US 919927 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
B. NEUMANN & P. N. GAMMELGAARD.
CARD VENDING APPARATUS. APPLIOATIQ N FILED .001. 1, 1907.
Patented Apr. 27, 1909.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
Wdneaaed 2224 7L.
B. .NEUMANN & P. N. GA MMELGAARD.
CARD VENDING APPARATUS. APPILIOATION nunoow. 1, 1901.
91 9,927, Patented Apr. 27, 1909.
3 BHBBTBSHEET 2.
B. NEUMANN & P. N. GAMMELGAARD.
GARD VENDING APPARATUS. I'APPLIOATION IILED OUT. 1, 1907.
Patented Apr. 27, 1909.
s SHEETS-SHEET 3.
UNITED. srrnrr ss PATENT OFFICE.
BERNARD 'NEUMANN, AND PETER NIELSEN GAMMELGAARD, or HAMBURG, GERMANY, ASSIGNORS TO THE FIRM 01m. HEITMANNS NAOHR, or. HAMBURG, GERMANY.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented April 27, 1909.
Application filedbctober 1,1907. Serial N... 395,425.
To all whom it may concer 1 Be 1t known that'we, ERNARD NEUMANN and PETER NIELsi nv GAMMELGAARD, both into the apparatus.
In the drawings similar characters refer to similar parts.
Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of theapparatus onthe line 11. of Fig. 2. Fig. 2 shows the apparatus in elevation. Figs. 3, 4 and 5 are horizontal sections of the apparatus to an enlarged scale and Fig. 6 shows a detail of the delivery or discharge mechanism. Fig. 7 shows an elevation and Figs. 8-and 9 show in two different positions horizontal sections of a modification of the delivery or discharge mechanism.
The vendingapparatus is arranged in'. a known manner in a casing 1 having the shape of a column and provided with windows 2 I and 3, an opening 4 for the insertion of coins,
an opening 5 for allowing the projection of a slide of the delivery mechanismand an opening 6 for the discharge or delivery of the cards. Within the casing there is a paternosterework consisting of a' series of boxes 7 and an endless chain 8 surrounding two drums The shaft 9* of one of these drums carriesa sprocket wheel Q surrOunded by a driving chain 10, which'is operated by .a
handle 1 1 fixed to the shaft of the correspond ing second sprocket wheel 1.1 i and projecting.
out from the casing 1, as is clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
Referring to the aplipratus shown in Figs. 3 to 6 there is a slidear 12 projecting out- Ward and movably arranged on a guide-plate 13 hear the window 3 below the 'coin channel 14. The slide-bar 12 has a transverse slot 15, normally below the end of the chan-- nel '14, that is to say when the delivery mech-,-
anism is not used, as is shown in Fig.3. Between the pater-noster-work and the. window 3, there isl a slide 16 connected with the slidebar 12 by a cord 17, which is attached to both the slide-bar'- and the slide and guided over pulleys and provided at its ends with weights.
ne ofthese weights is not shown in thedrawing, but it is attached to that end of the cord which runs next to theslide-bar 12 and it is heavier than the-other weight 18, attached to that end of the cord running alongside of the guideway 01 the slide 16. Above the slide-bar 12 there is a lever 20 rotatably arranged on a pivot 19. The free end of this lever carries a projection 20 facing the slidebar 12 and connected to the guide-plate 13 by a spiral-s ring 21. The lever 20 moreover has attae led to it rigidly an arm 22 and rotatively an arm 23, which latter is at'its end provided with a number of teeth 23 andis acted upon by a spring 24, which has the tendency to'press the toothed lever against a pin 25 arranged on the guide-plate 13. At a short distance from the lever 20 and connected with the'same by a spring 26 there is a slotted slidable bar 28 arranged on a fixed pin 27 projecting through the slot 27 a of the ar 28,wh1ch' is provided with :1. lug 29 and is also connected with the pin by a sprin 30.
