US 915965 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. M. JOHNSON. COIN SEPARATOR AND COUNTER.
v APPLIOATION FILED JULY 15,1907.
Patented Mar. 23, 1909. '1 SHEETSSHEB}T 1.
t g? i J. M. JOHNSON. COIN SEPARATOR AND COUNTER.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 15,1907. 915,965, Patented Mar. 23, 1909.
7 SHEBTSSHEET 2.
BEEF!!!" J. M. JOHNSON. COIN SEPARATOR AND COUNTER.
APPLIOATION FILED JULY,16,1907.
Patented Mar. 2
7 SHEETS- V ya J. M. JOHNSON.
COIN SEPARATOR AND COUNTER.
APPLIOATION IILBD JULY 15,1907.
9 1 5 ,965 Patented Mar. 23, 1909.
7 SHEETS-SHEET 4.
\NM? I J. M. JOHNSON.
com SEPARATOR AND 0011mm.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 15,1907. 91 5 ,965 Patented Mar. 23, 1-909.
7 sums-slum a.
J. M. JOHNSON.
(JOIN SEPARA'IfOR AND COUNTER. APPLICATION FILED JULY 15, 1907.
915,965.- Patented Mar. 23, 1909.
7 SHEETS-SHEET B.
J. M. JOHNSON.
COIN SEPABATOR AND GOUNTBR. APPLIOATION FILED JULY 15,1907.
Patented Mar. 23, 1909.
'1 SHEETS-SHEET 7.
EEEE'E. .Ja /770%/7s077.
' I ED S AT S PATENT oFFro-E.
JAY M. Johnson, or'cnroAeo, ILLINOIS, ASSIGN-O-R TO 0. H. BIRDSALL, OF wAsHINcTon,
nrs'rrucr or COLUMBIA.
' specification of Letters Patent.. Patented March 23, 1909.
q Aipplicationfiledluly15,1907. 'seriainmssaesa To all whom it my concern: I q Be it. known that I, JAY M. JoHNsoN a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city-of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, and whose POSt-OfilGO address is 251 South J efferson street, Chicago,
Illinois, have invented certain new and rise-' ful Improvements in Coin Separators and Countersfand I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and-eXact description thereof, reference being had to the ac-. companying drawings, and to the characters of reference marked thereon, which form a 4 part of this specification. 15
This invention relates to improvements in com handling machinery of that-class set fnrth in the prior patent issued to me for coin counter onthe second. day of May, 1905, and numbered 788,585. Machines embodying the invention stated in said prior patent are capable of counting 'coin of but one denomination for each machine. In consequence it was necessary if all denominations of coins were to be counted to provide a countinghead for each denomination thus necessitating a considerable expenditure of money and the number of separate and distinct machines occupied considerable space. The coins had first to be sorted into their various denominations inasmuch as coins of different sizes would clog the machine resulting unavoidably in delaying-and might cause error in the count.
The object of this invention is to provide a machine to which the coin may-be delivered indiscriminately mixed and in any desired quantity and whereby the coin are separated-- to their various denominations and delivered into's'eparate compartments from whence the same are passed automatically to the counting mechanisms and eachdenomination counted separatelythough simultaneously.
1 The invention embraces also.a recording mechanism whereby the count of the various coins of various denor'nlnatlons 1s separately I recorded, and whereby the number of coins of any particular denominations passed T through the machine may be instantly read by inspection.
' It is also an object of the invention to provide mechanism whereby the various counters may eachor all be set to count serially a be reduced to the'least possible expenditure of time and'energyand whereby a mistake in the count is a mechanical impossibility.
The invention embraces many novel featuresand consists in the matters hereinafter described. and more fully pointed out and defined in the appended claims.
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a side elevation of a device embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a front elevation thereof partly broken. -Fig. 3 is a similar view of the assorting and separating mechanism showin the same detached from the counter and base. Fig. 4 is a section on line 44 of Fig. 3.. Fig. 5 is a horizontal section through the base of the frame to illustrate the driving mechanisms. Fig. 6 is'a to the counting mechanisms I ig. 7 is a longitudinal section taken through the counting the driving shaft. tail View of a part of t shifting mec anism for varyingthe speed of the separator. Fig.
counting hea s showing the same in plan view. Fig. ,10, is asectiontaken on line 10 L(Lof Fig. 9. Fig. 1lisan enlarged detailsection taken through the set back and stop mechanisms. on line l2 l2 of Fig. 11. 1 Fig. 13 is atop plan view of the same. Fig. 14 is a-section taken on line 14.14 of Fig. 11: Fig. 15 is a fragmentary view of. the-separating plate.
base, which may be constructed in any de-. sired form; manner or size to contain the actuating mechanism.- As shown in Figs. 1 and 5v said base is constructed to afford a strong frame, for the support ofthevarious actuating mechanisms and which at-its rear side is rovided with a rearwardl directed motor B, shown as an electrical motor.
