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Publication numberUS920975 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 11, 1909
Filing dateMay 21, 1908
Priority dateMay 21, 1908
Publication numberUS 920975 A, US 920975A, US-A-920975, US920975 A, US920975A
InventorsJohn S Minion
Original AssigneeJohn S Minion
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 920975 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented May 11, 1909.

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Application filed. May 21,

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that 1, JOHN S. MINION, a citizen of the United States, residing at Newark, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Kennels; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and eX- act description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of thisspecifioation.

This invention relates to a kennel, coop, and similar structures, and is designed to rovide a housing for animals, fowl, and the ike, which housing has a top portion in hinged relation to the lower portion of the structure, the hinging elements being also detachable.

A further object of the invention is to provide a structure of this kind that allows the hinged portion to be tilted, and having means for automatically supporting the hinged portion in its tilted position. This construction provides a means for airing the structure, exposing the interior to sunlight, and making a sanitary housing for animals and the like, the structure being particularly adapted for a kennel for dogs. v

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which F gure 1 1s a perspective of the device with the top portion tilted back to allow the bottom portion to be cleaned and aired. Fig. 2 is a back view of'the structure, and Fig. 3 is a vertical section through Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a view of a hinge.

The structure consists of a lower portion 10 having substantially perpendicular sides and having an opening as 11 in the case of a kennel, and being preferably provided with the strips 12 shown in Fig. 2, whereby the bottom of the lower ortion 10 is slightly raised from the ground tion of air beneath the same. The upper portion 13 registers with the lower portion 10, the sides of the upper portion resting on the sides of the lower portion, the upper portion being preferably provided with the overlapping strips 14 on the outside of the kennel, although these may be secured on the inside, these stri s providing a means for shedding water an also making a tight joint so as'toinsure the warmth of the structure in cold weather. The upper portion 13 has an opening 15 which comes in register with the open- Specification of Letters Patent.

to provide a circula- Patented May 11, 1909.

1908. Serial No; 434,057.

ing 11 in the bottom portion and thus forms an entrance to the structure. The upper portion is provided with the usual top or roof 16. The hinge is shown in Fig. 4 and is shown in place in Fig. 2. I prefer to place, on the back end of each side of the lower portion 10, a plate 32 having a portion projecting from the rear of each side, the projecting portions being provided with slots or grooves 33. On the under side of the strip of the top portion 13 I securea plate 34 which is provided with a stud 35, these plates being arranged so as to bring the studs in register with the slots 33 when the upper portion 13 is set down in the lower portion 10. These plates 32 and 34 are preferably attached by means of screws passing through perforations in the plates.

When the parts are assembled as sh own in Fig. 2, the upper portion 13 is in hinged relation to the lower portion 10, and the upper portion can be tilted back as shown in Fig. 1 so as to permit the cleaning of the lower portion 10, and also allow sunlight to )enetrate therein over its Whole surface, whic makes a sanitary structure due to this easy cleaning. On the back of the upper portion 13 is a hinge 23 from which is pivotally suspended, by being attached thereto on one end, an arm 24 which is adapted to have its other free end engage the ground when the up er portion is tilted, the arm 2 1 falling natura 1y into place when the tilting occurs, and acting to support the top portion in its tilted position.

To positively project and withdraw the replaced, I install a ink 25 which is )ivoted as at 26 to the arm 24, and on its other end being pivoted to the pin 27 of the bracket 28 secured to the lower portion. The link 25 has slots 29 to permit the link to be in stalled quickly and conveniently, the slots being preferably faced outward so as to prevent the accidental withdrawal of the link without slightly tilting the top. portion, When the to portion is slightly tilted, as shown in dottec outline in Fig. 3, the weight of the link 25 is against the back of the slots, and the link is not apt to be disengaged unless by design. The upper edge 30 of the arm 24 is preferably cut at an angle so as to fully receive the back of the upper portion 18, when this upper portion is tilted back to its farthest point, so that the supporting of the top portion is taken from the hinge 2-3, and the back rests directly on the surface 30.

In the case of a dog kennel, I place a band arm 24, when the to portion 13 is tilted and of metal, referably iron, as at 31 in Fig. 3, whereby t e wear of the chain, by which the dog is attached to the house, which wear comes on the edges of the entrance as the animal passes in and out, is taken up.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is 1. A kennel comprising a bottom portion having vertical sides, a top portion with vertical sides resting on the sides of the bottom portion, hinges connecting the sides of the ottom and top portions on one end, an arm swinging from its top end on the hinged end of the top portion, and a link pivoted to the bottom portion and to the arm near its i hinged end, the link having slots near its ends for its pivotal installation.

2. A kennel comprising a lower portion having a bottom and vertical sides, an upper portion with sides resting on the sides of the lower portion and having a top thereon, plates projecting from one end of parallel sides of the lower portion, the plates having slots on their top edges, and plates secured to the upper portion and having studs thereon adapted to lie in the slots of the first 1nentioned plates and support the upper portion when it is tilted, and permitting the verti -ul separation of the portions, either when upright or tilted.

In testimony, that I claim the foregoing, l. have hereunto set my hand this 20th day of May 1908.


Witnesses WM. H. CAMFiELD, E. A. PELL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3099978 *May 4, 1962Aug 6, 1963George James WAnimal enclosure
US3269357 *Oct 1, 1964Aug 30, 1966Rezabek Eugene AFarrowing enclosure
US3308789 *Jun 11, 1965Mar 14, 1967Artig Products IncMiniature housing for pets and the like
US4269144 *Sep 25, 1978May 26, 1981Ahrens Claude WSwine farrowing hut and method of farrowing pigs and maintaining a disease-free farrowing hut
US4393812 *May 26, 1981Jul 19, 1983Miracle Recreation Equipment CompanySwine farrowing hut and method of farrowing pigs and maintaining a disease - free farrowing hut
US4462335 *Sep 20, 1982Jul 31, 1984Ahrens Agricultural Industries Co.Swine farrowing hut and method of farrowing pigs and maintaining a disease-free farrowing hut
US4781147 *Aug 14, 1987Nov 1, 1988Delino Jr Joseph VPortable safety seat and carrier for small animal
US4972800 *Jan 3, 1990Nov 27, 1990Bennett Earl WPet litter box
US5081956 *Feb 19, 1991Jan 21, 1992Camden Industries, Inc.Doghouse with unique multi-channel flow-through fresh air ventilation
US5551371 *Jan 18, 1994Sep 3, 1996Handy Home Products, Inc.Pet enclosure for housing a pet enabling passing in and out of the enclosure
US5575239 *Apr 28, 1995Nov 19, 1996Fort Wayne Plastics, Inc.Indoor/outdoor animal housing
US6338317 *Mar 31, 2000Jan 15, 2002Wanda H. SmithAnimal shelter
US8863696Jul 1, 2011Oct 21, 2014Douglas K. LeePet shelter incorporating food and water dispensers
US9107386Oct 3, 2011Aug 18, 2015Petz Podz LimitedAnimal houses
US9603337Jan 6, 2015Mar 28, 2017Dee VolinReconfigurable kennel, having stackable, interchangeable, expandable, and shrinkable features
DE20212906U1 *Aug 22, 2002Aug 14, 2003Mayer Verwaltungs Gmbh & Co KgAnimal farm igloo building has hinge-mounted sidewalls for tractor access
WO2015125069A1 *Feb 17, 2015Aug 27, 2015Bama S.P.A.Mountable and ventilated doghouse
Cooperative ClassificationA01K1/033
European ClassificationA01K1/03C