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Publication numberUS908988 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 5, 1909
Filing dateJun 17, 1907
Priority dateJun 17, 1907
Publication numberUS 908988 A, US 908988A, US-A-908988, US908988 A, US908988A
InventorsHenry A Forkner, James B Milum
Original AssigneeHenry A Forkner, James B Milum
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Collapsible crate.
US 908988 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. A. FORKNER & I. B. MILUM.

GOLLAPSIBLE CRATE.

APPLICATION FILED JUNE 17. 1907.

Patnted Jan. 5, 1909.

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' GOLLAPSIBLE CRATE. APPLICATION FILED JUNE 17. 1907.

, Patented $11.5, 1909.

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carer-serene Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Jan. 5, i969.

Aptneeuon flied Tune 17, 1907. serial No. 379,418.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it knownthat we, HENRY A. FORKNER and JAMES B. MILUM, citizens of the United States, residing at Joplin, in the county of Jasper and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Collapsible Crates; and 'we do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to collapsible crates designed especially for use as a poultry ship ping coop, and has for its objects to provide a comparatively simple and inexpensive device of this character which may be readily setup for use or folded into neat compact form for shi ment or storage, and one wherein the parts of the crate, will when they are in folded or unfolded condition, be securely fixed against accidental movement.

With these and other objects in view, the invention comprises the novel features of construction and combination of parts more fully hereinafter described.

In the accompanying drawings,Figure 1 is a perspective view of a crate embodying the invention, showing the same set up for use and with the cover removed; Fig. 2 is a section taken centrally and longitudinally through the crate with the cover in place; Fig. 3 is a vertical transverse section through the same; Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the crate showing the parts in folded condition; Fig. 5 is a central longitudinal section through the crate with the parts in the position as in Fig. 4.

Referring to the drawings it will be seen that the crate embodies a bottom 1, side walls 2, end walls 3, and a cover 4, there being attached to the upper face of the bottom, respectively at its ends, a air of cross pieces or cleats 5 to which the fewer edges of the walls 3 are ivotally connected by means of hinges 6, W ile the side walls 2 are in like manner connected by hinges 7 directly to the bottom 1. Under this arrangement the side walls may in collapsing the crate be folded downward flat upon the bottom, and the end walls be thereafter folded downward upon the side walls, which latter, it will be understood, are of a height equaling substantially one-half the width of thebottom.

Attached to the end walls 3 are substantially L-shaped clips 8, which overlap the ends of the walls 2 at their outer faces and are perforated at 9 to receive short pins or studs 10 projecting outwardly from the walls 2, whereby the side and end walls are fixed against outward spreading movement, while the side walls are fixed against inward collapsing movement by means of springlocking members or tongues 11 attached to the inner faces of the end walls 3 and adapted to engage at their outer ends with the inner 5 faces of the sidewalls 2, as clearly illustrated in Fig. 1 it being understood that in order to fold the side walls of the box the locking tongues 11 are pressed inward flat against the faces of the end walls 3, thereby per- 73 mitting ready movement of the side walls.

The cover 4 when in position on the box is held against longitudinal or transverse movement by meansof verticall uprising pins 12 fixed in the upper edges of the walls 3 and adaptedto enter perforations 13 formed the ends or the cover, which-is also provided at its sides with downwardly projecting pins 14 disposed to register with and enter perforations 15 formed in the upper 30 edges of the side walls 2, it being evident that when the cover is in place and owing to the pins engaging in the perforations, the side and end walls will be secured against either inward or outward movement, there- 35 by relieving the clips 8 and locking members 11 of material strain during transportation of the crates. The cover is locked in position on the crate by means of pivoted latches 16 adapted for engagement with eyes or keepers 17, provided on the end walls 3 near their upper edges, there being also provided on the cleats 5 similar eyes or keepers 18 with which the latch members may be engaged when the crate is in collapsed condition, as more fully hereinafter explained. Aside from the openings or perforations 13 the cover is also provided at its sides near its ends with vertical perforations 19 adapted to register with and receive outwardly pro- {ecting pins 20 fixed in the end walls 3 for, iolding the cover against longitudinal or transverse movement when the parts of the crate are arranged in folded condition for reshipment.

In practice when the crate is set up for use the pins 10 will pro'ect through the perforations 9 in the clips 8 and the spring locking members 11 engage the inner faces of the side walls to hold the several walls of 110 the crate in proper position while the crate is being filled, after which, the cover 4 is seated in place with the pins 12 projecting upward through the openings 18 and the pins 14 en aging the openings 15. The cover is fina ly secured in place by engaging the latch hooks with their companion eyes or keepers 17. In order to collapse or fold the crate as illustrated in Fig. 4, the springs 11 are compressed, as before explained, and the side walls 2 first folded inward fiat upon the bottom 1, after which, the end walls are folded downward upon the sides and the cover finally seated in place with the pins 19 engaging the perforations 20 to prevent relatively sliding movement of the cover, which is fixed in place by engaging the latch hooks 16 with the eyes 18.

While we have herein shown and described the crate as especially adapted for use as a poultry shipping coop, it will be understood that by making the side and end walls and cover solid it may be used as a crate for shipping all classes of merchandise.

Having described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters- Patent, is

A collapsible crate comprising a bottom, transverse end cleats attached to the upper face thereof, a pair of side walls hinged to the bottom and adapted to fold inwardly and downwardly between the cleats, a pair scenes of end walls hinged respectively to said cleats to fold inwardly and downwardly upon the side walls, pins projecting outwardly from the end walls, a removable cover for said crate, pins carried by the end walls adapted to seat in perforations provided in the cover to secure the same against longitudinal or transverse movement, said cover also provided with holes to receive the outwardly projecting pins on the end walls when the device is collapsed, keepers arranged at the upper outer corners of the end walls to hold the side walls against outward lateral displacement, fiat springs arranged at the inner corners of the end walls to hold the side walls against inward displacement, pins arranged at the upper outer corners of the side walls to project through the keepers to hold the end walls against outward movement, eyes on the cleats and end walls, and hooks carried by the cover to engage the same.

In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our hands in presence of two subscribing witnesses.

HENRY A. FORKNER. JAMES B. MILUM. Witnesses:

O. L. STEELE,

Mrs. .S, H. MAJons.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4148407 *Apr 24, 1978Apr 10, 1979Sinclair Lorne RCollapsible container with loading ramp
US7428973 *Feb 28, 2003Sep 30, 2008Schoeller Wavin Systems Services GmbhCollapsible container with folding walls and spring latches
US20050121447 *Feb 28, 2003Jun 9, 2005Christian BarthContainer, especially reusable container, comprising collopsible lateral walls
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB65D9/14