Near the middle of the frame as shown in base A, to which is rigidly bolted or otherwise secured an upwardly and rearwardly directed and inclined standard A shown in Fig. 1. At the top of said standard'is rigmechanism ofthe asserting and counting,
plan view of 9 is an enlar ed detail view of one ofthe invention to provide in compactform a.
machinewhereby the counting of coin may *mechanism showing the same separated from Fig. 8 is an enlar ed de- Fig, 12 is a section taken As shown in the drawings A. indicates the A flat be (1 upon which is secured t e driving Fig. 5 ispi'ovided a flat raised pedestal or idly secured an inclined plate 0, which is cored on the rear side to rovide a plurality of channels equal in num er to the number of denominations of coins it is desired to count by said machine. Said channels diverge from near the top of said plate and extend downwardly to afford tubes c c c c -c each adapted to receive and to deliver therefrom but one denomination of coin respectively. Said plate as shown .is slotted in its face equal distances from the center to provide a plurality of slots opening into the enlarged u per end of each tube. Said slots successive y increase in width vertically for the different tubes the first or those opening into the tube a being of a width .to-permit a dime or the denomination of coin of the smallest size to fall therethrough into said tube. Those opening into the tube 0 next beyond the tube a in the direction of travel of the coin of a size for the next larger coin,' and those opening into thetubes c"c .c are successively of greater width permitting each the passage of but a single denomina-' tion,of coin therethrough into its respective tube. J ournaled in said bracket or standard A and in a suitable bearing in the plate C is a shaft 0 provided at one end within said standard with a beveled gear 0 for driving the same. Secured on the outer end of the shaft and restin flat against the plate C, is a separating whee having a diameter approximately coincident with the diameter of the plate 0 and comprising a central hub and plate -D integral therewith around the perifphery of which is rigidly secured by means 0 screws or'otherwise, a thin plate d, which is provided with apertures closely arranged in lines concentric with the shaft as shown in Fig. 3, and registering with the slots in the plate C and as shown in Fig. 3 of suflicient size to receive thereinthe largest denomination of coin to be counted. Said apertures as shownare rounded or semi circular on the side adjacent the periphery of the wheel and on the inner side or that adjacent the center of the disk wheel are shaped to afiord an ap proximately straight line. At the rear edge of each aperture and from-the forward edge along the bottom of each aperture or the edge adjacent the center, the plate or. wheel is reduced in thickness to approximately the thickness of the thinnest coin to be counted. As the plate or wheel is revolved by said shaftthe coins are carried upwardly thereby inclining against the pl'ate'C and the coins fall successively throu h the slots in the plate C in the order of t eir size and into the appropriate coin tubes. 1 r
Removably secured on a raised peripheral flange d on the face of the plate C and inclosing the bottom of said revolvin A rating plate (1 is a hopper D adaptet ceive the coins therein in bulk or troughs D",,D and D may be provided. Said hop per extends upwardly to near the middle of the separatin plate or wheel and partly around the side thereof along which the coins are swept upwardly before separating. A, lateral extension d of the hopper is rigidly though removably' secured to an extension 0", on that side of the slotted plate C. From the upper edge of said lateral ho per (i and covering the plates C and (l to t 1e opposite side of the hopper D is a close fitting plate D The coins when dumped into said hopper D fall into the apertures in the plate or wheel which serve as pockets and serves as the bottom of said pockets are car ried upwardly by the rotation of said plate (1 to successively drop in the order of their size through the slots in said back plate C. The coin are thus separated and delivered into the respective coin tubes 0 to c inclusive, each of which is a propriated to a particular denomination of said tubes said coins are delivered to the counting mechanism to be counted and registered. As shown the shaft C of said separating wheel (1 is driven by means of beveled pinion a secured U)OI1 a shaft E journaled in and longitudinal y of the standard A as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1. Said beveled inion e intermeshes the gear cured a beveled gear e which meshes with a beveled pinion e rigidly secured on a shaft E, journaled horizontally and longitudinally of the base frame, as shown in Fig. 5 and in dotted lines in Fig. 1. Said shaft E as shown is driven from the motor B. For this pur ose a friction disk I) is secured on the sha t of the motor and engages a complemental friction member I) on a transverse shaft B. This shaft B- extends Within and is journaled in the base frame and is 1provided at its inner end with a worm b w iich meshes with a worm gear I) on a shaft E journaled at the end of the frame and parallel the shaft E, and also parallel a corresponding shaft E from which are driven the counters. Rigidly secured on the shaft E are a large and a small gear 6 and e and slidably secured on the shaft E are complemcntal gears e and e, which are rigidly connected together and adapted to engage respectively and intermesh with the ears e and c on the shaft E thereby enabling the separator shaft E to be driven at a relatively high or a relatively low rate of speed as desired dependent upon the pair of said fgears that are in mesh; As shown said gears e and e are connected by a sleeve e splined on the shaft E and a lever c is secured thereon by means of a collar 6 in which the sleeve rotates. Said lever extends outwardly through the side of the base frame Q and is adapted for manual engagement to j permit the gears to be shifted longitudinally coin and from c and on the ower end, of said shaft E is se mechanism is inclined atan angle from the the coins delivere crease.
