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Publication numberUS911683 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 9, 1909
Filing dateJun 26, 1908
Priority dateJun 26, 1908
Publication numberUS 911683 A, US 911683A, US-A-911683, US911683 A, US911683A
InventorsOrlando Scott
Original AssigneeRobert M Gardiner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Breech-loading safety-gun.
US 911683 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

0. SCOTT.

BREECH LOADING SAFETY GUN. APPLIOATION FILED MAY 9. 1904. Bmmwnn JUNI; 26. 190s.

Patented Feb. 9, 1909. y

| l I. Il l l l.. l .I Il I. l lvullvllllllllnlll puritan sfrnrns 'PATENT Omron l v` ORLANDO SCOTT, OF sri/icon,

BREE CH-LOADIN G SAFE TY-GUN Specification of 1904, Serial No. 207,182.

Letters raient.'

Renewed .Tune 26, 1998.

Patented Feb. e, 190e.

serial No. 440,510.

. new and useful Breech-Loading Safetx-Gun;

' objects thelprovision of means firing, thei means fornplacmg the spxr i staat offiring, `5

and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description ofthe construction and operation ofthe same.

I his invention relates to that class of guns known as breech loaders, and it has for its the gun absolutely safe, andimpossible o r accidental discharge.

In fguns where no especial provi ed for placing in norma Y ino erative condition the actuating spring for t c ham-4 mer, vthere is always a liability of the gun being discharged by stri ving the butt upon any Obj ect, yor by ariI accidental movementl of th'e trigger. 'In my invention the actuating spring for the hammer is normally in a relaXed condition, and can only be placedl in a condition for actual firing bythe operation Of bringing the lgun into osition forrsuch ing 1n e hand provisions are such' condition being controlled by t of the operator that is supporting the barrel of the gun. I l

While the invention is shown as applied to a single barreled breech loadin gun, vit i's obvious that it may be usedwitgh equal aclvantage upon rifles with magazines, double or single barreled, sporting or military rifles, or upon air guns.' P y y Referring now tothe drawings forming a art of :this application, Figure 1 is a vertical ongitudinal section through the gun, the parts beingshown in the position they. as sumerwhen no compression is upon the lactuating spring. Fig. 2.is a similar view showing' the position lthe part'sassume atjthe in-` tho handgrip then lbeing vin (its rearward position, the 'connection be-r tween the Yhammer operating spring and the hammer being omitted land the plate which c'cnnects .the upper endsjofthe cock-lever rr embers being broken .away for, clearness' of 4illustration,l Fig. 3ds a view showing-the landl grip," the hammer and the connections betweenl said grip ,andV hammer. is aview`showing the underside of thel breech block. Fig. isla view showingv the top of .the breech bleek seat with 1the"openngsf for rendering'A l block locking bolt. Fig. 6 is a detail view of the hand gri and Fin. 7 .is a side viewf a section of the arrel, the breech block and the spring for extracting after lfiring.

Taking up `a description of the invention with reference to the drawings, A. represents the stock of the gun lto which is secured, in any suitable manner, the barrel B. At the rear of the barrel is a seat C for thebreeoh block D, said block being adapted to move back and forth upon tho said seat. l his breech block is shown in detail in Fig. 4, said figure illustrating the lower sid'eof the block. From .this figure it will be seen that .the breech block is provide or recesses a, b, and c, the cavity ay containing the firing pin F, the cavity l being adapted to receive the hammer when it is in discharging position and the cavity c being adapted to receive the free, end of the looking bolt J, said bolt locking the breech block in its closed position. p