At its front end the bar carries a ru ber cushion 31 and a curved edge to bear against a fixed stud 32 when moved 111 its longitudinal direction. The slide 16 is provided with a hook 33 opposite the pater-noster-work and also with an elastic arm. 34 carrying a prov j ection 35, which is ada ted to catch behind the lug 29 andto hold t e bar 28 in a certain position. Underneath the slide 16 the guideplate 13 has an opening 36, through which the coins fall down into a lower chamber.
The modification shown in Figs. 7 to 9 is constructed as follows: As fis the case with 6 a slide-bar 37'and a slide 38 are connected with each other by a cord 39- to the ends of is. rovide with means to release it from a 7 ho ding-device, when a coin isinserted into the apparatus. Thesemeans and holding? device are not shown in the drawing. The slide 3'8is provided with an arm 40, to which a second bent arm 42isattached by means of a hinge 41 and tewhich is also fixed a spring 43 bearing with its free end against t 'e second arm42, thus tendin to separate.
the arms. A bolt 44' is retata Iy attached near the end of the arm 43 and projects with its free threaded end through an openin in the other arm 40, and a nut 45 is screwe on the bolt and'bears against the outer side of lects a card the back-plate 53.
the firm 40. 1' Thus by turning the nut 45 the l a greater power than the spring 26. When distance between the op osite ends of the arms 40 and 42 may be a justed. The arm 42 also carries a flexible tongue 46 the free end of Which projects through an openin of the arm and rests on a spring 47, whicris attached to the arm 42 and may be put under tension by a screw 48, which screws into a bridge 49 fixed to the arm 42. slide 38 is arranged to move on guide-bars 50.
Both modifications described with reference to Eigs. 3 to 9 are so constructed that every box 7 of the pater-noster is open.
toward the windows 2 and 3 of the casing 1 and has inside a pressure plate 51 and springs 52 situated between this 1pressure plateand Eac 1 box is provided with ledges 54 on the upper and lower edge of its front opening, which ledges prevent the cards inside of the box from falling out. the sides of the opening the edges are stepped back behind the ledges 54, so as to allow the 1 'front card to be pushed out sidewise. the modification shown'm Figs. 7 to 9 there I is a slide 55 arranged on the side-wall of each box 7' opposite to the discharge-opening 6 which slide pro this side-wall.
The. apparatus is especially intended to vend pictorial post-cards and operation of the saine is as follows. No matter which mode of the two constructions described above the a paratus has, the pin-chaser seiiy inspecting the cards through the windows 2 and 3 and rotating the handle 11 until the selected card appears behind the window 3. Hereupon he inserts the coin of the requisite value into the opening 4. When the apparatus is constructed as is shown in Figs. 3 to 6 the coin falls through the channel 14 and the slot 15 in the plate 13 and 1 v I ects in front of the ed e of 1 engages the projection 20 on the lever 20. When'the slide-bar 12 then is pulled, the
coin followingthe slide-bar rotates the lever 20 from the position shown in Fig. 3 into the position shown in Fig. 4. By this motion of the lever 20 the lever 23 is removed from the, pin 25 and rotated by the spring 24 in such a manner, that its toothed end engages the side edge of the first card behind the window 3 and thus bends out this edge a little away from the following card. At the same time or shortly after this bending takes place, the arm 22 presses theprojection 35 of the elastic'arm 34 on the slide 16 away from the lug 29 of the bar 28 whereupon the bar 28 is moved toward the pile of cards by its spring and catches behind the card bent out. When the slide bar 12 is pulled out farther the coin slips away from the projection 20 of the lever 20 and falls through the opening 36 of the plate 13 into a lower chamber or collecting space, while the lever 20 together with the arm 23 and the arm 22 is returned into its normal position by the spring 21, which has The the sl'le-bar 12 is pulled outward, also the slide 1 starts its outward-motion toward the pile of cards by action of the weight 18. The hoolr33 hereby catches hold of that edge of the first card previously bent out by the arm 23 and pushes it sidewise, so that the card with its opposite edge is moved outward into the opening 6, so far that the pur chaser can grasp the card and pull it out coinpletely. When the slide-bar 12 is released, it drawn inwardly by the .weight, which is heavier than the weight 1.3 and also the slide "16 returns to its former position. llereby the projection 35 of the arm 34 engages the lug 29 of the bar 28 and pushes the latter back, putting the spring 30 under tension. .l)uring this backward motion the bar 28 also makes a slight oscillating movement on account of its curved edge sliding on the stud 32, against which the bar is pressed by the spring 26. This oscillating movement in combination with the backward longitudinal motion has the ell'ect of giving the end i of the bar carrying the rubber-cushion such a moven'ient, that the cushion presses slightly against the face of thenext card and draws it back, so that the short side edge of the 5 card projects somewhat beyond the pile as 1 shown in Fig. 3 and allows it to be caught hold of by the arm 23 with certainty, when on the following operation it is moved against this card. 1
When the slide-bar 12 and the bar 23 have completely returned to their initial-position all parts of the delivery .-mechamsm are brought to such position that the apparatus is ready to be operated, so as to pay out a new card.