oftheshaft E. As shown notches b are provided in said frame to receive Said lever at the respective stations for engaging either or neither of said pairs of. gears in mesh as 5 shown in Fig. 5.. The drivin shaft E forthe counters is' also actuated rom the shaft For this pprpose sprocket wheelsell and e are en aged on. the shafts E and E3, and colmectet by a. sprocket chain e".
horizontal suificient to bring the same approximately at a right angle with the plane of said separator plate orwheel and supported on the inclined to 'ofsaid frame as shown are cou-ntingheads F F F and F corresponding in number with the number of coin tubes and each ada .ted to'receive and? count Each of said counting'heads asshown is secured on a base platef'adapted to be rigidly bolted onithe top of said base frame as shown in Fig. 6, affording a cover therefor. Said counting heads as shown are slightly inclined toward the right of the machine sov that one edge of the successivecncular headsor tables f overlap the adjacent edge of theother for the purpose of'economizin space. Partly surrounding each of -said. at circular bed 40 plates or tables f is a peripheral rim f 2 and said .flat bed plate or table secured thereon: at the lower side of the bed is an inwardly directed upwardly incljned plate which "affords a hopperfltoreceive the coin from the coin tube' Rotatively secured on concentric therewith is a coin carrying w eel f as shown is provided .on its periphery with radial teeth f 4 which are hooked slightly forwardly as shown. in- Fig. 9- and. the throats of which are wide and of a de .th that a coin of c0 coin; to be carried: thereby. Each of said' the denomination deliverer thereto will pro ject beyond the tooth. -The front or engaging edge of each tooth as shown is reduced in thickness to. approximately that of the thinnest coin to be carried, thereby. Said teeth may be of any desired number and extend somewhat closely tov the raised flangef the distance of course varying somewhat for the different heads dependent. on the size of the coin carrying wheels is rigidly securedlupon .a
. shaft f 5 journaled in a downwardly directed bearing leeve f integralas sho n. with. the base-or bed platef and at itslower end each is provided with a beveled pinion f s to f in- Secured on said shaft E at equal distances apart are.
thereto from its tube.
elusive which Ineshwith the heeded-pinkie a toe inclusive on the driving shaft E for the counting heads.
From the construction described it is evident that the coin carrying wheels act continuously as does also the separator, both being driven; from the same source of power.
As shown the bed plate which-serves as a coin tray, overlaps and restsflat *on the car-' rying wheel next adjacent thereto and a separatin blade f rests flat on said carryin whee at the top. of the tray and is provider I with a sharpobliq'uely directededge against whiehcthe carrying wheel rotates and which acts to prevent more than one coinbeing carried beneath the same by. any tooth.
integrally connected with the coin tra bed or table f near the discharge-aperture g and affording an extension in the same lane therewithisa plate or table G-which is s i own or the registering and counting mec anism.
circular in shape and affords a support for a part of the actuating and registerin means Extending through said late G as shown heyond the periphery of; t a coin tray parallel the shaft f is a rotatablecounting shaft G ment or detent H which; is longitudina slotte to receive the shaft G! and a pin h is set in said plate. Said detent is at a. level with the coin carrying-wheel and projectstowaidahd sufliciently near the same for its end-to be positively engaged and forced. rear- Slidably secured on said plate G is an escaplwardly by each. passing coin carried by said wheel. A pin: it? is secured. in the base G and a pushing spring" h is secured on; said plate and bears against the end -of said detent and 1' against said pin k and. acts to .hold the same normally in its forward positiomto beengaged b the coin.
Rigidfysecured on the-register shaft G! above the detent H is ane'scapement wheel rovided with. downwardly projecting H. teet k ten-in number arranged e ual distances apart near its periphery and etwecn whloh the escapement detent H projects normally to. lock said registering shaft from A registeh" M- of' any suitable kind as shown such-as set forth in my prior? application for patent filed August 13-, 1906,)
Serial No. 330 277, arranged to indicate by tens to any desired number is secured in the. base frame below each register shaft G and the beveled pinion m thereon is. driven. from 1 a beveled gear g of e ual size thereby actuating the shaft m of-t e register. 4
The escapement-wheelis inclosed iii, a.
housing I through. which extends theshaft G- the end of which isslotted longitudinally and provided atthe bottom of theslot with a groove g? extending transversely thereof; Yieldingly supported upon the upper end of said shaft, by means of'a spring kwhich bears on the end of said, shaft and in the top thereof is a cap-K provided With-a pin 7c extending'therethrough and through the slot. The
lower end of said cap is enlarged to provide the friction wheel is provided a finger k which projects beyond the periphery thereof.