Below the barrel, and parallel therewith, is a short tube Gr, upon which there is adapted to vslide the hand grip M. yihis grip is secured to the tube by a transverse screw or pin I, which pin extends through the grip and through slots N on diametrioally opposite sides ofthe tube Cr. To the screw or pin I within the Itube G there is pivoted the iorsaid connecting r d extending' rearwardly through the tube its rear end to the lower/end of the cooking lever K. rIhis cooking lever, which is nivotedv on a transverse pin c, is composer two .parallel plates, as shown in Fig. 3, said plates being connected at their upper ends at w, to form a framc,for a purpose hereinafter specified. The lower ends of these plates are connectedtogether by a cross/pin d, to which the forked end of the connecting rod H vis secured. Pivoted upon the transverse in e between the plates of the cooking lev or Ii., is the hammer E,said hammer-being provided On-its lower end with shoulders f and fi., ,for la purpose. hereinafter rods being guided at their rear ends by a pin nected to the'upper en lcooking lever, and extending rearwardly 5k j-whichvpasses l.transversely ,through the lower end of an garni l therefrom are two lhorizontal rods y', said that'i's connected with therein for Athe hammer and for the'breech` the cartridge shell d-with three cavitiesv and being connected at set forth, Con, dsof the plates of the ONTARIO, CANADA, ,AS-.SIGNOR TO ROBERT M. QARDINER, OF i HAMILTON, ONTARIO, CANADA.

ward endof a forked connecting rod H,

the locking bolt J for the breech bloclr. The

rear ends of the horizontal rods y' are slotted at m, the ends of .the pin lc moving lback and -forth iii these slots.

Zontal rods y', by means of a transverse pin n, is the rear end of the. main actuating spring L, said spring being secured at its forward end to the hammer E at a point' o, said securing point beiiig'located above the pin or screw e upon which ,the hammer is piv- Y oted. f

The trigger gis provided at itsupper end with' a forwardly projecting inger' h, said' finger 'being normally held in an elevated Aposition by means of a spring q that is attached tothe gun in -front of the trigger.

rihis finger h is adapted to engage with the shouldersf andi on t ie hammer.

The breech block locking bolt J yis pivoted on a pin j normally held in elevated position 'so as to engage with the forward end of the cavity or recess c by a spring p, and when 1 thus engaged, the breech block'will be locked against rearward movement. i hen in'its elevated position, 'the locking bolt J extendsv upwardly through a slot s iii the seat for the barrel when the breech block is breech block. i'his breechv block seat-is also provided with a similar slot u through which the strking end of the hammer E may operate.

Secured to the upper ai'id forward portion of the breech block is aA-spriirg t), said spri'. .g being held in position by a screw]I passing therethrough and into the breech block.

i he forward end of this spring is provided with ahook that is adapted to A engage against the rim of the cartridge shell P and draw said shell backwardly out of the gun ulled back, which movement of the breech b ook may be effected. by engaging with the shoulder or lug t. 'Vi-hen the cartridge shell -is moved backward to .an extent suiiicient t'o be withdrawn from.' the gun barrel, the lower edge of the rim of the shell will engage with the forward end of the breech block locking bolt J, which engagement will resist the further movement of that portion of the shell, which will result in tipping the latter into the position shown -in hig. 7, so that it is thrown out of thegun.

The hand grip' M is normally held iai itsA first operation will consist in thrusting the hand grip M forwardly to the extent of its' movement in that direction, said movement being limited by the engagement of the pin or screw I with the ends of the slots N in the Connected to the hori-' eineee tube G. This movement throws the ,upper ends of the cooking lever l rearwardly, which carries the rods? back until they depress the loc ring bolt I out ofengagement with the breech bloclnrlliis movement also results in swinging the hammer E intosuch -positien that the finger it on the trigger will engage with the shoulder f, thereby cooking the gun, it being understood that the part w, that connects the upper ends of the eide plates of the cooking lever, rocks the hammer baclrwardly. 4The operator then grasps thelug t on the breech block and draws the latter rearwardly, thereby. extracting the' far, however, there has been .no tension placed upon the main actuating spring L, so

that it is impossible to fire the gun, although vthe same is loaded and cocked. `he next operation consiste in pulling, with the hand that'supportsthe gun barrel, the grip M to its full rearward position. rlhis movement 4rohs the cooking lever l into the position shown in Fig. 2, and moves the part w away from the hammer although the. latter will remain in 'engagement with the trigger finger h, lThe rocking ofthe coiling lever draws forwardly the rods j, which carry the reai' end of the mainactuating spring, and thereby places said spring under tension, suoli that when the trigger is pulled rearwardly, the hammerl will be thrown forwardly against the rear end of the firing pin F, thereby i'iring the cartridge. The release of the grip then permits'the spring R to rock the cooking 'lever into the position shown in Fig. 1, therebyautomatically cooking the gun and .placing the parts in their normal position, this being the position of the parts when the' gun is lnot iii use.

