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Publication numberUS916601 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 30, 1909
Filing dateMar 14, 1908
Priority dateMar 14, 1908
Publication numberUS 916601 A, US 916601A, US-A-916601, US916601 A, US916601A
InventorsDavid Roberts, Charles James
Original AssigneeDavid Roberts, Charles James
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Traction-engine.
US 916601 A
Abstract  available in
Images(6)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

D. ROBERTS & 0. JAMES.

TRACTION ENGINE.

APPLIOATION FILED MAR,14, 190a.

Patented Mar. 30, 1909.

6 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

Witnasses 'D. ROBERTS JAMES.

TRACTION ENGINE. Arrrlloulolq rum) [A114, 1908 91 6,601 Patented Mar. 30, 1909.

' I B BHEETS SHBEI 5|.

Wz'izwwea K M ROBERTS & 0. JAMES.

TRACTION ENGINE.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 14, 1908.

Patented Mar. 30,1909.

6 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

I K a D. ROBERTS & G. JAMES,

TRACTION ENGINE.

APPLICATION FILED MAR414, 190s.

Patented Mar. 30, 1909.

6 SHEETS-SHEET 4.

IIIIFIIII Williams. 2%?

D. ROBERTS & 0. JAMES.

TRACTION ENGINE.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 14, 1908.

Patented Mar. 30, 1909.

6 SHEETS-SHEET 5.

D. ROBERTS & 0. JAMES.

TRACTION ENGINE.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 14, 190B,

Patented Mar. 30, 1909.

, thisend in lieu of employing a sprocket wheel navmnoasa'r's AND CHARLES JAMES, or GRANTHAM, ENGLAND.

'raac'rr'on-nnenm.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented March 30, 1909..

I Appliciitlon filed larch 14, 1908. Serial No. 21,176.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, DAVID ROBERTS and CHARLES JAMES, both subjects of the King of Great Britain, and residing at Spittlegate Iron Works, Grantham, Lincolnshire, England, have invented new and useful Improvements in Traction-Engines, of which the following is a specificatidn- Our invention'relates to traction engines, road locomotives and the like and to that class of such vehicles which are :rovidcd with portable or self-laid tracks and are described, for example, inthespecifieation of David Roberts. former British Patent No. 16345 of 1904.

In the said former specification there is described a construction of locomotive in which the self-laid tracks are driven by means of sprocket wheels one of which is arranged at each end of, the'said track and the teeth of which engage with bosses formed upon the chain tracks. tice that with this method of drive when the vehicle is being propelled'in one direction the lower portion of the chaintrack bearing upon the ground is in tension and is maintained taut whereas when the direction of motion of the vehicle is'rcversed the lower part of the chain is put in compression and is liable to buckle both vertical y and horizontally to an extent which varies with the nature of the ground over which the vehicle is moving and the amount of wear in the hinges of the cha n links, therebyincreasin the power necessaryfor propelling the who o. how, the present invention has for its obect to overcome this disadvantage and to at each end of the continuous self-laid track we rovide-ln connection wlth each track a sing e driving sprocket wheel which is ar-,

ranged at or about the-center of its length, bv

which means the length of'chain, which is a I ternately put in tension or compression ac cording to the direction in which the vehicle is travelin is materially reduced.

While t e track is of course an endless structure, wehave considered it in the specification and claims as it appears when in. use in connection with the vehicle, and by its length we refer to the longitudinal distance between the portion engaging the foremost roller and that iortion engaging the rearmost roller, and t e portions engaging the said foremost and rearmost rollers we It is found, however, in pracl have considered and termed the ends of the track.