- Beneath said finger said flange is omitted.
A stud shaft L parallel the shaft G is secured on the casin and provided on one side thereofis a stop. secured onsaid casing I parallel the shaft G. A rotative element comprising a Wheel L provided with twelve equally spaced, peripheral v teeth Z having round points and afiording rounded notches between the same is secured on said shaft L and is of a diameter to bring two of said teeth normally in bearing contact with the flanged periphery of the friction pulley k on the register shaft. A corresponding wheel I havmg the same number of teeth is rigidly secured thereon so that the teeth of one registers with the notches in the other. A concentric channel is provided around the shaft within said wheel Z in which is secured a strong spring I one end of which is engaged 1n a sultable groove in the side .of the stud shaft L and the other end of which is engaged in a notch in the inner periphery of said 4 wheel as shown in Fig. 12. Said spring acts normally when rotated to return the'wheels to the starting position which is determined by a pin Z set in the wheel L to engage the i stop I on the stud shaft.
Rigidly secured on the two wheels, just described, is a wheel or dial L provided about its periphery as shown with notches corresponding with the teeth on said wheel L and which are marked respectivelyfrom 10 to 100. by tens having a space of twice the usual distance between two notches between the ten and the hundred notch. The upper end of the shaft L is reduced in diameter and threaded to receive a nut Z on which as shown is a peripheral flange Z at its upper end to afford a stop for a spiral s ring Z which engages around said nut an atits lower end bears against an inwardly. turned flange Z" of a sleeve L which fits around the nut Z and bears on the dial L Said sleeve is provided on one side at its bottom with an arm Z having a vdownturned end Z which is capable of engagement in any of the notches of the dial plate L and serves also after the. coin has passed.
tact with the sliding detent H which normally holds the escapement wheel from movement. This is pushed back by the coin which next engages the adjacent tooth h on said wheel, rotating said wheel and all parts driven thereby one space or one-tenth of a revolution. As the coin -slips past the escapement detent to the discharge aperture g the detent slides forwardly and engages the next succeeding tooth hon said escapement wheel affording an 'efiective lock to revent a greater movement of said wheel an register shaft than one-tenth of a revolution. For the purpose of facilitating the return movement of said detent when the coin has passed, the rear corner of the same is cut away to afford an incline which permits the detentto slide down into locking position immediately In counting the various coins in bulk or in large quantities the head K is ressed down en aging the pin 70 therein in t 1e groove of the ottom of the slot, in the shaft G. This brings the finger k out of engagement with the toothed wheels L and Z and enables the shaft G to rotate continuously and without affecting the stop mechanism. When it is desired to count serially the head is elevated bringing the finger k into osition to engage the Wheel Z which normal y under the action of its spring,
stands with the stop I engaged with the stop I and with the one hundred and the ten notches on the dial wheel L are on opposite sides of the line drawn between the shafts G and L. Having adjusted the arm 1" so that its detent Z engages in the notch in the dial indicating the number of coin it is desired to count serially, as for instance 50 as shown in Fig. 13, the rotation of the coin carrying wheel brings the coin against the escapement detent retracting the same and rotating the esca ement wheel and the head K and as said ead completes one revolution, the fin er 7c thereon engages a tooth of the wheel 3 rotating the same one tooth or one tenth of a rotation. This is possible for the reason that the flange is omitted beneath the finger k permitting the tooth Z of the brake, wheel L to enter the notch in the flange as the finger engages a tooth of the wheel I to rotate the dial a part of a revolution. This is repeated until the shaft G has revolved five (5) times, bringing the end of the arm Z in contact with the end of the head K and rigidly locking the mechanism from action. The head may now be pressed downwardly to release the finger k whereupon the spring 1 acts instantly to return the dial to its starting position as shown in Fig. 12. In the'same manner should-the detent 1 be adjusted in any of the other notches, the count will be completed to the exact number indicated in the notch in the dial, and the machine will then look but will automatically In setting back the register the detent is rethe head. k is set back the dial by merely pressing down the head K preliminary to another count.
motor-drives all the heads but of course ex-- cept when coins are in the counting tray the carrying wheel of any head revolves only and the counters do not work. The counted coin may be delivered into separate bags or may be collected and put up in packages as serially counted and this may be done either mechanically or manually. For counting previously assorted coins the lever 6 may be shifted to throw the gears on the shafts E, I
E" out of mesh and .the coin maybe then delivered into the desired coin tray manually.
While I have described my invention as adapted for the separating and the counting of coin it of course may be used to separate and to countother articles and various details of cnstruction and operation may be modified. "without departing from the principles of this invention.
- I claim as my invention: I 1. In a machine of the class described, the
combination with a rotary carrying element having concentric lines 'of pockets therein,
each to receive a single coin indiscriminately from a mass, of coin tubes, one-for each denomination, and each provided in the top thereof with a plurality of radially disposed slots one beneath each line of pockets and the slots of successive tubes increasing in width to receive the coins selectively as to size tion with a thereby separating the coins.
