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Publication numberUS921416 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 11, 1909
Filing dateJan 20, 1909
Priority dateJan 20, 1909
Publication numberUS 921416 A, US 921416A, US-A-921416, US921416 A, US921416A
InventorsAugust P Lauster
Original AssigneeAugust P Lauster
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Amusement device.
US 921416 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




921 ,41 6, Patented May 11, 1909.


WITNESSES.- Lvlzm n 11.

- I Afro/W512i ing drawings forming a part of this spot tied form of the device shown in Fig. 1t;



To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that; l, At'oijs'r P. liavs'ri-ln, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Paterson, in the county of .lassaic and State of New Jersey, have invented a i new and improved Amusement. Device. of which the following is a tall. clear. and exact description.

This invention relates to amu ement devices such as are installed at plea ure resorts for amusing visitors.

More specifically the amusement device is of that type which employs a car moving along a guide or track. and the object of the invention is to prm ide an .t:27l'()\'t(l construction which will he very simple but which will operate to give the cars a peculiar movement so that the occupants will have a novel experience.

The invention consists in the coustructi'm and comhination ot partsto he more fully described hereinafter and particularly set forth in the claims. 7

Reference is to he had to the accompauytication. in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures. Figure 1 is a vertical section through an amusement device constructed according to l my invention: Fig. 2 is a plan of the device: Fig. 3 is a vertical section upon an enlarged scale taken through the point ot' su pport o'l the car and illustrating certain details of the l construction Fig. '4 is a perspective show- 1 ing a modified term of the track or guide along which the car moves; Fig. 5 is a vertieal section through a car of modified con- 5 struction adapted to be used with the lllfitll Fig. 6 is a side elevation of the car shown g in Fig. 5; Fig. 7 is a cross section through the track or guide taken on the line 7-7 of Fig. 4; and Fig. 8 is a cross section through I the track taken on the line 88 of Fig. 4, l and illustrating the manner in which thel track is constructed so as to give the peculiar l and novel movement to the car,

Referring more articularly to the parts, and especially to igs. 1 to 3 inclusive, 1 I l l l t l represents an annular plat 'orni which is elevated so as to be reached by stairs 2, as shown. This platform is provided with a ard rail 3 at its outer edge, and is pro vided zit-its inner edge with a similar guard rail 4, presenting two oppositely disposed Specification of Letters Yatent.

Application filed January 20, 1909.

. pas engers llt wardlv.

Patented May 11, 1909.

Serial No. 473,280.

1 gateways 5 at which the passengers may get on or oft the cars. concentrically mounted with the platform 1, I provide a large wheel t) whiclrnn v he of QYC-bG8IH cross section. as indicated in Fig. 1. This wheel is supported on rollers T which are.

j provided near their outer ends with flanges h which prevent the wheel from becoming dislodged. as will he readily understood. (in the upper side of the n heel at suitable point hrzu-ltets i are rigidly secured, and tltcw lvrael-zcts have horizontally mounted knuckle pins to which are disposed substantialtv in vertical planes tangent to the wheel. 'lhe e knucltlc pins to support king ltolts It. the lower ends of which a re formed into heads which receive the knuckle pins. as shown. These Lin holts extend upwardly. as slunvn. and are provided with swivels or loose sleeves 1). said sleeves being rigidli attached to the lxottonts i i of cars 14. These cars are of circular Form. hating substantially the form f a tuh. llach car is provided with an annular heueh or seat so that each car ran receive a number of in a eirclo. and facing lie The nouns. deserilied tor mounting the cars on the wheel is does not operate of its own accord to hold the cars in an upright po ition. and l provide means or periodically tilting the cars when the derice is in operation. and this means operates al o to rotate the cars on their vertical axes. For this poi-pose i provide an outer cam rail to and an inner cam rail 17. ihe outer cam rail to is supported outhe inner side of the trzone to which supports the platl'orin. while he inner am rail is supported on suitahle. .-\iul:-1 in. as shown. lnpthe vil einiiy ot' the gateways a, these cam rails l(' and ti are disposed at the same level, and they paws under the edges of the cars when located near these points so as to support the cars in an upright position, the bottoms of the cars rcst'in on the cam rails, as indicated in Fig. 1. it points of their circuniterctice intermediate between the gate-ways 5. the cam rails to midi? are at different levels. so that at the point where one cam rail is elevated. the other cam rail will be depressed, and vice versa. T he cam rails to and ii. are preferably slightly inciined so that they diverge from each other upwardly. Upon the outer surface of the wheel t, a driving cable is coiled, and this cable will be driven by a suitahle motor when the device is in actualoperation. As the wheel 6 rotates, the cars will advance and when they are in the vicinity of the gate-ways 5, they will be supported in an upright position. At intermediate points where the dips and elevations occur, the cars will be tipped or tilted into an inclined position by the-cam rails, as indicated most clearly in Fig. 1. When a car is in the tilted position referred to, the lower edge of the inclined bottom will rest upon the depressed rail and will support more weight than the upper edge of the bottom resting on the elevated rail, and there will therefore be developed at this point a greater friction than at the opposite point, and this results in producing a rotation of the car upon theaxis of its swivel sleeve, that is, upon its eentral axis. In this way the passengers in the car will have a novel experience.

