US 911033 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 19, 1906.
Patented Feb. 2, 1909.
Witnesses: I y
Attorneys 1HE NonRls PETER: zo., WASHINGTON, nA c GEORGE M. FERGUSON, OF AMHERST, NOVA SCOTIA, CANADA.
MANUFACTURE AND PAINTING OF SIGNS, LETTERS, AND DESIGNS.
Specication of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 2, 1909.
Application led September 19, 1906. Serial No. 335,281.
To all whom it may concern:
Beit known that l, GEORGE M. FERGUSON, of Amherst, in the county of Cumberland, Province of Nova Scotia, Canada, painter, having invented certain new and useful lmprovements in the Manufacture and Paint-A ing of Signs,`Letters, and Designs, do hereby declare that. the following is a full, clear,V
and eXact description of the same.v
My invention relates to the manufacture of signs, designs, &c.
The object of my invention is to provide a method for making signs with raised letters, which have clean cut edges and a roughened or nugget-like ap earance.
A more speci 'c object is to provide aV method for forming letters and designs from plastic material, and for afterwards finishing them in a suitable color; and, kmy invention consists of the steps herein described and claimed.
In order to more clearly disclose the process forming the subject of the present application, reference should be had to the accompanyin drawings, which show a section through a nished letter made accordingk to the process. This drawing shows clearly each successive step in the process.
In the drawing, the numeral 1 indicates adhesive enamel which is applied to a suitable base, as the first step.
2 indicates the plastic composition, the application of whici constitutes the second ste 3pindicates the copal yenamel which is applied as the third ste of the process, and 4 indicates a coating o' color which is applied as the last step of the process.
To carry into effect my invention, a suitable base, such as wood, glass, fabric, perforated metal, or any other material, is provided. A stencil is formed of the dimensions and contour of the letter which it is desired to make, and this stencil is laid on the plates. A coating of Venamel is applied through the stencil, and `said enamel preferably com rises three parts copal varnish, one part P. brown japan, and one-fourth part white lead. After being so applied, this coating of enamel is ermitted to' dry'. After the coating of enameil is dry, the stencil is again placed over the design outlined by the enamel, and aplastic composition is a plied thereto through the stencils. p astio composition preferably is composed The of one-half part refined cement, one part plaster of paris, two parts Ohurchs alabastine, and one-third by bulk of water. After applying the plastic composition, a rough mold, of the contour which it is desired that the letters should take, is a plied to the plastic composition with a out twenty pounds of ressure to the square inch. This forms tie plasticl composition into the V,desiredshape to give the raised or roughened effect. After the plastic composition is suf- Jrlciently dry, the stencil is again applied over the design thus formed, and a coating of clear copal enamel, of the same com osition as hereinbefore described, is app ed, and permitted to harden.
Having thus fully described my invention, what l claim as new and desire to secure by Letters iPatent is:
1. The herein described method of making signs, which consists in applying through a stencil an adhesive enamel, applying a plastic composition through a stencil to the outline formed by the enamel, applying pressure to the plastic composition to give a desired shape, applying acoat of enamel to the composition, and applying a iinishing coat of color.
2. The herein described method of making signs, which consists in applying through a stencil an adhesive enamel composed of copal varnish, brown japan and white lead, applying a plastic composition through a stencil to the outline made by the enamel, applying pressure to plastic composition, applying a coating of enamel to the composition, and applying a finishing coat of color.
3. The herein described method of making signs, which consists in applying through a stencil an adhesive enamel composed of copal varnish, brown japan and white lead, applying a plastic composition through a stencil to the outline made by the enamel, which composition is composed of refined cement, plaster of paris, alabastine, and water, and finishing in color the design thus formed. l'
4. The hereindescribed method of making signs, which consists in applying through a stencil an adhering enamel, applying a plastic composition through a stencil to the outline made by the enamel, applying a mold under pressure to the plastic composition, and iinishing the design thus formed in color.
5. The herein described method of making signs, which consists in applying through a stencil an adhering enamel, applying through In Witness WhereoiI l have hereunto set my a stencll a plastle eonlposltlon to the outllne hand 1n the presence of two Witnesses.
made by Lbhe enamel, erpplyn(T pressure to y l )n w the plastic composition, epplyirg a Coating o; GEO M' FLILUUOD" clear enamel through a stencil to the eolnpo- Vtnesses: stion, and nshing the design thus formed H. MOFFAT,
in color. Y W. M. MANNING.