2. In a separating machine the combinaacking plate of a movable-element slidable thereon and having apertures therein, each adapted to contain but one of the articles to be separated from a mass, radially alined groups of slots in the backing plate. registering with the apertures in the movable element and each group adapted to receivebut one size of. the articles to be separated therethrough, the slots of each group being of greater Width than the slots of the preceding group and a tube for each group adapted to receive therefrom but a single size of coin. a
3. In a'machineof the class described the combination with an inclined rotatiye carrying element having concentric rowsof apertures therein adapted to receive a coin in each aperture, of a stationary member provid'ed with radially alinedslots adapted to receive-the coins selectively as to eno'minations from the carrying element, and
size of com and into which 001118 are selectively delivered.
4. In a coin separating machine the coin -'b1nation with a hopper adapted to contain the mixed coin, of a carrying element having apertures in rows therein each adapted .to contain but 'a single coin, coin tubes one for each denomination of coins and having slots therein for each row of apertures and differing in size in different tubes and over which the coins are moved by the carrying element permittingthose of the same size to fall into the same tube. v 7
5. In a coin separating machine the combination with a rot'ative wheel having concentric lines of apertures arranged therein each adapted to receive a coin to be separated from the mass, a fixed-backing plate behind .the carrying wheel and provided with a plurality of radially alined groups of slots, the slots; of each groupbeing of greater width than those of the preceding group and a coin tube for each group to receive selectively therefrom coins of a given denomination only. k
.6. A machine adapted to separate mixed coins comprising an apcrtur'ed rotating carrying wheel upon which the mixed coins are dumped in quantities, each aperture adaptto direct the coin to said apertures and means adapted to receive said coin from said apertures selectively as to size.
7. In a machine adapted to separate mixed coins comprising a carrying wheel provided ed to receive a single coin, troughs adapted with a plurality of concentrically arranged apertures each adapted to receive a single coin from a mass, a stationary plate behind said wheel, radially alined groups of slots therein, each group adapted to receive coins of a single denomination, a coin tube for each group and a plurality of troughs each adapted to deliver the coin to the carrying wheel.
8. The'combination with a rotating carrying wheel, inclined from the perpendicular and having apertures therein arranged in concentric rows and each adapted to receive but one of any of the coins to be separated, a hopper acting to deliver the mixed coins to said wheel, means adapted to direct the coins to each row of apertures, a backing plate behind said carrying wheel and having aper-' tures therein registering with the apertures in. the carrying wheel as the same revolves and each adapted to permit only one size of coin to pass therethroughand coin tubes, one for each size of; coins, communicating with respective apertures in the backing plate. 7
9. In a machine of the class described the combination with a rotative element with apertures therein to receive coins, of a back- I carrying wheelhaving a thickness approximately' equal to the thickest coin to be sepa rated and having apertures therein adapted each to contain one coin only, a hopper acting to deliver the mixed coin to the carrying wheel in quantity, graduated slots between the center and top of the said backing plate registeringapproximately with the aperture through the carrying plate and having the lower edge projecting abovethe bottoms of corresponding apertures and the upper edge of the slot a distance from the bottom of corresponding aperture in the carrying wheel when in register equal to the diameter of a coin, thereby permitting coin of that size to fall therethrough selectively, and coin colleleting tubes each adapted to receive the cdins from all the slots of like size.
11. In a coin separating machine the com bmation witha back plate, of a rotating carrynng wheel, an apertured disk thereon of a size to permit one coin only to engage therein said a ertures being arranged on the carrying w eel in concentriclines and the metal ad- ]acent the rear of the apertures having a thickness ap roximately equal to the thinnest coin to e separated, slots in the back plate arranged radially in groups for like coin, and circumferentially for different coins in the order of their size, the lower edges of all'slots projecting above the bottom of each aperture in the carrying wheel when in register and the top of each slot being distanced from thebottom of said apertures e ual to the diameter of the coin to be de ivered therethrough, and a'stripper late in close relation with the carrying w eel and permitting but one coin only to be contained in each a erture of the carrying wheel, a tube for each size of coin and communicatingeach I withv slots for one size of coin, and a hopper delivering the mixed coin to the carrying wheel.
I troughs as the carrying wheel is rotated, a slotted backing plate through which the ing late having slots therein throughpeach I Inch one size .of coinonly can ass, and
12. In a device of the class described a.
coins fall selectively by gravity and receiving tubes one for each size of coin.
13. In a coin separating machine a hopper in which the mixed coin is received, a rotative apertured carrying wheel, a plurality of concentric troughs adapted to deliver coins thereto, a slotted backing plate for said carrying wheel through which the coins sep- 5 arated are delivered selectively, and means K rotating the carrying wheel.