When the apparatus has the modified constructionshown in Figs. 7 to 9, the coin inserted into the apparatus effects the release of the slide-bar 37, in any known or desired manner, so that it can be pulled out by hand. This done the slide 38 moves toward the pile of cards. The free bent end of the arm 42 loosens the first card from the pile, whereupon the tongue 46 catches behmd the first card and pushes it out through the opening ,6 of the apparatus, so that the purchaser may gras) the card and pull it out completely. hen the slide bar 37 is let go all parts of the delivery mechanism are returned into their normal position by a weight. hanging on the cord 39.
1. A vending mechanism comprising a slide-bar, a slide operatively connected therewith, an arm connected with the slide ada )ted to displace a card to be dispensed, an a tongue on the arm adapted to engage the edge of the dis laced card when said arm is moved in one irec tion.
2. A vending mechanism comprising a slide-bar, a slide operatively connected therewith, an arm connected with the slide ada ted to displace a card to be dispensed an a tongue on the arm projecting beyond its face and adapted to engage the edge of the dislaced card when said arm is moved in one irection. 3; A vending mechanism comprising a slide-bar, a slide operatively connected therewith, a spring arm connected with the slide;,
across a carrier, a flexib 'means to-adjust the spring arm, a tongue on thelatter and means to adjust thetongue with relation to the arm.
4. A vending mechanism comprising a slide bar, a reciprocable' slide operatively connected therewith, an arm fixed on .the slide, a spring arm on the fixed arm adapted to engage an article to be dispensed when the slide is reciprocated, a tongue on the spring arm projecting beyond the face thereof, and means to adjust the projecting end of the tongue.
5. A vendin mechanism comprising a slide bar, a s ide adapted to, reciprocate e member connecting the slide-bar and slide,a spring-arm carried. by the slide adapted to engage an article J in the carrier,,.means to adjust said arm with relation to the slide, and a tongue on the arm projecting beyond the face thereof adapted to engage an article in the carrier when the slide is moved in one direction,
6. A vending mechanism comprising a slide-bar, guide-bars mounted at right angles to the latter, a-slide on the guide-bars, a flexible member connecting the slide-bar and slide, an arm fixed to the latter, a slotted arm hinged to the fixed arm, a spring between the fixed and hinged bars, an adj u'sting device connecting the bars, a tongue projecting the casing, .a plurality of card supports mounted on the carrier, means to position the supports to register with said opening and aperture; in combination'with a slidebar, a slide operatively connected therewith, an arm connected Withthe slide adapted to displace a card in the positioned supportand a tongue on the arm ada ted to engage the edge of the dis laced car moved in one irection.
'8. A vending machine comprising a casing having a slght opening in one wall and a dispensing aperture in a wall perpendicular to the first wall, an endless carrier mounted in when said arm-1s the casing, a plurality of card supports mounted on the carrier, means to position the supports to register with said opening and aperture; in combination with a slide bar, a slide operatively connected therewith,
an arm connected with the slide adapted to displace a card in the positioned support when said arm is moved in one direction, and a tongue on the arm ada ted to en age the edge of the displaced car when sai arm is moved in 'a direction opposite to its first movement.