From this. description it will be understood' that it is impossible to iire'the gun unless the hand grip M is .drawn rearwardly and the trigger is pulled while. said grip is held in its rearward position. The simultaneous operation of these two partsbeing practically iinpossible without intent, it is evident that the gun is renderedv absolutely safe. A Furthermore., as thehand grip M is operated by the hand which supports the gun barrel, the operation of drawing backwardly the grip takes place in the normal pointing and sighting of the gun, so that' this operation requires no additional effort on the part of the operator.

As will appear from an inspection of l,

the Vcross bar'w which connects the lever plates K. is interposed between the hammer, when Cooked, and the tiring in is retained in such position by means of t e spring R and lotended to be'limited to such details any iurrel and means connecting said grip With the after the hammer is'cocked for placing said said barrel and means closed position, a normally cocked hammer, an actuating spring for said hammer, sai spring being normally inactive While the hammer is cocked, a hand grip, and means whereby the movement ol said grip simultaneously places said spring under stress an locks the breech block in closed position,

8. ln a safety firearm, a normally cocked hammer, a spring for actuating said hammer, said spring being normally inactive While the hammer is cocked, a i nections between said grip and said spring and hammer, whereby the movement of the gri in one direction Will cock the hammer. anc the movement thereof in the opposite direction .will Yplace the spring under stress for actuating the hammer.

9.A ln a safety fire-arm, a normally cocked hammer, a spring i'or actuating said hammer, said spring being normally inactive when the hammer is cocked, a breech biock, a`lock-ing the connecting rod H. 1t will be thus seen that the connecting member w serves as a locking means for preventing the movement of the hammer.

Various changes in the details ci the mechanism shown an d" described may be resorted to Without departingfrom the principles ci myi'nv'ention, and I desire it to be under stood that the following claims are not interms or vby the rior state ci the art.

'Having' descri ed my invention, l claim:

i. "1n a safety {ire-arm, a normally cocked hammer, a spring for operating said hammer, said spring being normally inactive While the hammer is cocked, a grip in front oi said` hammer, and means 'operated by said grip ther than is made necessary by their express spring under stress for operating the hammer. 'in a safety fire-arm, a normally cocked hammer, aspring'ior operating said hammer, said spring beingn ornia'illyv inactive While the hammer is cocked, alongitudinally movable grip in front of said hammen'and means operated by said grip after the hammer is cocked for placing said spring under stress 'lcr operating thehammen 3. In a safety firearm, a breech block, a hammer, a spring for operating said hammer, i said spring when 'the l connections between said grip and said spring and locking bolt such that, Whenathe grip is moved inV one direction, the hammer Will be cocked and the breech block released, and When it is moved in the opposite direction, the spring will be placed under stress for actuating the hammer and the breech block will be locked and a trigger ior releasing the ham mer.

i0. qin a safety rire-arm, a pivoted hainmcr, a cocking trame for said hammer, a spring engaging with said hammer, said spring being,y normally inactive, means i'or rocking said locking l'rainein one direction i'orcocking the hammer, a trigger adapted to engage said hammer and hold the same in cocked position and means operated by said cocking trame for `placing the spring under stress i'or.acti iating the hammer when the cccking traine is rocked in the opposite (li-j rection. l

"i l. ina safety nre-arm, a pivotedl hammeg, a cociriiig frame pivotcd. coaxially with said hammer, a spring connected with said hammer, said Aspring being normally inactive, a hand grip for rocking said cooking iri` ne iii one direction for cocking the hammer, a trigger adapted to engage said hammer and hold the in cockedppsition and means connected with said cooking frame. for placing the spring under stress for actuat` ing' the hammer villen the rocked in the opposite direction.