14. In a machine of the class described an inclined carrying wheel having closely ar ranged apertures therein extending around the same in aplurality of concentric lines, and each apertured at the rear edge eorresponding in thickness with the thinnest coin, said apertures having approximately straight sides adjacent the center of the wheel, means provided with apertures through which the coins selectivelyfall by gravity "and tubes 35 each adapted to receive but one size of coins.
15. In a machine of the class described an inclined slotted backing plate, a carrying wheel parallel 'therewith and rotative thereagainst and comprising a thin plate having apertures therethrough closely arranged in concentric lines each aperture being of a size to receive a single coin and having the rear and bottom edge reduced in thickness, said slots in said backing plate and the apertures in the carrying wheel being so related and registering as to permit the coin to be selectively delivered through successive slots in the order of their size beginning with the smallest.
' 16. In a machine of the class described the combination with a backing plate provided on its upper portion with radially alined groups of slots, a coin tube leading from each group, a rotative carrying wheel on said plate and provided with concentric lines of apertures therethrough, each adapted to register with one slot of each group, a shaft journaled in the backing plate and rigidly engaged on said wheel, means for driving said shaft, a trough for each line of a)ertures in said wheel and astripping pate fitting closely to the face of said wheel a ove said troughs.
17. In a machine of the class described the combination with a rotativecarrying. plate having concentrie lines of apertures therethrough, a slotted backing plate having an upwardly directed flange thereon, a stripper plate'rigidly engagedon said flange and rovided with a thin edge adapted to permit but one coin to be carried in a single aperture in saidwheel, a trough for each line of apertures in said wheel and tubes beneath said backin plate adapted to receive coins of a single enomination.
18. In a device of the class described the combination with a rotative carrying wheel having concentric lines of apertures therethrough each of a size to receive one coin wit plate ha'vin 3;v concentric rows of apertures therein to JGCGIVQ a smgle (-0111, means for I 3 erated by the coins,
only, a stationary backing plate provided rotating the plate to move .the' coins singly over the apertur s and a plurality of count ing mechanisms adapted each to receive coins of one size from the separating mechanism.
20.111 a machine r the bass described a separating mechanism consisting of a re--' ceptacle passages opening from the bottom thereof, means for moving indiscriminately mixed coins over the mouth of the passages, -means-for-removing a superposed coin from any coin conveypd by said moving means prior to reaching. the passages, a plurality of independently operative countin mechanisms positioned each to receive ut one kind of coin and registering mechanism op- 21. In a device oflthe class described a hopper adapted to, receive coins of different sizes, means-providedwith slots of different widths for separating the coins, a plate hav- 3 ing concentric apertures therein and each aperture adapted .to receive onexioinand one' edge of --each'aperture reduced 1n thickness to the thickness of the thinnest coin, means for forcing all coins over one from each aper -10 ture and into a subsequent aperture, mechanism for receiving and co ting each set of coins and mechanism fo registeringa' coin of each set. 4 J
22. In a machine otthe class described the combination with a coin separator com prising an apertured carrying plate adapted to elevate the coin, means provided with sets of slots therein and each set of slots successively increasing in size and adapted toreceive coin of only one denomination, tubes to receive the coin of each denomination, a
P plurality of counting mechanisms positioned each to receive the coin from asingla tube, and registerin r mechanism operated by the meshing of t e coin during the counting "with elements normally unconnected with the counting mechanisms. I v
23. Ima device of the class described-the combination with a rotative coin separator adapted to receivemixed coins, of a rigid element adapting the coins to 1 seledtively fall" therethrough to assort the same, rotatable mechanism "for moving indiscriminately mixed coins over the rigid-element,'a plurality of counting mechanisms each adapted to receive but one denomination of coin from the separator in bulk and the counters overlapping eachother, rotative mechanisms acting to deliver the coins to the counting,
mechanisms and means adapted to permit the, coins in any of the counters to be countedcontinuously or serially into groups containing a predetermined'number.
24. In a device of the class described the combination with a' hopper adapted to receive mixed coins of a rot'ative separatin wheel-provided with recesses each adapted to receive but one coin, means beneath the plate apertured to successively receive coins of. larger sizes, tubes, one adapted to receive the. coins of only one size, a plurality of counting mechanisms each adapted-to retube, rotative mechanisms therein acting to deliver the coin to the counting mechanism;
aregistering mechanism for each counter ceive but the denominationfrom a single operated onlyby the passing coin and a stop mechanism therefor whereby the count may be, continuous or in groups (if a predetermined nuinber. a
25.- In a device of the'f class described the combination with a fixed separator provided with sets of apertures, each set adapted to receive coins Of'bjlb'OIl size, means adapted to move indiscriminately mixed coins over the apertures, means for removing a coin resting on another. before passing the under coin overthe apertures, a plurality ofcount- -ing mechanisms-each adapted to receive but one denomination from the separator, a constantly driven rotative mechanism in each, a registering mechanism to receive the coins therefrom and acting only when receiving coins-therethrough and stop mechanismcon- 'nected' with theregister adapted to'be set to collect'the coins into uniform groups.
