US 911389 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
I W; E. ,GARFORTE. BESPIBATION APPARATUS FOR USE IN 'UOAL MINES AND OTHER PLACES.
' APPLIUATIOH FILED APR. 10, 1908 Patented Feb. 2, 1909.
3 BEBETFBHBBT 2.
mi/mm w. B. GARFORTH. RESPIRATION APPARATUS FOR USE IN GOAL MINES AND OTHER PLACES. APPLICATION FILED APR, 10., i
Patented Feb. 2, 1909.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
W. E. GARFORTH.
BESPIRATION APPARATUS FOR USE'IN GOAL'MINES AND OTHER PLACES. APPLIOATION FILED APR. 10, 1908.
911,389. Patented Feb. 2, 1909.
3 SHEETS-SHEET. 3.
THE NORRIS FEYERS cm, wnsnmorclv. D c.
' cylinders, and a supply WILLIAM EDWARD GARFORTH, OF NORMANTON, ENGLAND.
RESPIRATION APPARATUS FOR USE IN COAL-MINES AND OTIIER PLACES.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 2, 1909.
Application filed April 10, 1908. Serial No. 426,190.
To all whom it may concern: A I
Be it known that I, WILLIAM EDWARD GARFORTH, a subject of the King of Great.
Britain, residing at Normanton, Yorkshire, England, have invented a certain new and useful Improved Respiration Apparatus for Use in Coal-Mines and other Places,'and of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to respiration apparatus for use in coal mines and other places, the apparatus dealt with being of that known type in which the wearer has a tlghtly fittlng face-piece covering the mouth and nose; from the interior of this face piece the expired or usedair is conducted to a regenerator case which contains caustic alkali, and from thence the purified nitrogen is conducted to a storage bag, and from this storage bag it is admitted to the facepiece for re-use bythe wearer. There is also in this known respiration apparatus, a supply of oxygen, stored in a cylinder or of this oxygen. is also conducted to the said face-piece.
Now the object of the present invention is to provide improved means by which those parts of the apparatus which the wearer has to carry upon his body-and some of which are of considerable weight shall be so arranged as to cause the least possible fatigue and inconvenience, as well as to impede as little as possible the wearers movements, and at the same time to so provide that the wearer will always, each time the apparatus is applied, have all the' parts that he carries on his body exactly inrthose positions in. which he has been accustomed or practiced to carry them.
According therefore to the present invention, I employ a flexible jacket of any suitable material such as leather, which besides serving the ordinary purposes of such a garment, acts as a foundation upon which the various parts of the apparatusare and remain arranged and fixed, and with which the storage bag for the purified nitrogen is constructed. The jacket is provided with means by which the regenerator case is fixed to the back, and two oxygen storage cylin ders are employed which are connected by a pipe, and these storage cylinders each being of some considerable weight, are arranged one upon each side aboutthe hips, while the storage bag for nitrogen is composed, as usual, of a flexible indiarubber case but is permanently fixed in'the rear of the jacket,
and the various pipes which proceed from the face-piece to the parts of the apparatus carried upon the jacket are capable of being detached from those latter parts, so that with very great rapidity the wearer can put on the jacket with all the parts conveniently arranged, and then the pipes to the facepiece can be connected up.
The invention is described in detail with reference to the example of construction shown on the accompanying drawings, whereon is illustrated a respiration apparatus of the type first stated in this specification, but constructed with certain improvements which are described in the specifications of patent aplications by myself of even date herewith. It is to be understood, however, that the present invention does not deal with any particular and specific construction of the before-stated type of respiration apparatus, but it does deal with the particular arrangement, disposition and mode of fixture of certain parts of such apparatus, viz., to the formation of the oxygen cylinders so that they can be carried upon each side'of the person about the hips, and to the guard wings on-the regenerator case, to the location of the storage bag, and to the fixture of all these parts upon a jacket, so that when a person has applied this jacket, he has then all these parts arranged in their proper positions. Hence, it is clear that any known form of respiration apparatus of this type can be equally well arranged to be applied and be constructed according to the present invention.
. In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a left-hand side elevation showing the parts of the apparatus assembled in position. Fig. 2 is a front view of the apparatus shown inFig. 1, and Fig. 3 is a rear View of the apparatus shown inFigs. 1 and 2.
Referring to the drawings, the headgear is similar to that described in the specifications of my patent applications of even date, and consists of a face-piece l which communicates with two passages in a double tube 2 passing over the head-cap 3, the tube 2 being forked at its rear end and one of its branches connected by a detachable joint 39 with a flexible pipe 4; the pipe 4 communicates with the regenerating case 6 to take the used air to said case, while two flexible pipes 7, connected to said case by detachable joints, convey the purified nitrogen to a storage bag 8, and from thence a flexible in the 1'0111' portion of 1'19'01161'111'05 case to contain ige s1de of 511111 in posh two pipes proece. means "for 110- 1110 -3 and nitrog;
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arers 1 respiration :i gen 1s supphed by 11 111 1111001111 11111111- 1' current 15111111111'11111011 75 .111 the 1 1 11.111
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tor case 6 on 1 0U, J @118 shoulde linders 10 are connecte .xygen.
:;ed to the jacket 9.
11] ers 10, and 0 e fi T a oresaid, constrv 1 i siiv 1 re 1nd e pipe 1 ab1e 301111" at s of this apparatus, e
hing or onnected by a dc second bran 11 ct the y fixed to t 11 pipe 11, e cy1 1 enect this in the ad he 11 generator catc gethei' by 1 pressure gage g strap ed to ved Win extend to prevent pipe 5 is to the oxygen store. to the face-plece to 5 sary supply 01 0 A11 the par the headear, ar
fore stated, the two oxygc contour of the body side of the ]21C1(-3t by of the wearer.
jacket 9 -ene3ator 6 is held t1. by bein perlnanentl of the reg en two our contact.