To enable the invention to be fully understood we will describe it by reference to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a side view of a self-laid or portable track of the kind described in the ish Patent No. 16345 of 1904, and having the improvements applied thereto, Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2-2, F ig. 1. Figs. 3 and 4 are views similar to Figs. 1 and 2 respectively of a slightly modified form of the invention. Figs. 5 and 6 are views similar to Figs. 1 and 2 respectively of a further modi fication. Figs. 7 and 8 are views similar-to i Figs. 1 and 2 respectively showing the invention a plied to a self-laid track of the kind descri ed in the specification of our application for Letters Patent of the U nitcd btates, filed of even date herewith Serial No. 421,175. Figs. 9 and "10 are views similar to Figs. 7 and 8 respectively of a modified construction specification of David Roberts former Britthereof, and Figs. 11 and 12 are also views similar to Figs. 7 and 8 respectively of a further modification. F ig. 13 is a view similar to Fig. 7 showing a further construction of self-laid track according te-the invention. Fig. 14 is a vertical. section of the same. Figs. 15 and 16 are respectively plan views of portions of modified forms of the track pro er. Figs. 17 and 18 are views similar to igs. 13 and 14 res )ectively illustrating a further form'of the self-laid track, and Figs. 19 and 20 are views similar to Figs. 17 and 18 respectively of another construction of the im roved self-laid track.

veferring first to the construction of track illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 a is the track which is, as above stated, of a construction similar to that described in the specification of British Patent No. 16345 of 1904 and which passes around two guide rollers b, b at its ends. a is the sprocketwheel which, as is clearl seen, is arranged at the center of the length of the track aand is keyed upon the boss (I i of the driving wheel 2 which is mounted upon the axle f held in the frame of the locomoi tive. The sprocket wheel 0 engages both at i the to and bottom with the usual bosses forms upon the chaintrack so as to drive the same. 9, g are wheels or rollers which are loose] mounted upon the boss (2 of the drivingw eel e on either side of the sprocketiwheel. 0. These wheels form the trackvufpper part of the chain which wheels through the medium of which the wei ht of the vehicle is supported upon the trac the said wheels also sup orting the ears upon em. The weight supporting wheels engage bearing surfaces a a on the track formed or provided referably at each side of the bosses a of t e track which are engaged by the driving or sprocket wheel 0, as shown. In other words the track is provided with longitudinal bearing and traction surfaces arranged in different, vertical planes transversely of the track, the traction surface or-surfaces having interlocking portions for engaging the driving wheel and the bearing surfaces engaging the supporting wheels or rollers, thus taking the weight of the vehicle entirely off of the driving or propelling mechanism.

Figs. 3 and 4 show a' construction of track which is similar to that illustrated in Figs. 1

into two u on the and 2 but'wherein the sprocket-wheels is arranged to-one side of the center of the length of the track and engages with the lower part of the chain-track only. It is also whee s g, g. In this case attack-wheel h without a driving sprocket is arranged onth'e other side of the center of the length ofthe track from the sprocket-wheel c and at the same distance from the center as the lat ter.:

This track-wheel engages the bearing surfaces a of the track and serves to carry the weight of the vehicle at that part. i is the usual jockey-wheel serving as a guide-wheel -for the center of the track at the upper part.

In Figs. 5 and 6 we have shown a construction of self-laid track in whichthe driving sprocket-wheel c is exactly at the center ,of the length'of the track but engages with the lower part of thesaid track only, the upper part being supported by means of the jockey-wheel i in the last described construction. In this case also a track wheel g is arranged upon either side of the driving sprockets and additional track-wheels j, j are arranged at equal distances on either side of the driving sprocket c and engage the bearing surfaces a c.

Figs. 7 and 8, 9 and 10 and 11 and 12 show constructions of self-laid tracks the mode of driving of which is si1nilar.to that shown respectively in Figs. 1 and 2, 3 and 4 and 5 and 6 but in which the self-laid track isof the kind described in our a ,plication for Letters Patent of the United States, tiled-of even date herewith and given Serial No. 421,175, that is to sav, in w rich the said track is formed with trough or U-shaped links. In all these cases the driving sprocket is divided arts 0, 0 each of which is keyed oss d of the driving wheel a and 'wiich are arranged on either side of the track-whee] g which in. these constructions is made in one piece and bears upon the single rovided on'either side with-the track .described.

bearing surface ,a at thebottom of the U- shaped links forming the chain track as is clearly shown, the driving sprockets c, c gearing with the bosses (1- 11 upon the outside faces of the said links.

ihe construction. shown in Figs. 7 and 8 is similar to that shown in Figs. 1 and 2 exce t that the modified form of track is einp 0 ed; thearrangement illustrated in Figs. and 10 corresponds with that shown in Figs. 3 and 4'while that illustrated in Figs. 11 and 12 corresponds with that shown in Figs. 5 and 6. f