26. In a device of,the class described the I combination with an inclined hopperadapted V to receive mixed coins therein, channels extendin underneath the hopper and opening into t e hopper at the highest side thereof, a rotary element-for moving the coins to fall into the appropriate passage, gt plurality of receiving hoppers overlapping eachother? 1-15 and. all rigidly secured to a common ba'se, adapted to' receive each one denomination from-the separator, 'a" toothed rotative wheel therein aetlng 'tojdeliverthe coins selectively therefrom, a re ister through :which the coins are carried sing y by said wheel, said coin in its passage intermeshingboth, and a stopmechanism adaptedto be set for continuous counting or for serially counting into -predetermined groups 'of a desired number. p
27. In a device of the class. described the combination with an inclined hop er adapted to receive mixed coins, incline channels extending beneath the hoppei" and opening upwardly into the hopper, means for elevating the coins adapting the same to fall into the appropriate channel, an inclined counting mechanism for each denomination of coins, rotative means therein for delivering the coins therethrough selectively, registering means operated only by and intermeshing with successive coins to register the same, means for locklng each registering means from operation after each coin is registered and adjusted out of locking position by each succeeding coin and means for locking the register when a predetermined number of coins have been counted.
28. In a device of the class described the combination with an inclined rotative separator adapted to assort mixed coins into their denominations, embracing coacting apertured elements, one rigidl sup orted adapting the'coins to selective y fall through the apertures, therein the other rotatable to move the coins over the aperture in the rigid member, an inclined counting mechanism for each denomination of coin, a tube deliverlngithe coin to each, registering means operated only by and intermeshing with successive colns to register each'and an adjustable stop for locking the registers to count a predetermined number of coins only.
'29. In a device of the class described the combination'with an inclined rotative apertured element adapted to elevate mixed coins,
a rigid member having channels of different sizes therein to receive and separate the coins, a tube for each denomination communicating with the appropriate channel, inclined overlapping counting mechanisms positioned to receiveeach the coin from one tube, continuously operating means to deliver the coin therefrom, registering means operated by the internieshing with the successive coins to register each and an adjustable stop adapted for adjustment to lock the counters and registers for any of apredetermined number of coins or to be adjusted for continuous counting.
30. In a device of the class described the combination with inclined mechanisms, one Y mechanism adaptedto assort mixed coins into their various denominations, and, the
other mechanism adapted to singly elevate the coins to the assorting mechanism, an inclined countingmechan'ism for each denomination ot'c'binfmans operated by the coin meshing therewith while being counted .for registering each coin, a motor adapted to simultaneously operate the separator and counting mechanism and a transmission device adapted to cut the separator out of operation.
31. -,In a device of the class described the combination with an inclined separator of a hop er at the bottom thereof tubes at the bac of the separator to receive the separated coins there into, a rotative element carrying the coins or articles to be counted around the separator and delivering the same thereregister.
varying the speed of drive of both separator and the counters and for driving the counters only.
32. In a device of the class described the combination with an inclined separator for mixed coins, cored on its under side to provide a plurality of channels appropriated to coins of different sizes, of a hopper at the bottom thereof, a rotative element carrying the'coins to be counted around the separatorand delivering the same therethrough, tubes into. which the separated coins are delivered from the separator, a plurality of counting mechanisms each embracing a register and actuat ing means therefor and a rotative carrying wheel adapted to deliver the coins to be counted to the actuating means for the 33. In a device of the'class described the combination with an inclined separator, provided with channels opening upwardly through the bottom and each channel appropriated to but one size of coin, o f c oin tubes one for each denomination of coin, and connected with the respective channel, a ho per to receive the mixed coins, a rotative e ement carrying the coins from the hopper and delivering the same selectively therethrough into the respective channel, a plurality of counting mechanisms each embracing a register and actuating means therefor and a rotative carrying wheel each adapted to receive but one denomination of coin from a coin tube and to carry the coins singly through and inter-meshing thecoin with the actuating means for the register. 34. In a device of the class described the combination with an inclined se arator comprising coacting rigid and rotata le elements, one adapted to indiscriminately advance coins in a single layer, the other provided with apertures to assort the coins according to size or denomination, a plurality of coin tubes positioned for each to receive but one denomination of coin from the separator, a
' hopper at the bottom of the separator, a rotativeelement acting to deliverthe coin'selectively to the coin tubes, counting mechanisms each adapted to receive coin from a single' coin tube and embracing a register, actuating means therefor, an inclined rotative carrying wheel adapted to deliver the coms selectively past and intermeshing with the actuating means for the register and means driving the separators and counters simultaneously or the counters only.
to receive the coin, a register, a toothed actuating wheel therefor, a.-tocthed carryin wheel for each counter, said actuating whee for the registers and said toothed carrying wheel being adapted to intermesh through the medium of the coins as counted.