The 0x1 9 wearer can e by 21 ex 10 each curved to appr 15 fixed oern top 25 stacles With which a'detac 11' portion 111 115 i- 125 ;1'ee with. the conicxibio 1111'- iid g0 11 11111 case to 011111111 1111111 case to 0 1011 who- 1' store 1111s tor i said 1" 7 iriticd nitrogen lotensio '0111' portion 11 p011 0111-11 s11 2 hips of the wearer, 0111111 5; 1101111 yiinders to 110 ionci' 1'11 age 0 nuectin 511i and a pipe 1.. UPC 1 study and 11 1e foun 1011s duties ipes located at o injury and disaranipie shown, by means of parts 11 pon 1111101 beino of ;he outcome of .1 the resul lQtOIVlG. ply to the face-piece is carexpei'inien 11, and that the Wei nicnce er him i rforin in resc whiie connecting the various st scribed With th and that the 10 does not hind may 1 1ave to pe mining disaster the rear, are less 1111b inent than 1 The oxygen sup ried out, in the ex come so We11 acc The ai'i'angeinen,
yacket has b ders can be bag is such,
creates no inconve ran e chamber communicating with a the "mouth and nose of the wearer, means for securing said face-piece in position on the wearers face, pipes for conducting purified nitrogen from said regenerator to said storage bag and for conducting purified nitrogen from said storage bag to said face-piece, and a pipe for conducting used air from said facepiece to said regenerator, means for detachably connecting said pipes conducting from and conveying purified nitrogen to said face-piece, and means for supplying oxygen from said storage cylinders to said face-piece, substantially as set forth! 3. In respiration apparatus for the use of persons entering places containing irrespirable gases; the combinationwith-a jacket to fit the person of the wearer, a storage bag for purified nitrogen fixed to said jacket, a regenerator case to contain caustic alkali,
means for fixing said case to the back of said acket, curved guard wlngs proceeding from the top of the regeneratorcase to the shoulders of the wearer to prevent said case from'being caught by obstructions, oxygen storage cylinders fixed to said jacket, and a pipe for connecting said storage cylinders together; of a face-piece having a chamber coimnunicating withthe mouth and nose of the wearer, means for securing said facepiece in position on the wearers face, pipes for conducting purified nitrogen from said regenerator tosaidstorage'bag and for conducting purified nitrogen from said storage bag to said face-piece, and a pipe for conducting used air from said face-piece to said regenerator, means for detachably connecting said pipes conductingrused air from and conveying purified nitrogen to said faces piece, and means for supplying oxygen from said storage cylinders to said face-piece, substantially as set forth. I
4. In respiratiofr apparatus for the use of persons entering places containing irrespi rable gases; the combination with a flexible acket to fit the person of the wearer, a
storage bag for purified nitrogen fixed to said jacket'a-t the lower rear part of same a regenerator case to contain caustic alkali, curved guard wings proceeding from the top of the regenerator case to the shoulders of the wearertoprevent said case from being caught by obstructions, a framework permanently fixed to the back of said jacket, means for detachably fixing said case to said framework, oxygen storage cylinders fixed one upon each side of said jacketat about the hips of the wearer, said cylinders being arranged horizontally and curved to suit the contour of the wearers figure, and a pipe for connecting said storage cylinders together; of a face-piece having a chamber communicating with the mouth and nose of the wearer, means for securing said facepiece in position on the wearers face, pipes for conducting purified nitrogen from said regenerator to said storage bag and for conducting purified nitrogen from said storage bag to said face-piece, and a pipe for conducting used air from said face-piece to said regenerator, means for detachably connecting said pipes conducting used air from and conveying purified nitrogen to said facepiece, and means for supplying oxygen from said storage cylinders to said face-piece, substantially as set forth.
5. In respiration apparatus for the use of persons entering places containing irrespirable gases; the combination with a flexible leatherjacket to fit the person of the wearer, a flexible air-tight storagebag for purified nitrogen fixed in the rear portion of said jacket, a regenerator case to containcaustic alkali, a framework fixed to the back of said jacket, means for detachably securing said regenerator to said framework, curved guard wings proceeding from the top of said regenerator case to the shoulders of the wearer, two oxygen storage cylinders one located with its axis about horizontal on each side of said jacket said cylinders being curved to suit'the contour of the wearers figure, a tube connecting said oxygen cylinders, a pressure gage communicating with said tube and located, towards the frontof the jacket, flexible pipes connecting said regenerator to said storage bag to conduct purified nitrogen to the latter, a "flexible pipe connected to said storage bag to conduct the purified nitrogen therefrom, and a flexible pipe connected to said regenerator to conduct used air thereto, a reducing valve connected to said pipe connecting said oxygen storage cylinders, and a flexible pipe from said reducing valve; of a face-piece having a chamber communicating with the mouth and nose of the wearer, means for securing said facepiece in position on the wearers face, two
pipes proceeding from said face-piece, means for detachably connecting. said flexible pipe proceedlng from said storage bag to one of said pipes proceeding from said face-piece,
means for detachably connecting said flexible pipe proceeding to the regenerator to the other of said pipes proceeding from said face-piece, and means for connecting the flexible oxygen supply pipe proceeding from said reducing valve to said face-piece to supply oxygen thereto from said storage cylinders, substantially as set forth.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two witnesses.
WILLIAM EDWARD GARFORTH. Witnesses:
GRIFFITH BREWER, JOHN Jownrrr.