12. in a saiety f' being normally inactive breech block is closed, a gip in iront 'ofi said hammer, andmeans o erated by the backe Ward movement of sait -gripi'or placing and maintaining said spring under stress i'oi operating the hammer.

4. 1n a fir'earm having a barrel, the coinbination of a normally' cocked hammer, a spring for operating said hammer, said spring l being normally 'inactive While the hammer -is cocked, a grip located alongside the said bar spring whereby the operaticnnf the grip aiter the hammer is cocked Will place said spring under stress for actuating the hammer. In a tire-arm having a barrel, the `coijn Ibination of 'a normally cocked hammer, a spring for operating said hammer, said spring being normally inactive While the hammer is cocked,'a movable grip seated alongside the connecting said. grip with the spring whereby the niicvement oi' the grip alonrr the barrel after the hammer'is cocked will place said -spring under stress i'or actuating the hammer.

' 6. In a safety raarin, a bi cech lock, 'ire-arm, a

iring for placiiic` 'the i the grip'is nice-fed cennectd 'ith er c ep inacti spring being norman',i

r sin is loaded and means l ing" said spring ni'idfi the breech nicer iii r "'7. a safety y nr nieansf'ier' locking sai-:i l

movable vgrip and conl cocking frameis 12o hammer, a

bolt for said breech block, a movable grip,"

means for locking said breech block in its spring for actuating said hammer, A'said ciosedposition, a normally cocked hammer, spring being n.. rally inactive, a grip, con-v an actuating. spring :tor said.l hammer, said iicctions between the said grip and said 5.3. ln a safety {ire-arm, a hammer, a spring for actuating. said hammer, said being normally inactive, a movable grip in iront ci said hammer, connections bett-veen the said grip and said spring i'or placing the latter under stress When the grip is moved in one direction, and a spring connected With said grip formoving the latter in the opposite direction, said latter movement automatically cooking the hammer.

is. ln a saiety breech loading gun, a hammer Within said gun, said hammer being provided with a shoulder, a cooking lever Within which the hammer is pivoted, a siotted tube, a hand grip mounted to slide uponsaid slotted tube a rod connecting the cooking lever and the hand grip, a breech locking bolt, `rods connecting said breech locking bolt and cooking lever, a hammer actuating spring secured to the latter connectlng rods and engaging the hammer, a

trigger, a spring for holding said trigger against the said hammer so 'as to engage Twith the .shoulder upon the latter andV thereby retain the hammer underl spring tension until the trieger is ulled` l5. ln a safety breech. ceding gun, a hammer Within said gun, said hammer being provided With a shoulder, a" cooking lever within which the hammer is' pivoted, a slotted tube, a hand grip mounted to slide upon said slotted tube', a rod connecting the cooking lever and the hand grip, abreech locking bolt, rods connecting 'said breech locking bolt and the coclring lever, a hammer-actuating spring secured to the latter connecting rods and'to the hammer,

a trifrfer a s rinG for holdinO said trirfer 4 againstv the said hammer so as to engage with the shoulder upon the latter and thereby retain the hammer under spring tension until the trigger is pulled, the construction being such that when the hand griV is moved in one direction the hammer Wi l be cb'cled, and when it is moved in the opposite direction the hammer-actuating spring will be lplaced under stress for tiring the' gun.

l5. ln. a safety breech' loading gun, the combination of a cookinglever, a tube connected to' the frame and extending forwardly under the barrel, slots formed in the side of said tube, a hand grip made to slide on said tube, a forked connecting rod located' at one end in said tube and pivoted to ya pin made to slide in the slots oi said tube, and also to extend through the slidable hand grip, the inner end of the forked connecting rod pivo'red to the coclzing lever, a han'imerl iiilcrurned on the central boltiof the coching lever, slotted .connecting rods pivoted at the iront end to the cocking lever, a locking bolt pivoted to the ,trame and-constructed -with i ins to engage Ywith the said slotted ,connecting rods, a tension spring pivoted to the banni and the said connecting rods, and' a trigver to engage with the ham mer, substantially as described.