36. In a machine of the class described an 1 5 inclined rotative carrying wheel provided ith apertures each having one beveledsside, m ans adapted to selectively separate mixed coins elevated by said wheel into their denominations, means adapted toforce a coin up the beveled side'of any aperture into another aperture when more than one coin is carried in any aperture of said wheel, inclined counters arranged-to receive each but one denomination- -of the separated coin therefrom, a
' register, a toothed actuatingwheel therefor,
an inclined toothed carrying wheel for each counter, a hopper into which the periphery thereof extends and into which the separated coins are received and driving means for the separator and carrying wheel the latter being adapted to intermesh through the medium of each coin while-being counted.
37. In a device of the class described a rotatively operated separator for indiscriminately mixed coins or the like, passages opening from thebottom of the separator successively increasing in size in the direction of rotatlon, coin tubes adapted to receive the coins from the passages, a plurality of inclined counting mechanisms arranged below the separator and successively overlapping each the other andeach' adapted to receive the coins from a single coin tube.
38. In a device of the class described a. 'rotatively operated wheel adapted to? elevate indiscriminately mixed coins or the like, a plate provided with apertures increasing in slze the direction of rotation of the wheel, and nto each of which coins of but one denomination pass, coin tubes each'adapted to receive from and through the separator but a single denomination of coin, a plurality of in' cllned counting mechanisms arranged below the separator and successively overlapping each other and each adapted to receive coins from but one coin tube;
D 39: In a device of the class described an mcllned hopper, coacting 'apertured rigid and apertured rotatable mechanisms for separating indiscriminatelymixed coins in the hopper, coin tubes at the rear thereof eachadapted to receive from and through the se arator but a single denomination of coin, a p urality of inchned counting mechanisms arranged below the separator and successively overlapping 'coins, rotatable means for elevatin each the otherv and each adapted to receive coins from but one tube therein 40. In a device of the class described an inclined rotativ'ely operated separator for mixed coins, channels forming an integral part of the separator and positioned beneath the same for receiving coins .of the same sizes, coin tubes communicating with the channels and each adaptedto receive-from and through the res ective channel but a single denomination 0 coin, a plurality of inclined counting mechanisms arranged below the separator and successively overlapping each the other and each adapted to receive coins from but one tube therein and a normally locked ,register operated by the coins in counting.
41. In a devicefor the pur oses specified mechanism. for automatica y separating nations, comprising a rotatable I carrying wheel havin rows of concentric apertures. each adapts to receive one coin, a plate be- 'neath the carrying wheel havin apertures therein increasing in size in the irection of rotation of the carrying wheel, mechanisms,
. each adapted to receive all coins of the same denomination and means for delivering the mixed coins mto coins of the sanie'denomicoins of each denomination by gravity to the proper mechanism.
42. In a device of the class described the combination with means for receiving mixed layer of coins at a time, a plate rovide with apertures through each ofw 'ch only the coins of one denomination is admitted, independent means adapted each to receive the coins of one denomination only and indpendent mechanisms, one-"appro riated to each denomination of coin and a apted to count the same either serially or continuously.
43h In a device of the class described the one v combination with a hopper adapted to're- 5 ceive mixed ar ticles, means provided with slots therem successively increasing mnslze means adapted to move the artic s over the slotspermittin all articles of the same" sizes to fall throng the same sized slots, a
plurality of holppers each ap ropriated to one size of artic es and adapted to receive all the articles of approximately the same size,
rotative means for each hopper selectively removing the articles and means for counting the articles. v
44. In a device of the class described a hopper for receiving mixed articles, means 7 provided with concentric sets of slots, each set of which successively increases in size, rotative means provided with concentric rows of a ertures correspondin in number with the s ots of each set and a apted to receive the articles, means for preventing more than one article. from passing over any 'slot at the same time, counting mechanisms adapted to independently receive all articles from the slots of the same sets and means delivering the articles by gravity to the appropriate counting mechanism.
45. In a device of the class described means for receiving and holding coins,
to pass through, the appropriate succeeding apertures, hoppers, eac adapted to receive a different denomination of coin and each receiving from the layers, coins of the same denomination and mechanism counting the coin delivered to the hoppers. q
46. In a device of the class described the combination with a hopper to receive mixedcoins of means provided Wltll sets of slots each set successively increasing in size, a carrying wheel provided with apertures to receive the coins and each having the metal on one side reduced in thickness providing an inclined face, means adapted to prevent more than one coin in each aperture passing over the slots, said means adapted to force any coin or coins in the aperture more. than one over the inclined face and into a subsequent aperture.
47. In a machine of the class described the combination with a hopper adapted to contain mixed articles, means above the hopper having slots therein each adapted to admit articles of one size therethrough, means for elevating the articles to be assorted to fall through the appropriate slot or slots, means delivering the assorted articles by gravity to the desired place.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JAY M, JOHNSON.
S. E. HANNAH, J. W. ANGELL.