While I have illustrated only four cars,

it will he understood that there may be as many or as few of them as desired, and the guide rails or am rails 1b and 17 may have as many dips and irregularities as desired.

Referring now especially to Figs. 4 to 8, inclusive the modified form of the invention will be (lESClll'lQCl. In this form ofthe invention 1 provide an inclined desk or floor 21, the face of which is provided with a guide track This guide track has a straight ascending leg 23 and a crooked or zigzag descending leg 24. This descending leg is formed of straight inclined sections connected by curves or bows 25, as shown. The construction of the guide track at the straight sections is illustrated 8. At these points the cam rails 26 andrgi' which extend continuously through the entire length of the track, are atdifferent levels, as shown, and as in the preferred form of the invention tlicsc rails diverge from each other in an upward direction. In this form of the device. as: shown inFig. 8, the framing 28 is so cons rncted as to present a guide channel or guidc-\vay- 29 formed between two parallel vertical guide strips 30. In the center of this guide-way 29, a guide rail 31 is laid longitudinally and this rail may have the form of an ordinary railroad rail, as shown. Each car 32 is of circular form as before, provided with a swivel sleeve 33 attached rigidly to its bottom, and this swivel sleeve 3?) is rotatably mounted on a king pin This king pin is mounted on a knuckle pin 35 on the horizontal axis, and this knuckle pin 35 is mounted on the bracket 36 which is secured to the upper side of the small truck '37. These details are clearly illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6. Each truck is elongated in the direction in which thetrack extends, and is provided with openings 38 in which guide rollers 39 are mounted rotatably a; on centrally disposed pins 40. These rollers roll on the guide strips 30 so as to.

maintain the truck in an upright position. The lower part of the truck is provided with flanged wheels 41 whichrn'n on the rail 31,, as indicated. the wheels 41 being arranged tandem, as shown. In this form of the invention the cars are elevated by any means desired along the ascendin'gfleg 23. Except at the points where the dips 42 occur in the straight sections of the descending leg, the tack has the construction shown in Fig. 7, in which the'caln rails 26 and 27 have the same elevations. When the cars are passing these portions of the track the rails 26 and 27 support their opposite sides at the same elevation so that the cars will be in substantially an upright position.' When the cars are descending the leg 24, as they are passing the dips 42, the cars will tilt or tip into the position shown in Fig. 8. rotating on the axes oit' the knuckle pins 35 which are disposed longitudinally of the track. As soon as the car tiltsin this manner it will he rotated by the fiict-ion at the lower edge of its hotton'uas will be readily understood.

In both forms of the invention, the cars are preferably of round form, as shown. The passengers ascend to the lower end of thc. deck 21 by a suitable staircase 4.3 and they will get on and. ofi the cars at the lower part of the track.

