiftablc thereon. I
15. In a temporary binder, the combination of narrow guiding means, and a plurality of shiftable leaf-receiving rings having carrying means, one such means projecting into the other.
16. In a temporary binder, the combination of narrow guiding means, and a plurality of detachable leaf-receiving rings having carrying means, one such means of resilient formation and one overla ping the other.
17. In a temporary 'inder, the combination of narrow guiding means, and a plurality of detachable and adjustable leaf-receiving rings having carrying means, one such means of resilient formation and one overlapping the other. I
18. In a temporary binder, the combination with a support, of a plurality of leafreceiving rings, and means for securing said rings to said support and comprising a groove formed member, a binding strip, and flexible material clamped in the groove of said member between it and said binding strip.
19. In a temporary binder, the combination of a support, a guideway carried thereby, and means for securing said guideway to said support and comprising flexible material clarnped by said guideway.
20. In a temporary binder, the combination of a support, a guideway carried thereby, means for securing said guideway to said support and comprising flexible material clamped by said guideway, and leaf-receiving rings adjustable on said guideway.
. 21; In a temporary binder, the combination of support, guideway carried thereby, means for securing said guideway to said support and comprising flexible material clamped by said guideway, and leaf-receiving rings mounted on and detachable from said guideway.
22. In a temporary hinder, the combina tion of a support, a guideway carried thereby, means for securing said guideway to said support and comprising llexible materiai clamped by said guidewa rings adjustably mounted on and detachable from said guideway.
23. In a temporary hinder, the combina tion with suppor ing means, of a strip .fo med guideway carried thereby, and a plurality of detachable leai-receiving rings rigidly but adand leaf-receivingfality of detachable l eafreceivilig rings idly but adjustably clamped crosswise of 512% guideway.
LUOENA M. MORDEN. Witnesses: c
- LAWRENCE L. LEWIS,
MARY R. E. Lmnj