'7. ln a safety breech loading fire-arm, the combination .With a safety mechanism as described, a horizontally sliding breech block, a downward rejection on the under side of the breech b ook, a locking bolt pivoted to the frame and made to engage With the said roiection on the underside of the breech b ook, an Aarm` extending Vdownwardly from the rear end of the locking bolt connectingr rods and a cooking lever, a pinmade to pass through the said arm to engage with slots of connecting' rods pivoted to' the cockin' lever, a hammer fulcrumed on the cooking lever, aspring attached'to the,

frame to im inge on the rear of the arm of the locking olt to assist 1n throwing up the forward end of the locking` bolt to engage vof thecocling lever and .the hand grip, a

push s ring in the tube of the hand grip, a pivote locking bolt for locking the breech lock, rear connecting rods pivoted 'to the 'top oifthe cooking lever and' to the arm of the breech locking bolt, 'a compressible hammer actuating spring secured to the rear connecting rods and to the hammer, and a trig# ger spring, substantially as specified.

19; ln a safety gun., the combination of a firing member, normally inactiveA means for operating said member, a -mov'able member in iront of the iring` member and out of reach of the trigger hand, connections be'- tween the latter member and lthe operating means whereby the movement of said latter member in one direction will render active the operating means, and'means'-for moving' said movable member in another direction to render again' inactive the operating means, substantially as specied.

20. ln a safety gun, the combination of normally. inactive ringr mechanism, a sliding grip in front of said 'tiring mechanism, connections between said grip and said firing mechanism whereby the movement of the said grip in one direction places the iiring mechanism in operative condition, and means for movingr said grip in the reverse direction to thereby render said mechanism again inoperative, substantially as speciied.

2l. in a safety gun havinga barrel, mechanisrnA for iiring the gun, -a hand grip. located alongside the barrel, a spring for holding said grip in its normal position, and connections betweensaid .grip and mechanism requiring the grip to bevoperated against the mese tension of said spring and to be held in its operated plosition in order to lace and maintain t e gun in condition for ring.

22. In a safety gun having a barrel, mechanism for iiring the gun, a hand griplocated on the lower side of the barrel and in front of said mechanism, said gri being adapted to move longitudinally of t e gun barrel and being normally retained in'its forwardposition, and connections between said grip and said mechanism requiring the grip to be moved by the operator toward the said mechanism and to be held by the operator in such moved position in order to place and to 'maintain the gun in. condition for firing.

23. In a safety gun, mechanism for firing the gun, a hand operated member located in' front of said mechanism, a spring for moving j said member in one direction, and connecf tions between the member and the said mechanism, said connections placing the mechanism in operative condition for firing the gun when the member is operated in one direction and the spring returning the ring mechanism to inoperative osition when the said member is released by the operator, whereby the saidA member is re uired to be operated and held in its operate position in order to place and maintain the gun in condition Yfor firing. l

Hamilton7 Ontario, Canada, April 27th,

, -ORLANDO SCOTT. Signedin the presence of- WM. BRUCE, R. A. MARSHALL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6269576Aug 9, 1999Aug 7, 2001Springfield, Inc.Disablement mechanism for a firearm
US6691445Jan 11, 2001Feb 17, 2004Springfield, Inc.Disablement mechanism for a firearm
US6889459Oct 14, 2003May 10, 2005Alfred W. SalvittiModel 1911 type firearm safety lock
US7832135Jan 14, 2008Nov 16, 2010Springfield, Inc.Model 1911 type firearm safety lock
US20050086845 *Oct 14, 2003Apr 28, 2005Salvitti Alfred W.Model 1911 type firearm safety lock
US20050268512 *May 9, 2005Dec 8, 2005Salvitti Alfred WModel 1911 type firearm safety lock
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationF41A3/32