Figs. 13-to 16 illustrate the invention as applied to a self-laid track the links of which are of the U shape as shown'in Figs. 7 to 12 and in which the drive is central asillustrated in Fig. 7. In this case, however, the peripheral surface of track-wheel g is divided, the links of the chain being formed with a divided bearing surface or track g, g and the teeth I constituting the driving sprocket being formed between the divided track of the wheel 9 and'eng'aging teeth 'm' formed in the space between the divided track 9. The said teeth I and m may be either straight as shown, for example, in Fig. 15 or helical' as illustrated in Fig. 16. v

, Figs. 17 and 18 represent a form of self-laid track similar to that shown in Figs. 9 and 10 but. in which the track is divided as shown in Figs. 14 to 1 a Figs. 19 and 20 illustrate a track of the kind shown in Fig. 11; illustrating the adaptation to the said track of the construction shown in l ig. 14. I

Having now particularly described and ascertained the'nature of our said invention and in what manner thesame is to be per formed, we declare that what we claim is 1. In a traction engine, the combination with a self laid track provided with longitudinal bearing and traction surfaces located in' different vertical planes transversely of the track, of rotary weight supporting means secured to the vehicle and engaging the hearing surfaces of the track, and rotary driving means engaging the traction surface of the track between the ends of the same, substantially as described.

2. In a traction engine, the combination with a self laid track provided with longitudinal bearing portions and longitudinal traction portions disposed laterally of the bearing portions, of weight supporting wheels secured to the vehicle and engaging the bearing surfaces of the track, and a driving wheel disposed substantially centrally of the length of the track, said driving wheel and the traction portions of the track being provided with nterlocking portions, substantially as '3. In a'traction engine, the combination with a self laid track having longitudinal bearing and traction portions in diiferent vertical planes transversely of the track, ofa

supporting and driving shaft, a driving wheel mounted on said shaft and engaging the tract-ion surface of said track intermediate its 3 ends, and a supporting wheel mounted on '1 said shaft and engaging the bearing surface 5 of said track, substantially as described.

4. In a traction engine, the combination with a self laid track provided with a longitudinal central traction portion and longitudinal bearing surfaces disposed laterally of said traction portion, of a driving shaft, a rotary traction device connected with said shaft and engaging the traction surface of l the track intermediate its ends, and rotary bearing devices at each side of said traction device engaging the bearing surface of the track, substantially as described.

5. In a traction engine, the combination with a self laid track provided with a longitudinal central traction port-ion and longitudinal bearing surfaces disposed laterally of said traction portion, of a driving shaft, a drivingv sprocket wheel connected with said 2 5 shaft and engaging the traction surface of the track between the end portions of the track and laterally disposed loosely mounted weight supporting wheels engaging the bearing surface of the track, substantially as described; 6. In a traction engine, the combination with a self laid track provided with a longitudinal central traction portion-and longitudinah bearing surfaces disposed laterally of said traction portion, of a driving shaft, a

driving sprocket mounted on said shaft and engaging the traction surface of the track substantially centrally of the length of the track, and loosely mounted bearing wheels on said shaft, laterally of the driving sprocket engaging the bearing surfaces of the upper and lower portions of the track for taking the weight of the vehicle off of the traction mechanism and supporting the upper portion of. the track, substantially as described.

DAVID ROBERTS. CHARLES JAMES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5908226 *Feb 18, 1998Jun 1, 1999Camoplast Inc.Embossed wheel for snowmobile suspension assembly
US6805311 *Feb 25, 2002Oct 19, 2004Myron BullerTrack drive for a mobile irrigation system
US6874586 *Jun 6, 2002Apr 5, 2005A & D Boivin Design Inc.Track assembly for an all-terrain vehicle
US8776931Apr 12, 2013Jul 15, 2014Denis BoivinTrack system for an all-wheel drive vehicle
US20020125350 *Feb 25, 2002Sep 12, 2002Myron BullerTrack drive for a mobile irrigation system
US20030159860 *Jun 6, 2002Aug 28, 2003Denis BoivinTrack assembly for an all-terrain vehicle
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB62D55/14