Special attention called to the fact that in the operation of this amusement device the cars advance in an upright position and by a movement of translation normally. that is, the cars normally advance without turning on their verti ral axes. At certain points, however. the cars suddenly become tilted so that their central axes become inclined. .\t this time they are rotated violently on their central axes, but they are not continuously rotated, that is, they are not rotated in this way when in an upright position. This pccnliar mode of operation increases the etlcctiven'ess of the novel sensation.

l-l aviug thus described my invention, 1 claim as new and desire to secure by Letters same in a horizontal position, said rails be- I ing disposed at intervals at different levels and aliorduuimeans for moving sald car on fillltl lltllllhltiill axis to support the same I11 "Uni, one of said mils being M3611 a sub" I iiiYiUQ Hf i110 class described, in

. I nv viii, in mi in ivini'o, 011 :i i'vi'iiczii (-eiiii'ai i XiS. means for n01- 911115 fol su pm-ting; mi'imnia} ElXlS and f fiiHHL imam-foii'iiiing said can and means 1141' running razii i m on said. vertical axis mzi \iiiiie is: a i'iifvzi pusiiioi.

4- ii 2: (isvice u'r' the viziss describml, in (UT I (111' E4: iuiziik nil ii ushing :1 guiding said (an and iid (ram m1 -z having irreguiz-u'itie Hi :iiin'pimi 10 hit said cm on said imm- "ii is and nfimrding mains Eur miniiw same 01! iqi VeriK'ni axis only when incim'i u.i,--'ziid-.kniickie pin, WV 211' having a ('HlJJW'i'iOH wiiii said king pin, and in; hi liiiikilr imniuiiiy supps 'ting said in am l'iiiiigiii pnsiiion and. having iiiiziiiiivs ivinpi'ed in iiiit said can, said giiiilin ineiiibi engaging;

miii 1 (is/scribed, in

LOii' L kliig pii on said iuiuckie Dim :2 cii'cuhu LOH with said kii i dispussd oppositsiy to i imi iii he same level and reg ilzii' portimis where said i'ziiis are posed iii iiiii'crei'it els ations adapted in silt sair i cm.

T. In a device of the class ciescyii ad, in

1 imtiou, ilOI'lZUDi'iii knuckie pin. :1

2L cal support iressiitin" mmiiiimtion, a whee i1- plurality of cars :mi inn :1 (2113, mm 11s fol mmmtin w'ili i \Qlill'ili AXiS and um; mi 3 V, and wini' rails disposed he semis in an upright in n liP'x'iCP of the (.iZWS described, in i presenting 1 a iiui'zz-imizii imiiikis pin, ii king pin aibottom of suppm'ivii m1 said Wheel 1.0 rotate 011 a horimnmi "(Lklb and on a vorti'iai axis, and cam miis nornmliy suppm'i'ing said cars in an upright gosii'inn and having; dips and sis mtimis i'ilPlQiI] :idapisii to tilt said 0511's and rotate the-same on said. vertical axis.

5. in a device of time ciziSS described, in i-nmiiiimiioii, wheel, a plurality of cars 1 suppuri'eii on siiiri wheel to rot-ate on 21 hori- AU GU ST P. I' iUSE ER.

"i iitiiessss F. D. AQJMEN, Ems-m1) Bv iviiuasniimh

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6095926 *May 1, 1998Aug 1, 2000Universal Studios, Inc.Amusement ride vehicle
US6572434 *Jul 19, 2001Jun 3, 2003Echo Toys Ltd.Roller coaster toy
US8176853 *Sep 23, 2009May 15, 2012Disney Enterprises, Inc.Amusement park ride using motion-driven positioning for 360-degree vehicle orientation
US8573131Feb 15, 2012Nov 5, 2013Disney Enterprises, Inc.Amusement park ride using motion-driven positioning for 360-degree vehicle orientation
US20110067594 *Sep 23, 2009Mar 24, 2011Disney Enterprises, Inc.Amusement Park Ride Using Motion-Driven Positioning for 360-Degree Vehicle Orientation
Cooperative ClassificationA63G7/00